(SEC), Joel Seligman (1995).
The Transformation of Wall Street : A History of the Securities
and Exchange Commission and Modern Corporate Finance.
(Boston, MA: Northeastern University Press, 772 p. [rev. 1982
ed. with new afterword]). United States. Securities and Exchange
Commission -- History; Corporations -- United States -- Finance
(Texas International), Harlan D. Platt (1994).
The First Junk Bond: A Story of Corporate Boom and Bust.
(Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, 236 p.). Milken, Michael; Drexel
Burnham Lambert Incorporated; Securities industry -- Corrupt
practices -- United States; Junk bonds -- United States.
(Washington Public Power Supply System),
Daniel Jack Chasan (1985).
The Fall of the House of WPPSS: The $2.25 Billion Horror Story
That Haunts the Nuclear Industry, the Bond Market, and the
Northwest. (Seattle, WA: Sasquatch Pub., 111 p.).
Washington Public Power Supply System--Finance; Electric
utilities--Washington (State)--Finance; Nuclear power
plants--Washington (State)--Design and construction--Finance;
Default (Finance)--Washington (State); Bond market.
Rawi Abdelal (2007).
Capital Rules: The Construction of Global Finance.
(Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 304 p.). Professor,
Harvard Business School. International finance; Capital
movements. Intellectual, legal, political
history of financial globalization.
How, why did world shift from: 1)
1914 - free capital movements, 2) 1944
- to capital controls, 1994 - back again?
How have standards been codified, transmitted internationally?
Russell B. Adams, Jr. (1977).
The Boston Money Tree. (New York, NY: Crowell, 324 p.).
Finance--Boston--History; Boston (Mass.)--Commerce--History.
Steffen E. Andersen (2011).
The Evolution of Nordic Finance. (New York, NY
Palgrave Macmillan, 289 p.). Finance -- Scandinavia -- History.
Birth, growth of financial institutions and stock exchanges in
Scandinavia, Finland from 1656 to 2010; quantitative regulations
cannot, in long run, produce desired results, bear seeds of
future financial crises.
James B. Ang (2008).
Financial Development and Economic Growth in Malaysia.
(New York : Routledge: New York : Routledge, 197 p.). Senior
Lecturer, Department of Economics (Monash University). Finance
-- Malaysia; Intermediation (Finance) -- Malaysia; Economic
development -- Malaysia. Evolutionary role of financial system,
interacting mechanisms between financial development, economic
growth; role of financial intermediation in economic
development, growth in Malaysian economy from 1960 onwards; how
far financial development has progressed in course of economic
development, whether instrumental in promoting economic growth.
Louis Bachelier, Translated and with
commentary by Mark Davis and Alison Etheridge; With a foreword
by Paul A. Samuelson (2006).
Louis Bachelier’s Theory of Speculation: The Origins of Modern
Finance. (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 192
p.). Professor of Mathematics (Imperial College London);
Professor of Probability (University of Oxford). Finance --
mathematical; Stochastic analysis; probability.
Intellectual history of
stochastic analysis, financial economics, from Bachelier in 1900
to 1980s when the theory of option pricing was substantially
Jonathan B. Baskin and Paul.J. Miranti, Jr.
A History of Corporate Finance. (New York, NY: Cambridge
University Press, 355 p.). Academics. Finance - Middles Ages
Renaissance to leveraged buyouts and corporate governance issues
in the 1990's.
Amar Bhidé (2010).
A Call for Judgment : Sensible Finance for a Dynamic Economy.
(New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 353 p.). Thomas
Schmidheiny Professor, The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy
(Tufts University). Finance --United States; Capitalism --United
States; United States --Economic policy. Dialog, judgment
required in lending best exercised closer to borrower;
lending decisions had become overly mechanistic, centralized
prior to financial crisis that began in 2007 - important causal
factor in crisis: 1) overreliance on statistical models,
developed by financial economists, that often made unrealistic
assumptions, were misused by practitioners; 2) recent changes in
securities and banking regulations.
Harold Bierman, Jr. (2001).
Increasing Shareholder Value: Distribution Policy, a Corporate
Finance Challenge. (Boston, MA: Kluwer Academic
Publishers, p.). Corporate profits; Income distribution;
Investments--Valuation; Corporations--Finance; Stockholders.
Albert S. Bolles (1969).
The Financial History of the United States. (New York,
NY: A. M. Kelley, 3 vols. [Vol. 1 orig. pub. 1879]). First
Business Professor at Wharton. Finance, Public--United
States--History. Contents: v. 1. From 1774 to 1789, embracing
the period of the American Revolution. (Reprint of the 1896
ed.)--v. 2. From 1789 to 1860. (Reprint of the 1894 ed.)--v. 3.
From 1861 to 1885. (Reprint of the 1894 ed.).
Richard A. Brealey and Helen Edwards (1991).
A Bibliography of Finance. (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press,
822 p.). Academic. Finance. An extensive bibliography of journal
articles and books about finance.
Richard A. Brealey and Stewart C. Myers
Principles of Corporate Finance. (Boston, MA: Irwin
McGraw-Hill, 1071 [7th ed.]). Corporations--Finance.
Reuven Brenner (2001).
The Force of Finance: Triumph of the Capital Markets.
(New York, NY: Texere, 220 p.). Finance; Democracy.
John Brooks (1980).
The Games Players: Tales of Men and Money. (New York,
NY: Times Books, 376 p.). Financiers, Capitalists
Ed. Youssef Cassis (1992).
Finance and Financiers in European History, 1880-1960.
(New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 445 p.). Banks and
banking--Europe--History--19th century--Congresses; Banks and
banking--Europe--History--20th century--Congresses; Capitalists
and financiers--Europe--History--19th century--Congresses;
Capitalists and financiers--Europe--History--20th
Ron Chernow (1997).
The Death of the Banker: The Decline and Fall of the Great
Financial Dynasties and the Triumph of the Small Investor.
(New York, NY: Vintage Books, 130 p.). Morgan, J. Pierpont (John
Pierpont), 1837-1913; Warburg family; Banks and banking--United
States--History--20th century; Trust companies--United
States--History--20th century; Finance, Personal--United States;
P. L. Cottrell (1979).
Industrial Finance, 1830-1914: The Finance and Organization of
English Manufacturing Industry. (New York, NY: Methuen,
298 p.). Manufacturing industries--Great
Emanuel Derman (2004).
My Life as a Quant: Reflections on Physics and Finance.
(Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 304 p.). SunGard/IAFE Financial Engineer
(2000); Risk Hall of Fame (2002); Director of the Program in
Financial Engineering (Columbia University). Derman, Emanuel;
Investment advisors--Biography; Physicists--Biography; Options
(Finance); Quantum theory; Mathematical physics.
Davis Rich Dewey (2003).
Early Financial History of the United States.
(Washington, DC: Beard Books, 600 p. Finance, Public--United
States--History; Finance, Public--United States--Bibliography;
S. Eckl, Jeffrey N. Robinson, and Dylan C.
Financial Engineering: A Handbook of Derivative Products.
(Cambridge, MA: Blackwell, 243 p.). Corporations--Finance;
Foreign exchange futures; Futures; Swaps (Finance); Options
(Finance); Financial engineering.
George William Edwards (1938).
The Evolution of Finance Capitalism. (New York, NY:
Longmans, Green and Co., 429 p.). Capitalism; Finance--History;
George Heberton Evans, Jr. (1936). British
Corporation Finance, 1775-1850: A Study of Preference Shares.
(Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins Press, 208 p.).
Corporations--Great Britain--History; Preferred stocks--Great
Niall Ferguson (2008).
The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of the World.
(New York, NY: Penguin Press, 432 p.). Laurence A. Tisch
Professor of History (Harvard University), William Ziegler
Professor of Business Administration (Harvard Business School),
Senior Research Fellow of Jesus College (Oxford), Senior Fellow
of the Hoover Institution (Stanford). Finance--History;
Money--History; Economics--History. Finance is foundation of
human progress, essential backstory behind all history; origins of key financial institutions, concepts; sooner or later every bubble bursts;
sooner or later
bearish sellers outnumber bullish buyers; sooner or later greed
flips into fear.
Irene Finel-Honigman (2009).
A Cultural History of Finance. (New York, NY :
Routledge, 338 p.). Adjunct Professor of International Affairs
at School of International and Public Affairs (Columbia
University). Finance --History; Capitalism --History.
history of financial markets, institutions; fascination,
repulsion toward money, role of governments and individuals in
financial crises; how Crisis of 2008, like others since 1720,
repeat same patterns of enthusiasm, greed, culpability,
revulsion, reform, recovery; political and socio-economic
factors which determine fallibility, resilience in financial
cultures, periods of crisis, transition and recovery, based on
cyclical rather than linear progression; roots of financial
capitalism, in Europe and United States, its corollary
development in Asia, Russia, emerging markets proves that
cultural, psychosocial reactions to financial success, endeavor,
calamity transcend specific periods or events.
Jane Flaherty (2008).
The Revenue Imperative: Union Financial Policy during the
American Civil War. (London, UK: Pickering and Chatto,
256 p.). Assistant Director of Graduate Studies in the
Department of History (Texas A&M University). Civil
War--history; Civil War--finance. Union financial policies (tariff,
internal tax policies) initiated during Civil War; new revenue
system changed relationship between government, economy in
post-Civil War era; need to keep pace with burgeoning expenses
of conflict governed development of fiscal policy; contingency
played pivotal role in Republican response to financing war.
Janet Gleeson (1999).
Millionaire: The Philanderer, Gambler, and Duelist Who Invented
Modern Finance. (New York, NY: Simon & Schuster, 303
p.). Law, John, 1671-1729; Capitalists and
financiers--Biography. 18th century playboy who introduced
concept of collateral and founded speculative company which
Marieke de Goede (2005).
Virtue, Fortune and Faith: A Genealogy of Finance.
(Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 235 p.).
Lecturer in Political History and International Relations
(University of Amsterdam). Finance--History; Economics--History;
Money--History; Value--History; Speculation--History.
Eds. William N. Goetzmann and K. Geert
The Origins of Value: The Financial Innovations That Created
Modern Capital Markets. (New York, NY: Oxford University
Press, 404 p.). Finance--History; Money--History;
Value--History; Capital market--History; Speculation--History.
C.A.E. Goodhart (1969).
New York Money Market and the Finance of Trade, 1900-1913.
(Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 235 p.). Finance--New
York (State)--New York--History; United
Keith Hollender (1994).
Scripophily: The Art of Finance. (New York, NY: Museum
of American Financial History, 157 p.). Stock
certificates--Collectors and collecting; Bonds--Collectors and
Jeremy Hope (2006).
Reinventing the CFO: How Financial Managers Can Transform Their
Roles and Add Greater Value. (Boston, MA: Harvard
Business School Press, 258 p.). Research Director of the Beyond
Budgeting Roundtable. Chief financial officers;
Corporations--Finance. Seven critical roles CFOs must take to transform finance
James B. Jefferys (1977). Business
Organisation in Great Britain, 1856-1914. (New York, NY:
Arno Press, 476 p.). Corporations--Great
James J. Kimble (2006).
Mobilizing the Home Front: War Bonds and Domestic Propaganda.
(College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 200 p.).
Assistant Professor of Communication (Seton Hall University).
Savings bonds --United States --History; World War, 1939-1945
--Finance --United States; Patriotism --United States --History;
Nationalism --United States --History. New understanding of government's
eight war bond drives, psyche of nation at war.
Charles P. Kindleberger (1993).
A Financial History of Western Europe. ( New York, NY:
Oxford University Press, 524 p. [2nd ed.]).
Greta R. Krippner (2011).
Capitalizing on Crisis: The Political Origins of the Rise of
Finance. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press,
222 p.). Assistant Professor of Sociology (University of
Michigan). Finance -- United States; Financial services industry
-- United States; United States -- Economic conditions --
2001-2009; Monetary policy -- United States.
evolution that made rise of finance possible (broader
transformation of U.S. economy than financial speculation); state policies created conditions
conducive to financialization (inadvertent result of state’s
attempts to solve other problems); late 1960s and 1970s -
allowed state to avoid series
of economic, social, political dilemmas that confronted
policymakers as postwar prosperity stalled; deregulation of financial markets during 1970s,
1980s; 1979 - changes in monetary policy following shift to high
interest rates; early 1980s - encouragement of foreign capital into U.S. economy in
context of large fiscal imbalances.
Eds. Naomi R. Lamoreaux and Kenneth L.
Sokoloff; foreword by William Janeway (2007).
Financing Innovation in the United States, 1870 to the Present.
(Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 428 p.). Professor in the Departments
of Economics and History (UCLA); Professor of Economics (UCLA).
High technology industries--United States--Finance--History;
Technological innovations--United States--Finance--History.
technologically creative entrepreneurs have raised funds for
their projects at different stages of U.S. economic development.
Thomas W. Lawson (1968).
Frenzied Finance; the Crime of Amalgamated. (New York,
NY: Greenwood Press, 559 p. [Reprint of 1905 ed.]). Standard Oil
Company; Amalgamated Copper Co.; Speculation; Insurance--United
States; Gas companies--Boston.
Ed. Bruce N. Lehmann (2005).
The Legacy of Fischer Black. (New York, NY: Oxford
University Press, 306 p.). Professor of Finance (Graduate School
of International Relations and Pacific Studies, University of
California, San Diego). Finance--Congresses.
Compiled and Edited by Richard R. Lindsey,
Barry Schachter (2007).
How I Became a Quant: Insights from 25 of Wall Street’s Elite.
(Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 386 p.). Former President of Bear, Stearns
Securities Corporation, Chairman of the International
Association of Financial Engineers; Director of Quantitative
Resources at Moore Capital Management. Quantitative
analysts--United States--Biography; Finance--Mathematical
models; Finance--Computer programs; Financial engineering; Wall
Street (New York, N.Y.)--Biography. More than two dozen quants tell
war stories, detail unexpected paths from halls of academia to
Wall Street, reveal faces behind quant revolution (exotic
derivatives, structured investment products, quantitative
trading strategies, portfolio selection).
Louis Lowenstein (1991).
Sense and Nonsense in Corporate Finance. (Reading, MA:
Addison-Wesley, 263 p.). Corporations--Finance.
Roger Lowenstein (2008).
While America Aged: How Pension Debts Ruined General Motors,
Stopped the NYC Subways, Bankrupted San Diego, and Loom as the
Next Financial Crisis. (New York, NY: Penguin Press, 288
p.). Former Wall Street Journal Columnist. Pensions--United
States--Finance; Defined benefit pension plans--United States;
Retirement income--United States. How corporations, governments ran
up ruinous pension, health-care promises to workers; destroyed
American auto industry (GM, in particular); rise of public
pensions, public sector unions with justifiable benefits
followed by outrageous ones; San Diego cut a series of deals
with unions to short-change retirement system, use pension funds
to run city; massive scandal ensued.
Gregory P. Marchildon (1996).
Profits and Politics: Beaverbrook and the Gilded Age of
Canadian Finance. (Toronto, ON: University of Toronto
Press, 348 p.). Beaverbrook, Max Aitken, Baron, 1879-1964; Royal
Securities Corporation--History; Consolidation and merger of
corporations--Canada--History; Business and
Jerry W. Markham (2002).
A Financial History of the United States. (Armonk, NY:
M. E. Sharpe, 3 vols.). Finance--United States--History.
Contents: v. 1. From Christopher Columbus to the Robber Barons
(1492-1900); v. 2. From J.P. Morgan to the institutional
investor (1900-1970); v. 3. From the age of derivatives into the
new millennium (1970-2001).
Robert N. McCauley, Judith S. Ruud, and Frank
Dodging Bullets: Changing U.S. Corporate Capital Structure in
the 1980s and 1990s. (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 415 p.).
Leveraged buyouts--United States--History--20th century;
Consolidation and merger of corporations--United
States--History--20th century; Corporations--United
William L. Megginson (2005).
The Financial Economics of Privatization. (New York, NY:
Oxford University Press, 522 p.). Professor and Rainbolt Chair
in Finance at the Michael F. Price College of Business
(University of Oklahoma). Privatization; Government business
enterprises; Finance, Public. Where privatization stands today, what are next
Perry Mehrling (2005).
Fischer Black and the Revolutionary Idea of Finance.
(New York, NY: Wiley, 400 p.). Professor of Economics (Barnard
College). Black, Fischer, 1938- ; Finance--United
States--History--20th century; Economists--United
States--Biography; Finance--Mathematical models;
Meade Minnigerode (2003).
The Financial Giants in United States History.
(Washington, DC: Beard Books, 260 p.). Finance--United
Lawrence E. Mitchell (2007).
The Speculation Economy: How Finance Triumphed Over Industry.
(San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, 355 p.).
Industries--United States; Corporations--United States;
Finance--United States; Speculation--United States; United
States--Economic policy. Rise of Wall Street and investment banking as key factor in
American capitalism, federal government's response to ever more
complex role of finance capitalism; how birth of giant modern
corporation spurred rise of stock market, how, by dawn of 1920s,
stock market left behind its business origins to become very
reason for creation of business itself.
Margaret G. Myers (1970).
A Financial History of the United States. (New York, NY:
Columbia University Press, 451 p.). Finance, Public--United
States--History; Finance--United States--History.
Alasdair Nairn (2002).
Engines that Move Markets: Technology Investing from Railroads
to the Internet and Beyond. (New York, NY:
Wiley-Academy, 494 p.). Industries -- Finance.
Larry Neal (1990).
The Rise of Financial Capitalism: International Capital Markets
in the Age of Reason. (New York, NY: Cambridge
University Press, 278 p.). Capital market--Great
Britain--History; Capital market--Netherlands--History;
Alexander Dana Noyes (1969).
Thirty Years of American Finance; a Short Financial History of
the Government and People of the United States since the Civil
War, 1865-1896. (New York, NY: Greenwood Press, 277 p.
(orig. pub. 1898)). Finance--United States--History.
Jocelyn Pixley (2004).
Emotions in Finance: Distrust and Uncertainty in Global Markets.
(New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 228 p.). Senior
Lecturer in the School of Sociology (University of New South
Wales). Finance--Psychological aspects; Trust--Economic aspects;
Uncertainty; Economic forecasting--Psychological aspects; Risk
assessment--Psychological aspects; Risk management.
Geoffrey Poitras (2000).
The Early History of Financial Economics, 1478-1776: From
Commercial Arithmetic to Life Annuities and Joint Stocks.
(Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar, 522 p.). Finance--History;
Economics--History; Business mathematics--History; Life
Cedric Read... [et al.] (2001).
eCFO: Sustaining Value in the New Corporation. (New
York, NY: Wiley, 372 p.). Electronic
Corporations--Finance--Management; Chief financial officers.
Margaret Reid (1988).
All-Change in the City: The Revolution in Britain's Financial
Sector. (Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire, UK:
Macmillan, 288 p.). Bank of England; International Stock
Exchange; Finance--Great Britain; Finance--England--London;
James Riedel, Jing Jin, and Jian Gao (2007).
How China Grows: Investment, Finance, and Reform.
(Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 222 p.). Professor
of International Economics (Johns Hopkins University's School of
Advanced International Studies); Director of China Strategy (UBS
AG Hong Kong) and a Professor (Beijing's Central University of
Finance and Economics); Vice-Governor (China Development Bank in
Beijing). Finance--China; China--Economic policy.
Relation between investment,
finance, growth in China. investment - engine of growth, main
source of technological progress, structural change; weaknesses
of financial system that undermine efficiency in investment
allocation threaten growth; financial-sector reform, development
are necessary to sustain long-term growth, maintain
Mark J. Roe (1994).
Strong Managers, Weak Owners: The Political Roots of American
Corporate Finance. (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University
Press, 324 p.). Corporations--United States--Finance.
Catherine R. Schenk (2003).
Hong Kong as an International Financial Centre: Emergence and
(New York, NY: Routledge, 203 p.). Finance China Hong Kong;
International finance China Hong Kong; Hong Kong (China)
Robert Sobel (1993).
Dangerous Dreamers : The Financial Innovators from Charles
Merrill to Michael Milken. (New York, NY: Wiley, 260
p.). Academic (Hofstra University). Milken, Michael;
Stockbrokers--United States; Securities industry--Corrupt
Robert Solomon (1999).
Money on the Move: The Revolution in International Finance since
1980. (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 210
p.). International finance.
ed. Joel M. Stern and Donald H. Chew, Jr.
The Revolution in Corporate Finance. (Malden, MA:
Blackwell Business, 631 p. [4th ed.; orig. pub. 1986]).
Michael R. Sutcliff, Michael Donnellan (2004).
CFO Insights: Delivering High Performance. (Hoboken, NJ:
Wiey, 416 p.). Managing Partner of the Accenture Finance &
Performance Management Service Line; Executive Partner in the
Accenture Products Operating Group. Corporations--Finance; Chief
financial officers. Link
between high performance business, role of CFO; five
John B. Taylor (2007).
Global Financial Warriors: The Untold Story of International
Finance in the Post-9/11 World. (New York, NY: Norton,
320 p.). Former Treasury Under Secretary for International
Affairs from 2001 to 2005; Mary and Robert Raymond Professor of
Economics (Stanford University). International
finance--History--21st century; International finance--Political
aspects; International finance--Government policy. Author assembles a
coalition to freeze terrorist assets worldwide, plans the
financial reconstruction of Afghanistan, oversees the
development of a new currency in Iraq, and deals with the spread
of financial crises.
William Arthur Thomas (1982). The Finance
of British Industry, 1918-1976. (New York, NY: Methuen, 351
p.). Corporations--Great Britain--Finance--History;
Tetsuro Toya (2006).
The Political Economy of the Japanese Financial Big Bang:
Institutional Change in Finance and Public Policymaking.
(New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 328 p.). Finance
--Japan; Financial institutions --Deregulation --Japan; Japan
--Economic policy --1989-. Performance failures, scandals,
fluidity in party politics led Ministry of Finance to promote
reforms that otherwise would have been opposed.
Irwin Unger (1964).
The Greenback Era; A Social and Political History of American
Finance, 1865-1879. (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University
Press, 467 p.). Greenbacks--History; Currency question--United
States--History; United States--Politics and
government--1865-1877. Winner of Pulitzer Prize in History.
Janet Wasko (1982).
Movies and Money: Financing the American Film Industry.
(Norwood, NJ: ABLEX Pub. Corp., 247 p.). Motion picture
Robert E. Wright (2002).
The Wealth of Nations Rediscovered: Integration and Expansion in
American Financial Markets, 1780-1850. (New York, NY:
Cambridge University Press, 240 p.). Finance--United
States--History; Wealth--United States--History; United
States--Economic policy; United States--Economic conditions.
Ed. Robert E. Wright and Richard Sylla (2002).
The History of Corporate Finance: The Development of
Anglo-American Securities Markets, Laws, and Financial Practices
and Theories. (Brookfield, VT: Pickering & Chatto, 6
vols.). Corporations--Finance--United States--History;
Corporations--Finance--Law and legislation--United
States--History; Corporations--Finance--Law and
Association for Financial Professionals
AFP supports more than 14,000 individual members from a wide
range of industries throughout all stages of their careers in
various aspects of treasury and financial management.
Finance: History and
This blog will show that financial history is both intrinsically
interesting and of crucial importance to many aspects of public
policy, ranging from Social Security to construction to
Financial Executives International
Preeminent professional association for senior financial
executives representing 15,000 individuals. Membership driven,
FEI provides peer networking opportunities, emerging issues
alerts, personal and professional development and advocacy
services to Chief Financial Officers, Controllers, Treasurers,
Tax Executives, Finance and Accounting Professors in academia.
We do this principally through our strong Internet community,
our 85 chapters and our 9 technical committees. Membership is
limited to individuals holding senior management positions
similar to those listed above, but we allow many other finance
professionals to join if they meet certain criteria. We also
have a special rate and status for academics. Other typical
titles held by FEI members include Assistant Controller,
Subsidiary CFO or Controller, Assistant Treasurer, and Director
Initial Public Offerings
Provides fact sheets "about IPOs, particularly why investors
have difficulty getting shares in an IPO, the pricing
differences between the IPO and secondary market trading, and a
brokerage firm's IPO eligibility requirements." From the U.S.
Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Subjects: Going public
(Securities); Securities industry; Investments.