May 22, 1906 -
Orville Wright and Wilbur Wright received a patent for a
"Flying-Machine" ("...in which the weight is sustained by the
reactions resulting when one or more aeroplanes are moved
through the air edge-wise at a small angle of incidence, either
by the application of mechanical power or by utilization of the
force of gravity...to provide means for sustaining or restoring
the equilibrium or lateral balance of the apparatus, to provide
means for guiding the machine both vertically and horizontally,
and to provide structure combining lightness, strength,
convenience of construction and certain other advantages."
October 8, 1909
- Wilbur Wright gave flight instruction to Lt. Frank Lahm and
Lt. Frederic Humphreys, first military aviators, at field in
College Park, MD; October 27, 1909
- Mrs. Ralph Van Deman, wife of Capt. Van Deman, became first
woman passenger to fly in United States;
November 1909 - Humphreys, Lahm soloed
after more than three hours of instruction; field later named
College Park Airport; oldest continually operated airport in
world (owned, operated by The Maryland-National Capital Park and
January 1, 1914
- Tony Jannus piloted first scheduled commercial airline flight
in world for St. Petersburg Tampa Airboat Line (23 minute
inaugural flight on Benoist XIV flying boat biplane from near
downtown St. Petersburg Municipal Pier).
May 15, 1918 -
U.S. began first scheduled Air Mail service between Washington,
DC (Washington Polo Grounds) and New York (Belmont Park).
August 25, 1919
- Aircraft Transport and Travel Limited (AT&T) launched world's
first daily international scheduled air service between London
October 7, 1919
- Dr. Albert Plesman organized air transport company,
Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij ("Royal Aviation Company"),
May 17, 1920 - first KLM flight from London to
Amsterdam; May 21, 1946 - first
continental European airline to launch scheduled service to New
York; September 30, 2003 - merged
with Air France (known as Air France-KLM).
November 16, 1920
former Australian Flying Corps officer,
in Gresham Hotel, Brisbane;
formally established Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial
Services Limited (Qantas);
registered with Fergus McMaster as Chairman (wealthy
grazier had organized investors);
November 2, 1922 - inaugurated mail service from
Charleville to Cloncurry; 1931 - established first
link with Britain's Imperial Airways; January 18, 1934
- Qantas Empire Airways Limited registered in Brisbane;
effectively combined interests of British Imperial Airways and
Qantas (each held half share); Hudson Fysh appointed Managing
Director; 1947 - remaining Qantas shares acquired
by Australian government; Fysh new Chairman; 1992
- Australian Government approved A$400 million bid by Qantas for
Australian Airlines, subsidiaries; announced privatization of
enlarged Qantas group; September 1992 -
acquisition completed; positioned Qantas as the principal
Australian airline; March 1993 - acquired British
April 1993 - Qantas and Australian merged under
banner Qantas - 'The Australian Airline'.
Russia inaugurated first international airline service,
German-Soviet venture DeRuLuft ("Deutsche-Russische
Luftverkehrgesellschaft"); connected Moscow to Koenigsberg
(Russia to the west);
February 9, 1923
- Dobrolet airlines established; July 15, 1923 -
started operations between Moscow and Nizhni Novgorod;
name officially adopted; represented consolidation of
all Russian civil aviation activities under name of Grazhdanskiy
Wozdushnyy Flot (Civil Air Fleet);
1937 - International flights started as Aeroflot.
2-3, 1923 - Lt. John A. Macready, Lt. Oakley G.
Kelly, U.S. Army Air Service pilots, made first nonstop
transcontinental flight in T-2 transport, from Roosevelt
Field, Long Island to Rockwell Field, San Diego, in just under
May 23, 1923
- Belgian government founded Société Anonyme Belge
d'Exploitation de la Navigation Aérienne (Sabena), or Belgian
company for exploiting aerial navigation); Belgian national
April 1, 1924 - first paying flight.
September 12, 1923
- Charter signed, established Aero O/Y (Aero Ltd); Bruno Otto
Lucander appointed managing director (former general manager of
Finland Spedition-Central Ab-Suomen Välityskeskus Oy);
March 20, 1924 - first flight from Helsinki to Tallinn,
Estonia with Junkers F.13 aircraft equipped with floats; 1946 -
Finnish State acquired majority holding; 1952 -
passenger traffic exceeded 100 000 mark for first time;
1953 - name Finnair adopted in company's marketing
strategy; June 25, 1968 - name changed to Finnair.
Britain's four main fledgling airlines, Instone, Handley Page,
The Daimler Airway , British Marine Air Navigation Company
merged; formed Imperial Airways Limited.
- Thomas Huff, Elliot Daland founded Huff-Daland Manufacturing
Company; produced Huff-Daland Dusters for aerial crop dusting;
1928 - Duster
Division acquired by Collett Everman (C.E.) Woolman (former
agricultural engineer and research assistant with US department
of Agriculture, employee of Huff-Daland Duster Company) and
group of investors; June 17, 1929
- name changed to Delta Air Service; flew first scheduled
passenger flight on 6-seater Model 6000 Travelairs.
February 2, 1925
- Air Mail Act of 1925 enacted (Kelly Act, named for
Pennsylvania Congressman Clyde Kelly,
chairman of the House
Post Office Committee);
authorized postmaster general to contract
for domestic airmail service with commercial air carriers;
created national network of
airmail routes operated by private couriers.
April 3, 1925 -
Henry Ford opened private air freight
service between Detroit, Chicago.
July 13, 1925
- Harris M ("Pop") Hanshue, Los Angeles auto dealer,
incorporated Western Air Express (six
Douglas M-2 mailplanes, 20 employees);
November 1925 -
won contract for Airmail Route Four, between Los Angeles and Las
Vegas with central transcontinental route at Salt Lake City;
received up to 80% of revenue from airmail postage;
April 17, 1926 -
started service; May 3, 1926
- carried first passengers from Salt Lake City to Los Angeles;
June 1929 -
started passenger route between Los Angeles and Texas;
April 29, 1930 -
Air Mail Act of 1930 (McNary-Watres Act) made law; changed how
airlines were paid, gave Walter Folger Brown, President Hoover's
postmaster general, authority to change existing postal policy
(air transportation system); consolidated airline routes to
three companies; forced merger of Western (largest air system in
world; covered 16,000 miles with 40 aircraft) with
Transcontinental Air Transport (T-A-T); renamed Transcontinental
and Western Air (T&WA);
1934 - President Roosevelt canceled all existing
airmail contracts (returned to private contract airmail, with
conditions attached, on May 8, 1934);
May 18, 1934
- TWA began commercial service;
- Howard Hughes became principal shareholder; 1950
- name changed to Trans World Airlines;
May 18, 1953 - T.W.A. made fist nonstop
transcontinental flight from Los Angeles to New York City in
DC-7; first commercial aircraft able to fly coast to coast
nonstop westbound against prevailing winds;
1985 - controlling interest acquired by Carl
carried more than
50% of all trans-Atlantic passengers;
took company private (burdened airline with $540 million in
debt); 1990 -
assets of TWA's operations at London Heathrow acquired by
American Airlines for $445 million; 1992 - filed
for bankruptcy; April 9, 2001 - acquired by
- Harold F. Pitcairn founded Pitcairn Aviation, Inc. as airmail
in Byrn Athyn, PA;
1927 - won
contracts to carry airmail along eastern route from New York to
Florida via Atlanta; 1929
- acquired by Clement Keys (had established North American
Aviation in 1928); 1930
- name changed to Eastern Air Transport;
1931 - added passenger service to 16
eastern seaboard cities; 1933
- North American Aviation acquired by General Motors (Eastern
Transport Division); 1935
Eastern Air Transport with Florida Airways, formed Eastern Air
March 2, 1938 - Eastern Air Lines acquired for
$3.5 million by
Eddie Rickenbacker, manager of airline,
group of investors;
April 30, 1961 - flew first shuttle flights between
Washington DC, Boston, New York City;
February 24, 1986 - acquired by Texas Air for $676
March 9, 1989
- filed for bankruptcy; June 7,
Eastern Air Shuttle formally became Trump Shuttle;
April 18, 1990
- Bankruptcy court forced Frank Lorenzo to give up Eastern
Airlines; January 18, 1991
- ceased operations;
April 12, 1992
- Trump Shuttle became U.S. Air Shuttle.
January 6, 1926 -
Deutsche Aero Lloyd (DAL), Junkers Luftverkehr merged; formed
"Deutsche Luft Hansa Aktiengesellschaft"; 1933 - renamed
"Lufthansa" (derived from Luft (German word for "air") and Hansa
(Hanseatic trade organization active in Northern Europe during
medieval times; new airline inherited crane logo from DAl
(designed by "Deutsche Luft-Reederei" in 1919), blue-and-yellow
house colors from Junkers; April
6, 1926 - commenced scheduled flights.
April 6, 1926
- Walter Varney formed Varney Airlines in Boise, ID as air-mail
carrier; flew to railroad mail hub between Pasco, WA and
Elko, NV; June 30,
1930 - acquired by United Aircraft and Transport
March 28, 1931
-formed United Air Lines, Inc.
May 20, 1926
- President Calvin Coolidge signed Air Commerce Act into law; cornerstone of Federal
Government's regulation of civil aviation; charged Secretary of
Commerce with authority to foster air commerce, issue, enforce
air traffic rules, license pilots, certify aircraft, establish
airways, operate, maintain aids to air navigation; new
Aeronautics Branch of Department of Commerce assumed primary
responsibility for aviation oversight.
March 14, 1927
- Several army officers incorporated Pan American Airways
(contract to deliver mail to Cuba); June 2, 1927 -
Juan Trippe formed Aviation Corporation of America to offer air
services to Caribbean (landing rights into Havana);
October 19, 1927 - Trippe provided first airplane to Pan
Am, Fairchild FC-2 floatplane, to make mail delivery;
October 11, 1927 - Richard Hoyt
established Atlantic, Gulf, and Caribbean Airways; October
28, 1927 - regularly scheduled Pan Am service began (24
employees); first aircraft, Tri-motor Fokker F-7, made first
flight, 90-mile trip to Havana, Cuba; June 23, 1928
- Atlantic, Pan American, Aviation Corporation (40% stock in new
holding company) merged; formed Aviation Corporation of the
Americas (Pan American Airways Incorporated as main operating
subsidiary); fall 1928 - bought land from Seminole
Fruit and Land Company along south side of NW 36th street in
Miami Springs; called Pan American Field (beginning of Miami
International Airport); January 9, 1929 -
inaugurated first passenger flight from Miami to San Juan by way
of Belize and Managua (2,000-miles, 56 hours, two overnight
stops); January 25, 1929 - formed Pan
American-Grace Airways, Inc.; September 15, 1930 -
acquired prime competitor, New York, Rio, and Buenos Aires Line;
became most important player in Latin American market;
1931 - name changed to Pan American Airways Corporation;
November 22, 1935 - first transpacific flight as
"China Clipper," Martin flying boat built to Pan Am's
specifications, left San Francisco on six day journey to Manila;
April 28, 1937
- made first commercial flight across Pacific;
May 20, 1939 - inaugurated transatlantic flights as
"Yankee Clipper," Boeing B-314, completed New York - Lisbon -
January 6, 1942
- Pan American Airways Pacific Clipper arrived in New York;
first round-the-world trip by commercial airplane;
June 17, 1947
- inaugurated first worldwide passenger airline from New York
(around world fare if $1700);
employed 19,000 people in 62 countries; 1950
- name changed to Pan American World Airways, Inc.;
October 26, 1958 - "Clipper America," Boeing 707, flew
from New York to Paris with 111 passengers;
commercial long-haul jet service took 8 hours, 41 minutes;
October 10, 1959 - announced first global airline
1970 - carried 11 million
passengers almost 20 billion miles;
April 26, 1976
- began non-stop flights from New York City to Tokyo;
1977 - around world flight covered 26,300 miles in
54 hours; January 1980
- merged with National Airlines; attempt several organizational
restructures; December 1991 - ceased operations.
June 30, 1927 -
William Boeing formed Boeing Air Transport in Seattle, WA;
January 1, 1928 -
acquired Pacific Air Transport (incorporated in 1926 by Vern
Gorst, bus operator in Oregon);
October 31, 1928 - Boeing Air Transport acquired
by Boeing Airplane Company; renamed Boeing Airplane and
February 1, 1929 -
name changed to United Aircraft and Transport Corp. (dissolved
on August 31, 1934); acquired Pratt &
Whitney Aircraft, Hamilton Standard Propeller Co., Chance Vought
Corp.; March 31, 1930
- acquired National Air Transport Inc. (formed by Clement Keys
in 1925 in Chicago, IL); June 30,
1930 - acquired Varney Airlines;
March 28, 1931
-formed United Air Lines, Inc. to manage the UATC airline
subsidiaries; May 1, 1934
- became operating company; won temporary contracts to resume
air mail operations on routes formerly operated by Boeing Air
Transport, Pacific Air Transport, National Air Transport and
Varney Airlines; July 20, 1934
- formed United Airlines Transport Corporation (UALTC);
succeeded UAL as owner/operator of BAT, NAT, PAT Varney and
United Airports of California;
July 21, 1934 - spun off non airline
subsidiaries; incorporated United Aircraft Corp.;
December 28, 1934
- merged BAT,
NAT, PAT, Varney into UALTC; United Airports of California
acquired by Lockheed Corporation;
December 1936 - opened industry's first
flight kitchen in Oakland, CA;
October 15, 1943 - launched U.S. coast-to-coast
cargo service; December 22, 1943
- name changed from United Air Lines Transport Corp. (UALTC) to
United Air Lines, Inc.; June 1,
1954 - inaugurated first U.S. transcontinental
nonstop scheduled service between San Francisco and New York
(3,000 miles in new Douglas DC-7 aircraft in 7-1/2 hours);
June 1, 1961 -
merged with Capital Airlines; world's largest commercial
airline; October 1965
- launched "Fly the Friendly Skies" slogan; became industry's
longest-running marketing message (discontinued May 22, 1997);
August 1, 1969
-formed UAL, Inc. as a holding company (United as wholly owned
subsidiary); April 30, 1987
- name changed to Allegis Corporation;
May 26, 1988 - Allegis name dropped;
holding company re-named UAL Corporation;
December 31, 1995 - most profitable year
eve; reported $662 million in net profits from continuing
operations; June 25, 2002
- filed with Air Transportation Stabilization Board (ATSB) for
$1.8 billion in federal loan guarantees;
December 9, 2002
- United Airlines filed for bankruptcy protection; biggest in
aviation history; had lost $4 billion in previous two years;
May 10, 2005 - Federal
bankruptcy judge approved United Airlines's plan to terminate
employees' pension plans.
- Paul Revere Braniff (obtained Pilot's License from Orville
Wright in 1923), Tom Braniff (brother), four other investors
bought "Stinson Detroiter" Cabin Plane for $11,000; incorporated
Paul R. Braniff, Inc., Airline...Oklahoma City to Tulsa" (and
vice versa) - one-route, one airplane, part-time mail route
airline ; June 20, 1928
- first flight from Oklahoma City; three round-trip flights
daily, Monday thru Friday; Paul Braniff - first, only pilot on
payroll; April 1929
- inaugurated services to Dallas and Fort Worth; merged with
Universal Aviation (St Louis, MO); name changed to Braniff
Airlines, Inc.; acquired by Aviation Holdings (AVCO);
1930 - Paul
Braniff invested in two Lockheed Vegas (fastest airliner of
day); 1931 - flew
routes to Tulsa, Oklahoma City, Kansas City, Chicago, Wichita
Falls, St. Louis; September 1935 - first
in-flight meal service inaugurated on Brownsville to Corpus
Christi, Tulsa to Kansas City routes; Paul Braniff forced out
Tom Braniff (brother); 1936
- Fort Worth - Braniff's "hub" of operations;
1946 - granted
rights by CAB to fly to Southern Continent; name changed to
Braniff International Airways;
1954 - Executive Vice President, Charles "Chuck"
Beard, took over (Tom Braniff died in plane crash);
June 23, 1963 -
5,482 employees, 17,914 route miles serving 46 cities in 10
countries; assets of $96 million, operating revenues of $94
million, 10th largest airline in world;
1964 - acquired by Greatamerica
Corporation (insurance holding company in North Texas headed by
Troy Post); April 5, 1965
- Harding Lawrence (former Vice President at Continental
Airlines, Post's brother-in-law) installed, appointed President;
1973 - renamed
Braniff International Corporation;
1980 - Lawrence ousted (debt burden);
May 12, 1982 -
ceased operations; declared bankruptcy (company size doubled,
service expanded into Europe and Asia, multi-million dollar new
headquarters built, fuel costs rose, debts not repaid, excessive
executive compensation); December
1983 - emerged from bankruptcy by Jay Pritzker
(Hyatt Hotels); name changed to Dalfort Corporation (holding
company for airline); March 1,
1984 - first flight as Braniff, Inc. from
Dallas/Fort Worth to New Orleans;
October 1988 - acquired by BIA-COR Holdings,
Inc.; April 1989 -
flew to 40 locations, fleet of 57 aircraft;
September 28, 1989
- filed for bankruptcy; December
1989 - assets liquidated.
January 1929 - John R. Fletcher published 'The
Official Aviation Guide Of The Airways' in U.S.; listed 35
airlines offering total of 300 flights;
1949 - name shortened to Official
Airline Guide; August 14, 1951
- American Aviation Publications, Inc. registered 'Official
Airline Guide' trademark first used August 30, 1948 (periodical
published once a month); 1962 - acquired by Dun & Bradstreet;
acquired by Maxwell Communications Corporation for about $750
million; September 1993
- assets of Official Airline Guides acquired by Reed Elsevier
for $417 million; August 1996
- OAG brand re-launched; March
1998 - OAG Worldwide restructured as stand-alone
business focused on airline information;
July 2001 - acquired by private
investors; December 2006
- acquired by Commonwealth Business Media (CBM), wholly-owned
subsidiary of United Business Media plc.
1930 - American Airways incorporated as single
company in New York (controlled by Aviation Corporation, formed
by Fairchild Aviation Corp. in March 1929 as aircraft dealer and
airmail provider; holding company held interests in 90
aviation-related companies by end of 1929); routes from Boston,
New York and Chicago to Dallas, from Dallas to Los Angeles;
1934 - forced to
divest by Air Mail Act of 1934; acquired by E.L. Cord; renamed
"American Air Lines"; January 25,
1959 - American Airlines Flight 2 (Boeing 707)
completed first transcontinental commercial jet flight from Los
Angeles to Idlewild Airport in New York City (now Kennedy
International); shortened coast-to-coast flight by 3 hours;
filled with alcohol, cigarette smoke; round-trip fare of $238.80
($1,750 in 2009 dollars); May 1,
1981 - Tom Plaskett, head of marketing,
introduced incentive program for passengers, called AAdvantage;
birth of frequent flier miles programs (modeled on S&H Green
May 15, 1930
Church, first airline stewardess, went on duty aboard United
Airlines flight between San Francisco and Cheyenne, WY.
October 25, 1930 -
TWA began first transcontinental air service from New York City to
Los Angeles (36 hours, with overnight stop in Kansas City).
March 26, 1931
- Merger of Zurich-based Ad Astra Aero AG and Basler Luftverkehr
(Balair) created Schweizerische Luftverkehrs AG (Swissair) with
fleet of 13 airplanes, 64 employees, 20 cities served;
1989 - first European airline to seal partnership
agreement with overseas carriers; December 6, 1992
- 50.3% of Swiss population voted against ratification of
European Economic Area (EEA) Treaty; December 14, 1994
- acquired 49.5% ownership of Sabena, Belgium’s flag carrier;
March 1998 - Qualiflyer Group created (equity-based
alliances with smaller non-aligned European flag carriers);
January 25, 2001 - raised ownership in Sabena to 85%;
maintenance and repair, ground handling, IT, aircraft leasing,
catering, duty free, hotels, aerial photography, agriculture
accounted for more than half of Swissair employees, most of
profits; October 2, 2001 - airline grounded;
declared bankruptcy (Belgian government, big Swiss banks,
September 11 terrorist attacks blamed); March 31, 2002
- SAirGroup’s commercial successor, SWISS, began operations as
Switzerland’s new flag carrier; March 22, 2005 -
minority shareholding in SWISS acquired by Deutsche Lufthansa
July 1, 2007 - Swiss International Air Lines AG
(10.5 million passengers to 70 destinations on 73 planes in
2006) acquired by Deutsche Lufthansa AG (53.4 million passengers
to 185 destinations on 430 planes in 2006).
- Linious "Mac" McGee, Harvey Barnhill advertised company
in Anchorage Daily Times as furrier, airline offering service
between Anchorage, Bristol Bay
(had acquired three-seat
Stinson airplane in 1931 for $5,000 to support McGee's
fur-buying business); dissolved partnership; April 1932
- Charlie Ruttan, Steve Mills, Jack Waterworth founded Star Air
Service; offered flight instruction, charter service from
Anchorage; 1934 - acquired McGee Airways (seven
silver-and-black Stinsons) for $50,000 with caveat (if Mcgee
didn't get paid on time, would return to manage airline until he
got all of his money); largest airline in Alaska (22 aircraft);
1936 - Star's gross income $190,000/year; passengers
paid 20 cents/mile, 35% of all freight moved in territory by
plane; acquired struggling Alaska Interior Airlines (founded by
McGee Airways' first pilot, Oscar Winchell);
- acquired by investors led by Don Goodman (former pilot),
Strandbergs (successful Kuskokwim mining family); name changed
to Star Air Lines; 1942 - airline sold, name
changed to Alaska Star Airlines; 1944 - name
changed to Alaska Airlines.
October 15, 1932
Aviation Service, forerunner to Tata Airlines and Air India,
began service (1953
- government of Jawaharlal Nehru nationalized Air India).
October 7, 1933
- Five airlines merged, formed Air France (Air Orient, Air
Union, Compagnie Generale Aeropostale, Compagnie Internationale
de Navigation Aerienne, Societe Generale de Transport Aerien).
June 12, 1934
- Air Mail Act of 1934 enacted; broke up aviation holding
companies (owned aircraft manufacturing companies, airlines);
government set airmail contracts, routes, schedules; fixed
subsidy rates, airmail payments; regulated airways and license
pilots; locked temporary, low bids accepted from airlines in
place; airmail carriers began to lose money.
July 15, 1934 -
Walter T. Varney, Louis Mueller founded Varney Speed Lines;
Varney ceded control to
Mueller; 1936 -
acquired by Robert Six;
1937 - name changed to Continental.
Several small UK air transport companies merged, created original
privately-owned British Airways Limited; became Imperial Airways
(principal UK competitor on European routes); 1939
- Imperial Airways, British Airways nationalized; formed British
Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC);
May 2, 1952 -
British Overseas Airways Corporation (B.O.A.C.) made first
commercial jet flight from London to Johannesburg in 23 1/2
hours; first jet-engine commercial transport;
October 26, 1952 -
Comet crashed on takeoff from Rome, nobody killed;
May 2, 1953 -
Comet crashed six minutes after takeoff from Calcutta,
killed 43; April 12, 1954
- Prime Minister Winston Churchill grounded B.O.A.C. comets (5
of 21 had crashed); undertook most extensive, expensive air
investigation to that point in history;
October 4, 1958 -
Overseas Airways Corp. began first
trans-Atlantic passenger jetliner service with flights between
London Heathrow airport, New York Idlewild airport; inaugural
flight completed in 8 hours 53 minutes (including stop-over 10
hrs. 5 min.) at average ground speed of 404 m.p.h.;
October 21, 1970 - Caledonian
Airways took over British United Airways; renamed British
Caledonian; formed to compete on international routes against
state monopoly carriers BEA, BOAC;
1974 - businesses of BOAC and BEA combined under
newly formed British Airways Board; formed British Airways;
July 1979 - Government announced intention to sell
shares in British Airways; February 1987 - British
Airways privatized; July 1987 - merged with
May 9, 1936 -
Hindenburg zeppelin arrived at Lakehurst, NJ; beginning of
regular commercial service across Atlantic from Germany; flight
took 61-hr 38-min, carried 51 passengers, 56 crew.
January 19, 1937
- Millionaire Howard Hughes set transcontinental air
record; flew monoplane from Los Angeles to Newark, NJ in 7
hours, 28 minutes and 25 seconds.
June 23, 1938
- Civil Aeronautics Act of 1938 made law; regulatory
organization authorized to supervise air transport industry,
promote and develop it (known after 1940 as Civil Aeronautics
Board); transferred federal civil aviation responsibilities from
Commerce Department to Civil Aeronautics Authority; expanded
government's role; gave it authority, power to regulate airline
fares, determine routes that air carriers would serve; goals of
CAB: to provide American public with safest, most efficient,
least expensive, widest ranging air service possible; regulated
entry into, exit from individual markets (dictated route
patterns between cities, frequency of flights), fares for
passengers and cargo, safety, financing, subsidies to carriers
flying on less profitable routes, mergers and acquisitions,
inter-carrier agreements, quality of service.
October 15, 1939
- New York Municipal Airport dedicated (later renamed La Guardia
December 2, 1939
- Airport began operations;
December 24, 1963
- Idlewild Airport renamed John F. Kennedy International
August 16, 1949 -
Leonard Greene, of Mineola, NY, received a patent for a "Stall
Warning Device for Airplanes".
April 18, 1950 - Avro Canada flew first
U.S. jet passenger international flight from Malton Airport
(Toronto, ON) to International Airport in New York City; crew of
three, three passengers, 15,000 airmail letters (first airmail
letters carried in U.S. by jet plane); 359 mile flight took one
hour, powered by four Rolls-Royce Derwent jet engines.
May 2, 1952 - B.O.A.C. made first commercial jet
flight from London to Rome to Johannesburg (De Havilland Comet 1
carried 36 passengers).
July 9, 1953 - New York Airways became first
scheduled passenger helicopter air carrier to operate in U.S.
October 19, 1953 - TWA began
first non-stop eastbound scheduled transcontinental service
(Super Constellations) from Los Angeles to New York (8 hours in
piston-engine aircraft, not jet).
January 30, 1958
- First two-way, moving sidewalk, passenger conveyor put in
service at Love Field Air Terminal in Dallas, TX (1,425 feet
inaugurated first fare-paying jet service across North Atlantic,
operated Comet 4s between London, New York; Pan American
inaugurated its first Boeing 707-120 service between New
York-London three weeks later.
December 10, 1958
- National Airlines Boeing 707 flew 111 passengers from New York
City to Miami; first
domestic passenger jet flight in U.S.
January 25, 1959
- American Airlines Flight 2 made first scheduled nonstop
transcontinental passenger commercial jet trip from Los Angeles
to New York (Idlewild Airport, later renamed JFK); cut more than
three hours off cross-country propeller-plane flights;
round-trip in coach cost $238.80.
April 23, 1959
- First heliport in Britain opened in London.
November 17, 1962
- President John F. Kennedy dedicated Dulles International
Airport in Washington, DC.
November 24, 1971
- Hijacker D.B. Cooper parachuted from Northwest Orient
Airlines 727 at 10,000 feet over Washington state with
$200,000 in ransom; wore only wraparound sunglasses, thin
suit, raincoat; parachuted into a thunderstorm with winds
in excess of 100 mph, temperatures below zero; no trace of
Cooper found during a massive search; 1980 -
an eight-year-old boy uncovered a stack of nearly $5,880 of
the ransom money in the sands along the north bank of the
Columbia River, five miles from Vancouver, WA; Cooper's fate
still a mystery.
Government of Singapore established Singapore Airlines.
February 5, 1972
- U.S. airlines began mandatory inspection of passengers,
January 21, 1976
- Britain and France simultaneously put supersonic Concorde jet
into service; first Concordes with commercial passengers
simultaneously took off from London's Heathrow Airport and Orly
Airport outside Paris; London flight headed to Bahrain (Persian
Gulf), Paris flight headed to Rio de Janeiro via Senegal in West
Africa; cruising speeds well over sound barrier at 1,350 miles
an hour, cut air travel time by more than half;
May 24, 1976
- Britain and France started transatlantic Concorde service to
November 22, 1977
- regular passenger service between New York, Europe on
supersonic Concorde began on trial basis;
October 24, 2003
- Era of supersonic jet travel ended due to rising
operating costs, reduced ticket sales.
October 24, 1978
- Airline Deregulation Act made law; phased out Civil
Aeronautics Board 's economic regulation of airlines (CAB ceased
to exist at end of 1984); phased out federal government's
control over airfares and services; relied on competitive market
forces to determine price, quantity, quality of domestic air
government control from commercial aviation; exposed passenger
airline industry to market forces; maintained safety as
highest priority in air commerce; placed maximum reliance on
competition in providing air transportation services; encouraged
air service at major urban areas through secondary or satellite
airports; avoided unreasonable industry concentration to
prevent one or more air carriers to unreasonably increase
prices, reduce services, exclude competition; encouraged
entry into air transportation markets by new air carriers, entry
into additional markets by existing air carriers, continued
strengthening of small air carriers.
February 5, 1982
- Laker Airways collapsed; owed 270
million pounds ($351million).
January 9, 1990
- Air Transport Association reported that nation's air carriers
suffered $2 billion in losses during previous twelve months;
industry's worst annual performance since deregulation in 1978;
skyrocketing jet fuel costs, downturn in U.S. economy, Iraq's
offensive against Kuwait offered as primary reasons.
July 1, 1997
- American Airlines became first United States air carrier
to place automatic external defibrillators on fleet of 700
aircraft to give immediate coronary care to in-flight
heart-attack victims; trained over 22,000 flight attendants on
use of defibrillator; February 18, 1998 - saved
first passenger (had collapsed on an aircraft after rushing to
catch connecting flight); April 12, 2004
- U.S. Federal Aviation Administration required AEDs to
be on commercial passenger aircraft of certain size.
September 21, 2001
- Congress approved $15 billion to help airline industry; in
spiral after September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks in New York
August 11, 2002
- US Airways filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.
May 5, 2004
- Air France merged with KLM.
September 14, 2005
- Delta Air Lines, Northwest Airlines filed for Chapter 11
- OAG Worldwide Limited reported that world's airlines scheduled
record 29.6 million flights in 2007 (increase of 4.7 million
from 2006); average of 81,000 takeoffs per day; low-cost
carriers scheduled 4.6 million flights, increase of 20% over
11, 2008 - Frontier Airlines
(Denver, CO) became 5th
low-fare carrier to file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy
protection (Aloha Air, ATA, Maxjet Airways, Skybus): growing
shake-up of global aviation, carriers struggled to cope with
record oil prices and weakening economic growth; cut domestic
capacity, grounded older aircraft.
17, 2008 - Effect of
deregulation on airline industry.
(Aerolineas Argentinas), Lorenzo Perez (2010).
Aerolineas Argentinas: Drama en su
Evolucion: Progreso y Decadencia. (Buenos Aires,
Argentina: Editorial Dunken, 91 p.). Aeronautics, Commercial --
Argentina -- History; Aerolineas Argentinas -- History.
(Air Canada), David H. Collins (1978).
Wings Across Time: The Story of Air Canada. (Toronto,
ON: Griffin House, 93 p.). Air Canada--History.
(Air Canada), Philip Smith (1986).
It Seems Like Only Yesterday: Air Canada, the First 50 Years.
(Toronto, ON: McClelland and Stewart, 368 p.). Air Canada --
History; Airlines -- Canada.
(Air Canada), Stevie Cameron, Harvey Cashore
The Last Amigo : Karlheinz Schreiber and the Anatomy of a
(Toronto, ON: Macfarlane Walter & Ross, 359 p.). Schreiber,
Karlheinz; Air Canada; Political corruption -- Canada;
Corruption investigation -- Canada; Airbus (Jet transport);
Canada -- Politics and government -- 1984-1993; Canada --
Politics and government -- 1993-; Germany (West) -- Politics and
government -- 1982-1990; Germany -- Politics and government --
(Air Canada), Keith McArthur (2004).
Air Monopoly: How Robert Milton's Air Canada Won -- and Lost --
Control of Canada's Skies. (Toronto, ON: McClelland &
Stewart, 362 p.). Transportation Reporter (Globe and Mail’s
Report on Business). Milton, Robert A.; Air Canada--Officials
and employees--Biography; Airlines--Canada--History.
(Air France), Louis-Marie Barnier & Patrick
Ceux Qui Croyaient au Ciel: Enjeux et Conflits a Air France.
(Paris, FR: Editions Syllepse, 228 p.). Air France--History;
(Air France), Realisation Jean Lasserre et
Helene Le Guerneve (2000).
Un Siecle d’Aviation avec Air France. (Paris, FR: Musee
Air France, 143 p.). Air France--History;
(Air France), Fabienne Autier, Gregory Corcos,
Georges Trepo; preface de Jean-Cyril Spinetta (2001). Air
France, des Annees Heroiques a la Refondation. (Paris, FR:
Vuibert, 331 p.). Air France--History;
(Air France), Michel Fraile (2003). Air
France: Objets du Ciel. (Rennes, FR: Ouest-France, 141 p.).
Air France--History; Airlines--France--History; Aeronautics,
(Air France), Nadia Simony (2003). Des
Metiers et des Hommes: Air France, Gestes et Paroles.
(Paris, FR: Cherche Midi, 155 p.). Air France--History; Air
France--History--Pictorial works; Aeronautics--France--History;
(Air France), Philippe-Michel Thibault;
preface de Christian Lacroix (2005). Mythologies a Bord.
(Paris, FR: Nouveaux-loisirs, 307 p.). Air France--History; Air
France--History--Pictorial works; Airlines--France--History;
(Air Inter), Philippe-Michel Thibault; preface
de Rene Lapautre et Jean-Cyril Spinetta (2006). Air Inter: La
Revolution Interieure. (Paris, FR: Cherche Midi, 286 p.).
(Firm)--History; Airlines--France--History--20th century.
(Air Midwest), I.E. Quastler (1980).
Pioneer of the Third Level: A History of Air Midwest.
(San Diego, CA: Commuter Airline Press, 174 p.). Air
(Air Midwest), I.E. Quastler (1985).
Air Midwest: The First Twenty Years. (San Diego, CA:
Airline Press of California, 298 p.). Air Midwest--History;
Local service airlines--Middle West--History.
(Air New Zealand), Ian H. Driscoll (1979).
Airline: The Making of a National Flag Carrier.
(Auckland, NZ: Shortland Publications, 302 p.). Air New
Zealand--History; Aeronautics; Commercial--New Zealand--History.
(Air New Zealand), Noel Holmes (1982).
To Fly a Desk: Sir Geoffrey Roberts Father of Air New Zealand.
(Wellington, NZ: Reed, 196 p.). Roberts, Geoffrey, Sir, 1906- ;
Air New Zealand--History; Air New Zealand--Biography;
(Alaska Airlines), Archie Satterfield (1981).
The Alaska Airlines Story. (Anchorage, AK: Alaska
Northwest Pub. Co., 207 p.). Alaska Airlines--History.
(left) - Alaska Air
(Alaska Airlines), Robert Serling (2008).
Character & Characters: The Spirit of Alaska Airlines.
(Seattle, WA: Documentary Media, 496 p.). Alaska Airlines
--History; Airlines --Alaska. America’s oldest, most colorful
airline from humble beginnings in 1932; evolved from bush carrier
to major airline; began as a gnat-sized passenger and cargo
transportation service connecting remote locations across vast
reaches; since 1970s - has supported Trans Alaska Pipeline
during construction and operation; has partnered with others to
promote develop state of Alaska as one of nation’s finest
tourist destinations; 2008 - stretches north to Canada, 19
destinations in 49th state, south along the West Coast, deep
into Mexico, to major cities across continental United States,
across Pacific to Hawaii.
(American), Robert J. Serling (1985).
Eagle: The Story of American Airlines. (New York, NY:
St. Martin's, 482 p.). American Airlines, Inc.--History.
(President, American Airlines,
(American), Dan Reed (1993).
The American Eagle: The Ascent of Bob Crandall and American
Airlines. (New York, NY: St. Martin's Press, 302 p.).
Crandall, Bob; American Airlines, inc.--History;
Airlines--United States--History; Airlines--United
(American), Al Casey with Dick Seaver;
foreword by Jack Valenti (1997).
Casey's Law: If Something Can Go Right, It Should. (New
York, NY: Arcade Publishing, 324 p.). Management; Problem
solving; Success in business.
(Austin Airways), Larry Milberry (1985).
Austin Airways: Canada's Oldest Airline. (Toronto: Canav
Books, 160 p.). Austin Airways -- History; Local service
airlines -- Ontario -- History.
(Braniff), John J. Nance (1984).
Splash of Colors: The Self-Destruction of Braniff International.
(New York, NY: Morrow, 426). Braniff Airways.
Braniff - Braniff Airlines
Lawrence - Braniff
(British Airways - origins date to August
1919; Imperial Airways and British Airways were nationalised in
1939 to form British Overseas Airways Corporation [BOAC]; 1972 -
BOAC and British European Airways [BEA] combined; named British
Airways in 1974), Harald Penrose (1980).
Wings Across the World: An Illustrated History of British
Airways. (London, UK: Cassell, 304 p.). British Airways
(British Airways), Mark Ashworth and Peter
Forsyth (1984). Civil Aviation Policy and the Privatisation
of British Airways. (London, UK: Institute for Fiscal
Studies, 168 p.). British Airways -- Valuation; Aeronautics,
Commercial -- Great Britain; Corporations, Government -- Great
Britain; Privatization -- Great Britain -- Valuation.
(British Airways), Ducan Campbell-Smith
The British Airways Story: Struggle for Take-off.
(London, UK: Coronet Books: Hodder and Stoughton, 327 p.).
British Airways--History; Aeronautics, Commercial--Great
Britain--History; Airlines--Great Britain--History.
(British Airways), Alison Corke (1986).
British Airways: The Path to Profitability. (New York, NY:
St. Martin's Press, 145 p.). British Airways--History;
(British Airways), Arthur Reed (1990).
Airline - The Inside Story of British Airways. (London,
UK: BBC, 160 p.). British Airways; airlines--Great
(British Airways), Martyn Gregory (1996).
Dirty Tricks: British Airways' Secret War Against Virgin
Atlantic. (Boston, MA: Little, Brown, 520 p.). British
Airways; Virgin Group; Competition--Great Britain; Aeronautics,
(British Airways), Neville Doyle (2001).
The Triple Alliance: The Predecessors of the First British
Airways. (Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain Historians,
128 p.). British Airways--History; Hillman’s Airways; Spartan
(British European Airways), Charles Woodley
History of British European Airways 1946-1972.
(Barnsley, UK: Leo Cooper Ltd., 224 p.). British European
Airways -- History.
(Canadian Airlines International), Peter
Wingwalkers: A History of Canadian Airlines International.
(Madeira Park, BC: Harbour Pub., 391 p.). Canadian Airlines
International--History; Canadian Airlines
International--Biography; Lignes ae´riennes Canadian
international--Histoire; Lignes ae´riennes Canadian
(Canadian Airways), Shirley Render; foreword
by Max Ward (1999).
Double Cross: The Inside Story of James A. Richardson and
Canadian Airways. (Vancouver, BC: Douglas & McIntyre,
334 p.). Richardson, James A. (James Armstrong), 1885-1939;
Canadian Airways Limited -- History; Canadian Airways Limited --
Biography; Airlines -- Canada -- History.
(Channel Island Airlines), Neville Doyle
From Sea-Eagle to Flamingo: Channel Island Airlines, 1923-1939.
(Upton-upon-Severn, Worcs, UK: Self Pub. Association, 316 p.).
Aeronautics, Commercial--Channel Islands--History.
(China National Aviation Corporation), William
M. Leary, Jr. (1976).
The Dragon's Wings: The China National Aviation Corporation and
the Development of Commercial Aviation in China.
(Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 279 p.). China
National Aviation Corporation; Pan American Airways Corporation;
Airlines -- China -- History; Aeronautics, Commercial -- China
(Cityjet), Pat Byrne (2004).
Fuelled by Belief: The Cityjet Story. (Dublin, IR:
Liffey Press, 228 p.). Ireland--Airlines; Ireland--Business.
(Connellan Airways), E.J. Connellan;
introduced and edited by Peter Donovan (1992). Failure of
Triumph: The Story of Connellan Airways. (Alice Springs, N.
T.: Paradigm Investments, 420 p.). Connellan, E. J. (Edward
John), 1912-1983; Connellan Airways--History; Aeronautics,
Businesspeople--Australia--Northern Territory--Biography; Local
service airlines--Australia--Northern Territory--History.
(Continental), Robert J. Serling (1974).
Maverick: The Story of Robert Six and Continental Airlines.
(Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 351 p.). Six, Robert F.;
Robert F. Six
- bought 40% of company in 1936,
President of Continental for 40 Years
(Continental), R.E.G. Davies (1984).
Continental Airlines: The First Fifty Years, 1934-1984.
(The Woodlands, TX: Pioneer Publications, 192 p.). Continental
(Continental), Michael E. Murphy (1986).
The Airline That Pride Almost Bought: The Struggle To Take Over
Continental Airlines. (New York, NY: F. Watts, 289 p.).
(Continental), Ray Scippa (1994).
Point to Point: The Sixty Year History of Continental Airlines.
(Houston, TX: Pioneer Pub., 116 p.). Continental
(Continental), Gordon Bethune with Scott Huler
From Worst to First: Behind the Scenes of Continental's
Remarkable Comeback. (New York, NY: Wiley, 294 p.).
Continental Airlines--History; Airlines--United
States--Management--Case studies; Corporate turnarounds--United
(Delta), W. David Lewis and Wesley Phillips
Delta: The History of an Airline. (Athens, GA:
University of Georgia Press, 503 p.). Delta Air Lines--History.
Collett "C. E." Woolman
- bought Huff Daland Dusters, turned it into Delta
(Delta), Sidney F. Davis (1988).
Delta Air Lines: Debunking the Myth. (Atlanta, GA:
Peachtree, 191 p.). Delta Air Lines; Airlines--United States.
(Delta), Geoff Jones (2003).
Delta Air Lines: 75 Years of Airline Excellence.
(Charleston, SC: Arcadia, Freelance Aviation Journalist and
Photographer). 127 p. Delta Air Lines--History; Transport
planes--United States--History--Pictorial works.
(Eastern), Robert J. Serling (1980).
From the Captain to the Colonel: An Informal History of Eastern
Airlines. (New York, NY: Dial Press, 535 p.).
Rickenbacker, Eddie, 1890-1973; Borman, Frank, 1928- ; Eastern
Air Lines, Inc.--History.
(top, second from right) - named GM of Eastern in 1934,
President in 1938, Chairman in 1954-1963
(Eastern), Joan Lacey Mazauskas (1990).
Mayday! Mayday!: Eastern Airlines in a Tailspin!
(Ashland, OH: BookMasters, 314 p.). Eastern Air Lines, inc.;
Eastern Air Lines, inc.--Reorganization.
(Eastern), Aaron Bernstein (1990).
Grounded: Frank Lorenzo and the Destruction of Eastern Airlines.
(New York, NY: Simon & Schuster, 256 p.). Lorenzo, Frank;
Eastern Air Lines, inc.; Strikes and lockouts--Airlines--United
States; Eastern Air Lines, inc., Strike, 1989-1991.
(Eastern), Martha Dunagin Saunders (1992).
Eastern's Armageddon: Labor Conflict and the Destruction of
Eastern Airlines. (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 164
p.). Lorenzo, Frank; Eastern Air Lines, inc.--Reorganization;
Eastern Air Lines, inc.--Personnel management; Eastern Air
Lines, inc., Strike, 1989-1991; Strikes and
(Eastern), Jack E. Robinson (1992).
Freefall: The Needless Destruction of Eastern Air Lines and the
Valiant Struggle To Save It. (New York, NY:
HarperBusiness, 270 p.). Eastern Air Lines, inc.;
(easyJet), Lois Jones (2005). EasyJet: The
Story of Britain’s Biggest Low-Cost Airline. (London, UK:
Aurum, 232 p.). Haji-Ioannou, Stelios, 1967- ; easyJet--History;
Story of easyJet's business success,
flamboyant stunts to beat competitors, wider social changes its
cheap flights have brought about.
(Ellis Air Lines), Faith Sherman
(1981). Goodbye Goose: The Story of Ellis Air Lines.
(Tygh Valley, OR: F. Sherman, 76 p.). Ellis Air Lines --History;
Grumman airplanes --History.
(Go Fly Ltd.), Barbara Cassani with Kenny Kemp
Go: An Airline Adventure. (London, UK: Time Warner, 312
p.). CEO of Go Fly, Ltd. Airlines; Businesswomen;
(Hawaiian Airlines Inc.), Stan Cohen (1986).
Hawaiian Airlines: A Pictorial History of the Pioneer Carrier in
the Pacific. (Missoula, MT: Pictorial Histories Pub.
Co., 108 p.). Hawaiian Airlines, Inc.--History;
(Hawaiian Airlines Inc.), Ray Thiele (1994).
Kennedy's Hawaiian Air: Hawaii's Pioneer Airline.
(Kailua, HI: Olomana Publishers, 271 p.). Kennedy, Stanley C.,
1890- ; Hawaiian Airlines, Inc.--History;
(Heathrow), Alan Gallop (2006).
Time Flies: Heathrow at 60. (Gloucestershire, UK: Sutton
Publishing, 256 p.). Heathrow Airport; Transportation; Aviation.
agricultural community on outskirts of London became site of
world’s leading international airport.
(Horizon Air), Bill Endicott (2001).
Remember the Magic: The Story of Horizon Air. (Paducah,
KY: Turner Pub. Co., 280 p.). Horizon Air--History;
(Imperial Airways), Alexander Frater (1987).
Beyond the Blue Horizon: On the Track of Imperial Airways.
(New York, NY: Scribner, 430 p.). Imperial Airways--History; Air
travel--History; Aeronautics, Commercial--Passenger
(JetBlue Airways), Barbara S. Peterson (2004).
Blue Streak: Inside JetBlue, the Upstart that Rocked an Industry.
(New York, NY: Portfolio, 288 p.). Contributing Editor, Condé
Nast Traveler. JetBlue Airways--History; Airlines--United
(JetBlue Airways), James Wynbrandt (2004).
Flying High: JetBlue Founder and CEO David Neeleman Beats the
Competition --- Even in the World's Most Turbulent Industry.
(Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 298 p.). Aviation, Business Reporter.
Neeleman, David, 1959- ; JettBlue Airways--History;
(Kenmore Air), Marin C. Faure (2004).
Success on the Step: Flying with Kenmore Air. (Seattle,
WA: Elton-Wolf Publishing, 448 p.). Kenmore Air;
(KLM), W. van Veenendaal (1964). Ze Vlogen
als Vogels: Plesman’s Vliegers van het Eerste Uur.
(Amersfoort: A. Roelofs van Goor, 201 p.). Plesman, Albert,
1889-1953; KLM (Airline)--History; Aeronautics,
Albert Plesman - Co-founder
(KLM), G.I. Smit, R.C.J. Wunderink, I.
Hoogland (1994). KLM in Beeld: 75 Haar Vormgeving en Promotie.
(Naarden, Netherlands: V+K Publishing/Inmerc i.s.m. KLM,
Amstelveen, 179 p.). KLM (Airline)--History; Aeronautics,
(KLM), Marc L.J. Dierikx (1999). Blauw in
de Lucht: Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij 1919-1999.
(Den Haag: Adu, 390 p.). KLM (Airline)--History; Aeronautics,
(Laker), Roger Eglin and Berry Ritchie (1980).
Fly Me, I'm Freddie! (London, UK: Weidenfeld and
Nicolson, 238 p.). Laker, Freddie; Laker Airways;
Laker - Laker Airways
(Laker), Howard Banks (1982).
The Rise and Fall of Freddie Laker (London, UK: Faber
and Faber, 155 p.).
(Midway Airport), Christopher Lynch (2003).
Chicago’s Midway Airport: The First Seventy-Five Years.
(Chicago, IL: Lake Claremont Press, 199 p.). Public Affairs
Bureau for the City of Chicago, Department of Buildings. Midway
Airport--History; Airports--Illinois--Chicago--History; Chicago
(Ill.)--Buildings, structures, etc.
(National Airlines Inc.), Brad Williams
The Anatomy of an Airline. (Garden City, NY: Doubleday,
233 p.). National Airlines, Inc.
(New York Rio & Buenos Aires Line), Ralph A.
O'Neill, with Joseph F. Hood (1973).
A Dream of Eagles. (Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin, 324
p.). New York, Rio & Buenos Aires Line.
(North Central), Robert J. Serling (1973).
Ceiling Unlimited; The Story of North Central Airlines.
(Marceline, MO: Walsworth Pub. Co., 245 p.). North Central
(Northeast), Alvin Moscow (1961).
Tiger on a Leash. (New York, NY: Putnam, 252 p.).
Northeast Airlines, inc.; Aeronautics--Accidents--1957;
Aeronautics, Commercial--United States--Statistics.
(Northeast), Robert W. Mudge (1969).
Adventures of a Yellowbird; The Biography of an Airline.
(Boston, MA: Branden Press, 374 p.). Northeast Airlines, inc.
(Northwest), Kenneth D. Ruble. (1986).
Flight to the Top: How a Home Town Airline Made History-- And
Keeps on Making It: The Absorbing 60-Year Story of Northwest
Airlines. (New York, NY: Viking, 271 p.). Northwest
Airlines, inc.--History; Airlines--United States--History;
Aeronautics, Commercial--United States--History.
(Pacific Southwest Airlines), Alan Renga, Mark E. Mentges
Pacific Southwest Airlines. (San Francisco, CA
Arcadia Pub. , 128 p.). Associate Archivist at the San Diego Air
and Space Museum; Former Head of Reference Department at the
Education-Psychology Library (University of California at
Berkeley). Pacific Southwest Airlines -- history. History of
airline (San Diego Air and Space Museum extensive PSA photograph
collection); 1949 - Kenny Friedkin founded PSA after World War
II as flight school to provide civilian flight instruction to
former military pilots hoping to get jobs in post-war airline
industry; began with one leased DC-3; expanded fleet, served
millions of passengers each year; 1988 - acquired by USAir.
(Pacific Western), John Condit with a foreword
by Pierre Berton (1984).
Wings over the West: Russ Baker & the Rise of Pacific Western
Airlines. (Madeira Park, BC: Harbour Pub., 235 p.).
Baker, Russ, 1910-1958; Pacific Western Airlines--History;
Airlines--Canada--History; Air pilots--British
(Pan American), William Stephen Grooch (1938).
Winged Highway. (New York, NY: Longmans, Green and Co.,
250 p.). Pan American World Airways, Inc.; Airlines.
Establishing new routes to South America
and China, mainly in interests of Pan America Airways.
- founder, Pan American
(Pan American), Matthew Josephson (1972).
Empire of the Air: Juan Trippe and the Struggle for World
Airways. (New York, NY: Arno Press, 236 p. [Reprint 1943
ed.]). Trippe, J. T. (Juan Terry), 1899-; Pan American World
Airways, inc.; Aeronautics, Commercial--History.
(Pan American), Najeeb E. Halaby (1978).
Crosswinds: An Airman's Memoir. (Garden City, NY:
Doubleday, 371 p.). Former CEO, Pan Am (1969-1971. Halaby,
Najeeb E., 1915-2003; Aeronautics--United States--Biography.
(Pan American), Wesley Phillips Newton (1978).
The Perilous Sky: U.S. Aviation Diplomacy and Latin America,
1919-1931. (Coral Gables, FL: University of Miami Press,
457 p.). Pan American Airways Corporation; Aeronautics,
Commercial -- Latin America -- History; United States -- Foreign
relations -- Latin America; Latin America -- Foreign relations
-- United States.
(Pan American), Robert Daley (1980).
An American Saga: Juan Trippe and His Pan Am Empire.
(New York, NY: Random House, 529 p.). Trippe, J. T. (Juan
Terry), 1899- ; Pan American World Airways, inc.;
(Pan American), Marylin Bender and Selig
The Chosen Instrument: Pan Am, Juan Trippe, The Rise and Fall of
an American Entrepreneur. (New York, NY: Simon &
Schuster, 605 p.). Trippe, J. T. (Juan Terry), 1899- ; Pan
American World Airways, inc.--History; Businessmen--United
(Pan American), Horace Brock (1983).
Flying the Oceans: A Pilot's Story of Pan Am, 1935-1955.
(New York, NY: J. Aronson, 323 p. [3rd ed.]). Pan American World
(Pan American), Jack E. Robinson (1994).
American Icarus: The Majestic Rise and Tragic Fall of Pan Am.
(Baltimore, MD: Noble House, 231 p.). Pan American World
Airways, inc.--History; Seaplanes--United States--History.
(Pan American), Robert L. Gandt (1995).
Skygods: The Fall of Pan Am. (New York, NY: Morrow, 326
p.). Pan American World Airways, inc.--History; Airlines--United
(Pan American), S.B. Kauffman;
edited by George Hopkins (1995).
Pan Am Pioneer: A Manager's Memoir from Seaplane Clippers to
Jumbo Jets. (Lubbock, TX: Texas Tech University Press,
242 p.). Kauffman, S. B. (Sanford B.), 1907-1993; Pan American
World Airways, inc.--History; Businesspeople--United
(Pan American), M. Emmett Ratts (1996).
Those Were the Days, My Friend. (Pittsburgh, PA:
Dorrance Pub. Co., 285 p.). Trippe, J. T. (Juan Terry), 1899- ;
Ratts, M. Emmett; Pan American World Airways, inc.--History;
(Pan American), Barnaby Conrad III; design by
Tom Morgan (1999).
Pan Am: An Aviation Legend. (Emeryville, CA: Woodford
Press, 208 p.). Pan American World Airways, inc.--History;
Aeronautics, Commercial--United States--History;
(Pan American), Larry Weirather (2006).
The China Clipper, Pan American Airways and Popular Culture.
(Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, 351 p.). Pan American
Airways Corporation--History; China Clipper (Airplane)--History;
Popular culture--United States. Strategies used to represent
clipper as paragon of U.S. interests, values, beliefs; variety
of ways iconographic status manifested itself through toys,
movies, pulp fiction, comic books, music.
(Qantas Airways), Hudson Fysh (1966).
Qantas Rising: The Autobiography of the Flying Fysh.
(London, UK: Angus and Robertson, 296 p.). Founder, Q.A.N.T.A.S.
Qantas Empire Airways, Ltd.
PIC/Fysh and McGinness.jpg)
Wings to the World; The Story of Qantas 1945-1966.
(Sydney, AU: Angus and Robertson, 236 p.). Founder, Q.A.N.T.A.S.
Timothy Hall (1979).
Flying High: The Story of Hudson Fysh, Qantas, and the
Trail-Blazing Days of Aviation. (Sydney, AU: Methuen of
Australia, 265 p.). Fysh, Wilmot Hudson, Sir; Qantas
Airways--History; Air pilots--Australia--Biography;
(Qantas Airways), John Gunn (1985).
The Defeat of Distance: Qantas 1919-1939. (St. Lucia,
QLD: University of Queensland Press, 400 p.). Qantas
Challenging Horizons: Qantas 1939-1954. (St. Lucia, QLD:
University of Queensland Press, 434 p.). Qantas
High Corridors: Qantas, 1954-1970. (St. Lucia, QLD:
University of Queensland Press, 468 p.). Qantas
(Qantas Airways), John Stackhouse (1995).
--From the Dawn of Aviation: The Qantas Story, 1920-1995.
(Double Bay, NSW: Focus Pub., 224 p.). Qantas Airways--History.
(Quad-City International Airport), David T.
Quad-City International Airport. (Chicago, IL:
Arcadia Pub., 128 p.) Past President of the Rock Island County
Historical Society. People, planes,
events, development of former pastureland in 1922 into modern
Quad City International Airport, third largest airport for
passenger traffic in state of Illinois.
(Queen Charlotte Airlines), Howard White, Jim
The Accidental Airline: Spilsbury's QCA. (Madeira Park,
BC: Harbour Pub., 246 p.). Queen Charlotte Airlines -- History.;
Airlines -- British Columbia -- Vancouver -- History.
(Reeve Aleutian Airways), Stan Cohen (1988).
Flying Beats Work: The Story of Reeve Aleutian Airways.
(Missoula, MT: Pictorial Histories Pub. Co., 116 p.). Reeve,
Robert Campbell, 1902- ; Reeve Aleutian Airways.
(Ryanair), Siobhan Creaton (2004).
Ryanair: How a Small Irish Airline Conquered Europe.
(London, UK: Aurun Press, 263 p.). Ryanair History; Airlines
Ireland History; Business planning Ireland.
(Ryanair), Alan Ruddock (2006).
Michael O'Leary: A Life in Full Flight. (New York, NY:
Penguin, 448 p.). O'Leary, Michael; Ryanair History.
Ryanair's evolution from small local
airline to European giant in just 10 years; fresh insight into
the personality of flamboyant chief executive.
(Sabena Belgian World Airlines), Steven
Decraene, Peter Denruyter, Geert Sciot (2002). De Crash van
Sabena: De Geschiedenis, de Intriges, de Getuigen. (Leuven,
Belgium: Van Halewyck, 324 p.). Sabena Belgian World Airlines;
(Sabena Belgian World Airlines), Guy
Vanthemsche (2002). La Sabena: L’Aviation Commerciale Belge
1923-2001: Des Origines au Crash. (Bruxelles, bELGIUM: De
Boeck, 341 P.). Sabena Belgian World Airlines--History;
(Sabena Belgian World Airlines), Jacques
Naveau (2004). La de´Colonisation Aeronautique du Congo:
Essai sur L’experience Sabena-Air Congo dans la Perspective des
Relations Europe-Afrique. (Bruxelles, Belgium: Bruylant, 166
p.). Sabena Belgian World Airlines--History; Air Congo--History;
Aeronautics, Commercial--Congo (Democratic Republic)--History.
(SAS), Anders Buraas (1979).
The SAS Saga: A History of Scandinavian Airlines System.
(Oslo, Norway: SAS, 166 p.). Scandinavian Airlines
(SAS), Jan Carlzon (1987).
Moments of Truth. (Cambridge,. MA: Ballinger Pub. Co.,
135 p.). Scandinavian Airlines System--Management; Aeronautics,
(Silver City Airways), Keith J. Dagwell
Silver City Airways: Pioneers of the Skies. (Stroud,
UK History Press, 159 p.). Silver City (Airline) --History;
Airlines --Great Britain --History.
(Singapore Airlines), Loizos Heracleous,
Jochen Wirtz, Nitin Pangarkar (2005).
Flying High in a Competitive Industry: Cost-Effective Service
Excellence at Singapore Airlines. (New York, NY:
McGraw-Hill, 217 p.). Fellow in Strategy and Organization
(Templeton College, Oxford University); Associate Professor of
Marketing (National University of Singapore); Associate
Professor (National University of Singapore). Singapore
Airlines; Airlines--Singapore--History; Airlines-Strategy.
How Singapore Airlines has outperformed
other flag-carriers for decades.
(Singapore Airlines), Katherine Penaloza
Singapore Airlines (Great Asian Brands). (London, UK:
Cyan Books, 192 p.). Senior Consultant at McKinsey & Company in
Singapore. Singapore Airlines. Second
largest carrier in world by market value; brand built on
enduring image of Singapore Girl, extraordinary service
standards, introduction of service-related innovations.
(Southwest), Kevin Freiberg and Jackie
Freiberg ; foreword by Tom Peters (1998).
Nuts!: Southwest Airlines' Crazy Recipe for Business and
Personal Success. (New York, NY: Broadway Books, 363 p.
[orig. pub. 1996]). Southwest Airlines Co.; Airlines--United
(Southwest), Lamar Muse (2002).
Southwest Passage: The Inside Story of Southwest Airlines'
Formative Years. (Austin, TX: Eakin Press, 245 p.).
Founder Muse Air. Muse, Lamar, 1920- ; Southwest Airlines
Co.--Management; Airlines--United States--Management.; Chief
executive officers--United States--Biography.
(Trans Australia Airlines), John Gunn (1999).
Contested Skies: Trans-Australian Airlines, 1946-1992.
(St. Lucia, QLD: University of Queensland Press, 550 p.). Trans
Australia Airlines--History; Aeronautics,
(Trans-Canada Airlines), Peter Pigott (2001).
National Treasure: The History of Trans Canada Airlines.
(Madeira Park, BC: Harbour Pub., 476 p.). Trans-Canada
(Transocean), Richard Thruelsen (1953).
Transocean: The Story of an Unusual Airline. (New York,
NY: Holt, 241 p.). Nelson, Orvis Marcus, 1907- ; Transocean Air
(Transportes Aereos Centroamericanos), Erik
Aviator of Fortune: Lowell Yerex and the Anglo-American
Commercial Rivalry, 1931-1946. (College Station, TX:
Texas A&M University Press, 264 p.). Assistant Professor
(Cornerstone University). Yerex, Lowell, 1895-1968.; Transportes
Aereos Centroamericanos--History--20th century;
Airlines--Central America--History--20th century; Aeronautics,
Commercial--Government policy--United States--History--20th
century; Aeronautics, Commercial--Government policy--Great
Britain--History--20th century; Competition, International--Case
studies. Entrepreneur’s background enabled
him to empathize with Great Britain and United States, to foster
working relationships with these rivals.
David B. Tinnin (1973).
Just About Everybody vs. Howard Hughes. (Garden City,
NY: Doubleday, 462 p.). Hughes, Howard, 1905-1976; Trans World
- President TWA in 1934
(TWA), Robert Serling (1983).
Howard Hughes' Airline: An Informal History of TWA. (New
York, NY: St. Martin's, 338 p.). Hughes, Howard, 1905-1976;
Trans World Airlines--History.
(TWA), Robert W. Rummel (1991).
Howard Hughes and TWA. (Washington, DC: Smithsonian
Institution Press, 431 p.). Hughes, Howard, 1905-1976; Trans
(TWA), Charles Higham (1993).
Howard Hughes: The Secret Life. (New York, NY: Putnam,
368 p.). Hughes, Howard, 1905-1976; Businesspeople--United
States--Biography; Millionaires--United States--Biography.
(United), Frank J. Taylor (1955).
High Horizons; Daredevil Flying Postmen to Modern Magic Carpet,
the United Air Lines Story. (New York, NY: McGraw-Hill,
208 p. United Air Lines, Inc.
William A. 'Pat' Patterson
Edward E. Carlson
(United), Frank J. Taylor (1962).
High Horizons; Daredevil Flying Postmen to Modern Magic Carpet,
the United Air Lines Story. (New York, NY: McGraw-Hill,
266 p. [rev. ed.]). United Air Lines, Inc.
(United), Frank J. Taylor (1967).
"Pat" Patterson. (Menlo Park, CA: Lane Magazine & Book
Co., 160 p.). Patterson, William Allen, 1899-.
(United), Robert E. Johnson (1974).
Airway One: A Narrative of United Airlines and Its Leaders.
(Chicago, IL: United Airlines, 208 p.). United Air Lines, inc.
(United), Edward E. Carlson
Recollections of a Lucky Fellow. (Seattle, WA: E.E.
Carlson, 461 p.). Chairman Emeritus (United Air Lines). Carlson,
Edward E. (Edward Elmer), 1911- ; Businesspeople--United
(United), Howard D. Putnam with Gene Busnar
Winds of Turbulence: A CEO's Reflections on Surviving and
Thriving on the Cutting Edge of Corporate Crisis. (New
York, NY: HarperBusiness, 227 p.). Putnam, Howard D., 1937- ;
United Air Lines, inc.--Management; Braniff Airways--Management;
Southwest Airlines Co.--Management; Airlines--United
States--Management; Chief executive officers--United States.
(Virgin Atlantic), Tim Jackson (1996).
Richard Branson, Virgin King: Inside Richard Branson's Business
Empire. (Rocklin, CA: Prima Pub., 440 p. [orig. pub.
1994]). Branson, Richard; Virgin Group--Great Britain--History;
Businesspeople--Great Britain--Biography; Statesmen--Great
Britain--Biography; Balloonists--Great Britain--Biography;
Aeronautics, Commercial--Great Britain--History.
(Virgin Atlantic), Richard Branson (1998).
Losing My Virginity: The Autobiography.
(London, UK: Virgin Pub., 488 p.). Founder, Virgin Atlantic
Airways. Branson, Richard; Virgin Group; Businesspeople--Great
Britain--Biography; Airlines; Music trade.
(Virgin Atlantic), Tom Bower (2000).
Branson (London, UK: Fourth Estate, 320 p.). Branson,
Richard; Businessmen--Great Britain--Biography.
(Wardair Canada Inc.), Max Ward (1991).
The Max Ward Story: A Bush Pilot in the Bureaucratic Jungle.
(Toronto, ON: McClelland & Stewart, 342 p.). Ward, Max, 1921- ;
Wardair Canada Inc.; Bussinessmen--Canada--Biography; Bush
(Washington Dulles International Airport),
Margaret C. Peck (2005).
Washington Dulles International Airport. (Charleston,
SC: Arcadia, 128 p.). Washington Dulles International Airport;
(Western), Jack and Peggy Hereford (1946).
The Flying Years, A History of America's Pioneer Airline.
(Los Angeles, CA: The Company, 114 p.). Western Air Lines, inc.
(Western), Robert J. Serling (1976).
The Only Way To Fly: The Story of Western Airlines, America's
Senior Air Carrier. (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 494
p.). Western Air Lines, Inc.
(WestJet), Paul Grescoe (2004).
Flight Path: How WestJet Is Flying High in Canada's Most
Turbulent Industry. (Etobicoke, ON: Wiley Canada, 278
p.). WestJet; Airlines--discount. Success
of Canada's leading low-fare airline.
Greg J. Bamber, Jody Hoffer Gittell,
Thomas A. Kochan , Andrew Von Nordenflycht (2009).
Up in the Air: How Can Airlines Compete by
Engaging Their Workforce? (Ithaca, NY:
Cornell University Press, 224 p.). Professor (Monash
University in Melbourne, Australia); Gittell is
Associate Professor in The Heller School for Social
Policy and Management (Brandeis University); George
Maverick Bunker Professor of Management at Sloan School
of Management (MIT); Assistant Professor of Business
Administration (Simon Fraser University). Airlines
--United States --Employees; Airlines --United States
--Personnel management; Airlines --Employees --Labor
unions --United States; Industrial relations --United
States; Airlines --Employees; Airlines --Personnel
management; Airlines --Employees --Labor unions;
Greg J. Gittell, Thomas A. Kochan , Andrew Von
Up in the Air: How Can Airlines Compete by Engaging
Their Workforce? (Ithaca, NY:
Cornell University Press, 224 p.). Professor (Monash
University, Melbourne, Australia); Associate Professor
in The Heller School for Social Policy and Management
(Brandeis University); George Maverick Bunker Professor
of Management at Sloan School of Management (MIT);
Assistant Professor of Business Administration (Simon
Fraser University). Airlines --United States
--Employees; Airlines --United States --Personnel
management; Airlines --Employees --Labor unions --United
States; Industrial relations --United States; Airlines
--Employees; Airlines --Personnel management; Airlines
--Employees --Labor unions; Industrial relations.
Strategies for achieving better, more equitable balance
among interests of airline customers, employees,
shareholders; innovations of Southwest, Continental
Airlines to build positive workplace culture that
fosters coordination, commitment to high-quality
service, labor relations policies that avoid long
drawn-out conflicts in negotiating new agreements,
business strategies that can sustain investor, employee,
customer support through ups, downs of business cycles.
Kathleen M. Barry (2007).
Femininity in Flight: A History of Flight Attendants.
(Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 304 p.). Flight
attendants--United States--History; Flight
attendants--Labor unions--United States;
History of women’s work and working
women’s activism; evolution of glamorized image as
ideal women and their activism as trade unionists and
E. Andrew Boyd (2007).
The Future of Pricing: How Airline Ticket Pricing Has Inspired a
Revolution. (New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 280 p.).
Chief Scientist and Senior Vice President of Science and
Research at PROS (Pricing and Revenue Optimization Solutions).
Airlines--Rates; Airlines--Prices; Transportation--Tickets;
Pricing. Growth of scientific pricing -
how airlines price tickets, how industry practices are
revolutionizing world of pricing; how leading companies have
dealt with obstacles.
William E. Fruhan (1972).
The Fight for Competitive Advantage: A Study of the United
States Domestic Trunk Air Carriers. (Boston, MA:
Division of Research, Graduate School of Business
Administration, Harvard University, 200 p.). Professor (Harvard
Business School). Aeronautics, Commercial--United States;
Susan Goldenberg (1994). Troubled Skies:
Crisis, Competition & Control in Canada's Airline Industry.
(Whitby, ON: McGraw-Hill Ryerson, 169 p.). Air Canada; PWA
Corporation; Airlines -- Canada -- Finance -- History; Airlines
-- Canada -- History.
James P. Hanlon (1999).
Global Airlines: Competition in a Transnational Industry.
(Oxford, UK: Butterworth-Heinemann, 295 p. [2nd ed.]).
Aeronautics, Commercial; Competition, International.
Barbara Sturken Peterson and James Glab
Rapid Descent: Deregulation and the Shakeout in the Airlines.
(New York, NY: Simon & Schuster, 352 p.). Aeronautics,
Airlines--Deregulation--United States; Competition.
Thomas Petzinger, Jr. (1996).
Hard Landing: The Epic Contest for Power and Profits that
Plunged the Airlines into Chaos. (New York, NY: Times
Books, 594 p.). Airlines--United States--History; Aeronautics,
Commercial--United States--History; Aeronautics,
Daniel L. Rust (2009).
Flying Across America: The Airline Passenger Experience.
(Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 259 p.). Assistant
Director of the Center for Transportation Studies (University of
Missouri, St. Louis). Aeronautics, Commercial --United States
--Passenger traffic --History; Air travel --United States
--History. Evolution of commercial air
travel from first transcontinental expeditions of 1920s,
through luxurious airline environments of
1960s, to more tedious after 1978 deregulation, cost reductions
to hectic, regimented, fatiguing experiences of flying in
Business History Links
Airlines for America
Premier trade group of the principal U.S. airlines. A4A
airline members and their affiliates transport more than 90
percent of U.S. airline passenger and cargo traffic. A4A
represents the collective interests of the airlines (not a
governmental organization, nor an airline).
American Airlines C.R. Smith Museum
One of the few museums in the world dedicated
solely to commercial aviation; opened in July 1993, dedicated to past and present American Airlines employees and
C.R. Smith, longtime American Airlines president and aviator.
The British Airways Archive and Museum Collection was formed to
preserve the records and artefacts of British Airways
predecessor companies BOAC, BEA, BSAA and the pre-war Imperial
Airways and British Airways Ltd.
Delta Air Transport Heritage Museum
Museum preserves materials, interprets histories, discovers
meanings, and explores the impacts of air transportation on
technology, economic development, global events, and the
personal lives of those touched by aviation.
International Air Transport Association
(IATA): Industry Economics & Facts
Fact sheets, statistics, and other material about the
international air travel industry. Provides data on airlines
(such as number of passengers and miles flown), a monthly
newsletter on industry trends, list of acronyms, and fact sheets
on topics such as fuel prices, emissions, avian flu, and safety.
[Windows Media Player]
On January 16, 1928, seven passengers on board a Fokker-7
inaugurated Pan American World Airlines passenger services; flew from Key West to Havana. Over the next six decades,
PanAm grew and prospered, created an extensive system
of routes that took early jet-setters all around the world; its
demise was hastened after the tragedy onboard Flight 103 over
Lockerbie, Scotland in 1988. Created by Beth Cozzi-Stewart, this
site provides access to a great deal of colorful material on the
history of the company (detailed history spanning PanAm’s years, chronology of the aircraft
it utilized, information about various accidents that befell the company); "Multimedia" section
includes PanAm jingles ("Just Say Hello to PanAm" and "We Fly
the Way the World Wants to Fly").
Qantas Founders' Outback Museum
The original charter of the museum was to tell the story of the
foundations of Qantas up to 1936; but acceded to the public’s wishes,
expanded to tell the whole story of Qantas’s history.