- Taicho Daishi built, ran spa, Houshi, in town of Awazu Onsen
in Ishikawa Prefecture; 1994- recognized by
Guinness Book of World Records as oldest inn in world.
- Giovanni di Piero Antinori joined the Florentine Winemakers
Guild; 1965 - Marquis Piero Antinori (25th
generation) became Managing Director (President in 1988);
mid-1980s - equity position acquired by Whitbread PLC;
1992 - bought out Whitbread; 2007 -
revenues of $214 million; 27th generation.
- Petrus De Kuyper, his wife Anna Custer, maker of wooden casks
for transporting Dutch gin and beer, established distillery;
1752 - Jan De Kuyper (third son) took over distillery
at Schiedam (leading centre for production of Dutch gin);
1769 - Johannes and Pieter De Kuyper (grandsons) bought
distillery in Rotterdam; 1920s - started
distilling liqueur; 1930s - produced almost 20
varieties of liqueurs; 1934 - formed distribution
agreement with National Distillers Products Corp of New York to
sell products in USA, established joint production facility in
New Jersey; 1986 - Jim Beam Brands Co acquired
right to manufacture, market De Kuyper products in USA under
perpetual agreement; 1995 - Queen Beatrix of the
Netherlands bestowed title "Royal", company name changed from
Johannes de Kuyper & Zoon to De Kuyper Royal Distillers; world's
largest and leading producer of liqueur; 11th generation of
- Jean-Conrad Hottinguer founded MM Hottinger, bankers, in
Paris; contributed to creation of Banque de France, Caisse
d'Epargne de Paris, Compagbnie Generale des Eaux; 1989
- Jean-Philippe Hottinguer, Francois and Emmanuel Hottinguer
established HR Group; 2007 - renamed Banque
Jean-Philippe Hottinguer & Cie.
- Robert Barr, family in cork cutting business since 1830,
started producing, selling aerated waters (soft drinks) at
Burnfoot Lane in Falkirk, Scotland;
1887 - Robert F. Barr (son) established
R.F. Barr’s Glasgow, independently run, Barr aerated waters
business, in Great Eastern Road, Glasgow;
1892 - Andrew G. Barr (son) took over
Glasgow business as sole proprietor, name changed to A.G. Barr &
Co.; 1901 -
launched original recipe IRON BREW; quickly became No1 soft
drinks business in Scotland; re-launched IRN-BRU onto UK
national stage, beyond; 1903
- William Snodgrass Barr (brother, 24) took over management
control of A.G. Barr & Co. Glasgow; engaged many sporting heroes
of day to endorse brand; 1959
- A.G. Barr & Co. Ltd. acquired Robert Barr Ltd. Falkirk;
1964 - brand name
changed to phonetic respelling as IRN-BRU;
1965 - went public;
1967 - acquired Stotherts Ltd. Atherton,
brought soft drinks cans into Barr product portfolio;
1978 - received
O.B.E. (order of the British Empire) for services to soft drinks
industry; 1979 -
replaced Plastishield glass bottles with PET (Polyethylene
Terephthalate) packaging; 2000-2009
- invested in own brands (IRN-BRU, Tizer, D'N'B, St Clements),
expanded via in-house new product development, franchise
distribution agreements (Orangina, Rubicon, Rockstar), brand
acquisitions (Strathmore Spring water, Vitsmart, Rubicon, TAUT);
introduced IRN-BRU into number of international soft drinks
markets (Russia, Spain, Australia);
February 2009 - IRN-BRU became official
soft drink sponsor of Rugby League until 2010, broadcast sponsor
of Sky Sports' Super League coverage for 2009 (over 10 million
viewers through 60 live games broadcast during season).
- A. G. Barr plc
- Samuel Curtis Johnson, a carpenter in Racine, WI bought
the parquet flooring business of the Racine Hardware Co.;
1888 - introduced Johnson's Prepared Wax to help his
customers take care of their floors.
- Leon Leonwood (L. L.) Bean founded L. L. bean in basement of
his brother's apparel shop in Freeport, ME; obtained a mailing
list of nonresident Maine hunting license holders, sent
three-page flyer about Maine Hunting Shoe (leather uppers
stitched to workmen's rubber boots - comfortable, functional
boot for exploring Maine woods); received 100 orders, got 90
returns (rubber bottoms separated from leather tops); gave full
refunds; learned value of personally testing his products, of
honest advertising based on firm convictions, of keeping
customer satisfied at any cost (service-based philosophy);
1934 - 52-page catalog; 1937 - sales
surpassed $1,000,000; 1951 - L.L. Bean opened
store 365 days a year, 24 hours a day; 1987 - employed almost
2,000 year-round workers, another 1,000 during peak season;
July 2000 - extended retail store presence beyond
Maine for first time, opened store in McLean, VA; 2005
- produced 61 catalogs distributed to customers in all 50 US
states, more than 140 countries; over 14.5 million customer
contacts were received, over 179,000 came on single busiest day
of year; December 2005 - over 85,000 orders placed
online in single day.
- J. J. and B.A (son) Simon, Latvian immigrants, established
Table Supply Meat Company in Omaha, NE; 1952 -
first mail order venture (meats shipped in dry ice-filled, wax
lined, cardboard cartons - by train); aided by direct parcel
shipping, polystyrene shipping coolers, vacuum packaging;
1961 - Nebraska Governor Frank B. Morrison sent Table
Supply Meat Company steaks to all U.S. Governors and President
Kennedy; 1963 - first direct mail flyers and
catalogs sent to customers; 1966 - name changed to
Omaha Steaks International; 2006 - two
fifth-generation family members now play major roles in managing
- Gérard Glotin, Chairman of Marie Brizard (creator of first
anisette in 1755) identified 74 companies with company longevity
(minimum age of 200 years), permanence (family must be owner of
company or majority share holder, one member of founder must
still manage company or be member of board), in good financial
health, modern; 30 selected; 1981 - first meeting
of Heniokiens Association of Family and Bicentenary companies in
Bordeaux; named for Henok (or Enoch), great patriarchs (Caïn’s
son, Methuselah’s father, lived before flood, was 365 years old
when he ascended to Heaven without having died); 2007
- 40 members in craft industries, trades, services, publishing,
heavy industry: 15 Italian, 10 French, 4 German, 1 Dutch, 1 from
Northern Ireland, 4 Japanese, 1 Belgian, 2 Swiss (at head of
their companies, unique, dynamic managers).
July 14, 2009 - Decline of small
business: 2Q 2007-3Q 2008
- Businesses with 1-19 employees (mostly family-run) lost
(source: Bureau of Labor
Statistics) = 53% of all private-sector losses for group
companies with about 20% of nation's employees; lowest profits,
fewest capital spending plans since 1973
Federation of Independent Business).
(Amarillo National Bank), Thomas Thompson
The Ware Boys: The Story of a Texas Family Bank.
(Canyon, TX: Staked Plains Press, 293 p.). Amarillo National
(Balthazard et Cotte), Pierre Cotte (1999).
Une Affaire de Famille: Balthazard et Cotte ou Deux Siècles
D'aventure Industrielle. (Paris, FR: Archives & Culture, 119
p.). Balthazard et Cotte (Firm)--History; Lime industry--France;
Family-owned business enterprises--France; Family-owned business
(Bane-Clene), Wm. F. Bane; edited by Mary Kay
Matson and Oka Negley (1996).
We Did It Their Way (Indianapolis, IN: Media Associates,
231 p.). Bane-Clene Corporation--History; Carpet cleaning
industry--United States--History; Family-owned business
enterprises--United States; Customer services--United States;
Success in business--United States.
(A. G. Barr plc), Robin Barr and Mark Jephcott
(2001). Robert Barr to A.G. Barr p.l.c. 1875 to 2001.
(Glasgow, Scotland: A.G. Barr p.l.c, 88 p.). Chairman of A.G.
Barr, plc; Brands Manager. Barr, Robert; A. G. Barr, plc; soft
drinks--history--Great Britain. History of business spanning
over 125 years.
(L.L. Bean), L.L. Bean (1960). My Story;
the Autobiography of a Down-East Merchant. (Freeport, ME:
The Company, 163 p.). Bean, L. L. (Leon Leonwood), 1872-1966;
(L.L. Bean), M.R. Montgomery (1984).
In Search of L.L. Bean. (Boston, MA: Little, Brown, 242
p.). Bean, L. L. (Leon Leonwood), 1872-1966; L.L. Bean,
Inc.--History; Businessmen--United States--Biography; Mail-order
business--United States--History; Camping equipment
(L. L. Bean), Leon Gorman (2006).
L.L. Bean: The Making of an American Icon. (Boston, MA:
Harvard Business School Press, 336 p.). Grandson of Founder,
Company President (1967 - 2001). L.L. Bean, Inc.; Camping
equipment industry--United States; Mail-order business--United
States. How to shape
powerhouse brand around bedrock beliefs, values; how to
balance growth and tradition; how to craft, preserve authentic corporate identity.
(B. H. Blackwell Ltd.), A.L.P. Norrington
Blackwell's, 1879-1979: The History of a Family Firm.
(Oxford, UK: Blackwell, 181 p.). Blackwell family; B.H.
Blackwell Ltd.--History; Booksellers and
bookselling--England--Oxford (Oxfordshire)--History; Publishers
and publishing--England--Oxford (Oxfordshire)--History.
(Albert Bonniers Forlag), Mats Larsson (2001).
Bonniers - en Mediefamilj: Forlag, Konglomerat och
Mediekoncern 1953-1990. (Stockholm, Sweden: Albert Bonniers
Forlag: Institutet for Ekonomisk Historisk Forskning vid
Handelshogskolan i Stockholm, 416 p.). Bonnier, Albert, 1907- ;
Bonnier family; Albert Bonniers Forlag; Publishers and
publishing--Sweden--History--20th century; Family-owned business
(Bouchayer & Viallet), Robert J. Smith (2001).
The Bouchayers of Grenoble and French Industrial Enterprise,
1850-1970. (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University
Press, 247 p.). Emeritus Professor of History (SUNY College at
Brockport). Bouchayer family; Bouchayer & Viallet
(Cape Gate Fence and Wire Works), Mendel
Kaplan, with Solomon Kaplan and Marian Robertson (1979).
From Shtetl to Steelmaking: The Story of Three Immigrant
Families and a Family Business. (Cape Town, SA: Kaplan-Kushlick
Foundation, 144 p.). Kaplan family; Cape Gate Fence and Wire
Works--History; Jews--South Africa--History.
(William Clowes and Sons), W.B. Clowes (1953).
Family Business, 1803-1953. (London, UK: Clowes, 81 p.).
William Clowes and Sons.
(Day & Zimmermann), Jeffrey L. Rodengen
The Legend of Day & Zimmermann. (Fort Lauderdale, FL:
Write Stuff Enterprises, 151 p.). Day & Zimmermann; Family-owned
(De Kuyper), K. E. Sluyterman and H. H.
Vleesenbeek (1995). Three Centuries of De Kuyper: A History
of Geneva and Liqueurs, 1695-1995. (Schiedam, Netherlands:
De Kuyper. De Kuyper Royal Distillers; distilling
industries--Netherlands. Story of a deeply conservative,
(Dodson Brothers Exterminating Co.), Dawn
Hensley Fisher & William H. Young (2000).
Bert: A Memoir of Bertram F. Dodson, Sr. (Lynchburg, VA:
Warwick House Publishing, 397 p.). Dodson, Bertram Felix, Sr.,
1926-1989; Dodson family; Dodson Brothers Exterminating Co.,
(Finsbury Distillery), David Wainwright
Stone's Ginger Wine: Fortunes of a Family Firm 1740-1990.
(London, UK: Quiller, 124 p.). Finsbury Distillery; Alcoholic
drinks Production History London (England).
(Grupo Empresarial Bemol/Fogás), Samuel
Benchimol (1993). Grupo Empresarial Bemol/Fogás: Lembranças e
Lições de Vida. (Manaus, AM: S. Benchimol, 146 p.).
Benchimol, Samuel; Grupo Empresarial Bemol/Fogás--History;
Family-owned business enterprises--Brazil--Manaus--History;
(Genuardi Super Markets), Frank O. Genuardi
with Russell Rush (1995).
Family Pride: A Memoir. (Jeffersonville, PA: F. O.
Genuardi, 99 p.). Genuardi Super Markets--History;
trade--Pennsylvania--History; Family-owned business
(Gidlunds Forlag), Gertrud & Krister Gidlund
(2002). Ett Litet Bokforlag: Grundat 1968. (Hedemora,
Sweden: Gidlund, 376 p.). Gidlund, Krister; Gidlunds fo¨rlag
(Sweden)--History; Publishers and
publishing--Sweden--History--20th century; Family-owned business
(William Grant & Sons), Grant Gordon and Nigel
Family Wars: Classic Conflicts in the Family and How To Deal
with Them. (Philadelphia, PA: Kogan Page, 288 p.).
William Grant & Sons (fifth generation); London Business School.
Family-owned business enterprises--Management; Family-owned
business enterprises--Succession; Family-owned business
enterprises. Independent family distiller for 5 generations.
Ups, downs of some of
biggest family-run companies in world (Ford, Gucci, McCain,
Guinness, Gallo, Redstone); origins, extent, resolution of some
of most famous family feuds in recent history; how family
in-fighting has threatened their downfall; way families do
business, how family in-fighting can threaten to blow business
(Guinness), Jonathan Guinness (1997).
Requiem for a Family Business (London, UK: Macmillan,
390 p.). Guinness family; Guinness (Firm)--History; Brewing
(L. S. Heath and Sons), Richard J. Heath with
Ray Elliott (1995).
Bittersweet: The Story of the Heath Candy Co. (West
Frankfort, IL: New Authors Publications, 416 p.). Heath family;
Heath, L. S. (Lawrence Seymour), 1869-1956; L.S. Heath and
Sons--History; Family corporations--United States--Officials and
employees; Businesspeople--United States--Biography.
(Johnson Wax), Samuel C. Johnson (1988).
The Essence of a Family Enterprise: Doing Business the Johnson
Way (Indianapolis, IN: Curtis Publishing Co., 179 p.).
Johnson Wax--History; Business enterprises; Corporations;
Business ethics; Family corporations--Wisconsin--Racine; Success
in business--Wisconsin--Racine; Industries--Wisconsin--Racine;
Racine (Wis.)--Economic conditions.
(Archibald Kenrick & Sons), Roy A. Church
Kenricks in Hardware; A Family Business, 1791-1966. (New
York, NY: A. M. Kelley, 340 p.). Archibald Kenrick & Sons.
(Lancaster Newspapers Inc.), John H. Brubaker,
The Steinmans of Lancaster: A Family and Its Enterprises.
(Lancaster, PA: Steinman Enterprises,, 219 p.). Steinman family;
Publishers and publishing--Pennsylvania--Lancaster
County--Biography; Lancaster County (Pa.)--Biography; Lancaster
(Groupe Lesieur), Tristan Gaston-Breton
Lesieur: Une Marque dans L'histoire, 1908-1998. (Paris,
FR: Perrin, 450 p.). Groupe Lesieur--History; Vegetable oil
industry--France--History--20th century; Family-owned business
(Longaberger), Dave Longaberger with Robert L.
Longaberger: An American Success Story (New York, NY:
HarperBusiness, 234 p.). Longaberger, Dave; Longaberger
Company--History; Basket making--Ohio--History; Basket
(Louisville Courier), Alex S. Jones and Susan
E. Tifft (1991).
The Patriarch: The Rise and Fall of the Bingham Dynasty
(New York, NY: Summit Books, 574 p.). Bingham Family,
Newspapers, Publishing, Louisville Journal-Courier Demise of
family empire due to succession disputes and family rifts.
(Mallory), James P. Baughman (1972).
The Mallorys of Mystic; Six Generations in American Maritime
Enterprise (Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press,
496 p.). Mallory family; Shipping--Connecticut--Mystic--History.
(Mitchells/Richards), Jack Mitchell (2003).
Hug Your Customers: The Proven Way to Personalize Sales and
Achieve Astounding Results. (New York, NY: Hyperion, 272
p.). CEO, Mitchellsl/Richards. Mitchell, Jack;
Mitchell/Richards; specialty retail; customer service; family
(Mucunabitu Iron Works), Ropate Rakuita Qalo
(1997). Small Business: A Study of a Fijian Family: The
Mucunabitu Iron Works Contractor Cooperative Society Limited.
(Suva, Fiji: Mucunabita Education Trust, 242 p.). Mucunabitu
Iron Works Contractor Cooperative Society; Small
business--Fiji--Case studies; Family-owned business
(New York Times), Alex S. Jones and Susan E.
The Trust: The Private and Powerful Family Behind the New York
Times (Boston, MA: Little, Brown, 870 p.). Ochs Family,
Sulzberger Family, Newspaper Publishing, New York Times Company
Bought by Chattanooga (TN) businessman Adolph S. Ochs
(1858-1935) in 1898, The New York Times Company has remained a
family business for more than a century.
(Publicidad Atlantis), Santiago de Luxán
Meléndez, José Luis Quesada González (1997). Publicidad
Atlantis, 1945-1995: Historia de Una Empresa Familiar. (Las
Palmas de Gran Canaria: Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran
Canaria, 448 p.). Publicidad Atlantis--History; Advertising
agencies--Canary Islands--History; Family-owned business
(Quarry Bank Mill), Mary B. Rose (1986).
The Gregs of Quarry Bank Mill: The Rise and Decline of a Family
Firm, 1750-1914. (New York, NY: Cambridge University
Press, 169 p.). Gregg family; Quarry Bank Mill--History; Cotton
textile industry--Great Britain--History.
(Richardson Industries), Jay Pridmore (1998).
The Richardson Story: A Family Enterprise at 150 Years.
(Lyme, CT: Greenwich Publishing Group, Inc., 112 p.). Richardson
Industries--History; Furniture industry and
trade--Wisconsin--History; House furnishings industry and
(El Grupo Romero), Germán Reaño y Enrique
Vásquez (1988). El Grupo Romero: Del Algodón a la Banca.
(Lima, Peru: Centro de Investigación, Universidad del Pacífico:
Centro de Investigación y Promoción del Campesinad, 176 p.).
Romero family; Family-owned business enterprises--Peru; Cotton
trade--Peru; Banks and banking--Peru.
(Sakowitz Department Store), Jane Wolfe
Blood Rich: When Oil Billions, High Fashion, and Royal
Intimacies Are Not Enough. (Boston, MA: Little, Brown,
346 p.). Sakowitz, Robert; Wyatt, Lynn Sakowitz; Sakowitz
Department Store--History; Family-owned business
enterprises--Texas--History; Business failures--Southwestern
(Salisbury Post), Mark Wineka (1999).
A Family Affair: The Life, Times and Sale of a Family-Owned
Newspaper. (Asheboro, NC: Down Home Press, 325 p.).
Hurley family; Salisbury post (Salisbury, N.C. : Daily).
(Samworth Brothers), Patrick Beaver (1997).
A Taste of Tradition: The Story of the Samworth Family Business
(1896-1996 (Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Athlone Press, 201
p.). Samworth Brothers Limited--History; Food industry and
trade--Great Britain--History--20th century; Convenience
foods--Great Britain--History--20th century; Family-owned
business enterprises--Great Britain.
(Steinway), Susan Goldenberg (1996).
Steinway from Glory to Controversy: The Family, the Business,
the Piano (Buffalo, NY: Mosaic Press, 253 p.). Steinway
family; Steinway (Famille); Steinway & Sons--History; Steinway &
Sons--Histoire; Piano makers--New York (State)--New
York--History; Steinway piano--History; Facteurs de pianos--New
York (État)--New York--Histoire; Piano--Histoire.
(Strawbridge & Clothier), Alfred Lief
Family Business. (New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 3 vols.).
Strawbridge & Clothier. Contents: v. 1. A century in the life
and times of Strawbridge & Clothier, 1868-1968 / by Alfred A.
Lief -- v. 3. The triumphant eighties 1980-1989 / by Frank R.
(Susman Brothers and Wulfsohn), Hugh Macmillan
An African Trading Empire: The Story of the Susman Brothers and
Wulfsohn, 1901-2005. (New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan,
320 p.). Professor of History (University of Transkei, South
Africa). Susman,Elie and Harry; Susman Brothers and Wulfsohn;
(U-Haul), Ronald J. Watkins (1993).
Birthright: Murder, Greed, and Power in the U-Haul Family
Dynasty (New York, NY: Morrow, 425 p.). Shoen, Leonard
Samuel, 1916- ; Shoen family; U-Haul International -- Officials
and employees -- Biography; Murder -- United States -- Case
studies; Businessmen -- United States -- Biography.
(U-Haul), Luke Krueger (2007).
A Noble Function: How U-Haul Moved America. (Fort Lee,
NJ: Barricade Books, 224 p.). U-Haul International--History;
Storage and moving trade--United States--History--20th century;
Moving, Household--United States--History--20th century.
Meager beginnings of Sam and Anna
Mary Shoen, U-Haul's founders; from mom and pop store start to
(White Furniture), Bill Bamberger, Cathy N.
Closing: The Life and Death of an American Factory. (New
York, NY: Norton, 223 p.). Photographer, Professor of English
(Duke), respectively. White Furniture Company; Furniture
industry and trade--United States; Downsizing of
organizations--United States--Case studies; Plant
Enzo Biagi (1991). Dinastie: Gli Agnelli, I
Rizzoli, I Ferruzzi-Gardini, I Lauro (Milano, Italy: A.
Mondadori, 259 p.). Agnelli family; Rizzoli family;
Ferruzzi-Gardini family; Lauro family; Family
Julie Browning & Laurie Critchley (2002).
Dynasties: Myer, Durack, De Bortoli, Macarthur, Murdoch, Downer.
(Sydney, AU: ABC Books, 265 p.). Family-owned business
relationships--Australia; Australia--Biography. Macarthur family
(wool industry); Downers of South Australia (pastoralists);
Melbourne retailers, Myer family; Keith Murdoch whose son
controls a media empire; De Bortoli wine family.
Geoffrey M. Footner (1991).
The Last Generation: A History of a Chesapeake Shipbuilding
Family. (Solomons, MD: Calvert Marine Museum Press, 194
p.). Davis, Clarence E., 1883-1936; Davis family;
Thomas Goldwasser (1986).
Family Pride: Profiles of Five of America's Best-Run Family
Businesses (New York, NY: Dodd, Mead, 226 p.). Family
corporations--United States--Management--Case studies; Success
in business--United States--Case studies.
Hidemasa Morikawa; foreword by Alfred D.
Chandler, Jr. (1992).
Zaibatsu: The Rise and Fall of Family Enterprise Groups in Japan.
(Tokyo, Japan: University of Tokyo Press, 283 p.). Trusts,
Hidemasa Morikawa (2001).
A History of Top Management in Japan: Managerial Enterprises and
Family Enterprises. (New York, NY: Oxford University
Press, 226 p.). Industrial management--Japan--History;
Executives--Japan--History; Family-owned business
between family-owned firms, professionally managed firms.
William T. O'Hara (2004).
Centuries of Success: Lessons from the World's Most Enduring
Family Businesses. (Avon, MA: Adams Media Corporation,
330 p.). Success in business Case studies.
Gordon Pitts (2000).
In the Blood: Battles To Succeed in Canada's Family Businesses.
(Toronto, ON: Doubleday Canada, 306 p.). Family business;
Dwijendra Tripathi, Makrand Mehta (1990).
Business Houses in Western India: A Study in Entrepreneurial
Response, 1850-1956. (New Delhi, IN: Manohar
Publications, 223 p.). Family-owned business
Sylvia Junko Yanagisako (2002).
Producing Culture and Capital: Family Firms in Italy.
(Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press,
p.). Silk industry--Italy--Como; Family-owned business
Business History Links
America's 150 Largest Family Businesses
Family Business magazine’s 2001survey of America’s largest
Family Business (Management)
Henokiens Association of Family and
Members of the Henokiens Association, meet four criteria: they
have reached a minimum age of 200 years, they are managed by a
descendant of the founder, the family still owns the company or
is the majority share holder and they are in good financial
Oldest Family Businesses in America
World's Oldest Family Companies
The World’s 250 Largest Family
2004 Family Business magazine list of 250 largest family-run
companies, each with annual revenues of at least $1.2 billion,
spread across 28 countries; many dominate their national
economies, most reach far beyond national borders.