January 1740 - William Varley
established company for manufacture of wide range of
agricultural, domestic wire products from number of small
factories in Yorkshire, UK; 1884
- acquired by John and Charles Procter; name changed to Procter
Bros; began to develop identity as specialist wireworkers; 1897
- began to manufacture mousetrap invented by James Henry
Atkinson (Leeds inventor); 1909
- mousetrap named “The Little Nipper” (spring-loaded bar, baited
trip to release it); 1913
- acquired patent rights for moustrap for £2,000 (start of
comprehensive range of domestic pest control products); First
World War - supplied strong woven wire for use as bomb proof
guard over roof of Buckingham Palace;
1920s-1930s - offered wide range of
products (machine guards, riddles, sieves, fireguards and wire
fencing); Second World War - supplied military with parts for
Bailey Bridges, parachute frames, special wiremesh suitable for
aircraft landing strips in sandy or marshy locations, fencing
for virtually all country’s aerodromes;
mid-1960s - restructured, concentrated
exclusively on specialist fencing, machine guarding sectors of
industry, continued to manufacture Little Nipper mouse and rat
traps; unrivalled expertise in machinery guarding and security
fencing; 2011 -
managed by Chris and Jeremy Proctor (great grandsons).
January 16, 1795
- Jacob Perkins, of Boston, MA, received a patent for a "Machine
for Cutting Nails".
March 23, 1795
- Josiah G. Pierson, of New York, NY, received a patent for a
"Machine for Cutting Nails".
March 31, 1796
- Joseph Bramah, of Piccadilly, UK, received a British patent
for "Obtaining and Applying Motive Power" (certain new methods
of producing and applying a more considerable degree of power in
all kinds of mechanical apparatus and other machinery requiring
motion and force, than by any means at present practised for the
purpose)"; hydraulic (or hydrostatic) press.
November 16, 1796
- Isaac Garretson received a patent for a "Machine for Heading
and Cutting Nails".
December 12, 1796
- George Chandlee, of Maryland., received a patent for "Cutting
and Heading Nails".
December 14, 1798
Wilkinson, of Rhode Island, received a patent for a "Machine for
- David Brown, Joseph Brown (son), opened David Brown & Son,
shop in Providence, RI, for making, repair of clocks and
watches, for light mechanical work of precision;
partnership dissolved; 1848
- Lucien Sharpe joined business as an apprentice;
1850 - Joseph R.
Brown started new lines, to raise standard of accuracy in
machine shop operations; built automatic linear dividing engine;
1851 - created
pocket vernier caliper (read to thousandths of an inch); applied
vernier methods to the protractor;
1853 - Sharpe became full partner in
newly created enterprise of J. R. Brown & Sharpe;
1855 - invented
precision gear cutter to produce clock gears;
1861 - Brown
invented modern universal milling machine for cutting spirals;
November 29, 1864
- received patent for it (see below);
1868 - created micrometer caliper
(world's first to be mass-produced);
February 27, 1877 received patent a
"Grinding Machine" (see below);
1868 - Brown & Sharpe incorporated;
1880 - Oscar J.
Beale, mechanical designer invented automatic screw machine;
1980s - measuring
instruments became chief source of business; principal metrology
product was Validator, high-technology, computer-controlled
coordinate-measurement robotic system;
1991 - omitted dividend for first time
since 1933, announced it would discontinue making machine tools
entirely (29% of 1990 sales);
January 2001 - substantially all of worldwide
metrology business acquired by Hexagon, A.B. (Stockholm Sweden).
June 14, 1834
- Isaac Fisher, Jr., of Springfield, VT, received four patents
for "Coating Paper; sand paper.
1837 - Thomas Davenport, of Brandon, VT,
received patent for an "Electric Motor" ("an application of
magnetism and electro-magnetism to propelling machinery"); first
practical electrical motor.
May 17, 1839 - Lorenzo Dow Adkins, of
Perry Township, OH, received a patent for a "Spiral-Bucket
Water-Wheel" ("for Propelling Mills and Other Machinery").
October 1840 - Cullen Whipple, of
Providence, RI, one of ten incorporators of The New England
Screw Co.; August 18, 1842 - received patent for a
"Machine for Cutting the Threads of Wood-Screws"; April 6,
1843 - received a patent for a "Machine for Turning or
Shaving the Heads of Blanks for Wood-Screws"; July 6, 1852
- received a patent for "Screw Threading Machinery";
August 10, 1852 - received a patent for "Machinery
for Threading Wood-Screws"; November 30, 1852 -
received a patent for "Improvement in Machinery for Shaving the
Heads of Screw-Blanks"; December 14, 1852 -
received patent for a "Mechanism for Pointing and Threading
Screw-Blanks in the Same Machine"; added more cutters to point
screws in same machine; credited as inventor of first practical
machine for pointing screws (early screws had no point, required
a starter hole be drilled before use); assigned to the New
England Screw Company; January 1, 1856 - received
a patent an "Improvement in Screw Machinery"; assigned to the
New England Screw Company; June 3, 1856 - received
a patent for "Making Screws"; screw machine (screw-blank feeder
1840 - Henry
Disston Saw Works in Philadelphia, PA;
1855 - cast first crucible saw steel
made in America (Morrill
Tariff Act of 1861 greatly increased cost of imported steel,
impossible for other saw makers to compete with Disston - most
successful saw manufacturer in the U.S.); supplied steel
products to Union Army during Civil War; 1865
- started making files; invested in the factory, mechanized much
of the process of saw, tool making, lowered costs, increased
- Hamilton (eldest son) became president;
1896 - William (brother) named
president; February 4, 1913
- Henry Disston & Sons, Inc. registered "Disston" trademark
first used in 1862 (saws, saw handles);
1915 - Frank (grandson) became
president; largest selling saw in America during the first half
of the 20th-century; 1940
- Time magazine claimed Disston sold 75% of handsaws in U.S.;
1955 - acquired
by H.K. Porter, Pittsburgh-based holding company owned by Thomas
Mellon Evans; 1956
- moved factory to Virginia.
August 31, 1842 - Micah Rugg, of
Southington, CT, received a patent for a "Machine for Dressing
Bolt Heads" (a new and useful "Improvement in the Mode and
method of trimming the Heads of Bolts and in the Machinery
Necessary for Affecting the Same");
1840 - Rugg and Martin Barnes
established first U.S. nuts and bolts factory in Marion, CT; six
employees, capacity production was 500 bolts a day.
1850 - Ernst Leybold became opened
commission and forwarding business (sold wines, apothecary
items); 1854 -
expanded to physical, pharmaceutical, chemical appartus;
1867 - set up
glass-blowing operation, mechanical workshop; 1870 - company
acquired by Emil Schmidt, Otto Ladendorff; who renamed E.
Leybold's Nachfolger; 1911
- Dr. Wolfgang Gaede developed molecular air pump;
1948 - interest
acquired by Metallgesellschaft AG;
1955 - interest acquired by Degussa AG;
January 29, 1963 -
Leybold-Hochvakuum-Anlagen G.M.B.H. registered "LEYBOLD CQC"
trademark first used October 20, 1960 (freeze-drying apparatus
for drying organic substances such as pharmaceuticals,
foodstuffs, blood plasma and serum, tissue material, and the
like; and freezers and driers for use with freezedrying
apparatus); 1967 -
merged with Heraeus Hochvakuum GmbH, renamed Leybold-Heraeus
GmbH (shares divided equally among Degussa, Metallgesellschaft,
W.C. Heraeus); 1980
- sales of over 1 billion marks (DM), about 5,600 employees
worldwide; October 1, 1987
- renamed Leybold Aktiengesellschaft (Leybold Corporation), or
Leybold AG (Metallgesellschaft sold shares, restructured; W.C.
Heraeus sold shares; Degussa sole stockholder); 1994 - Degussa
interest acquired by Switzerland-based Oerlikon-Bührle Group
(founded September 1907 as Swiss Power Tool factory with 150
employees in factory in Zürich-Oerlikon, Switzerland; entered
vacuum business in 1957; went public in 1973 as Oerlikon-Bührle
Holding; merged Leybold with Balzers AG subsidiary in January
1995 - about 6,500 employees, sales of 1.8 billion German marks;
renamed Balzers and Leybold Group);
2011 - creates vacuums for industrial
- Balzers and Leybold Group
- Norris Hubbard Bragg, Sumner Basford founded Bragg & Basford,
blacksmith supply business, in Bangor, ME;
1863 - Bragg ran company himself;
1867 - Norris
Everett Bragg (son) joined company; name changed to N.H. Bragg &
Son; after 1867 -
Charles Bragg (son) joined, name changed to N.H. Bragg & Sons;
1905 - incorporated (Charles as president , Franklin Everett
Bragg, grandson, as treasurer); expanded to auto parts business;
1950s - began
delivering welding cylinders to customers; Charles F. Bragg II
(great grandson) named president;
1980 - G. Clifton Eames (nephew) became
president; 1992 -
John Bragg (fifth generation) became president.
Franklin B. Norton, Frederick Hancock (cousin) opened pottery
shop in Worcester, MA; supplied Worcester, surrounding towns
with variety of jugs, preserve jars, storage, cooking pots,
pitchers, spittoons, beer bottles water kegs; 1873
- employee Sven Pulson invented grinding wheel of superior
quality which could cut metals, other hard materials better than
traditional sandstone wheels; mixed clay with emery, water and
kiln fired it; 1879 - Norton expanded business to
include manufacture of Pulson's wheels (Pulson left company in
1880); Hancock sold his interests to his cousin, retired;
April 10, 1883 - Sven Pulson and Marcus L. Snow, of
Sterling, MA, received a patent for "Composition for Amery and
Corundum Wheels and Other Tools" ("intended to be formed into
articles of the desired form - as wheels, rolls, and other tools
- and when dried and burned or baked to be ready for use");
1885 - wheel business acquired by John Jeppson
(Pulson's brother-in-law) and partners for $20,000 and use of
Norton name, rights to Pulson's patent; incorporated Norton
Emery Wheel Company; February 27, 1900 - Norton
Grinding Company established; developed into largest
manufacturer of abrasives in world; 1990 -
acquired by Compagnie de Saint-Gobain of France.
1859 - Robert
Gardner provided first effective speed controls for steam
engines; Gardner Governor Company manufactured flyball
governors, led to production of steam pumps, high speed vertical
air compressors; 1900
- steam pump technology adapted for use in mud pumps (became
part of oil, natural gas well drilling process);
1927 - merged with
Denver Rock Drill Company, renamed Gardner-Denver;
1959 - acquired
CycloBlower Company (manufacturer of helical screw blowers);
1979 - acquired by
Cooper Industries; became Gardner Denver Industrial Machinery
- acquired Sutorbilt, DuroFlow blowers, OPI well servicing
pumps, Joy compressors; 1994
- spun off as independent company; 2004 - acquired Drum blowers,
Emco Wheaton bulk storage and fluid transfer equipment;
2005 - acquired
Thomas Industries (Rietschle, Thomas brands, latest line of
precision-engineered blowers, pumps, compressors);
2009 - provides
compressed air and gas, vacuum and fluid transfer technologies
to industries throughout world.
- Gardner Denver
November 29, 1864
- Joseph R. Brown, of Providence, RI, received patent for an
"Improved Cutter for Cutting Gear-Wheels"; assigned to himself
and Lucien Sharpe; February 21, 1865
-Joseph R. Brown, of Providence, RI, received a patent for
"Screw-Threading Machine" ("Improved Milling Machine");
four-speed, 1,800-lb machine could quickly make any size twist
drill, replace previously tedious handwork in spiral milling or
gear-cutting operations; ; assigned to J. R. Brown & Sharpe;
November 28, 1865 - received a patent for an
"Improvement in Screw-Cutting Machines", assigned to Joseph R.
Browne & Sharpe.
1871 - Simon
Ingersoll received patent for steam-powered rock drill;
Ingersoll Rock Drill Company formed; 1872 - first
Rand air compressor introduced; Rand & Waring Drill & Compressor
Company formed; 1879 - name changed to Rand Drill
Company; 1888 - Ingersoll Rock Drill Company
merged with Seargeant Drill Company, formed Ingersoll-Seargeant
Drill Company; 1894 - W.R. Grace named President
of Ingersoll-Seargeant; 1904 - Panama Canal begun
using Ingersoll-Seargeant drills; 1905 -
Ingersoll-Seargeant Drill Company merged with Rand Drill
Company, formed Ingersoll-Rand Company.
1877 - Joseph R. Brown (deceased, of Providence,
RI) received a patent for a "Grinding Machine" ("adapted to a
great variety of work"); universal grinding machine to fabricate
accurate cylindrical work.
- James P. Tolman founded Samson Cordage Works in Massachusetts;
May 27, 1884 -
registered "Samson" trademark, design of man and lion (cords,
lines, [twines], and ropes); 1888
- incorporated; developing unique concept of incorporating
reinforcement cores in braided ropes, significantly improved
product performance; 1957
- developed first synthetic double-braided rope;
1993 - Samson
Ocean Systems, Herzog Rope, AMCO (American Manufacturing Co.,
founded 1889) merged, combined their talents, resources,
technical expertise, formed The American Group, world-wide
leader in performance cordage;
2001 - renamed Samson Rope Technologies.
1879 - Hans Renold
established Hans Renold Co. (had acquired Chain Making Company,
founded in 1864 by James Slater); oldest established
transmission chain company in world;
1880 - introduced patented feature of
solid bush (origin of bush roller chain, design still in use);
1906 - began
manufacture of chain wheels; 1912
- supplied chain for The Great Clock at Palace of Westminster
('Big Ben', built in 1856); 1925
- acquired Brampton Brothers Limited; 1930 -
merged, formed Renold and Coventry Chain Co. Ltd.;
1954 - renamed
Renold Chains Ltd.; 1964
- acquired John Holroyd and Co Ltd, start of transition from
purely chain manufacture to manufacture, supply of complete
range of power transmission products, precision machine tools;
1967 - renamed
Renold Ltd.; 2005
- 2000 people in more than 23 countries.
- Renold Ltd.
1880 - Daniel
P. Eells founded Bucyrus Foundry and Manufacturing Company in
Bucyrus, OH; June 3, 1882 - first railroad style
(non-rotating) excavating steam shovel shipped to Northern
Pacific Railroad; 1883 - shipped first dipper
dredge; 1896 - reorganized, renamed The Bucyrus
Company; 1894 - had sold 171 shovels (24 used to
dig Chicago Drainage Canal); 1910 - entered dragline market;
1925 - leading manufacturer of excavation equipment
in U.S.; 1911 - merged with Atlantic Equipment Co.
and Vulcan Steam Shovel Co. to form Bucyrus Company (no longer
family corporation); 1927 - merged with Erie Steam
Shovel Company, company renamed Bucyrus-Erie; 1996
- name changed to Bucyrus International, Inc.(75% of sales,
service performed internationally).
December 1, 1884
- Alonzo Pawling, former wood patternmaker in the Whitehill
Sewing Machine Company, Henry Harnischfeger, tool
department foreman at Whitehill Sewing Machine Company, formed Pawling &
Harnischfeger Machine and Pattern Shop to craft, support
high-quality components, assemblies for brick-making,
beer-brewing, industrial sewing, other industrial
equipment manufactured in, around Milwaukee, WI; 1887
- rebuilt, improved upon failed overhead traveling crane for
E.P. Allis Company; other customers approached "P&H" for
cranes offering increased performance, reliability;
1912 - designed, manufactured earth-moving
equipment (back-fillers, wheel trenchers, shovels, backhoes,
Alonzo Pawling, Henry
1893 - Peter
DeWitt and two sons (Peter, William) founded DeWitt Barrels in
Chicago, IL; made, repaired wooden kegs, barrels;
1937 - Peter
DeWitt Sr. (grandson) opened location in Grand Rapids, MI;
1940s - steel
drums introduced; fiber drums introduced (replaced slack
barrels); 1993 -
Peter, Michael, Tim DeWitt (fifth generation) took over;
specializes in reconditioning of steel drums, fiber drums,
plastic barrels, totes.
January 30, 1894 -
Charles B. King, of Detroit, MI, received a patent for a
"Pneumatic Tool" ('new and useful tool in reciprocating motors
and belongs in that class of motors designed to be used in
caulking tools, cutting stones, etc."); pneumatic hammer.
June 8, 1895
- John C. Lincoln founded The Lincoln Electric Company with
capital investment of $200.00; produced electric motors of his
own design; 1907 -
James F. Lincoln (younger brother) joined company as salesman;
1911 - introduced
first variable voltage, single operator, portable welding
machine in world; 1914
- James F. Lincoln took over; established the Employee Advisory
Board; 1915 -
employees covered by group life insurance;
1922 - production of welders surpassed
that of motors; 1927
- introduced Fleetweld 5 coated electrode, produced welds with
20-50% higher tensile strength, 100% greater ductility than
those made with bare electrodes;
1923 - employees earned paid vacations, among
first in nation; 1925
- initiated employee stock ownership plan, one of first in
country; July 30, 1929
- John C. Lincoln received a patent for a "Flux Holder" ("...for
carrying and positioning a charge of suitable fluxing material
for welding operations..."; made weld as flexible as steel;
1934 - employees
received first annual Incentive Bonus;
1942 - electrodes sold for less than
$0.06/lb (vs. $0.16/lb in 1929);
1995 - annual sales reached $1 billion;
1998 - distributed
65th consecutive bonus to employees.
April 9, 1895
- Black American inventor, Robert H. Gray, of Lexington, KY,
received patent for a Cistern Cleaner".
June 28, 1898
- Henry Timken, carriage maker, and Reginald Heinzelman, of St.
Louis, MO, received a patent for a "Roller-Bearing for
Vehicles"; tapered bearing helped heavy freight wagons make
sharp turns (Timken received first patent in 1877 for
"Improvement in Carriage Springs" for buggies and wagons);
1899 - Timken, H.H. and William Timken (sons)
incorporated Timken Roller Bearing Axle Co. to make carriage
axles mounting patented bearings; 1909 - moved
axle division to Detroit, launched Timken-Detroit Axle Company;
Canton bearings division renamed The Timken Roller Bearing
Company; 1911 - Marmon Wasp, equipped with Timken
bearings, won inaugural Indianapolis 500; 1917 -
opened first steel plant; first bearing manufacturer to
act as own supplier of steel for its products; 1919
- organized Industrial Division; June 21, 1921 -
registered "Timken" trademark first used in 1899
(roller-bearings and parts thereof); 1922 - went
public; 1925 - first used in railroad cars;
1954 - introduced "AP" bearing for railroad industry
(pre-assembled, pre-lubricated, self-contained, inexpensive
bearing for nearly any type of railroad car); 1978
- $1 billion in sales; 1995 - $2 billion in sales;
2003 - acquired The Torrington Company, significantly
expanded company's product range, global presence;
2005 - $5 billion in sales.
May 25, 1900 -
Alfred Willard French founded The French Oil Mill Machinery Co.
to produce superior vegetable oil mill machinery (vegetable oil
hydraulic press technology); applied to other processes (metal
forming, rubber curing); 1925 - Grace Albers French (wife) took
over; 1926 -
Alfred Willard French Jr. joined company;
late 1930s - began manufacturing solvent
extraction machinery for vegetable oil industry;
1962 - French Jr.
named President; expanded product lines to vegetable oil mills
(mechanical screw presses, other products); pioneered use of
screw presses in synthetic and natural rubber, wood pulp, cane
sugar industries; Daniel Phelps French (grandson) took over.
The French Oil Mill
December 28, 1900
- Charles E. Thompson established Cleveland Cap Screw Company to
make screws, bolts, studs; 1904
- adapted cap-screw manufacturing methods to production of
automobile-engine valve stems;
1905 - acquired by Alexander Winton (Winton
Motor Carriage Company), Thompson as general manager;
1908 - name
changed to Electric Welding Company;
1909 - country's dominant manufacturer
of automobile valves; 1915
- Thompson took over company from Winton, incorporated as Steel
Products Company; 1921
- introduced advanced valve-making technology with Silcrome
valve, permitted long-distance aviation;
1926 - renamed Thompson Products Inc.;
September 16, 1953
- Simon Ramo, Dean Wooldridge formed Ramo-Wooldridge
- merged with Thompson Products; named Thompson-Ramo-Wooldridge
Inc.; 1965 -
shortened to TRW Inc.
Dean Woolridge, Simon
1904 - Edward
E. Johnson established Johnson Screens (had invented world’s
first continuous slot wire wrapped well screen (provided more
open area per square foot of screen than other conventional
methods, allowed more water into well with more efficiency);
1930 - invented
all welded continuous slot wire wrapped well screen; world
leader in water well screening industry.
1907 - Sven
Wingquist, young Swedish engineer, founded of Svenska
Kullagerfabriken (SKF); produced world's first self-aligning
ball bearing; first year - 15 employees, loss of 5 371 SEK, only
2 200 bearings produced; 1910 - one factory, 325
employees (15% worked outside Sweden); 1926 - AB
Volvo, a subsidiary of SKF, started production of experimental
cars; 1930 - 12 factories, 21,000 employees (66%
worked outside Sweden); 1935 - AB Volvo became
independent of SKF; 1950 - 18 factories, 31, 000
employees (66% worked outside Sweden); 1970 - 68
factories, 67 000 employees (78% worked outside Sweden). One of
the world's leading ball and roller bearing makers.
Stephen Foster Briggs (inventor), Harold M. Stratton (investor)
began informal relationship, formed company to compete in auto
parts industry; 1909 - introduced an igniter
switch; Steve Briggs received patent for gas engine igniters;
1910 - incorporated; ignition switches mainstay of
business; 1920 - introduced stationary "Type
P" engine, revolutionized 4-cycle gasoline engine industry,
power source for many machinery applications; 1928
- acquired Evinrude Motors; 1946-1952 - produced
500,00 engines per year; 1953 - developed aluminum
engine, revolutionized lawn and garden industry;
- built 1.3 million engines; 1950s
- produced average of over 2 million engines per year; world's
largest producer of small, 4-cycle engines; 1978 -
25,000 worldwide service dealers; 2007 - world's
largest producer of air-cooled gasoline engines for outdoor
Stephen Foster Briggs,
Harold M. Stratton
- founders Briggs & Stratton
1909 - Edward
George Mueller, one of earliest pioneers in commercial oxygen
business, organized Pittsburgh Reinforced Brazing & Machine
Company (treasurer until 1920, named president);
1914 - developed
valves for high pressure compressed gases;
1917 - introduced first American
manufactured cast steel gate valve for oil industry;
1921 - introduced
testing of high-pressure valves with Kerosene, became industry
standard; 1927 -
name changed to "Kerotest Manufacturing Company" ("Kerosene
Tested"); 1963 -
entered gas distribution industry with "Model 1 (first steel
gate valve designed specifically for natural gas service);
1971 - introduced
first Packless Metal-Diaphragm valve for nuclear service, became
leading valve supplier to over 100 nuclear power plants
worldwide; 1983 -
created ESOP, became "employee owned company";
1999 - honored as
"Pennsylvania ESOP Company of the Year" by ESOP Association at
ceremony in Washington DC; 2009
- leading supplier of valves and related equipment for worldwide
energy markets, including natural gas distribution, oil & gas
drilling, nuclear fuel.
Mueller - Kerotest
October 25, 1924 -
Akira Yamada founded Osaka Kinzoku Kogyosho Limited Partnership
(Daikin Industries) for production of aircraft radiator tubes,
other products; February 11, 1934
- Osaka Kinzoku Kogyo Co., Ltd. incorporated;
1951 - began
production of packaged air conditioners;
1963 - renamed Daikin Kogyo Co., Ltd.;
1982 - renamed
Daikin Industries, Ltd.; 1984
- first in world to produce cumulative total of 1 million
packaged air conditioners.
March 1927 -
William W. (Bill) Grainger founded wholesale electric motor
sales and distribution business in Chicago to provide an
efficient solution for customers to access a consistent supply
of electric motors; 1928
- incorporated as W. W. Grainger, Inc.;
December 1942 - 24 branches and 24
territory sales reps; December
1952 - 46 branches, 54 territory sales reps;
December 1972 -
123 branches in 40 states, 218 territory sales reps;
December 1984 -
broke $1 billion in annual sales.
1933 - Kazuma
Tateisi established Tateisi Electric Manufacturing Co. in Osaka,
Japan (had developed trouser press in 1930);
May 1948 - name
changed to Tateisi Electronics Co.;
January 1959 - registered 'OMRON'
trademark; February 1960
- developed world's first non-contact (solid state) switch;
April 1964 -
developed world's first automated traffic signal;
March 1967 -
developed world's first unmanned train station;
June 1971 -
developed world's first online automated cash dispenser;
January 1990 -
name changed to OMRON Corporation.
Phillips acquired rights to Thompson patent, filed patent
application that modified Thompson patent in order to make
cruciform drive system more adaptable to mass production;
improved cruciform recess fastener patent issues and quickly
becomes known as the "Phillips® Screw".
July 7, 1936
- Henry F. Phillips (Portland, OR) received several patents: for
a "Screw" ("tool-receiving recess which may be formed in the
head of a screw by a simple punching operation...means for
self-centering said driver with respect to the screw");
recessed, self-centering screw; for a "Means of Uniting a Screw
with a Driver"; assigned to Phillips Screw Company; for a "Screw
Driver " ("improvements in screws and more especially to a type
of screw particularly adapted to be actuated by the type of
screwdriver"; for a "Screw" ("provision of a recess in the head
of a screw which is particularly adapted to firm engagement with
a correspondingly shaped driver tool or screw driver, and in
such a way that there will be no tendency of the driver to cam
out of the recess when united in operative engagement with each
other"); for a "Screw Driver"; Phillips-head screw and
screwdriver; founded the Phillips Screw Company (Wilmington, DE)
to license patent(s); January 5, 1937 - received a
patent for a "Screw" ("improvements in tool receiving recesses
formed in the heads of screws"); 1939 - American
Screw Company spent approximately $500,000 to produce the
Phillips screw, obtained patents on the manufacturing methods,
sole licenser of the process; 1940 - virtually
every American automaker had switched to Phillips screws.
May 28, 1945
- Frederick M. Jones, of Minneapolis, MN, received a patent for
a "Two-Cycle Gas Engine"; assigned to Thermo Control
- Ed Seymour, owner of paint company in Sycamore, IL, mixed
paint, aerosol in can with spray head to demonstrate aluminum
coating for painting radiators = spray paint;
December 25, 1951
- Edward H. Seymour, of Sycamore, IL, received a patent for a
"Hermetically Sealed Package for Mixing and Discharging Paint"
("...hermetically sealed container having therein a suspension
of finely divided solid material dispersed in a solution under
pressure in which means are provided for redispersing the solid
material which may settle out and collect on the base of the
- spray-paint manufacturers produced 412 million cans (source:
Consumer Specialty Products Association).
1953 - Dr.
Vernon Krieble, Trinity College chemistry professor, and son
(chemist in General Electric Company's chemical business)
founded The American Sealants Company in a basement in Hartford,
CT; July 26, 1956 - official public debut of
adhesives company's one product, unique liquid bonding resin
that hardened in absence of air; year's sales of $7,000;
August 25, 1959 - received a patent for "Packaged Metal
Fasteners and Bonding Agent" ("novel packaging arrangement for
providing metal fasteners with a relatively quick setting resin
coating"); liquid product became known as "Loctite"; 1963
- name changed to Loctite Corporation; 1965 -
sales reached $2.8 million, net income of $260,000; 1980
- went public, merged with International Sealants Corporation;
January 1997 - acquired by Dusseldorf-based Henkel
KGaA for more than $1 billion.
Dr. Vernon Krieble
- founder Loctite
(Allen-Bradley Company), John Gurda (1992).
The Bradley Legacy: Lynde and Harry Bradley, Their Company, and
Their Foundation. (Milwaukee, WI: Lynde and Harry
Bradley Foundation, 170 p.). Bradley family; Allen-Bradley
Company--History; Electric industries--United States--History.
(Ansaldo), Erminio Bagnasco ... [et al.]
(1994-2003). Storia Dell’Ansaldo. (Roma, ITa: Laterza, 9
vols.). Ansaldo (Firm)--History; Machinery
(Briggs & Stratton), Jeffrey L. Rodengen
The Legend of Briggs & Stratton. (Ft. Lauderdale, FL:
Write Stuff Syndicate, 208 p.). Briggs & Stratton
Corporation--History; Motor industry--United States--History;
Internal combustion engine industry--United States--History.
(Bucyrus-Erie), Kenneth H. Myers and Harold F.
Designed for Digging. (Evanston, IL: Northwestern
University Press, 384 p.). Bucyrus-Erie Company; excavating
(Bucyrus-Erie), K. H. Myers, II (1976).
Marketing Policy Determination by a Major Firm in a Capital
Goods Industry: A Case Study of Bucyrus-Erie Company, 1880-1954.
(New York, NY: Arno Press, 510 p.). Bucyrus-Erie Company;
Machinery industry--Case studies.
(Bucyrus-Erie), George B. Anderson (1980).
One Hundred Booming Years: A History of Bucyrus-Erie Company,
1880-1980. (South Milwaukee, WI: Bucyrus-Erie Company,
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Machines of Plenty: Chronicle of an Innovator in Construction
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machinery--United States--History; Agriculture--United
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The CR Century: Images of an American Business. (Elgin,
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skins industry--Illinois--Chicago--History. 1990 - SKF acquired
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Group - leading global supplier of products, customer solutions,
and services in the business of rolling bearings and seals).
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Kabushiki Kaisha -- History; Industries -- Japan -- History.
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C. Silcox (1994).
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Community Service Learning (Philadelphia College of Textiles and
Science). Henry Disston & Sons, Inc. (Philadelphia, Pa.)
--History; Saw industry --Pennsylvania --Philadelphia --History;
Tacony (Philadelphia, Pa.). Saw manufacturing
company, factory town he built; rise of one of America's largest, most powerful
family-owned businesses from modest beginnings in 1840 to
1940s (products known worldwide), to sale and demise of the company in
postwar years; company's interdependence with community, life-style that grew out of Disston's
paternalistic blueprint for Tacony; highly sophisticated
distribution, marketing, management
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Dover Corporation: A History, 1955-1989. (Cambridge, MA:
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The Making of a Good Name in Industry: A History of the Falk
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(John Fowler), Michael R. Lane; with a
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The Story of the Steam Plough Works: Fowlers of Leeds
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-- Great Britain -- Biography.
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Gardner Denver : 150 Years of Industrial Innovation.
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historian. Gardner-Denver Company --History; Industries
--United States --Illinois; Electric apparatus and
appliances --United States --Illinois. 150-year history -company's leaders, employees, facilities, products and
applications; company has weathered world wars, economic
depressions, natural disasters; global position in
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The Legend of Grainger. (Fort Lauderdale, FL: Write
Stuff Enterprises, 174 p.). W.W. Grainger, Inc.; Machinery
industry--United States--History; Industrial
equipment--Maintenance and repair--Equipment and supplies;
Machinery--Equipment and supplies.
(Ingersoll-Rand Company), Jeffrey L. Rodengen
The Legend of Ingersoll-Rand. (Ft. Lauderdale, FL: Write
Stuff Syndicate, 219 p.). Ingersoll-Rand Company--History;
Machinery industry--United States--History; Construction
equipment industry--United States--History; Industrial equipment
(Joyce Dayton), Pat McNees (1995).
An American Biography: An Industrialist Remembers the Twentieth
Century (Washington, DC: Farragut Pub. Co., 341 p.).
Webster, Warren, 1901-1994; Joyce Dayton Corporation--History;
engineers--Ohio--Dayton--Biography; Hydraulic machinery
(Legris), Reynald Secher (1997). Legris:
Histoire d’Une Saga Industrielle. (Liguge, Poitiers:
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Welding equipment industry--Ohio--History.
(Lincoln Electric), Joseph A. Maciariello
Lasting Value: Lessons from a Century of Agility at Lincoln
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Electric Company--Management; Electric industries--United
Electric - 1895
Electric), Frank Koller (2010). Spark:
How Old-Fashioned Values Drive a Twenty-First-Century
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Employment Program. (New York, NY: PublicAffairs, 272 p.). Former
Foreign Correspondent (Canadian Broadcasting Corporation). Lincoln
Electric Company --Management; Welding
equipment industry --Ohio --Management. Healthy
bottom line, satisfied, dedicated employees of Cleveland
arc-welding equipment manufacturer (1895): promised that no
permanent employee, who met firm's performance standards, would
ever be laid off due to lack of work (in employee handbook, in
annual report); profit-sharing bonuses paid since 1934 (bonuses
almost always exceed 60% of employee's basic earnings); from
days of Carnegie and Rockefeller, recessions in 1950s, present
crisis - remarkable yet, in many ways, ordinary organization,
which survived, even thrived, in sunset industry.
(Loctite), Ellsworth S. Grant (1983).
Drop by Drop: The Loctite Story, 1953-1980. (Rocky Hill,
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(Herbert Morris Limited), David Wainwright
Cranes and Craftsmen: The Story of Herbert Morris Limited.
(London, UK: Hutchinson Berham, 88 p.).; Cranes--manufacture.
(Norton), Mildred M. Tymeson (1953). The
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(Norton), Charles W. Cheape (1985).
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(PACCAR), Alex Groner with Barry Provorse
PACCAR: The Pursuit of Quality. (Seattle, WA:
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equipment industry--United States--History; Truck
(Henry A. Petter Supply Company), Barron White
Memories of Petter Supply. (Haverford, PA: Infinity
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(Renold Ltd.), Basil H. Tripp; with a preface by Lord Bowden of
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(Ritchie Bros. Auctioneers), Jeffrey L.
The Legend of Ritchie Bros. Auctioneers. (Ft.
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Auctioneers--History; Auctioneers--United States; Industrial
equipment industry agents--United States.
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The Saco-Lowell Shops; Textile Machinery Building in New
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(Semco). Semler, Ricardo, 1959- ;
Businesspeople--Brazil--Biography. Author's successful 'quest'
to run his company in the interest of all it's stakeholders.
The Seven-Day Weekend: Changing the Way Work Works.
(New York, NY: Portfolio, 256 p.). CEO (Semco). Semco
(Firm)--Management; Employee empowerment; Industrial
management--Employee participation; Organizational change;
Industrial equipment industry--Brazil--Management--Case studies.
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- SKF (http://www.skf.com/
(SKF), Folke Lindskog (1976). Att Leda ett
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1594 Evans Drive, S.W.: A History of Southern Saw
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Company History 20th century; Southern Saw Service
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20th century; Saw filing industry United States History
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enterprises--United States--History; Bearings industry--United
States--History; Machine parts industry--United States--History;
Steel alloy industry--United States--History; Roller
- Timken Manufacturing
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American --Japan --Social aspects; International business
enterprises --Japan --Employees; Corporate culture --Japan;
Management --Japan. How globalized corporate culture addresses
issues of gender, identity, as they relate to authority; behind
office politics, turf wars, day-to-day workings of transnational
American company in Japan in late 1990s as employees try to
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