November 25, 1715
- Sybilla Masters, of Philadelphia, PA, received first English
patent issued by King George I to an American for "Cleansing
Curing and Refining of Indian Corn Growing in the Plantations";
a way to clean and cure Indian corn crops; patent awarded in her
husband's name (Thomas Masters).
- Richard Tattersall established oldest bloodstock auctioneers
in world, largest in Europe; 2013
- international firm offers 10,000 thoroughbred horses each year
at 15 sales at Newmarket headquarters in England, or at
Fairyhouse outside Dublin, in Ireland.
March 1, 1785
- Philadelphia Society for the Promotion of Agriculture
Berkshire Agricultural Society (Massachusetts),
led by Elkanah Watson,
exhibition considered first of new fairs in America; competitive
displays, informal learning opportunities, demonstrations,
lectures, parades, celebrations; 13 historical, contemporary
November 23, 1835
- Henry Burden, of Troy, NY, received a patent for "Making
Horseshoes"; horseshoe manufacturing machine; made nearly all
the horseshoes used by the Union cavalry during the Civil War.
March 30, 1843
- Napoleon E. Guerin. of New York City, received a patent for an
"Egg Hatching Apparatus" (mode of distributing steam heat,
purifying air, etc."); egg incubator for hatching chickens by
- Henry J. Baker, Charles J. Baker, William Baker established H.
J. Baker & Bro. in New York as purveyors of Fine French Glass
(William Baker had acquired Baltimore Window-Glass Works, oldest
Glass Works in United States, in 1843);
August 1857 - added Castor Oil to
product line of paints, colors, chemicals; led to pomace,
by-product of castor meal, its first fertilizer product;
1864 - acquired
facilities of Gowanus Chemical Works (Brooklyn's Gowanus Canal);
renamed East India Chemical Works; began producing America's
early fertilizers (mostly low analysis organics, including
specific analyses for potatoes, onions, corn, other crops);
December 5, 1893 -
Baker Castor Oil Company registered "The Baker Castor Oil Works"
trademark first used June 1859 (Castor-Oil);
1901 - become first
international agent for Texas Gulf Sulphur; handled variety of
commodities (guarseed meal, Cuban bat guano, Peruvian bird
guano, Venezuelan goat manure);
July 3, 1923 - Baker Paint & Varnish Co.
registered "Baker's" trademark first used 1886 (dry, paste or
ready mixed paints, varnishes, putties, dry colors, white lead
in oil, paint enamels, fillers, roofing paints, varnish stains);
pre-World War II -
became one of first sales agents for activated sludge, Chilean
nitrate of soda; late 1950s
- acquired fish meal plants on coast of Peru;
1960s - developed
PRO-PAK® protein concentrate, fishmeal analogue that offers
poultry growers advantage of highly consistent protein additive;
became marketing success; July 29,
1969 - H. J. Baker & Bro., Inc. registered
"Pro-Pak" trademark first used August 23, 1968 (livestock and
poultry feed supplement-namely, protein concentrate);
1990s - expanded
Feed Products Group; extended fertilizer business to encompass
variety of water soluble products for foliar application; became
important supplier of specialty fertilizers to lawn, garden,
greenhouse product sector; May 2005
- acquired Tiger-Sul Products (leading producer of pastilled
sulphur bentonite in North American market);
2009 - one of
largest consumers of fishmeal in United States, operates six
plants in key southern poultry areas, expanded into export
October 8, 1850
- Alinzor Clark, of Southfield, NY, received a patent for a
"Pitchfork" ("Improvement in Hay-Forks").
1853 - Richard
King founded King Ranch in Texas.
Franklin Swift opened cattle, pork butchering business with help
of small loans from his family; 1875 - Swift and
James A. Hathaway, business partner in Hathaway and Swift
(butcher shop and slaughterhouse) set up shop in Chicago's Union
Stock Yards; 1878 - dissolved partnership with
Hathaway, formed Swift Bros and Company in partnership with
younger brother Edwin; 1880 - Swift Refrigerator
Line (SRL) created; 1881 - transported average of
3,000 carcasses a week to Boston; 1885 -
incorporated in as Swift & Co. with $300,000 in capital stock
and Gustavus Swift as president; revolutionized how meat was
processed, delivered, and sold; 1920 - SRL owned
and operated 7,000 ice-cooled rail cars; March 8, 1921
- Swift & Company registered "Swift's Premium" trademark first
used on June 1, 1892 (Lard, Ham, Bacon, and Oleomargarin);
1930 - General American Transportation Corporation
assumed ownership of the line; 1902 - Swift,
fellow meat packers J. Ogden Armour and Edward Morris,
investment banking firm of Kuhn, Loeb, and Company, created the
National Packing Company for the purpose of fixing prices,
dividing up markets, suppressing union efforts to organize
industry workers; became known the "Meat Trust" and the "Big
Four" of the meat packing industry; 1905 - U.S.
Supreme Court ordered the monopoly to disband.
1856 - Alexander Livingston purchased 400
consignment boxes of Buckeye Garden Seed Company from Robert
Robertson (was moving to Iowa);
late 1850s-early 1860s - expanded farming, seed
operations; 1870 -
introduced Paragon, first new variety of tomato (from chance
seedling); 1875 -
introduced Acme variety (developed from single superior plant
found in field of mixed stock);
1875-76 - Buckeye Garden Seed Company went
bankrupt; Robert Livingston (son) formed "A. W. Livingston's
Sons"; expanded marketing in seed catalogs, advertised in
newspapers, magazines; 1880
- introduced Perfection variety (chance variant in Acme);
1882 - launched
Golden Queen; 1883
- launched Favorite; 1886
- introduced Beauty; 1887 - started Potato
Leaf; 1889 - launched Stone; 1892
- introduced Royal Red variety;
1893 - Aristocrat and Buckeye State;
1897 - Honor
Bright; 1900 -
Magnus; 1903 -
introduced Dwarf Stone; 1905
- Globe and Hummer; Stone and Globe among most important
varieties grown today; 1910
- about 40 varieties attained distinct status (one-third by
- incorporated as Livingston Seed Company; instrumental force in
breeding, popularizing of tomatoes in late-19th, early 20th
Century; April 1, 1919
- everything destroyed by fire;
1930s - moved into field seeds, dropped tomatoes
from their line; 1947
- produced last wholesale catalog;
1979 - acquired by Forest Randolph, operated
under name of Superior Seed Company;
1986 - acquired by Robert Johnston
through bank liquidation; repositioned business, from
agricultural market to retail market, as seed wholesaler for
retailers that market to home gardeners.
1858 - Henry
Miller (born Heinrich Alfred Kreiser in
Brackenheim, Germany), Charles W. Lux, immigrant
butchers, formed partnership to sell beef during California Gold
Rush; acquired massive land empire, owned over 1.25 million
acres of land (stretched from California’s San Joaquin Valley
across northwestern Nevada, northward over much of Oregon’s
Harney County, Idaho’s Owhyee County into Blue Mountains of
Baker and Grant counties, Oregon); 1889 -
organized Pacific Live Stock Company; detested as "ruthless
monopoly" to many of region’s smaller ranchers, newer residents.
March 2, 1858
- Frederick Cook, New Orleans, LA, received patent for a "Cotton
Bale Tie" ("Improvement in Metallic Ties for Cotton Bales").
- Consortium of nine railroad companies bought 320-acre area of
swampy land in southwest Chicago for $100,000;
February 13, 1865
- Union Stock Yard & Transit Co. incorporated in Illinois;
permitted to buy land, build, operate stock yards in city of
Chicago, build tracks to connect to railroads to transport
livestock; December 25, 1865
- Timothy Blackstone first president,
received first cattle in 15
cattle-cars pulled by wood-burning locomotive; meatpacking
industry boomed during Civil War, became largest in world
because of Union Army's ravenous demand; 1900 -
stockyard grew to 475 acres; 1971 - company
closed, victim of refrigerated trucks, interstate highway
- Philip (Danforth), Herman Armour founded Armour and Company in
Chicago (Philip had previously been partner in 1863 in
Plankinton, Armour and Company in Milwaukee with John
Plankinton); helped make Chicago center of American
meatpacking industry; 1891 - largest meat packer
in country, controlled 30% of Chicago's grain supply;
1920s - acquired by Frederick H. Prince; 1948
- introduced Dial, first deodorant soap; October 23, 1951
- registered "Dial" trademark first used November 10, 1947 (bath
and toilet soap); December 10, 1957 - registered
"Armour" trademark first used in 1867 (fresh carcass meats and
cuts thereof); 1973 - acquired by Dial Company
(manufacturers of consumer products); 1983 -
acquired by ConAgra Foods (continues to market processed meat
under Armour name).
June 25, 1867
- Lucien B Smith of Kent, OH received a patent for "Wire Fence"
("improvement in the construction of a wire fence especially
adapted to use in the prairies of the Western States where
timber is scarce and fires frequently sweep over them,
destroying everything that is combustible"); artificial "thorn
hedge" (barbed wire) consisted of wire with short metal spikes
twisted on by hand at regular intervals; met need to keep
farmers' cattle safely away from crops; simpler twisted wire
December 4, 1867
- Former Minnesota farmer Oliver Hudson Kelley founded the
Grange (Order of the Patrons of Husbandry), a national
organization to unify farmers; began primarily as a social
organization designed to provide educational and recreational
opportunities for farmers, it evolved into a major political
force; the importance of including women; political activism
resulted in legislation passed in five mid-western states known
as the "Granger Laws" (provided crucial precedent for state and
federal regulation of private enterprise for the "public
interest", not very effective in solving the farmers' problems
with the railroads and warehouses); played a key role in
creating the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887, which called for
the first federal regulation of railroads to control unfair
Oliver Hudson Kelley
- founded Grange movement
- Samuel T. Alexander, Henry Perrine Baldwin bought 12 acres at
Makawao, Maui, for $110, formed sugar growing partnership;1870
- added additional 559 acres; planted sugarcane; established
Alexander & Baldwin; 1899 - acquired Maui’s two
main railroad lines (Kahului Railroad Company, Maui Railroad &
Steamship Company); 1900 - incorporated in Hawaii
as Alexander & Baldwin, Limited; 1908 - invested
$200,00 in Matson Navigation Company to ensure transportation of
sugar to refinery on West Coast; 1949 - formed
Kahului Development Co. to provide reasonably priced homes for
plantation, railroad employees (more than 3,500 homes in Central
Maui); 1969 - acquired remaining interests in
Matson Navigation Company.
Alexander - Alexander &
Perring Baldwin - Alexander &
- Livingston Stone (sent by Professor Spencer F. Baird, first
United States Commissioner of Fisheries, to Pacific Coast to
obtain supply of king salmon eggs for introduction into East
Coast waters to compensate for depletion of Atlantic salmon),
William T. Perrin (nephew), Myron Green established Baird
Hatchery on McCloud River in Shasta County, CA; first salmon
breeding station on Pacific Coast;
1874–1875 - largest in world for hatching of
salmon eggs (six to ten million hatched, distributed each year);
1884 - closed due
to railroad construction; 1888
- reopened to supply eggs for newly established Sisson Hatchery;
1943 - inundated by
water stored behind gigantic Shasta Dam; cut off king salmon of
Sacramento River system from ancestral spawning grounds.
- Eliza Lovell Tibbets and Luther Tibbets,
Riverside, CA, received Bahia navel orange seedlings (sweet,
seedless grown in Brazil) bought from
William Saunders, head of
Experimental Gardens at Department of Agriculture (Washington,
DC); planned oranges as source of income (prior
plantings failed in rough desert climate); watered them with
1879 - oranges shown at first California Citrus
Fair; sold buds of mature trees ($1 per bud) to
neighboring nurserymen; birth of California citrus industry;
1893 - Riverside
County formed, wealthiest city per
capita in country due to orange industry; Washington
Navel Orange most successful of Saunders's tenure at
Eliza Lovell Tibbets
- California Citrus Industry
April 7, 1874
- Black American inventor Edward H. Sutton, of Edenton, NC,
received patent for "Cotton-Cultivators".
24, 1874 -
Joseph F. Glidden, of De Kalb,
IL, farmer, received patent for "Wire-Fences",
new design for a
fencing wire with sharp barbs; used two strands of wire twisted
together to hold the barbed spur wires firmly in place =
cheapest, strongest, portable, most durable way to fence
property for protection from grazing herds of cattle and sheep
(vs. expensive and bulky wooden rails shipped by train and wagon
from distant forests); suited to mass production; 1880
- more than 80 million pounds of inexpensive Glidden-style
barbed wire was sold, most popular wire in the nation; era of
the open-range cattle industry;
February 25, 1885 - U.S. Congress condemned barbed
wire around government grounds.
Joseph F. Glidden - barbed wire
January 1, 1876
- Work began at the first regularly organized state agricultural
experimental station in U.S. located in Middletown, CT;
important discoveries: vitamin A (1913), hybrid corn, first soil
fungicide (1889), fungus to control gypsy moth populations.
1880 - George and Melvin Sinton began
Sinton Dairy in Colorado Springs, CO; 12 red cows produced 14
quarts of milk, delivered by horse-drawn cart to Springs
residents for 10 cents a quart;
early 1900s - introduced pasteurized milk;
2009 - acquired by
Lala USA (part of purchase of National Dairy);
2011 - processes
more than 220 million pounds of milk each year, more than 9
million pounds of cottage cheese, 3 million pounds of sour
March 1, 1885
- Recognizing that future of state was in agriculture, Kansas
legislature restricted movement of Texas cattle; passed law
barring Texas cattle from state between March 1 and December 1;
reflected love-hate relationship between Kansas and cattle
industry; quarantine closed all of Kansas to Texan cattle for
all but winter months of December, January, February (when
diseases were not as prevalent); laws signaled end of
Kansas role in Texas cattle industry; laws became irrelevant as
most Texans could more easily ship cattle via railheads in their
- Jefferson Davis Heiskell supervised construction of grain
storage warehouse in Tulare, CA for his employer; later bought
warehouse, stored harvest wheat crops of local farms prior to
shipping to processing mills in northern California;
1926 - John Tyler
Heiskell (son) inherited business; built, operated first cotton
gin in Tulare County; built county’s first cottonseed oil mill;
poultry operations represented majority of sales (Central
California dairies became largest local consumers of grains,
agricultural by-products; end of
1950s - full-range feed milling enterprise;
1972 - Dale W.
Hillman (son-in-law) took over (had joined company in 1955);
built one of first computer-driven, high-production feed mills
in state; 1989 -
built two miles of railroad track, six 100-foot concrete silos
("unit train" unloading venue); became volume buyer, shipper of
Midwest grains; 1991
- Scot Hillman (son, fourth generation) took over;
2000 - bought five
dairy-focused mills in Washington, Idaho California (300% growth
in volume); top five American feed manufacturing companies;
named first-ever "California Family Business of the Year" by
Institute for Family Business; 2002
- Forbes list of the Top 250 Privately Held Firms;
2004 - formed a
joint venture with J.R. Simplot Land & Livestock to build
world’s largest grain rolling facility; 2008 - gross sales
exceeded $3 billion for first time;
2010 - dozen locations in seven states;
among top trading companies in US; country's fourth largest feed
manufacturing company by volume.
March 30, 1886 -
Black American inventor James Ricks, of Washington, DC, received
patent for a "Horseshoe" ("Improvements in the "Rough-Shoeing of
Horses"); an overshoe or sleet shoe clamped with a wire band
over the ordinary shoe.
May 17, 1887
- Dennis W. Shorter, of Union Springs, NY, received a patent for
a "Feed-Rack" ("improved animal feed-rack").
August 2, 1887
- Chester A. Hodge, of Beloit, WI, received patent for
"Barbed Fence" ("certain new and useful Improvements in Wire
Fences...of that particular class known to the trade as the
'spur-wheel wire' or harmless wire fence").
June 6, 1899
- Black American inventor James Ricks, of Washington, DC,
received a patent for an "Overshoe for Horses", a rubber
horseshoe "to prevent a horse from slipping in sleety weather
and to secure noiseless travel when preferred, and is applied
over the horseshoe in common use."
- 230 growers, representing nine local pools, met near state
capitol in Sacramento; formed federation called California
Almond Growers Exchange as wholly grower-owned processing,
marketing outlet for grower-members (total annual crop was 2,000
tons of unshelled almonds; almonds were shelled by European hand
laborers at minimal rates, sold in United States); J.P. Dargitz,
first manager of farmer-owned cooperative; took on task of
selling about 1.5 million pounds of almonds from California
(first U.S. almond appeared at California Fair in 1854);
1912 - hired T. J.
Tucker as accountant, head of production department;
September 26, 1922
- California Almond Growers Exchange registered "Blue Diamond"
trademark first used May 7, 1910 (Shelled and Unshelled Almonds
in Their Natural State); 1970s
- California's largest tree crop, largest food export;
1988 - revenue of
nearly $500 million, number 57 on 100 food companies list, sold
over 2,000 products in 90 different companies; name changed to
Blue Diamond Growers; world's largest almond supplier.
November 2, 1912
- XIT Ranch sold last head of cattle; at its peak had more than
160,000 head of cattle, employed 150 cowboys, encompassed nearly
3 million acres of the Texas panhandle; 1950 - XIT
controlled only 20,000 acres.
April 13, 1916
- Funk Brothers Seed Co., of Bloomington, Illinois sold first
U.S. shipment of hybrid seed corn to Samuel Ramsay of
Jacobsburg, OH for $15 a bushel.
August 3, 1921
- John Macready did first crop dusting; used airplane to dust a
six acre grove in Troy, OH to kill caterpillars.
February 18, 1922
- President Warren Harding signed Capper-Volstead Act into law
"to give to the farmer the same right to bargain collectively
that is already enjoyed by corporations"; gave farmers right to
band together without violating anti-trust laws; called "Magna
Carta" of cooperatives in agriculture industry in enabling
agricultural producers to collectively process, prepare, handle
market their products.
- Henry Agard Wallace (future Secretary of Agriculture under
FDR), Jim Wallace (brother), several partners incorporated
Hi-Bred Corn Company in Johnstown, IA, with $7,000 in capital;
first Company for development, marketing of hybrid seed corn;
1935 - name changed to Pioneer Hi-Bred Corn Company
(to distinguish it from other hybrid corn companies); 1970
- name changed to Pioneer Hi-Bred International, Inc.;
1973 - went public; 1981 - market-share
leader in North America corn sales; 1997 - 20%
stake acquired by DuPont, formed joint venture called Optimum
Quality Grains LLC; 1999 - remaining 80% acquired
by DuPont for $7.7 billion.
- Warren H. Monfort established feedlot business with 18 head of
cattle in Greeley, CO; 1968 - first 100,000-head
feedlot; 1969 - processed 645,214 lambs, 331,381
cattle in single year, sales of $157.6 million; 1971
- second generation took over, sales exceeded $400 million;
1973 - controlled entire meat production and
distribution process; May1987 - acquired by
ConAgra Food Inc. for $295.6 million.
1931 - Armor Frey,
of Turkey Hill, in Lancaster County, southern end of
Pennsylvania Dutch Country, sold milk to neighbors from back of
touring sedan; 1947 - acquired by Glenn, Emerson, Charles Frey
(son); 1980 -
expanded into ice cream production (followed by Light ice cream,
frozen yogurt); November 20, 1984
- Turkey Hill Dairy, Inc. registered "Turkey Hill" trademark
first used in 1931 (eggs, milk, buttermilk, chocolate milk,
cream, eggnog, butter); 2011
- managed by Quintin Frey (grandson); over 150 trucks deliver
products all over country.
May 12, 1933
- President Franklin Roosevelt signed Agricultural Adjustment
Act into law - first major price support and acreage reduction
program (voluntary agreements with producers); set parity as
goal for farm prices; markets regulated through voluntary
agreements with producers; processing taxes used to offset cost
of program. Program authorized production adjustment programs
that were a direct outgrowth of the experience of the Federal
Farm Board; authorized use of marketing agreements and licenses,
which had been used already by producers to promote orderly
marketing of perishable fruits and vegetables; large quantities
of surplus food were distributed to needy households and to
school lunch programs.
April 7, 1934
- Congress passed the Jones-Connally Farm-Relief Act;
effectively placed an expanded roster of farm products under the
control of the Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA)
created in 1933; AAA was charged with delivering farmers from
the woes of the Depression by slashing production and increasing
prices; soon able to boost prices and incomes for larger-scale
farmers (an extended drought also played a part in hiking crop
prices); 1936 - Supreme Court deemed the
legislation that had fostered the AAA unconstitutional, forced
Congress to draft new plans for rescuing FARMERS.
1936 - Denver Dairy
Council (DDC) formed to educate school children about benefits
of consuming milk; late 1940s
- dairy farmers established American Dairy Association (ADA) of
Colorado; 1970s -
DDC name changed to Dairy Council of Colorado; ADA name changed
to Goddess of the Rockies Milk Inc. (GORMI);
early 1980s - GORMI
re-named Western Dairyfarmers’ Promotion Association (WDPA) and
Western Dairy Council (WDC) to better reflect geographic area,
purpose; covered Colorado and Wyoming;
2007 - Western Dairyfarmers’ Promotion
Association (WDPA) merfed with Western Dairy Council (WDC),
formed Western Dairy Association.
February 16, 1938
- President Franklin Roosevelt signed the new version of the
Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA); designed to fulfill Secretary
of Agriculture Henry Wallace's call for an "ever-normal granary"
and thus was packed with measures intended to steady agriculture
prices, as well as farmers' earnings; meted out limits on
planting and crop sales, provided for the stockpiling of
agricultural surpluses, established the Federal Crop Insurance
Corp., which offered insurance to wheat farmers in case of
damage caused by "unavoidable natural causes."
February 16, 1938
- U.S. Federal Crop Insurance program authorized.
October 20, 1970
- American agricultural pioneer Norman Borlaug awarded Nobel
Peace Prize for his contribution to the "green revolution" -
increased grain production throughout the Third World by
perfecting and introducing new strains of wheat and rice crops.
February 27, 1985
- Farmers converged in Washington to demand economic relief.
April 22, 1986
- U.S. Department of Agriculture approved the first virus
produced with genetic engineering for use in a vaccine to fight
a form of swine herpes.
- Francis Childs, third-generation Iowa farmer, exceeded 400
bushels of corn/acre in controlled contest; first farmer ever;
2002 - 442 bushels/acre; most productive corn
2007 - Average
corn yields per acre rose to 153 bushels (crop size of 13.07
billion billion bushels) from 26.5 bushels per acre in 1932.
July 2008 - Corn
Production (almost 20% allocated to ethanol)
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Slaughterhouses. Industrialization of animal slaughter, from hand-slaughter of
livestock by individual butchers to factory slaughterhouses,
centralized municipal slaughterhouse (political response to
public’s increasing concern about social hygiene, fear of
meat-borne disease from "dirty" butchering practices); what is
lost, gained when meat becomes commodity? what do animal
slaughter sites reveal about our relationship to animals,
(Beef), Andrew Rimas
and Evan D.G. Fraser.
Beef: The Story of Cattle, Culture, and Civilization OR The
Untold Story of How Milk, Meat, and Muscle Shaped the World.
(New York, NY: Morrow, 256 p.). Managing Editor (The Improper
Bostonian); Senior Lecturer; Senior Lecturer: Sustainable
Development (University of Leeds). Cattle --History.
Cow - source of food, means of labor,
economic resource, inspiration for art, religious icon; how it
became more factory product than animal; from powerful auroch,
once revered as mystical totem, to dairy cows of 17th Century
Holland, to frozen meat patties, growth hormones today;
panoramic view of cow's long, colorful history.
(J. G. Boswell Company), Mark Arax and Rick
The King of California: J.G. Boswell and the Making of a Secret
American Empire. (New York, NY: Public Affairs, 560 p.).
Boswell, James Griffin; Boswell family;
Pioneers--California--San Joaquin Valley--Biography; Cotton
farmers--California--San Joaquin Valley--Biography;
Businessmen--California--San Joaquin Valley--Biography; Cotton
growing--California--San Joaquin Valley--History--20th century;
San Joaquin Valley (Calif.)--History--20th century; Agricultural
industries--California--San Joaquin Valley--History--20th
century; San Joaquin Valley (Calif.)--Economic conditions--20th
century; San Joaquin Valley (Calif.)--Biography.
Boswell owned more agricultural
acreage, controlled more river water than any other land baron
in West, grew more cotton than anyone on planet.
(Thomas Borthwick and Sons), Godfrey Harrison
Borthwicks; A Century in the Meat Trade, 1863-1963.
(London, UK, 212 p.). Borthwick, Thomas, Sir, Bart., 1835-1912;
Borthwick (Thomas) & Sons, ltd.
(Thomas Borthwick and Sons), Peter Norman
(1998). Meat in the Sandwich: One Family's Involvement in a
Major New Zealand Export Industry. (Greytown, NZ: Bowstring
Press, 129 p.). Norman, Edward G. (Edward Gilbert), 1886-1963;
Norman, Peter, 1924- ; Thomas Borthwick and Sons; Chief
executive officers--New Zealand; Slaughtering and
slaughter-houses--New Zealand--History; Meat industry and
(Brandt Consolidated), Kathleen Gilbert
(2002). The History of Brandt Consolidated: 1953-2003.
(Heritage Publishers: Phoenix, AZ, 64 p.). Brandt Consolidated;
Fertilizers; Crop protection. 1953 - Glen Brandt and Evelyn
Brandt Thomas established Brandt Fertilizer just west of New
(Bunge & Born), Raul H. Green y
Catherine Laurent (1988). El Poder de Bunge & Born.
(Buenos Aires, Argentina: Editorial Legasa, 240 p.).
Bunge & Born --History; Agricultural industries
--Argentina --History; Agricultural industries
(Bunge & Born), Jorge Schvarzer
(1989). Bunge & Born: Crecimiento y Diversificacion
de un Grupo Economico. (Buenos Aires, Argentina:
CISEA: Grupo Editor Latinoamericano: distribuidor
exclusivo, Emece´ Editores, 81 p.). Bunge &
(Bunge & Born), The Company (2005).
Bunge 100 Anos: Uma Historia Brasileira = Bunge 100
Years: A Brazilian Story. (Brazil: Bunge, 199
p.). Bunge & Born.
(California Associated Raisin Company),
Victoria Saker Woeste (1998).
The Farmer’s Benevolent Trust: Law and Agricultural Cooperation
in Industrial America, 1865-1945. (Chapel Hill, NC:
University of North Carolina Press, 369 p.). California
Associated Raisin Company; Agriculture, Cooperative--Law and
legislation--United States--History; Raisin industry--Law and
(Calcot Ltd.), Catherine M. Merlo (1995).
Legacy of a Shared Vision: The History of Calcot.
(Bakersfield, CA: Calcot Limited, 192 p.). Calcot Ltd.
--History; Cotton trade --California --History; Cotton trade
--Arizona --History. February
1927 - Frank Green
organized cotton co-op in Delano, CA; 151 growers met,
unanimously approved terms for co-op called San Joaquin Cotton
Growers Association; 1953 - name changed to Calcot Ltd.; 1980s -
U.S.A.'s largest cotton shipper.
(Canada Packers Ltd.), Canada Packers (1943).
The Story of Our Products. (Kingston, ON: Jackson Press,
247 p.). Canada Packers; Meat industry and trade -- Canada.
(Chicopee Manufacturing Company), John Michael
Cudd; foreword by Sidney Ratner (1974).
The Chicopee Manufacturing Company, 1823-1915.
(Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 325 p.). Chicopee
Manufacturing Company; Cotton trade--United States--Case
(J. L. Coker), James A. Rogers with Larry E.
Mr. D.R.: A Biography of David R. Coker. (Hartsville,
SC: Coker College Press, 361 p.). Coker, David Robert,
1870-1938; Businesspeople--South Carolina--Biography;
Agriculture--South Carolina--History--20th century; South
(Cotton), David L. Cohn (1956).
The Life and Times of King Cotton. (New York, NY: Oxford
University Press, 286 p.). Cotton growing--United States; Cotton
manufacture--United States; Cotton trade--United States.
(Cotton), Melvin Thomas Copeland (1966).
The Cotton Manufacturing Industry of the United States.
(New York, NY: A. M. Kelley, 415 p. [orig. pub. 1912]). Cotton
manufacture--United States; Cotton trade--United States.
(Cotton), Compiled and ed. Stuart W. Bruchey
(1967). Cotton and the Growth of the American Economy,
1790-1860; Sources and Readings. (New York, NY: Harcourt,
Brace & World, 276 p.). Cotton trade--United States; United
(Cotton), Holland Thompson (1971).
From the Cotton Field to the Cotton Mill; A Study of the
Industrial Transition in North Carolina. (Freeport, Y:
Books for Libraries, 284 p. [Reprint of 1906 ed.]). Cotton
trade--North Carolina; Cotton growing--North Carolina.
(Cotton), Susan Lee (1977). The Westward
Movement of the Cotton Economy, 1840-1860: Perceived Interests
and Economic Realities. (New York, NY: Arno Press, 269 p.).
Cotton trade--United States--History; Slavery--Economic
aspects--United States; Southern States--Economic conditions;
United States--Economic conditions--To 1865.
(Cotton), Marilyn Anne Lavin (1978).
William Bostwick, Connecticut Yankee in Antebellum Georgia.
(New York, NY: Arno Press, 371 p.). Bostwick, William, b. 1796;
Merchants--Georgia--Biography; Cotton trade--Georgia--History.
(Cotton), Gavin Wright (1978).
The Political Economy of the Cotton South: Households, Markets,
and Wealth in the Nineteenth Century. (New York, NY:
Norton, 205 p.). Cotton trade--Southern States--History;
Southern States--Economic conditions.
(Cotton), Anthony Burton (1984).
The Rise & Fall of King Cotton. (London, UK: A. Deutsch:
BBC, 240 p.). Cotton textile industry--Great Britain--History;
Cotton trade--India--History; Cotton textile industry--United
States--History; Cotton trade--United States--History; Textile
workers--Great Britain--History; Textile workers--United
States--History; Slavery--United States.
(Cotton), John Hebron Moore (1988).
The Emergence of the Cotton Kingdom in the Old Southwest:
Mississippi, 1770-1860. (Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana
State University Press, 323 p.). Cotton
(Cotton), Jack Lichtenstein (1990).
Field to Fabric: The Story of American Cotton Growers.
(Lubbock, TX: Texas Tech University Press, 331 p.). American
Cotton Growers (Firm)--History; Cotton trade--United
(Cotton), Harold D. Woodman (2000).
King Cotton & His Retainers; Financing & Marketing the Cotton
Crop of the South, 1800-1925. (Washington, DC: Beard
Books, 386 p. [orig. pub. 1968]). Cotton trade--Southern
States--History; Cotton trade--United States--History.
(Cotton), Martha L. Keber (2002).
Seas of Gold, Seas of Cotton: Christophe Poulain DuBignon of
Jekyll Island. (Athens, GA: University of Georgia
Press, 312 p.). DuBignon, Christophe Poulain, 1739-1825;
Plantation owners--Georgia--Jekyll Island--Biography;
Seafaring life--History--18th century; Commerce--History--18th
century; Jekyll Island (Ga.)--Social life and customs--18th
century; Jekyll Island (Ga.)--Social conditions--18th century;
Jekyll Island (Ga.)--Biography.
(Cotton), Edited by William G. Moseley and Leslie
C. Gray (2008).
Hanging by a Thread: Cotton, Globalization, and Poverty in
Africa. (Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 304 p.).
Associate Professor of Geography (Macalester College); Associate
Professor of Environmental Studies (Santa Clara University).
Cotton trade --Africa; Cotton --Economic aspects --Africa;
Poverty -- Africa. Connections between
Africa and global economy - cotton commodity chain as one aspect
of globalization process; cotton production in postcolonial
period from different disciplinary perspectives, in range of
national contexts; how changes at macroeconomic level play out
on ground in world's poorest region.
Gene Dattel (2009).
Cotton and Race in the Making of America: The Human Costs of
Economic Power. (Chicago, IL: Ivan R. Dee, 432 p.).
Former Managing Director at Salomon Brothers and Morgan Stanley.
Slavery --Economic aspects --Southern States --History; Cotton
growing --Economic aspects --Southern States --History; Cotton
growing --Social aspects --Southern States --History; Plantation
life --Southern States --History; African Americans --Southern
States --Social conditions; Slavery --Political aspects --United
States; United States --Race relations; United States --Economic
conditions; United States --Politics and government --1783-1865;
United States --Politics and government --1865-1933.
Economic history of cotton; link between
development of American capitalism, devastation of
African-American community; chronology:
creation of Confederacy, waging of Civil War, Reconstruction,
rise of Klan, development of sharecropping, displacement of
black labor by machine, falling price of cotton; Northern
complicity in slave trade, cotton economy, segregation, racism.
(Cotton), D. Clayton Brown (2010).
King Cotton in Modern America: A Cultural, Political, and
Economic History Since 1945. (Jackson, MS University
Press of Mississippi 432 p.). Professor of History (Texas
Christian University). Cotton trade --United States --History;
Cotton manufacture --United States --History; Cotton growing
--United States --History; Cotton textile industry --History.
Cotton's story from 1945 to present; how "cotton culture" was
part of larger culture of United States (despite its cultivation
and sources being regarded by many as hopelessly backward);
industry leaders, acting through National Cotton Council,
organized various, often conflicting segments, made commodity
viable part of greater American economy; faced new challenges
(rise of foreign competition in production, increase of man-made
fibers in consumer market); modernization, efficiency became key
elements for cotton planters; expansion of cotton- growing areas
into Far West after 1945 enabled American growers to compete in
world market; internal dissension developed between traditional
cotton growing regions in South, new areas in West (particularly
over USDA cotton allotment program); mechanization had profound
social and economic impacts.
(Cotton), Koray Çaliskan (2010).
Market Threads: How Cotton Farmers and Traders Create a Global
Commodity. (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University
Press, 248 p.). Assistant Professor in the Department of
Political Science and International Relations (Bogazici
University, Istanbul). Cotton trade; Markets.
Arrangements, institutions, power
relations on which cotton trading and production depend;
alternative approach to analysis of pricing mechanisms; how
market agents negotiate, accept, reject, resist, reproduce,
understand, misunderstand global market; global markets
maintained through daily interventions, production of prosthetic
prices, waging of struggles among those who produce and exchange
commodities; crucial consequences these ideas have on economic
reform projects, market studies.
(Dairy), Sonia Jones (1987).
It All Began with Daisy. (New York, NY: Dutton, 237 p.).
Jones, Sonia; Peninsula Farm (N.S.); Dairying--Nova
(Dairy), Walter E. Campbell (1996).
Across Fortune's Tracks: A Biography of William Rand Kenan, Jr.
(Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 417 p.).
Kenan, William Rand, 1872-1965; Businessmen -- United States --
Biography; Dairy farmers -- United States -- Biography;
Philanthropists -- United States -- Biography.
(Daniel Mills & Sons Limited), Marian
Robertson (1995). Rising Generations: Daniel Mills & Sons
Limited, 1845-1995. (Cape Town, SA: D.M.S., 224 p.). Daniel
Mills & Sons Limited--History; Yeast industry--South
(Darigold Inc.), Archie Satterfield (1993).
The Darigold Story: The History of a Dairy Cooperative in the
Pacific Northwest. (Seattle, WA: Darigold, 177 p.).
Darigold, Inc.--History; Dairying, Cooperative--Northwest,
Pacific--History; Dairy products industry--Northwest,
(Dekalb Ag Research), Thomas H. Roberts
The Story of the Dekalb "AG": From County Co-op to Leader in
Agricultural Research, 1912-1998. (Thomas H.
Roberts Jr., 472 p.). DeKalg Ag Research; hybrid crops -- history.
March 27, 1912 - charter issued in
Illinois for DeKalb County Soil
Improvement Association; Tom Roberts, Sr. - first general
manager; evolved into DeKalb County Farm Bureau; 1917 - evolved
into The DeKalb County Agricultural Association, Inc.;
multipurpose organization -- farm bureau conducted significant
amount of business for benefit of its members; name later
changed to DeKalb Ag Research, Inc.; 1934 - first hybrid corn
for farmers produced; 1955 - Thomas H. Roberts Jr. joined
(Dos Pueblos Ranch), Walker A. Tomkins (1960).
Santa Barbara’s Royal Rancho: The Fabulous History of Los Dos
Pueblos. (Berkeley, CA : Howell-North, 282 p.). Den
family; Dos Pueblos Ranch (Calif.); Santa Barbara County
(Calif.) --History. 1842
- Nicholas Den, naturalized Mexican citizen of Irish birth,
awarded Mexican grant of 15,000 acre Rancho Dos Pueblos;
1887 - acquired by
John H. Williams; 1917
- acquired by Herbert G. Wylie, oil baron;
1943 - acquired by Samuel Mosher (Signal
Oil and Gas Company); 1977
- acquired by Rudolf "Rudi" Schulte (made fortune in medical
(Driscoll Strawberry Associates), Manabi
Hirasaki with Naomi Hirahara (2003).
A Taste for Strawberries: The Independent Journey of Nisei
Farmer Manabi Hirasaki. (Los Angeles, CA: Japanese
American National Museum, 217 p.). Hirasaki, Manabi, 1923- ;
industry--California--Gilroy. World's largest commercial
strawberry distributor. First non-European American board member of world's largest
commercial strawberry distributor.
(Farmland Industries), Gilbert C. Fite (1978).
Beyond the Fence Rows: A History of Farmland Industries,
Inc., 1929-1978. (Columbia, MO: University of Missouri
Press, 404 p.). Farmland Industries.
(Fisheries), Gordon B. Dodds (1963). The
Salmon King of Oregon; R.D. Hume and The Pacific Fisheries.
(Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 257 p.).
Hume, Robert Deniston, 1845-1908; Salmon fisheries--Oregon.
(Fisheries), Harold A. Innis (1978).
The Cod Fisheries: The History of an International Economy.
(Buffalo, NY: University of Toronto Press, 522 p. [rev. ed.]).
Cod fisheries--History; Cod fisheries--Economic
aspects--History; Fish trade--History; International economic
(Fisheries), James M. Acheson (1988).
The Lobster Gangs of Maine. (Hanover, NH: University
Press of New England, 181 p.). Lobster fishers--Maine; Lobster
(Fisheries), Christopher P. Magra (2009).
The Fisherman's Cause: Atlantic Commerce and Maritime Dimensions
of the American Revolution. (New York, NY: Cambridge
University Press, 256 p.). Assistant Professor of Early
American/Atlantic History and Director of the Atlantic History
Center (Cal State Northridge University). United States.
Continental Navy; Cod fisheries --United States --History --18th
century; United States --History --Revolution, 1775-1783
--Economic aspects. Origins, progress, connections between commercial fishing
industry in colonial America and American Revolution, in wider Atlantic context;
connected colonial producers to transatlantic markets in Iberian
Peninsula, West Indies; fish merchants converted transatlantic
trade routes into military supply lines, transformed fishing vessels into warships; fishermen armed, manned first American navy, served in first coast guard
units, fought on privateers; maritime activities helped secure
(Francklyn Land & Cattle Company), Lester, F.
The Francklyn Land & Cattle Company: A Panhandle Enterprise,
1882-1957. (Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 402
p.). Francklyn Land & Cattle Company; White Deer Corporation;
Cattle trade -- Texas; Land settlement -- Texas.
(Frying Pan Ranch), Paul H. Carlson
Empire Builder in the Texas Panhandle: William Henry
Bush. (College Station, TX: Texas A&M University
Press, 186 p.). Professor of History (Texas Tech
University). Bush, William Henry, 1849-1931;
Businesspeople --Texas --Biography; Frontier and pioneer
life --Texas --Texas Panhandle; Texas Panhandle (Tex.)
--Economic conditions. 1881 - Chicago-based businessman,
William Henry Bush, clothing wholesaler, real estate
developer, philanthropist, fledgling cattleman, secured
interest in Frying Pan Ranch, sprawling ranch in heart
of Texas Panhandle; pioneering in agricultural,
economic diversification; helped to create
(Garvey Inc.), Olive White Garvey, with Virgil
The Obstacle Race; The Story of Ray Hugh Garvey. (San
Antonio, TX: Naylor Co., 233 p.). Garvey, Ray Hugh, 1893-1959.
(Garvey Inc.), Craig Miner (1992). Garvey,
Inc.: Expectations to Equity, 1959-1973. (Wichita, KS: M.
Page, 160 p.). Garvey, Ray Hugh; Garvey, Inc.; Capitalists and
financiers--Kansas--Biography; Grain trade--Kansas--History.
(Garvey Inc.), H. Craig Miner (1998).
Harvesting the High Plains: John Kriss and the Business of Wheat
Farming, 1920-1950. ( Lawrence, KS: University Press
of Kansas, 225 p.). Willard W. Garvey Distinguished Professor of
Business History (Wichita State University). Kriss, John,
1905-1996; Wheat --Kansas --History --20th century; Agriculture
--Kansas --History --20th century; Agriculture --Colorado
--History --20th century; Farmers --Kansas --Biography. Special
approach to large-scale farming; John Kriss, former field hand,
managed G-K Farms for Wichita entrepreneur Ray Garvey; became
one of largest wheat operations on plains, yielded one million
bushel crop; how Kriss applied hard work, common sense to make
large-scale farming work under most adverse conditions; how two
men had to make innumerable decisions about purchase of
expensive machinery, ever larger tracts of land, how Kriss kept
detailed records of crops, rainfall to manage land carefully,
farmed thousands of acres in environmentally sensitive way,
retained viable operation even during Dust Bowl years;
transition to mechanized, specialized farming on plains;
relation between agriculture and nature in semiarid region, how
G-K Farms managed to strike remarkable balance between profit
(Antony Gibbs & Sons), W.M. Mathew (1981).
The House of Gibbs and the Peruvian Guano Monopoly.
(London, UK: Royal Historical Society, 281 p.). Antony Gibbs &
Sons -- History -- 19th century; Guano industry -- Peru --
History -- 19th century; Guano industry -- Great Britain --
History -- 19th century. Classic study of an export economy.
(Gold Kist), Harold H. Martin (1982).
A Good Man--A Great Dream: D.W. Brooks of Gold Kist.
(Atlanta, GA: Gold Kist Inc., 196 p.). Brooks, David William,
1901- ; Gold Kist Inc.--History; Cotton trade--United
States--History; Businesspeople--United States--Biography.
(Gold Kist), David W. Brooks (1993).
D.W. Brooks, Gold Kist, and Seven U.S. Presidents: An
Autobiography. (Atlanta, GA: D.W. Brooks Family, 252
p.). Brooks, David William, 1901- ; Gold Kist Inc.--History;
Businesspeople--United States--Biography; Agricultural
industries--United States--History--20th century.
(Grove Farm Company), Bob Krauss (1966).
Grove Farm Plantation; The Biography of a Hawaiian Sugar
Plantation. (Palo Alto, CA: Pacific Books, 400 p.).
Wilcox, George Norton; Grove Farm Company; Hawaii -- History.
(Hash Knife Brand), Jim Bob Tinsley (1993).
The Hash Knife Brand. (Gainesville, FL: University Press of
Florida, 195 p.). Ranch life --Southwest, New --History; Hash
Knife Brand; Cowboys --Southwest, New --History; Cattle trade
--Southwest, New --History; Frontier and pioneer life
--Southwest, New; Southwest, New --Social life and customs.
Development of Hash Knife cattle-ranching
business, its brand, its owners, its cowboys.
(R. & W. Hellaby Ltd.), Dick Scott (1973).
Stock in Trade: Hellaby's First Hundred Years, 1873-1973.
(Auckland, NZ: Southern Cross Books, 176 p.). Hellaby (R. & W.)
Ltd.; Meat industry and trade--New Zealand--History.
(Hemp), James F. Hopkins (1998).
A History of the Hemp Industry in Kentucky.
(Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 244 p.). Hemp
industry --Kentucky --History. Impact of Kentucky's former chief
cash crop; one time vital to trade and
development of Bluegrass state.
(W. D. Hoard and Sons Co.), Loren H. Osman
W.D. Hoard: A Man for His Time. (Fort Atkinson, WI: W.D.
Hoard, 451 p.). Hoard, William Dempster, 1836-1918.; Dairy
(Hollister Ranch), Ed. Nancy W. Ward (2004).
Hollister Ranch: Its History, Preservation and People.
(Santa Barbara, CA: Hollister Ranch Conservancy, 171 p.).
Ranchers --California --Santa Barbara County; Ranch life
--California --Santa Barbara County; Santa Barbara County
(Calif.) --History; Hollister Ranch (Calif.) --History.
- Col. William Welles Hollister, Thomas and Albert Dibblee
acquired 14,500 acres in Santa Barbara County, CA after Civil
War (fourth largest cattle ranch in County);
1881 - partnership
disoloved, Hollister took coastal ranches;
1899 - John James (Jim) Hollister
(grandson) became superintendent of Ranch;
1910 - Hollister Estate Company
- group of 12 attorneys (The
Hollister Company) acquired option to purchase Ranch;
1969 - acquired by
Macco Realty (subsidiary of Pennsylvania Railroad);
1970 - acquired by
Mortgage Guarantee Insurance Corporation;
1971 - developed as Hollister Ranch real
estate, working cattle ranch under Hollister Ranch Cattle
Cooperative; 2005 -
shipped over 1,500,000 pounds of beef.
(International Basic Economy Corporation),
Kenneth D. Durr (2006).
A Company with a Mission: Rodman Rockefeller and the
International Basic Economy Corporation, 1947-1985.
(Rockville, MD: Montrose Press, 337 p.). Director of the History
Division (History Associates Incorporated). Rockefeller, Rodman,
1932-2000 (CEO - from 1972 to 1980); International Basic Economy
Corporation--History; Social responsibility of business--United
1947 on premise a private American business corporation that
focused on developing "basic economies" of developing countries
could turn a profit, encourage others (foreigners, nationals) to
establish competitive businesses.
(Kayman Sankar and Company Limited), David
Chanderbali (1995). Kayman Sankar: The Ultimate Rice Magnate.
(Georgetown, Guyana: K. Sankar and Co., 205 p.). Sankar, Kayman,
1926- ; Kayman Sankar and Company Limited--History; Rice
trade--Guyana; Rice farmers--Guyana--Biography;
(King Ranch), John Cypher (1995).
Bob Kleberg and the King Ranch: A Worldwide Sea of Grass.
(Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 239 p.). Kleberg, Robert
Justus, 1896-1974; King Ranch (Tex.)--History; King Ranch,
(King Ranch), Mona D. Sizer (1999).
The King Ranch Story: Truth and Myth: A History of the Oldest
and Greatest Ranch in Texas. (Plano, TX: Republic of
Texas Press, 234 p.). King Ranch (Tex.)--History; King Ranch
(King Ranch), Don Graham (2003).
Kings of Texas: The 150-Year Saga of an American Ranching Empire.
(New York, NY: Wiley, 289 p.). Ranch life--Texas; King Ranch
(Tex.)--History; King Ranch (Tex.)--Biography.
(Livingston Seed Co.), A. W. (Alexander)
Livingston; with a foreword and appendix by Andrew F. Smith
Livingston and the Tomato. (Columbus, OH: Ohio State
University Press, 234 p. [orig. publ. 1893]). Livingston, A. W.
(Alexander W.), 1822-1898; Tomatoes; Tomatoes --Varieties.
Created improved tomato varieties using single plant selection
technique: Paragon, Acme, Beauty, Stone, Golden Queen, Buckeye
State, few others; methods, history of tomato as food crop,
large selection of recipes.
(Los Angeles Flower Market), Ridgway, Peggi,
and Jan Works (2008). Sending
Flowers to America. (Los Angeles, CA: American Florists'
Exchange, Ltd., 288 p.). Floral industry;
horticulture--California--history. Life of flowers in Southern
California from 1850 to today; how Southern California early
florists, flower growers, wholesalers, suppliers, florists established, grew their own businesses,
Los Angeles Flower Market.
(Matador Land and Cattle Company), William
Martin Pearce (1964).
The Matador Land and Cattle Company. (Norman, OK:
University of Oklahoma Press, 244 p.). Cattle trade -- West
(U.S.); Matador Land and Cattle Company, ltd.
(Thomas McDonogh & Sons), Peadar O'Dowd
In from the West: The McDonogh Dynasty. (Galway, IR:
Thomas McDonogh & Sons, 156 p.). Thomas McDonogh &
Sons--History; Business enterprises--Ireland--Galway--History;
(Miller & Lux), M. Catherine Miller (1993).
Flooding the Courtrooms: Law and Water in the Far West.
(Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 255 p.). Miller &
Lux; Water rights --California --History; California --History
--1850-1950. Legal biography;
1870s -1930s - Miller &
Lux looked to law to mediate its place amid change (corporate
counsel, new concept for late-19th-century America, creative
development and use of new legal doctrines); relationship
between law, economic change, distribution of wealth and power;
law in environment undergoing rapid development.
- Miller & Lux
(Miller & Lux), David Igler (2001).
Industrial Cowboys: Miller & Lux and the Transformation of
the Far West, 1850-1920. (Berkeley, CA: University of
California Press, 267 p.). Historian (University of Utah).
Miller & Lux--History; Cattle trade--West (U.S.)--History;
Animal industry--West (U.S.)--History; Packing-houses--West
(U.S.)--History; Land use--West (U.S.)--History; Water
rights--West (U.S.)--History; Big business--West
(U.S.)--History; Industrialization--West (U.S.)--History.
(Miller & Lux), Edited by Charles Sawyer.
One Man Show: Henry Miller in the San Joaquin. (Los
Banos, CA: Ralph Milliken Museum Society: Loose Change
Publications, 328 p.). Miller, Henry, 1827-1916; Miller &
Lux--History; Pioneers--California--San Joaquin
Valley--Biography; Ranchers--California--San Joaquin
Valley--Biography; Businessmen--California--San Joaquin
Valley--Biography; Cattle trade--California--San Joaquin
Valley--History; Water rights--California--San Joaquin
Valley--History; San Joaquin Valley (Calif.)--History; San
Joaquin Valley (Calif.)--History--Sources; San Joaquin Valley
(Molteno Project), Phillida Brooke
Apples of the Sun: Being an Account of the Lives,
Vision, and Achievements of the Molteno brothers, Edward
Bartle Frere and Henry Anderson. (Vlaeberg, SA:
Fernwood Press, 208 p.). Molteno, Edward Bartle Frere,
1877-1950; Molteno, Henry Anderson, 1880-1969; Molteno
family; Molteno Project; Apple growers--South
Africa--Biography; Fruit growers--South
(Newhall Land & Farming), Ruth Waldo Newhall
The Newhall Ranch; The Story of the Newhall Land & Farming
Company. (San Marino, CA: Huntington Library, 120 p.).
Newell family; Newhall Land and Farming Company.
Henry Mayo Newhall
- Newhall Land & Farming
(Newhall Land & Farming), Andrew Rolle (1991).
Henry Mayo Newhall and His Times: A California Legacy.
(San Marino, CA: Huntington Library, 168 p.). Newhall, Henry
Mayo, 1825-1882; Pioneers--California--Biography;
(Pacific Meat Company), Gareth Sirotnik
Running Tough: The Story of Vancouver's Jack Diamond.
(Vancouver, BC: Diamond Family, 245 p.). Diamond, Jack, 1909- ;
(Penobscot Poultry), Cedric N. Chatterley and
Alicia J. Rouverol with Stephen A. Cole and a foreword by
Michael Frisch (2000).
"I Was Content and Not Content": The Story of Linda Lord and the
Closing of Penobscot Poultry. (Carbondale, IL: Southern
Illinois University Press, 134 p.). Lord, Linda, 1948-;
Penobscot Poultry--History; Poultry industry--Belfast--Maine;
Belfast (Me.)--Economic conditions.
(Peterson Industries), Huey Crisp (1989).
Lloyd Peterson and Peterson Industries: An American Story.
(Little Rock, AR: August House, 179 p.). Peterson, Lloyd;
Peterson Industries--History; Poultry industry--United
States--History; Industrialists--United States--Biography.
(Poultry), Oscar A. Hanke et al (1974).
American Poultry History, 1823-1973: An Anthology Overview of
150 Years: People-Places-Progress. (Lafayette, IN: American
Poultry Historical Society, 775 p.). Poultry--United
States--History; Poultry industry--United States--History;
Poultry--Canada--History; Poultry industry--Canada--History.
(Rancho San Julian), A. Dibblee Poett (1991).
Rancho San Julian: The Story of a California Ranch and Its
People. (Santa Barbara, CA: Fithian Press: Santa
Barbara Historical Society, 233 p.). Ranch life --California
--Santa Barbara County --History; Rancho San Julian (Calif.)
--History; Santa Barbara County (Calif.) --History.
- Jose de la Guerra y Noriega established Rancho of San
Julian under management of Presidio of Santa Barbara as
source of meat, income for presidio of Santa Barbara soldiers;
1837 - Alta
California Governor Juan Alvarado granted ownership of Rancho
San Julian to de la Guerra;
1848 - controlled
over quarter million acres of prime California ranch land (had
acquired 4 more ranchos); 1858
- Pablo de la Guerra (son), brothers assumed control;
- 13,000 acres with cattle, fruits and vegetables, honeybee
colonies; one of last, great Spanish-Mexican land
grants still in family of original grantee.
Jose de la Guerra y Noriega
- Rancho San Julian
San Julian), Louise Pubols (2010).
The Father of All: The de la Guerra Family, Power, and
Patriarchy in Mexican California. (Berkeley, CA:
University of California Press, 448 p.; published for the
Huntington-USC Institute on California and the West by
University of California Press and Huntington Library, San
Marino, CA). Chief Curator of History at the Oakland Museum of
California. Guerra family; Patriarchy --California --History
--19th century; Elite (Social sciences) --California --History
--19th century; Domestic relations --California --History --19th
century; Spaniards --California --History --19th century;
California --History --To 1846; California --History
--1846-1850. Winner of the William P. Clements Prize for the
Best Non-Fiction Book on Southwestern America Published in 2009.
de la Guerras of Santa Barbara continually adapted,
reinvented themselves; region's trading and provisioning
economy, its volatile political rivalries; web of business and
family relationships, how patriarchy functioned from generation
to generation in Spanish and Mexican California; one of last,
great Spanish-Mexican land grants that remains in family
of original grantee.
(Renderbrook Ranch), Steve Kelton
Renderbrook: A Century Under the Spade Brand.
(Fort Worth, TX: Texas Christian University Press, 221
p.). Renderbrook Ranch (Tex.) --History; Ranch life
--Texas --History. Hundred year
history of ranch bought with profits from making barbed
(Simplot), Robert G. Waite; in collaboration
with Thomas Hale and Paul Zelus (1995). I Just Went to Work:
Jack Simplot and His Business Career. (Boise, ID: March Hare
Press, 118 p.). Simplot, Jack; Potato industry--Idaho--History;
(Simplot), Louie Attebery (2000).
J.R. Simplot: A Billion the Hard Way. (Caldwell, ID:
Caxton Press, 251 p.). Simplot, J. R. (John Richard), 1909- ;
J.R. Simplot Company--History; Businessmen--United
States--Biography; Food industry and trade--United
(SR Ranch), J.C. ("Cap") McNeill III;
foreword by David J. Murrah (1988).
The McNeills’ SR Ranch: 100 Years in Blanco Canyon.
(College Station, TX: Texas A & M University Press, 205
p.). Grandson of the Original Owner. McNeill, J. C.
(James Calvin), 1905-; Ranchers --Texas --Biography; SR
Ranch (Tex.) --History. Relatively small West
Texas spread operated for more than century in
cattle-raising by one family; story of dogged endurance,
economic hardship, optimism, changes in cattle industry.
(Swan Land and Cattle Company), Harmon Ross
The Swan Land and Cattle Company, Ltd. (Norman, OK:
University of Oklahoma Press, 203 p.). Swan Land and Cattle
(Swan Land and Cattle Company), Lawrence M.
Alex Swan and the Swan Companies. (Norman, OK: Arthur H.
Clark Co., 293 p.). Swan, Alexander Hamilton, 1831-1905; Swan
Land and Cattle Company--History; Cattle
(Tattersalls), Peter Willett (1987).
The Story of Tattersalls. (London, UK: S. Paul, 213 p.).
Tattersalls (Firm)--History; Horse trading--Great
Britain--History; Horse breeders--Great Britain--History.
World's first bloodstock auction
(TerraCycle Plant Food), Tom Szaky (2009).
Revolution in a Bottle: How TerraCycle Is Redefining Green
Business. (New York, NY: Penguin Group, 256 p.).
Co-founder and CEO of TerraCycle,. TerraCycle Plant Food (Firm);
Fertilizer industry --United States; Waste products as
fertilizer --United States; Organic fertilizers --United States;
Green products --United States.
Co-founded TerraCycle Plant Food while freshman at
Princeton; sold useful, organic, safe product
without charging premium (worm
poop from recycled garbage, liquefied, packaged in used soda
bottles); sold in more than 3000 other locations within 5 years;
"eco-capitalism" based on "triple bottom line" (good for people,
good for environment, good for profits).
(Thatcher Brothers), Paul E. Patterson, Joy
Great Plains Cattle Empire: Thatcher Brothers and Associates
(1875-1945). (Lubbock, TX: Texas Tech University Press,
211 p.). Cattle trade--Great Plains--History; Great
(Tiger Oats Limited), Rudy Frankel, assisted
by Marian Robertson (1988).
Tiger Tapestry. (Cape Town, SA: C. Struik Publishers,
432 p.). Tiger Oats Limited--History; Produce trade--South
Africa--History; Food industry and trade--South Africa--History.
(Tillamook County Creamery Association),
Archie Satterfield (2000). The Tillamook Way: A History of
the Tillamook County Creamery Association, a Farmer-Owned
Cooperative. (Tillamook, OR: Tillamook County Creamery
Association, 151 p.). Tillamook County Creamery
Association--History; Dairy farming--Oregon--Tillamook
County--History; Frontier and pioneer life--Oregon--Tillamook
County; Cheese industry--Oregon--Tillamook County--History;
Tillamook County (Or.)--History.
(Tomatoes). Barry Estabrook (2011).
Tomatoland: How Modern Industrial Agriculture Destroyed Our Most
Alluring Fruit. (Kansas City, MO: Andrews McMeel, 240
p.). Former Contributing Editor at Gourmet magazine, Former
Founding Editor of Eating Well magazine. Tomato industry --
history; Agricultural laborers --Florida--Social conditions
--20th century; agribusiness -- United States -- history.
Indictment of modern agricultural system:
alarming use of fertilizers, pesticides; relentless market
pressure on workers, growers; laser-like focus on shipping,
storage, shelf life (tasteless results); decline from juicy
summer treat to bland obligation; supermarket tomato from
birthplace in deserts of Peru to impoverished town of Immokalee,
FL (tomato capital of United States); laboratories of seedsmen
trying to develop varieties that can withstand rigors of
agribusiness, still taste like garden tomato; commercial growers
who operate on tens of thousands of acres; hillside field in
Pennsylvania (obsessed farmer produces delectable tomatoes for
nation's top restaurants); huge human, environmental cost of $5
billion fresh tomato industry: fields sprayed with more than 100
different herbicides and pesticides.; picked hard, green,
artificially gassed until skins acquire marketable hue; modern
plant breeding has tripled yields, produced fruits with
dramatically reduced amounts of calcium, vitamin A, vitamin C;
14 times more sodium than tomatoes of past; relentless drive for
low costs fostered thriving modern-day slave trade in United
States; cast of characters in tomato industry: avuncular
octogenarian (conglomerate grows one of every eight tomatoes
eaten in United States); ex-Marine (heads group that dictates
size, color, shape of every tomato shipped out of Florida); U.S.
attorney (doggedly prosecuted human traffickers for past
decade); Guatemalan peasant (came north to earn money for his
parents' medical bills, found himself enslaved for two years).
(United Plantations Berhad), Susan M. Martin
The UP Saga. (Copenhagen, Denmark: NIAS Press, 356 p.).
United Plantations (Firm)--History;
Plantations--Malaysia--History; Palm oil
industry--Malaysia--History. rovides a glowing example of a
partnership between Europeans and Asians which has benefited
(Weil Brothers Cotton), George S. Bush (1982).
An American Harvest: The Story of Weil Brothers Cotton.
(Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 495 p.). Weil Brothers
Cotton--History; Cotton trade--United States--History.
(Wheat), H. Craig Miner (1998).
Harvesting the High Plains: John Kriss and the Business of Wheat
Farming, 1920-1950. (Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas
Press, 225 p.). Kriss, John, 1905-1996;
(Williams and Kettle Ltd. - established 1880),
Leonard Ernest Anderson (1974). Throughout the East Coast,
The Story of Williams and Kettle Ltd. (Hastings, NZ:
Pictorial Publications, 176 p.). Williams and Kettle
Ltd.--History. Prominent stock and station company operating at
the forefront of New Zealand’s rural servicing industry.
(Wright, Stephenson & Co.), J. C. Irving
(1961). A Century's Challenge: Wright, Stephenson & Co.,
Limited, 1861-1961. (Wellington, NZ: Wright, Stephenson &
Co., 293 p.). Wright, Stephenson & Co.; Commission
(Wyoming Stock Growers Association), John
Rolfe Burroughs (1971).
Guardian of the Grasslands: The First Hundred Years of the
Wyoming Stock Growers Association. (Cheyenne, WY:
Pioneer Print. & Stationery Co., 430 p.). Wyoming Stock Growers
Association --History; Wyoming --History.
(XIT ranch), Lewis Nordyke (1949).
Cattle Empire: The Fabulous Story of the 3,000,000 Acre XIT.
(New York, NY: Morrow, 273 p.). Ranch life; XIT Ranch (Tex.).
(XIT Ranch), J. Evetts Haley (1967).
The XIT Ranch of Texas and the Early Days of the Llano Estacado.
(Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma, 258 p. (orig. pub. 1953)).
Frontier and pioneer life--Texas; Ranch life--Texas; XIT Ranch,
Edmund Abaka (2005).
’Kola Is God’s Gift’: Agricultural Production, Export
Initiatives & the Kola Industry in Asante & the Gold Coast c.
1820-1950. (Oxford, UK: James Currey, 173 p.). Kola nut
industry--Ghana--History. Legal and popular stimulant among West African Muslims.
Jeremy Atack, Fred Bateman (1987).
To Their Own Soil: Agriculture in the Antebellum North.
(Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press, 322 p.).
Agriculture--Economic aspects--United States--History--19th
century; United States--Rural conditions.
Ed. Julie A. Avery (2000).
Agricultural Fairs in America: Tradition, Education, Celebration.
(Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Press, 240 p.).
Assistant Curator of History; Coordinator of Information &
Museum Services Division; and Coordinator of Rural Arts &
Culture Program at the Michigan State University Museum.
Agribusiness; agricultural exhibitions; agricultural fairs.
1810 - Berkshire
Agricultural Society (Massachusetts) sponsored exhibition
considered first of new fairs in America; competitive displays,
informal learning opportunities, demonstrations, lectures,
parades, celebrations; 13 historical, contemporary articles.
Harold Barger and Hans H. Landsberg (1942).
American Agriculture, 1899-1939; A Study of Output, Employment
and Productivity. (New York, NY: National Bureau of
Economic Research, Inc., 440 p.). Agriculture -- United States;
Agriculture -- Economic aspects.
Graeme Barker (2006).
The Agricultural Revolution in Prehistory: Why did Foragers
become Farmers? (New York, NY: Oxford University Press,
550 p.). Disney Professor of Archaeology, and Director of the
McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research (University of
Cambridge). Agriculture, Prehistoric; Agriculture--Origin;
Plants, Cultivated--Origin; Plant remains (Archaeology).
Development of agricultural
systems as transformations in social norms and ideologies as in
ways of obtaining food.
Richard Benson (2005).
The Farm: The Story of One Family and the English Countryside.
(London, UK: Hamish Hamilton, 240 p.). Editor (The Face
magazine). Farms; Farming business; agribusiness.
Steven C. Blank (2008).
The Economics of American Agriculture: Evolution and Global
Development. (Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, 475 p.).
Agriculture -- Economic aspects -- United States; Farm income --
United States. Cooperative Extension Specialist, Giannini
Foundation of Agricultural Economics. Why macro- and
microeconomic trends are consistent with market evolution, global
economic development; agriculture's specific role in economic
development; link between farm-level investment decisions, regional
and national economic trends; how dynamic environment of
industrialization, globalization of agriculture is part of
continuing development driven by technological innovation.
Ernest Ludlow Bogart (1923).
Economic History of American Agriculture. (New York, NY:
Longmans, Green and Co., 173 p.). Agriculture -- Economic
aspects; Agriculture -- United States. Chapters from the
author's Economic history of the United States.
Eds. Alessandro Bonanno, Lawrence Busch, and
William Friedland (1994).
From Columbus to ConAgra: The Globalization of Agriculture and
Food. (Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 294
p.). Associate Professor of RuralSociology (University of
Missouri, Columbia); Professor of Sociology (Michigan State
University); Professor of Sociology (University of California,
Santa Cruz). Food industry and trade --Congresses; Produce trade
--Congresses; Agriculture --Economic aspects --Congresses;
International business enterprises --Congresses; International
trade --Congresses; International economic relations
--Congresses. Changing agricultural, food system in era of
corporate giants; their
structure, operations, state's influence in global system,
innovations in scientific research and technology, roles of
producers and consumers, regional development; why winners and
losers constantly change.
James C. Bonner (1964).
A History of Georgia Agriculture, 1732-1860. (Athens,
GA, University of Georgia Press, 242 p.). Chairman of the
Department of History and Political Science (Georgia State
College for Women).Agriculture --Georgia --history.
Early land, labor systems in state;
colonial cattle industry; how shortages of horses and
implements, poor plowing techniques, lack of skill in tool
mechanics spawned cotton-slaves-mules trilogy of antebellum
agricultur; (led to land exhaustion, eventual emigration; 1850s
- general southern desire for economic independence promoted
diversification, scientific farming techniques (crop rotation,
contour plowing, fertilization, advocacy of planting of pasture
forage to improve livestock and hold soil, promotion of teaching
of agriculture in public schools).
Solon J. Buck (1963).
The Granger Movement; A Study of Agricultural Organization and
Its Political, Economic, and Social Manifestations, 1870-1880.
(Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 384 p. [orig. pub.
1913]). National Grange; Agriculture--United States;
Agriculture--Economic aspects--United States; Railroads and
state--United States; Cooperation--United States.
Jacques Cauvin; translated by Trevor Watkins
The Birth of the Gods and the Origins of Agriculture.
(New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 259 p.). Neolithic
period--Middle East; Religion, Prehistoric--Middle East;
Agriculture--Origin; Middle East--Antiquities.
Cultural, social, economic
changes which transformed mobile hunter-gatherers into first
village societies, farmers in world.
Joyce E. Chaplin (1993).
An Anxious Pursuit: Agricultural Innovation and Modernity in the
Lower South, 1730-1815. (Chapel Hill, NC: Published
for the Institute of Early American History and Culture,
Williamsburg, Virginia, by the University of North Carolina
Press, 411 p.). Associate Professor of History (Vanderbilt
University). Agriculture --Southern States --History; Slavery
--Southern States --History; Plantation life --Southern States
--History; Southern States --History --Colonial period, ca.
1600-1775; Southern States --History --1775-1865.
ideas: impact of Enlightenment's ideas of progress (particularly
Scottish notions of progress) on lives, minds of American
planters in colonial Lower South; extent to which planters in
South Carolina, Georgia, British East Florida perceived
themselves as modern, improving people; developments in
agricultural practice as indices of planters' desire for
progress; central role played by slavery in their pursuit of
modern life; innovations in rice, indigo, cotton cultivation as
window on planters' pursuit of modern future; planters actively
sought to improve their society, economy even as they suffered
pervasive anxiety about corrupting impact of progress and
Marquis W. Childs; Introd. by George G. Aiken
The Farmer Takes a Hand; The Electric Power Revolution in Rural
America. (New York, NY: Da Capo Press, 256 p. [orig.
pub. 1952]). Rural electrification--United States; Electricity
in agriculture; New Deal, 1933-1939.
Ed. E. J. T. Collins (2001).
The Agrarian History of England and Wales: Volume VII, 1850-1914.
(New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2236 p.). Completes
8-volume Agrarian History of England and Wales; history of English agriculture from Neolithic period to 1939.
Paul K. Conkin (2008).
A Revolution Down on the Farm: The Transformation of American
Agriculture since 1929. (Lexington, KY: University
Press of Kentucky, 223 p.). Distinguished Professor of History
Emeritus (Vanderbilt University). Agriculture --United States
--History; Agriculture and state --United States --History;
Agricultural productivity --United States --History;
Agricultural innovations --United States --History.
David B. Danbom (1979).
The Resisted Revolution: Urban America and the Industrialization
of Agriculture, 1900-1930. (Ames, IA: Iowa State
University Press, 195 p.). Agriculture--Economic aspects--United
States--History; Rural development--United States--History;
United States--Rural conditions.
Clarence H. Danhof (1969).
Change in Agriculture; The Northern United States, 1820-1870.
(Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 322 p.). Agricultural
innovations--United States--History; Agriculture--United
Leroy Judson Daniels, as told to Helen S.
Tales of an Old Horsetrader: The First Hundred Years.
(Iowa City, IA: University of Iowa Press, 235 p.). Daniels,
Leroy Judson, 1882- ; Businessmen -- United States -- Biography;
Horse industry -- United States -- History.
Margaret Derry (2006).
Horses in Society: A Story of Animal Breeding and Marketing
Culture, 1800-1920. (Toronto, ON: University of Toronto
Press, 302 p.). Adjunct Professor in the Department of History
(University of Guelph). Horse breeders----History; Horses --
market; Animal industry----History. Horse production in U. S.,
Britain, Canada at height of species’ usefulness, late
nineteenth and early twentieth-century.
Edward Jerome Dies (1976).
Titans of the Soil: Great Builders of Agriculture.
(Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 213 p. [orig. pub. 1949]).
Hiram M. Drache (1996).
History of U.S. Agriculture and Its Relevance to Today.
(Danville, IL: Interstate Publishers, 494 p.).
Creating Abundance: Visionary Entrepreneurs of Agriculture.
(Danville, IL: Interstate Publishers, 388 p.). Agricultural
industries--United States--Biography; Food industry and
trade--United States--Biography; Agriculturists--United
States--Biography; Businesspeople--United States--Biography.
Kathryn Marie Dudley (2000).
Debt and Dispossession: Farm Loss in America's Heartland.
(Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 195 p.).
Agriculture--Economic aspects--Middle West; Family farms--Middle
West; =Rural families--Middle West; Farmers--Middle West; Middle
Giovanni Federico (2005).
Feeding the World: An Economic History of Agriculture, 1800-2000.
(Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 388 p.). Professor
of Economic History at the European University Institute.
Agriculture--Economic aspects--History--19th century;
Agriculture--Economic aspects--History--20th century.
Economic history, sociology, and
even political science - comprehensive history of world
General ed. H. P. R. Finberg (1967). The
Agrarian History of England and Wales. (London, UK:
Cambridge University Press, 8 vols.). Land
use--England--History; Land use--Wales--History;
Agriculture--England--History; Agriculture--Wales--History. See
Deborah Fitzgerald (1990).
The Business of Breeding: Hybrid Corn in Illinois, 1890-1940.
(Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 247 p.). Associate
Professor in the Program in Science, Technology, and Society
(MIT). Hybrid corn--Illinois--History;
Every Farm a Factory: The Industrial Ideal in American
Agriculture. (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 242
p.). Associate Professor in the Program in Science, Technology,
and Society (MIT). Agriculture--Economic aspects--United
States--History--20th century; Family farms--United
States--History--20th century; Agricultural credit--United
States--History--20th century; Farms, Size of--Economic
aspects--United States--History--20th century; Farm
mechanization--Economic aspects--United States--History--20th
century; Agriculture--Capital investments--United
States--History--20th century; Farm mortgages--United
States--History--20th century; Business cycles--United
States--History--20th century; Farm foreclosures--United
Bruce L. Gardner (2002).
American Agriculture in the Twentieth Century: How It Flourished
and What It Cost. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University
Press, 388 p.). Agriculture--Economic aspects--United
States--History--20th century; Agriculture--Economic
aspects--United States--Statistics; Agriculture--United
States--Costs--Statistics; Family farms--United
States--Statistics; Farm income--United States--Statistics;
Agricultural credit; Agricultural productivity; Agricultural
subsidies--United States; Agriculture and state--United States;
Agricultural laws and legislation--United States.
David Goodman and Michael Redclift (1982).
From Peasant to Proletarian: Capitalist Development and Agrarian
Transitions. (New York, NY: St. Martin's Press, 244 p.).
Agriculture--Economic aspects; Capital; Economic development;
Marxian economics; Peasantry; Proletariat.
Norman S.B. Gras (1940).
A History of Agriculture in Europe and America. (New
York, NY: F.S. Crofts & Co., 496 p. [2nd ed.]). Professor of
Business History (Harvard Business School).
Lewis Cecil Gray, assisted by Esther Katherine
Thompson, with an introductory note by Henry Charles Taylor
(1933). History of Agriculture in the Southern United States
to 1860. (Washington, DC: The Carnegie Institution of
Washington, 2 Vols.). Agriculture--Southern States;
Lisa M. Hamilton (2009).
Deeply Rooted: Unconventional Farmers in the Age of Agribusiness.
(Berkeley, CA: Counterpoint, 304 p.). Farmers --Texas --Sulphur
Springs --Case studies; Farmers --New Mexico --Abiquiu --Case
studies; Farmers --North Dakota --La Moure --Case studies.
How farmers have been
pushed to margins of agriculture, transformed from leaders to
laborers; stories of three unconventional farmers: 1)
African-American dairyman in Texas; 2) tenth-generation rancher
in New Mexico; 3) modern pioneer family in North Dakota;
correcting what's wrong with food system.
Victor Davis Hanson (1996).
Fields Without Dreams: Defending the Agrarian Idea.
(New York, NY: Free Press, 289 p.). Professor of Greek (Call
State), 5th Generation (Thompson seedless) Grape Farmer. Family
farms--United States; Agriculture--Economic aspects--United
Margaret Swett Henson and Deolece Parmelee
The Cartwrights of San Augustine: Three Generations of Agrarian
Entrepreneurs in Nineteenth-Century Texas. (Austin, TX:
Texas State Historical Association, 337 p.). Cartwright family;
Businessmen--Texas--San Augustine--Biography; San Augustine
(Tex.)--Economic conditions; San Augustine (Tex.)--History--19th
Robert West Howard (1945).
Two Billion Acre Farm, An Informal History of American
Agriculture. (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 209 p.).
Agriculture--United States--History; Agriculture--Economic
R. Douglas Hurt (2002).
Problems of Plenty: The American Farmer in the Twentieth Century.
(Chicago, IL: Ivan R. Dee, 192 p.). Agriculture--United
States--History--20th century; Agriculture and state--United
States--History--20th century; Agriculture--Economic
aspects--United States--History--20th century.
Lawrence J. Jelinek (1979).
Harvest Empire: A History of California Agriculture.
(San Francisco, CA: Boyd & Fraser, 113 p.). Agriculture
E. L. Jones (1974).
Agriculture and the Industrial Revolution. (New York,
NY: Wiley, 233 p.). Agriculture--Economic aspects--Great
Britain--History; Industrial revolution--Great Britain; Great
Donald B. Kraybill, Steven M. Nolt (1995).
Amish Enterprise: From Plows to Profits. (Baltimore, MD:
Johns Hopkins University Press, 300 p.). Economics--Religious
aspects--Amish--History of doctrines--20th century;
Amish--Pennsylvania--Lancaster Co.--History--20th century;
Lancaster County (Pa.)--Church history--20th century; Lancaster
County (Pa.)--Economic conditions.
Allan Kulikoff (1992).
The Agrarian Origins of American Capitalism.
(Charlottesville, VA: University of Virginia Press, 341 p.).
Agriculture--Economic aspects--United States--History;
Capitalism--United States--History; United States--Economic
conditions--To 1865; United States--Rural conditions.
From British Peasants to Colonial American Farmers.
(Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 484 p.).
Agriculture--Economic aspects--United States--History;
Agriculture--Economic aspects--Great Britain--History;
Agriculture--Economic aspects--Europe--History; Farm
tenancy--United States--History; Farm tenancy--Great
Britain--History; Farm tenancy--Europe--History; United
States--Economic conditions--To 1865; Great Britain--Economic
conditions--18th century; Great Britain--Economic
conditions--17th century; Europe--Economic conditions--18th
century; Europe--Economic conditions--17th century; United
States--Emigration and immigration--History.
Angela Lakwete (2003).
Inventing the Cotton Gin: Machine and Myth in Antebellum
America. (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press,
248 p.). Cotton gins and ginning--United States--History--19th
century; Inventions--United States--History--19th century.
Eds. Thomas A. Lyson, G.W. Stevenson, and Rick
Food and the Mid-Level Farm: Renewing an Agriculture of the
Middle. (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 304 p.). Liberty Hyde
Bailey Professor of Development Sociology (Cornell University);
Senior Scientist with the Center for Integrated Agricultural
Systems (University of Wisconsin– Madison); Associate Professor
of Sociology (Clarkson University). Family farms --United
States; Farm produce --United States --Marketing.
Midsize U. S. family-operated
farms - too big to use direct marketing techniques of small
farms, too small to take advantage of corporate marketing,
distribution systems = rural America with weakened municipal tax
bases, job loss, population flight; strategies to revive
"agriculture of the middle", food system for midsize farms,
Russell R. Menard (2006).
Sweet Negotiations: Sugar, Slavery, and Plantation Agriculture
in Early Barbados. (Charlottesville, VA: University of
Virginia Press, 181 p.). Professor of History (University of
aspects--Barbados--History--17th century; Sugar
Plantations--Barbados--History--17th century. Barbados
was well on its way to becoming plantation colony, slave
society before sugar emerged as dominant crop.
Ian Mulgrew (2005).
Bud Inc.: Inside Canada’s Marijuana Industry. (Toronto,
ON: Random House Canada, 287 p.). Legal Affairs Columnist
(Vancouver Sun). Marijuana; Marijuana industry -- Canada;
Forbes magazine (November
2003) - marijuana is "Canada’s most valuable agricultural
product — bigger than wheat, cattle or timber".
Mary Neth (1995).
Preserving the Family Farm: Women, Community and the Foundations
of Agribusiness in the Midwest, 1900-1940. (Baltimore,
MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 347 p.). Middle West --
Rural conditions; Rural families -- Middle West; Farmers'
spouses -- Middle West; Agriculture and state -- Middle West.
Dennis S. Nordin and Roy V. Scott (2005).
From Prairie Farmer to Entrepreneur: The Transformation of
Midwestern Agriculture. (Bloomington: IN: Indiana
University Press, 356 p.). Author; Emeritus Professor of History
(Mississippi State University). Agriculture--Middle
West--History; Farm life--Middle West--History;
Agriculture--Economic aspects--Middle West--History. Great
transformation in American life.
Alan L. Olmstead, Paul W. Rhode (2008).
Creating Abundance: Biological Innovation and American
Agricultural Development. (New York, NY Cambridge
University Press, 467 p.). Director of the Institute of
Governmental Affairs, Professor of Economics, and member of the
Giannini Foundation of Agricultural Economics (University of
California, Davis); McClelland Professor of Economics
(University of Arizona).Agricultural innovations --United States
--History; Agricultural biotechnology --United States --History;
Agricultural productivity --United States --History.
centuries before World War II, stream of biological innovations
revolutionized crop, livestock sectors, increased land and labor
for: moving agriculture onto new lands with more extreme
climates, maintaining production in face of evolving threats
from pests, creating modern livestock sector; established
foundation for subsequent Green and Genetic Revolutions.
David Ormrod (1985).
English Grain Exports and the Structure of Agrarian Capitalism,
1700-1760. (Hull, UK: Hull University Press, 145 p.).
Lecturer in Economic and Social History (University of Kent at
Canterbury). Grain trade--England--History--18th century; Grain
trade--Wales--History--18th century; Agriculture--Economic
aspects--England--History--18th century; Agriculture--Economic
Dwight H. Perkins; with the assistance of
Yeh-Chien Wang, Kuo-Ying Wang Hsiao, Yung-Ming Su (1969).
Agricultural Development in China, 1368-1968.
(Edinburgh, Scotland: Edinburgh University Press, 395 p.).
Agriculture --Economic aspects --China. Population
increased 5x-6x between late 14th, early 19th centuries; agricultural system
kept pace by expanding cultivated acreage, raising yield per acre.
Donald H. Pflueger (1976).
Charles C. Chapman: The Career of a Creative Californian,
1853-1944. (Los Angeles, CA: Anderson, Ritchie & Simon,
241 p.). Chapman, Charles C.; orange growing; orange industry.
selling of Valencia oranges to U.S. grocery trade.
Charles C. Chapman
Donald J. Pisani (1984).
From the Family Farm to Agribusiness: The Irrigation Crusade in
California and the West, 1850-1931. (Berkeley, CA:
University of California Press, 521 p.). Irrigation--Economic
Louis W. Potts & Ann M. Sligar (2004).
Watkins Mill: The Factory on the Farm. (Kirksville, MO:
Truman State University Press, 216 p.). Watkins, Waltus L.,
1806-1884; Watkins family;
industry--Missouri--Lawson--History--19th century; Woolen and
worsted manufacture--Missouri--Lawson--History--19th century;
Agriculture--Missouri--Lawson--History--19th century; Watkins
Woolen Mill State Historic Site (Lawson, Mo.); Lawson
(Mo.)--Biography; Lawson (Mo.)--Buildings, structures, etc.
Paul Raeburn, with a new preface by the author
The Last Harvest: The Genetic Gamble That Threatens to Destroy
American Agriculture. (Lincoln, NB: University of
Nebraska Press, 269 p.). Senior Writer for Business Week
magazine. Plant breeding--United States; Crops--United
States--Germplasm resources; Agricultural innovations--United
States; Agriculture--United States.
Joseph P. Reidy (1992).
From Slavery to Agrarian Capitalism in the Cotton Plantation
South Central Georgia, 1800-1880. (Chapel Hill, NC:
University of North Carolina Press, 360 p.). Professor of
History (Howard University). Plantations --Georgia --History
--19th century. Agricultural laborers --Georgia --History --19th
century; African Americans --Georgia --Economic conditions;
Agriculture --Economic aspects --Georgia --History --19th
century; Slavery --Georgia --History --19th century; Capitalism
--Georgia --History --19th century. Social transformation of
South in context of 'the age of capital', changes in markets,
ideologies, of Atlantic world system; social, economic
developments in central Georgia during, after slavery; expansion
of cotton kingdom, changes after emancipation.
Richard Rhodes (1998).
Farm: A Year in the Life of an American Farmer.
(Lincoln, NB: University of Nebraska Press, 336 p.).
Pulitzer-Prize Winning Author. Farm life--Missouri; Family
Anna Rochester (1975).
Why Farmers Are Poor.
(New York, NY: Arno Press, 317 p. [orig. pub. 1940]).
Agriculture--United States; Agriculture--Economic
Mary B. Rose (2000).
Firms, Networks, and Business Values: The British and American
Cotton Industries since 1750. (New York, NY: Cambridge
University Press, 352 p.). Cotton trade--Great Britain--History;
Cotton trade--United States--History.
Jean-Laurent Rosenthal (1992).
The Fruits of Revolution: Property Rights, Litigation, and
French Agriculture, 1700-1860. (New York, NY: Cambridge
University Press, 216 p.). Right of property --France --History;
Drainage --France --Normandy --History; Irrigation --France
--Provence --History; Agriculture and state --France --History;
France --Economic conditions --18th century; France --Economic
conditions --19th century. Impact of revolution on French
agricultural development; impact of institutions on specific
areas of economy, impact of property rights on water control.
Thomas C. Smith (1959).
The Agrarian Origins of Modern Japan. (Stanford, CA:
Stanford University Press, 250 p.). Land tenure--Japan;
Agriculture--Economic aspects--Japan; Japan--Rural conditions.
Steven Stoll (1998).
The Fruits of Natural Advantage: Making the Industrial
Countryside in California. (Berkeley, CA: University of
California Press, 273 p.). Assistant Professor of History (Yale
University). Fruit trade -- California; Fruit -- California --
Marketing; Horticulture -- California; Agriculture -- Economic
aspects -- California. How
class of capitalist farmers made California nation's leading
producer of fruit, created first industrial countryside in
America; California from 1880 to 1930 - origins, evolution,
implications of fruit industry; window through which to view
entire history of California.
Charles G. Teague (1944).
Fifty Years a Rancher: The Recollections of Half a Century
Devoted to the Citrus and Walnut Industries of California.
(Los Angeles, CA: The Ward Ritchie Press, 199 p.). Citrus
fruits; Walnut; Agriculture, Cooperative--California.
Tennessee Department of Agriculture;
text by Carroll Van West (1986).
Tennessee Agriculture: A Century Farms Perspective.
(Nashville, TN: The Department, 342 p.). Assistant Professor and
Project Coordinator for the Center for Historical Preservation
(Middle Tennessee State University). Century farms --Tennessee;
Family farms --Tennessee --History; Farmers --Tennessee
--Biography; Tennessee --Biography.
Ed. Joan Thirsk (1990).
Chapters from the Agrarian History of England and Wales,
1500-1750: Volume 1 (New York, NY: Cambridge University
Press, 5 vols.). Agriculture--Economic
aspects--Wales--History; England--Rural conditions; Wales--Rural
Ed. Joan Thirsk (1990).
Chapters from the Agrarian History of England and Wales,
1500-1750: Volume 2 (New York, NY: Cambridge University
Press, 5 vols.). Agriculture--Economic
aspects--Wales--History; England--Rural conditions; Wales--Rural
Ed. Joan Thirsk (1990).
Chapters from the Agrarian History of England and Wales,
1500-1750: Volume 3 (New York, NY: Cambridge University
Press, 5 vols.). Agriculture--Economic
aspects--Wales--History; England--Rural conditions; Wales--Rural
James H. Tuten (2010).
Lowcountry Time and Tide: The Fall of the South Carolina Rice
Kingdom. (Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina
Press, 200 p.). Associate Professor of History and Former
Assistant Provost (Juniata College, Huntingdon, PA).
rice culture in South Carolina through Reconstruction era;
industry's manifestations, decline from 1877 to 1930; changes in
agricultural techniques, tools during period; how rice planters
became adaptive, progressive despite conservative reputations;
cultural history of rice as foodway, symbol of wealth in
lowcountry; lasting legacy of rice culture; agricultural, environmental, economic, cultural,
climatic forces stacked against planters, laborers, millers
struggling to perpetuate once-lucrative industry through
challenging postbellum years, into hardscrabble 20th century;
ways in which rice producers sought to revive rice production;
rice planting retained perceived cultural mystique, led many to
struggle with its farming long after profits eliminated; tried
to innovate; thwarted by insurmountable challenges
of postwar economy, series of hurricanes that destroyed crops,
infrastructure necessary to sustain planting.
David Vaught (2007).
After the Gold Rush: Tarnished Dreams in the Sacramento Valley.
(Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 328 p.).
Associate Professor of History (Texas A & M University).
Valley--History; Sacramento Valley (Calif.)--History.
in Putah Creek (became Davis, CA); endured disputes, confusion
over land policy, struggled with vagaries of local, national,
Simon P. Ville (2000).
The Rural Entrepreneurs: A History of the Stock and Station
Agent Industry in Australia and New Zealand. (New York,
NY: Cambridge University Press. School of Economics and
Information Systems (University of Wollongong, Australia),
President of the Economic History Society of Australia and New
Zealand. Animal industry--Australia--History; Animal
industry--New Zealand--History; Wool
industry--Australia--History; Wool industry--New
aspects--Australia--History; Stockyards--Economic aspects--New
Keith J. Volanto (2005).
Texas, Cotton, and the New Deal. (College Station, TX:
Texas A & M University Press, 194 p.). Professor of History
(Collin County Community College). United States. Agricultural
Adjustment Act 1933; Cotton growing--Government
policy--Texas--History; Cotton trade--Government
policy--Texas--History; New Deal, 1933-1939--Texas.
New Deal cotton policy among
Texas cotton farmers during Great Depression; effects of agricultural policies on landlords, tenants, sharecroppers,
Richard A. Walker (2004).
The Conquest of Bread: 150 Years of Agribusiness in California.
(New York, NY: New Press, 382 p.). Professor and Past Chair of
Geography (University of California, Berkeley). Agricultural
aspects--California; Agricultural industries--Environmental
aspects--California; Agricultural industries--Social
aspects--California; Agricultural laborers--California--History.
Arturo Warman; translated by Nancy L.
Corn & Capitalism: How a Botanical Bastard Grew to Global
Dominance. (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North
Carolina Press, 270 p.). Former Minister of Agrarian Reform in
Mexico. Corn --History. Plant with enormous economic importance;
development from New World food of poor, despised peoples into
commodity that plays major role in modern global economy; corn as
colonizer; role of foodstuffs in
competition between nations, perpetuation of inequalities
between rich and poor states in world market; problems for
large-scale, technology-dependent monocrop agriculture.
Business History Links
AgEcon Search: Research in Agricultural
and Applied Economics
Collects, indexes, and electronically distributes full text
copies of scholarly research in the broadly defined field of
agricultural economics (including sub disciplines such as
agribusiness, food supply, natural resource economics,
environmental economics, policy issues, agricultural trade, and
Started in 1995, the Agriculture Network Information Center (AgNIC),
is part of a collaborative alliance between various libraries
and extension programs at different universities and other
institutions; designed to bring quality
agricultural information to those parties and to the general
Agricultural History Society
Stimulating interest in, promoting the study of and facilitating
research and publications on Rural Societies.
Agrisurf! - the Farmers
From family farms to agribusiness, almost 20,000 sites "hand
picked by agricultural experts" are arranged in categories,
indexed, rated for speed and reliability of access, labeled with
the flag of their country of origin.
Association for Living History, Farm and Agricultural Museums
Serves those involved in living historical farms, agricultural
museums and outdoor museums of history and folklife. Since its
founding in 1970, ALHFAM has been at the forefront of the growth
and professionalization of the use of living history techniques
in museum programs.
Barbed Wire Museum
History of barbed wire, its artifacts, the significance of the
invention, and the impact on the development of the Old West.
Combined convention and trade show of the National Corn Growers
Association, the American Soybean Association and the National
Association of Wheat Growers. 2008 - total of 4,532 registrants,
145 members of media, 847 trade show booths = record-breaking
The Core Historical Literature of
The Core Historical Literature of Agriculture (CHLA) is a core
electronic collection of agricultural texts published between
the early 19th century and the middle to late 20th
century. Full-text materials cover agricultural economics,
agricultural engineering, animal science, crops and their
protection, food science, forestry, human nutrition, rural
sociology, and soil science.
Cultivates an understanding of the rural heritage that has
shaped our land, communities and American culture.
Guide to the California Dairy
Industry History Collection (1856-1986)
of dairy industry to economic and social development of
History of the King Ranch
International Association of
AIMA promotes scientific research and stimulates collaboration
among museum professionals and agricultural museums. Every three
years, AIMA organises an international congress during which
specific themes are presented and discussed. Agricultural
museums must encourage development while at the same time remain
critical of the deviations of intensive agriculture which
destroy the environment and, above all, harm poorer populations.
National Agricultural Library
There are regular online agricultural libraries, and then there
is the National Agricultural Library (NAL) - more working
papers, fact sheets, and farm updates; digital library, produced by the United States
Department of Agriculture, allows users to browse documents by subject
(such as marketing and trade or livestock) and also ask librarians questions, via the site.
Silos and Smokestacks
Silos & Smokestacks National Heritage Area is one of 37
federally designated heritage areas in the nation and is an
Affiliated Area of the National Park Service. SSNHA's
mission is to interpret farm life, agribusiness and rural
communities-past and present; preserve and tell the story of
American agriculture and its global significance through
partnerships and activities that celebrate the land, people, and
communities of the area.
Tennessee Century Farms Program
The Tennessee Century Farms Program was created in 1975 by the
Tennessee Department of Agriculture as part of nation’s
bicentennial celebration. In 1985, the Center for Historic
Preservation at Middle Tennessee State University assumed the
responsibility for the program; honors and recognizes the dedication and
contributions of families who have owned and farmed the same
land for at least 100 years. After 30 years, the statewide and
ongoing program has 1,310 certified farms. Of that number 132
are 200 years old, 591 are 150 years old, and 587 are over 100
years old. Second, it is a documentary program that collects and
interprets the agrarian history and culture of the state.
of Florida Citrus Research and Education Center
Established in 1917, after a group of Polk County citrus growers
raised nearly $14,000 to purchase some land for a research
station; originally called the Citrus Experiment Station; assists the citrus industry in meeting
its developmental needs through its Research, Extension, and
Teaching programs. CREC is the oldest and largest off-campus
experiment station in UF's Institute of Food and Agricultural
Sciences (UF/IFAS) and is unique among research centers -
largest facility in the world devoted to a single commodity,
This site bills itself as the first "real" agricultural search
engine (not just a searchable directory), indexing over 500,000
agriculture Web pages.
The Wessels Living History Farm,
the Story of Agricultural Innovation
Before Nebraskan David Wessels passed away, he left a vision in
his will for a "living history farm". A committee formed in 1995
made sure that his vision would come to fruition, and the result
was the creation of the Wessels Living History Farm. The farm
was started in York, Nebraska, and it has a long-standing
partnership with the Nebraska Educational Television Network.
The site provides visitors with information about how farm life
has changed since the 1920s: the farming experience
chronologically by decade, each decade contains seven sections,
including "Machines", "Crops", and "Pests & Weeds", each section
contains a short introduction. Video clips feature people
talking about changes in farm technology, farm life, and other
germane topics. Some of the subsections include "Harvesting
Wheat", "Tractors", and "Fertilizing". The "Learning Resources"
area contains materials for teachers, complete with grade level
suggestions, objectives, and so on. Some of the featured
materials include "What Do You Believe", and "Life Before
Electricity". A web camera lets you peer into life down on the
Eli Whitney Museum