June 5, 1783
- French brothers, Joseph-Michel and Jacques-Étienne
Montgolfier, flew first hot-air balloon, unmanned, for ten
minutes at their home town of Annonay, France.
October 15, 1783
- Frenchman Jean Pilâtre de Rozier made a tethered,
captive-balloon ascent in gardens of La Muette; Aerostat
Reveillon rose to end of 250- ft tether, stayed up for 15
minutes, landed safely nearby; November 21, 1783 -
untethered, Pilâtre and Marquis d'Arlande made first manned free
flight, across Paris; June 15, 1785 - Pilâtre
attempted first east-to-west crossing of English Channel with
hybrid balloon combining lift from both hydrogen and hot air -
exploded, plunged to rocks on coast of Wimereux, killed Pilâtre.
December 1, 1783
- First manned voyage of hydrogen balloon left Paris, carried
Professor Jacques Alexander Cesar Charles, Marie-Noel Robert to
about 600 meters, landed 43 km away after 2 hours in air;
hydrogen generator mixed huge quantities of sulfuric acid with
October 28, 1799
- Moses McFarland, of Massachusetts , received aeronautical
patent for a "Federal Balloon."
September 24, 1852
- Henri Giffard demonstrated a dirigible, semi-rigid airship, in
flight from Paris to Trappe; installed small (3 h.p.) steam
engine of his own design in gondola of 147-foot-long spindle
shaped coal-gas balloon; engine turned a 11 ft propeller,
produced speed of 5 mph against wind over distance of 17
mile on 3 hour trip; first powered, controlled flight ever
June 21, 1859
- Andrew Lanergan, of Boston, MA, received a patent for a
"Rocket"; fuse (called 'match') pre-assembled with rocket,
packed inside recess at bottom of rocket, covered with light
seal; safe from accidental firing (falling cinders, sparks
falling on exposed fuses).
April 15, 1877
- Enrico Forlanini, Italian pioneer of scientific aviation built
steam-engine driven helicopter model; rose 40 ft (12 m); machine
weighed 3.5 kg (7.7 lbs), remained aloft for 20 seconds;
1905 - built hydroplane which could take off on water;
1914 - built new type of semi-rigid aircraft.
November 12, 1894
- Lawrence Hargrave, Australian inventor, flew first manned box
kite; linked four huge box kites, added sling seat, attached to
ground by piano wire; box kites were used until 1930's to carry
meteorological equipment for high altitude weather studies and
by Royal Air Force as sea rescue equipment to deliver radio
May 6, 1896
- Aerodrome No. 5 made first successful flight of
unpiloted, engine-driven, heavier-than-air craft of substantial
size; Samuel Pierpont Langley (1887 - third Secretary of
the Smithsonian Institution) launched craft using
spring-actuated catapult mounted on top of houseboat on Potomac
River, near Quantico, VA; traveled 3,300-ft, followed by second
of 2,300 ft on same afternoon at speed of about 25 mph;
November 28 - Aerodrome No.6, similar aircraft,
accomplished distance of about 4,790-ft.
March 14, 1899
- Ferdinand Graf von Zeppelin, of Stuttgart, Germany, received a
patent for a "Navigable Balloon" ("provided with a number of
motors arranged separately from each other...a smaller diameter
in relation to the driving power developed by the
motors...correspondingly reduce the air resistance");
cylindrical shape with rounded ends covered with cotton shell,
framed with aluminum struts, wire-braced, contained number of
independent hydrogen balloons used for lift; two or more
separate engines suspended below for propulsion (based on
ideas originally conceived by David Schwartz, Croatian aviation
pioneer employed by German army; Zeppelin bought rights to
Schwartz's designs from his widow, established Zeppelin GmbH
1908 - established
development of aerial navigation, manufacture of airships;
1909 - created DELAG (Deutsche Luftschiffahrts
Aktien-Gesellschaft) to generate revenue, organize commercial
flights, make airship manufacturing to some extent independent
of army; 2008 - foundation generates $60 - $80
million/year for town population of 57,000.
February 20, 1900
- John F. Pickering, of Gonaives, Haiti, received a patent for
an "Air-Ship" ("ship or launch of great strength and durability
and to combine with the float mechanism and appliances whereby
the movement of the launch may be completely under the control
of an operator").
December 17, 1903
- Wright brothers, in the Kitty Hawk, achieved first successful
man-powered airplane flight of self-propelled, heavier-than-air
Kill Devil Hill, NC; launched from track into wind,
gasoline-powered, propeller-driven biplane covered 120 feet, aloft for 12
seconds; for first time, machine carrying a man had raised
itself by its own power into air in full flight, sailed forward
without reduction of speed, landed at point as high as that from
which it started.
May 22, 1906
- Orville Wright and Wilbur Wright, of Dayton, OH, received a
patent for a "Flying-Machine" ("weight is sustained by the
reaction resulting when one or more aeroplanes are moved through
the air edge-wise at a small angle of incidence, either by the
application of mechanical power or by the utilization of the
force of gravity").
March 12, 1907
- Alfred Maul, German engineer, received German patent for
camera-carrying space rocket; could also carry scientific
instruments and return safely; later used for military
July 11, 1908
- Emile Berliner, in trial of his first "test-rig" helicopter
design, found it could potentially lift double its weight;
1903 - tested a 7-ft model rocket-powered airplane,
which flew 40-ft before tumbling to ground; 1907 -
began designing helicopter with tandem intermeshing rotors;
recognized the versatility of a helicopter; developed 36-hp
rotary engine with Adams-Farwell Company; first application in
aviation of rotary engine, had weight advantage; founded Gyro
Motor Company to promote rotary engines in aviation.
September 17, 1908
- First aircraft fatality occurred during demonstration at
Fort Myer in Arlington, VA; propeller came loose on plane
piloted by Orville Wright and Lieutenant Thomas Selfridge of
U.S. Signal Corps; passenger died of skull fracture.
October 16, 1908
- Samuel Cody, an American, made first airplane flight in
England at Farnborough; built his own machines by trial and
error; ended in crash but was first officially recorded powered
flight - length of 1,390 feet.
1909 - Aviation
pioneer Glenn L. Martin launched maiden voyage of first
aeroplane, made of silk and bamboo, in Santa Ana, CA.;
June 16, 1909 - sold first commercial U.S. airplane, for
$5,000; 1912 - Glenn L. Martin Company
incorporated in Los Angeles, CA; 1914 - delivered
first Model TT Trainer planes to U.S. Army Signal Corps.;
1916 - merged with Wright Company, formed
Wright-Martin Aircraft Company; 1917 - backed by
group of Ohio investors, Glenn Martin left Wright-Martin
Company, reestablished Glenn L. Martin Company in Ohio;
1926 - incorporated in Maryland, opened aircraft
manufacturing plant in Middle River, near Baltimore (still in
operation); first airplane built is XT5M-1 bomber; 1940
- introduced first B-26 Marauder medium bomber (best
survivability rate of any World War II bomber); more than 5,200
produced; 1945 - two Martin B-29 heavy bombers
(Enola Gay, Bock' s Car), dropped bombs on Hiroshima and
Nagasaki, ended Pacific conflict; 1958 - Martin
Bold Orion became first air-launched multistage ballistic
missile; began execution of Pershing Missile program (lasted
more than 34 years, one of most successful military programs
ever in terms of performance, schedule, cost); 1959
- Martin Titan I was most powerful ICBM (intercontinental
ballistic missile) made to date in free world; 1961
- merged with American-Marietta Company, renamed Martin
Marietta; 1965 - Titan II rocket launched two
astronauts into space in first of 10 successful manned Gemini
missions; 1966 - Titan-launched Gemini VIII
spacecraft, Lockheed Agena became first two vehicles to
successfully dock (and undock) in space; 1973 -
produced multiple docking adapter for Skylab, America's first
space station; 1979 - began full-scale development
of Pershing II missile system; 1984 - won 10-year
contract to modernize nation's air traffic control, navigation,
communications systems (most complex federal program since
Apollo Moon project); March 15, 1995 - Lockheed
Corporation, Martin Marietta Corporation merger completed.
- Goodyear Aviation introduced Goodyear Wing Aeroplane Tire,
first tire built for aviation use (lightweight, puncture
resistant, easy to remove); 1927
- introduced first re-treadable aircraft tire; opened era of
lower cost operation (still vital part of aviation industry);
1928 - introduced
Goodyear Airwheel, first low pressure aviation tire, virtually
eliminated need for wheel (mounted directly to hub);
1939 - The
Goodyear Aircraft Company incorporated; entered other areas of
aeronautics (wheels, brakes, fuselages, other critical
components for military aircraft); developed first successful
autopilot for helicopters (Korean War); produced successful
Corsair aircraft; 2009
- world's largest supplier of aviation tires for commercial,
military, general aviation aircraft.
June 28, 1909
- First French air show, Concours d'Avation, opened.
July 30, 1909
- Wright Brothers delivered first military plane to army.
October 2, 1909
- Orville Wright set altitude record, flew at 1,600 feet.
November 24, 1909
- Wright brothers formed corporation for commercial
manufacture of their airplanes (already manufactured, sold
planes, arranged flying exhibitions, engaged in patent suits
against Glenn Curtiss, others).
January 10-20, 1910
- Los Angeles International Air Meet held at Dominguez Field in
Southern California (followed Reims International Air Meet of
1909 in France); first International Air Meet held in the United
States; estimated 226,000 spectators; gate receipts equaled over
$137,500; considered phenomenal success, helped to alleviate
perceived economic drought in Los Angeles area; launched
aviation industry on West Coast; marked beginning of long
lasting, lucrative relationship between aerospace industry and
March 28, 1910
- First seaplane, designed by Frenchman Henri Fabre, took
off from Martigues near Marseilles, France.
August 31, 1910
- Glenn Hammond Curtiss made first U.S. airplane flight over
water in biplane over Lake Erie from Euclid Beach Park,
Cleveland, OH, to Cedar Point, Sandusky, OH, at altitude between
400 and 500 feet for 78 minutes nonstop over distance of 70
November 14, 1910
- Eugene Fly, civilian pilot for Curtiss Aviation Company, made
first plane flight from a ship, bow of scout cruiser
Birmingham, anchored at Hampton Roads Yacht Clubhouse at
Willoughby Spit; runway was 83 feet long, five degree slope
(plane itself was 57 feet long, available runway for takeoff was
only 26 feet); January 18, 1911 - made first
landing on a ship; brought 50-hp Curtiss pusher biplane in for
safe landing on 119-ft wooden platform attached to deck of
U.S.S. Pennsylvania in San Francisco Harbor; landing gear
provided with hooks adapted to catch ropes secured by sandbags
stretched across landing platform.
1911 - William S. Bickell and Charles F.
Pearce established Standard Machine Works, small automotive
engine repair shop, in Winnipeg, MB (Canada); expanded
repertoire of services, repair and overhaul of engines for
general aviation, military aircraft; grew into one of world’s
largest independent providers of aviation maintenance, repair,
overhaul services (engine and airframe repair, overhaul, engine
component repair, engineering services, interior completions and
paint in business, general aviation, airline, military, energy,
VIP completions markets); 2011
- over 3,700 employees, customers from over 80 different
January 26, 1911
- Glenn Curtiss piloted first successful hydroplane in San
November 5, 1911
- Calbraith P. Rodgers completed first transcontinental airplane
trip; took 49 days, flew from New York City to Pasadena, CA.
1912 - Allan and
Malcolm Loughead formed Alco Hydro-Aeroplane Company in San
Francisco, CA; June 15, 1913 - flew first
aircraft, Model G wood and fabric seaplane, over San Francisco
Bay; 1916 - established the Loughead Aircraft
Manufacturing Company in Santa Barbara, CA; March 29, 1918
- F-1 Flying Boat made first flight (John K. "Jack" Northrop
designed, helped build hull and wings); April 12, 1918
- made first military sale to U. S. Navy (Curtiss HS-2L flying
boats); 1921 - went into liquidation (Navy
aircraft orders dried up after end of WW I); December 13,
1926 - Lockheed brothers (last name spelled phonetically
to avoid being pronounced as 'log-head'), group of investors
formed Lockheed Aircraft Company (51% owned by Fred E. Keeler);
1929 - acquired by Detroit Aircraft Corporation
(including Keeler's stock); 1931 - went into
receivership; 1932 - investors led by Robert Gross
bailed company out, acquired Lockheed's assets for $40,000;
formed new Lockheed Aircraft Corporation (Lloyd C. Stearman as
president, Allan Lockheed as consultant); February 23,
1934 - twin-engine, all-metal, Model 10 Electra, with
retractable landing gear, twin fins and rudders, first to be
pressurized, made first flight; helped establish company's line
of commercial passenger aircraft; January 1943 -
first flight of 40-pasenger airliner, L-049 Constellation
(largest, fastest cargo transport to serve in WW II); 1954
- first flight of Lockheed C-130 Hercules transport aircraft
(longest running military airlifter program in world);
1955 - first flight of top secret U-2 reconnaissance
aircraft; 1956 - developed Polaris fleet ballistic
missile for U. S. Navy; 1958 - F-104 Starfighter
became first plane to hold both altitude, speed records at same
time; introduced first FAA-approved flight data recorder;
1960 - launched Polaris, first ballistic missile to be
fired from submerged submarine (to target 1,000 nautical miles
away); 1988 - U.S. Airforce disclosed existence of
F-117A Stealth Fighter, developed by Lockheed for more than a
decade; 1990 - Lockheed-built Hubble Space
Telescope deployed; March 15, 1995 - Lockheed
Corporation, Martin Marietta Corporation merger completed; one
of largest aerospace, defense and technology companies in the
world; July 3, 1997 - announced $11.18 billion
acquisition of Northrop Grumman Corp.
March 1, 1912
- Capt. Albert Berry made first parachute descent from powered
airplane in America; jumped from a Benoist aircraft at height of
1,500 ft. over Jefferson Barracks in St. Louis, MO; used
static line parachute.
May 13, 1913
- Igor Sikorsky of Russia built, flew first four-engine
November 18, 1913
- Lincoln Beachey piloted first airplane in U.S. to perform
loop-the-loop over North Island, San Diego, CA; loop at
height of 300 feet; November 28, 1913 - performed
July 7, 1914
- Dr. Robert Hutchins Goddard, of Worcester, MA, received a
patent for a "Rocket- Apparatus" ("adapted to transport
photographic or other recording instruments to extreme
heights"); liquid-fueled rocket design; July 14, 1914
- received a second patent for a "Rocket Apparatus"; July
18, 1916 - received a third patent for a "Rocket
Apparatus"; August 15, 1916 - received
a fourth patent for a "Rocket Apparatus" ("...of the magazine
type"); December 5, 1916 - received fifth patent
for a "Rocket Apparatus" ("...of the magazine type").
October 12, 1915
- Glenn Curtiss, of Hammondsport, NY, received a patent for
a "Heavier-than-Air Flying Machine"; seaplane; 1916
- Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company went public
(largest aircraft manufacturer in world during World War I);
1919 - Wright Aeronautical incorporated to design,
manufacture aero engines; July 5, 1929 - Curtiss-Wright Corporation formed
from merger of 12 Wright and Curtiss affiliated companies.
July 15, 1916
- William Boeing incorporated Pacific Aero Products Co. for
$100,000, May 9, 1917 - name changed to Boeing
Airplane Co.; May 3, 1922 - William Boeing named
Boeing Airplane Co. chairman; May 15, 1930 - Ellen
Church, registered nurse, joined crew of Boeing Model 80A (first
female flight attendant); November 29, 1951 -
first Boeing B-52 bomber secretly rolled out at Seattle plant;
January 27, 1970 - Boeing 747 made first
commercial flight (New York to London for Pan American);
December 1980 - 500th Boeing 747 rolled out at Everett,
WA; April 10, 1990 - 6,000th Boeing jetliner,
delivered to Britannia Airways; April 30, 1991 -
rolled out of Renton, WA plant, ended 35-year-old production
line; August 7, 1993 - NASA selected Boeing as
prime contractor for International Space Station; December
6, 1996 - merged with Rockwell aerospace, defense units;
renamed Boeing North American (operated as subsidiary);
August 1, 1997 - Boeing, North American component,
merged with McDonnell Douglas Corp.; January 13, 2000
- acquired Hughes Electronics Corp. space, communications
business for $3.75 billion; October 28, 2004 -
1,050th, final, 757 rolled off production line, completion of
commercial airplane program; February 13, 2006 -
5,000th 737 came off production line, most-produced large
commercial jet airplane in aviation history; December 31,
2006 - new Boeing record for total commercial
orders in single year (1,044 net); surpassed 2005 record
(1,002); previous 1988 record (877).
- Chance Vought, Birdseye Lewis formed The Lewis & Vought Corp.;
1922 - Lewis retired, company renamed Chance
Vought Corp.; 1929: - became division of United
Aircraft; 1939 - merged Vought with Sikorsky,
formed Vought-Sikorsky Division of United Aircraft; 1954
- re-incorporated as Chance Vought Aircraft Inc.; 1961
- merged with Ling-Temco Electronics, formed Ling-Temco Vought;
1992 - LTV declared bankruptcy, aircraft business
acquired by Carlyle Group and Northrop; aircraft division
renamed Vought Aircraft; 1994 - Northrop Grumman
acquired Carlyles's share of Vought; operates as division of
June 15, 1919
- Capt. John Alcock (pilot), Lt. Arthur W. Browne (navigator)
successfully completed first, non-stop, transatlantic, airplane
flight in Vickers Vimy from Newfoundland to Clifden, Ireland in
16 hours 12 minutes; won prize offered by London Daily Mail.
July 22, 1920
- Donald W. Douglas, David R. Davis formed Davis Douglas
Co. near Santa Monica, CA; July 1921 - Donald W.
Douglas incorporated The Douglas Co.; April 1922 -
awarded first production contract for DT-2s for Navy;
February 16, 1925 - awarded largest contract to date for
75 observation aircraft by War Department; November 20,
1928 - Douglas Aircraft Co. Inc. organized; July
1, 1933 - first Douglas airliner, DC-1, made first
flight; May 11, 1934 - DC-2, larger version of the
DC-1, made first flight; April 28, 1967 -
McDonnell and Douglas companies merged, formed McDonnell
Douglas; August 29, 1970 - Douglas
first "jumbo jet" from Douglas, made first flight;
September 15, 1982 - Douglas Aircraft division of
McDonnell Douglas delivered 2,000th jet airliner, DC-10 built
for United Airlines; February 10, 1993 - 10,000th
jet manufactured in St. Louis, McDonnell Douglas
for U.S. Navy, delivered; September 26, 1994 -
Harry C. Stonecipher
named president, CEO of McDonnell Douglas, first time in
company's history that CEO has not been member of Douglas
or McDonnell families.
August 17, 1920
- Paul Yeso, of Dodgeville, MI, received a patent for a
April 26, 1921
- Auguste C. E. Rateau, of Paris, FR, received a patent
"Pertaining to Internal-Combustion Aircraft-Motors"; aircraft
June 16, 1922
- Henry A. Berliner demonstrated first helicopter prototype
(war-surplus Nieuport 23 fighter with tilting tail rotor,
short-span upper wing with 14-ft helicopter blades at tips) for
representatives of U.S. Bureau of Aeronautics in College Park,
October 14, 1922
- Lieutenant Lester James Maitland broke 200-mile-per-hour
airplane speed barrier with 216.1 mph in Curtiss pursuit plane.
November 28, 1922
- First skywriting in U.S., an advertisement, demonstrated
over Times Square, New York City, by Capt. Cyril Turner of
Royal Air Force; flew at altitude of 10,000 feet, wrote
letters in white smoke a half-mile high formed by oil,
controlled by levers, dropped on plane's hot exhaust pipe;
letters spelled Hello, U.S.A. Call Vanderbilt 7200,
attempt by Major Jack Savage to sell advertising idea to
skeptical George W. Hill, head of American Tobacco Co.
Savage had invited Hill to the Vanderbilt Hotel; 47,000
telephone calls in less than 3 hours - convinced Hill.
October 10, 1923
- Shenandoah ("daughter of the stars"), first American-build
rigid dirigible, christened in Lakehurst, NJ; first of
Zeppelin type to use helium gas; 680 feet long, weighed 36 tons,
bore 55 tons, carried enough fuel to cruise 5,000 miles at
average speed of 65 mph; September 3, 1925 -
Commander Zachery Lansdowne died with 14 members of crew when
airship was struck, destroyed in violent thunderstorm over
Caldwell, OH; 29 of crew survived.
- Walter Beech and Clyde Cessna co-founded Travel Air
Manufacturing Company; became world's largest producer of both
monoplane and biplane commercial aircraft; established more than
200 performance records; 1929 - merged with
Curtiss-Wright Airplane Company; Walter Beech became President
of new Aircraft Division.
March 1, 1925
T. Claude Ryan, former U.S. Air Service pilot, started Los
Angeles San Diego Air Line; $14.50 one way, $22.50 round trip;
claimed to be first airline in United States to operate all year
on regular schedule; April 19, 1925 - half
interest in Ryan's operations (airline, aviation school, charter
and sightseeing business) acquired by Benjamin Franklin Mahoney
for $7,500; renamed Ryan Airlines; September 1926
- Los Angeles San Diego Air Line due to decline in traffic;
perfect safety record; November 23, 1926 -
partnership terminated; Mahoney bought out Ryan for $25,000 and
an M-2, continued to use Ryan Airlines name (discontinued July
September 1, 1925
- Adolph Monsen, of Logansport, IN, received a patent for a
March 16, 1926
- Dr. Robert H. Goddard successfully launched world's
first liquid-fueled rocket, at Auburn, MA.
November 12, 1926
- First recorded airplane bombing took place in Williamson
County, IL during feud between rival beer and liquor factions,
Sheltons and Birgers.
September 7, 1927
- Clyde Cessna, Victor Roos founded Cessna Aircraft Company on
west side of Wichita, KS; 1931 - board of
directors voted to oust Cessna, close factory; created C.V.
Cessna Aircraft Co., specialized in building diminutive, custom
racing airplanes; 1934 - Dwane Wallace (nephew),
aeronautical engineer, and Dwight Wallace (brother), gained
control of defunct Cessna Aircraft Company; introduced Cessna
- James S. McDonnell organized J.S. McDonnell & Associates to
for Guggenheim safe airplane competition; November 15,
1929 - made first flight; March 1933 -
joined Glenn L. Martin Co., Baltimore, MD, as chief
project engineer for land planes;
July 6, 1939
- founded McDonnell Aircraft Co. in St. Louis, MO; 1946
- produced U.S. Navy's first carrier based jet fighter.
October 15, 1928
- Airship LZ127 Graf Zeppelin (775 feet long, 100 feet high,
cruising speed of 73 mph, christened on July 8, 1928), landed at
Naval Air Station Lakehurst (Lakehurst, NJ) after its first
transatlantic crossing from Germany; success of Graf Zeppelin
overshadowed by Hindenburg disaster in 1937.
1929 - Curtiss,
Wright companies merged; formed Curtiss Wright Corporation.
June 29, 1929
- National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics completed first
high-speed jet wind tunnel at Langley Field, CA; field
laboratory permitted testing of aerofoils; arranged wind speed
of about 600-mph (tunnel deactivated).
September 24, 1929
- First all-instrument flight took place over Mitchell Field in
New York ; U.S. Army Lieutenant James H. Doolittle guided
Consolidated N-Y-2 Biplane.
January 2, 1930
- Leroy R. Grumman, Leon A. Swirbul, William T. Schwendler
(formerly of Loening Aircraft Engineering Corporation), E. Clint
Towl, Ed Poor established Grumman Aircraft Engineering
Corporation in small abandoned auto garage in Baldwin, Long
Island; made floats for Vought scout aircraft used on
Battleships; 1994 - merged with Northrop
October 5, 1930
- Laura Ingalls was first woman to make transcontinental
airplane flight (nine stops, four days, 30 hours 27 minutes of
flying time) in D.H. Gipsy Moth bi-plane from Roosevelt Field,
NY to Grand Central Air Terminal, Glendale, CA.
December 19, 1930
- First autogyro pilot to carry a passenger was Amelia Earhart
at Pitcairn Field, Willow Grove, PA; flew a PCA-2 Pitcairn
Autogyro, made several trips with various passengers until dark.
March 28, 1931 -
Boeing Air Transport, National Air Transport, Varney Airlines
Pacific Air Transport combined as United Air Lines, provided
coast-to-coast passenger service, mail service (27 hours to fly
route, one way).
May 27, 1931
- First U.S. full scale wind tunnel for testing airplanes opened
in Langley Field Research Center, VA; 30-ft high by 60-ft wide
tunnel, flying characteristics of full-size airplanes tested in
air speeds up to 115-mph; October 1995 - NASA
June 9, 1931
- Robert H. Goddard, of Worcester, MA, received a patent for
"Propulsion of Aircraft"; rocket-fueled aircraft design;
designed to utilize energy of gas blast of rocket without
dissipation to obtain maximum propulsive effect by driving one
or more turbine elements, which in turn could turn propellers
for driving plane in usual manner at low altitudes.
June 23, 1931
- Aviators Wiley Post, Harold Gatty took off from New York on
first round-the-world flight in single-engine plane.
October 5, 1931
- Clyde Pangborn, Hugh Herndon completed first nonstop flight
across Pacific Ocean in 14 hours (Japan to Washington state).
- Walter and Olive Ann Beech, and engineer Ted Wells,
founded Beech Aircraft Company in Wichita. KS; November
1932 - first product, negative-stagger biplane
(designated Model 17R Stagger Wing Biplane), made test flight;
sleek, comfortable, fast (capable of more than 200 mph); paragon
of business airplanes in early 1930s; 1945
-produced more than 7,000 airplanes for Allied war effort; twin
Beech AT-71C-45 trained more than 90 percent of U.S. Army Air
Forces navigator/bombardier's, 50 percent of multi-engine
pilots; 1947 - introduced new line of light
aircraft (modern, all-metal Model 35 "V" Tailed Bonanza);
February 1980 - merged with Raytheon Company, Olive Ann
elected to Board of Directors of Raytheon.
January 1932 -
John K. "Jack" Northrop, skilled and innovative designer,
partnered with Donald Douglas (51% of stock), formed
Northrop Corporation in El Segundo, CA; September 1, 1937
- Douglas Aircraft Co. acquired remaining 49% shares of Northrop
Corp. subsidiary, began operating facility in August 1938
as Douglas El Segundo (Calif.) Division; January 1,
1938 - Northrop resigned; August 1939 -
formed Northrop Aircraft Incorporated in Hawthorne, CA with
money he received when Douglas bought him out; 1940
- built first aircraft, N-3PB patrol bomber, for Norwegian Air
Force; won $17 million contract to co-produce "Vengeance" dive
bomber for Great Britain; U.S. Army ordered more than 700
P-61 "Black Widow" radar-equipped night fighters; by end of war,
company had completed 1,088 aircraft; November 1941
- Army awarded contracts for four engine-powered XB-35
flying-wing bomber (did not fly until 1946); January 11,
1949 - $88 million B-49 contract canceled; 1959 -
changed name to Northrop Corporation; 1972 -
company accused of paying $30 million in bribes to government
officials in Indonesia, Iran, Saudi Arabia in effort to increase
business; July 17, 1989 - first flight of B-2
stealth bomber; April 1994 - acquired Grumman
Aircraft for $2.17 billion, renamed Northrop Grumman.
July 22, 1933
- Wiley Post completed first round-the-world solo flight (15,596
miles) in single-engine Lockheed Vega 5B aircraft "Winnie Mae,"
in 7 days 18hr 49minutes; invented first pressurized suit to
wear when he flew around the world.
November 22, 1935
- Flying boat, The China Clipper, left San Francisco on first
transpacific air-mail flight.
January 19, 1937
- Millionaire Howard Hughes set transcontinental air record;
flew monoplane from Los Angeles, CA to Newark, NJ in 7 hours, 28
minutes and 25 seconds.
February 20, 1937
- First successful automobile-airplane combination completed,
ready for testing; built by Westerman Arrowplane Corporation of
Santa Monica, CA, dubbed Arrowbile, claimed top air-speed of 120
mph, 70 mph on highway.
October 9, 1938
- Bell Labs first publicly demonstrated radio altimeter, gave
pilots height of an aircraft above local terrain by bouncing
radio signals off the ground to give a reliable altitude
reading; changed aviation forever.
July 6, 1939
- James S. McDonnell founded McDonnell Aircraft Co. in St.
Louis, MO; 1946 - produced U.S. Navy's first
carrier based jet fighter.
August 27, 1939
- Captain Erich Warshitz flew first jet-powered plane for seven
minutes; invented by Sir Frank Whittle and Hans J.P. von Ohain.
September 14, 1939
- Igor Sikorsky made first vertical liftoff
Vought-Sikorsky VS-300; May 6, 1941 - established
world helicopter endurance record of 1 hour, 32 minutes, 26
seconds in VS-300;
used three-bladed main propeller 28-feet in diameter, stayed in
air for 65 minutes and 14.5 seconds.
May 15, 1940
- First successful helicopter flight in US: Vought-Sikorsky
May 15, 1941
- Jet-propelled Gloster-Whittle E 28/39 aircraft flew
successfully over Cranwell, England, in first test of Allied
aircraft using jet propulsion; turbojet engine devised by Frank
Whittle, English aviation engineer, pilot generally
regarded as father of jet engine.
May 20, 1940
- Inventor Igor Sikorsky demonstrated helicopter invention
January 13, 1943
- First use of ejection seat to save pilot. Schenk, German test
pilot, required its use when his He 280 refused to separate from
tow aircraft due to icing of cable release mechanism.
May 4, 1943
- Igor Sikorsky, of Trumbull, CT, received patent for
"Helicopter and Controls Therefor" ("improved control for a
November 29, 1945
- A Sikorsky R5 helicopter (second helicopter designed by
Igor Sikorsky formilitary) performed first rescue from a sinking
civilian vessel off coast at Fairfield, CT in Long Island Sound;
first use of rescue winch.
February 16, 1946
- Four-seat, single rotor Sikorsky S51, first commercial
helicopter, flew for first time; first Sikorsky helicopter to be
licensed by the U.S. Civil Aviation Administration for
commercial operations; could carry 3 passengers over 250 miles
at speed of 100 miles per hour.
May 1, 1947 -
Radar for commercial, private planes first demonstrated at
Culver City, CA on TWA airplane; bright red panel light, horn in
cockpit warned pilot if plane was not at safe distance from
obstacles to flight; developed by Howard Robard Hughes, team of
electronic engineers at Hughes Aircraft Corp.
September 22, 1947
- First automatic-pilot flight over Atlantic Ocean.
October 14, 1947
- Air Force test pilot Charles E. Yeager became first person to
break sound barrier; flew experimental Bell X One rocket plane
(nicknamed "Glamorous Glennis") over Rogers Dry Lake ( Edwards
Air Force Base) in Southern California; X-1 lifted to
altitude of 25,000 feet by B-29 aircraft; released through bomb
bay, rocketed to 40,000 feet, exceeded 662 miles per hour (sound
barrier at that altitude).
November 2, 1947
- Howard Hughes piloted his huge wooden airplane, Spruce Goose
(laminated birch and spruce, originally conceived by
industrialist Henry Kaiser, commissioned by U. S. government),
on its only (unannounced) flight ,70 feet above water, for a
mile, for about a minute over Long Beach Harbor in California
to prove its airworthiness to Congress; wingspan of 320 feet,
powered by eight giant propeller engine, cost $23 million,
designed to carry more than 700 men to battle, completed in
July 16, 1948
- World's first production turbine-propellor aircraft,
Vickers Viscount, made maiden flight; still Britain's most
successful commercial transport aircraft (444 aircraft built);
formed basis for many airlines until replaced by pure jet
February 2, 1949
- Airplane Lucky Lady II, B-50 bomber, landed in Texas,
completed first non-stop flight around the world; refueled four
times in mid-air during 23,452-mile flight (lasted 94 hours).
February 24, 1949
- Two-stage rocket launched from White Sands Proving
Grounds, NM; first to reach outer space.
July 27, 1949
- British De Havilland Comet, world's first jet-propelled
airliner, made maiden flight in England; commercial aircraft
designed for high cruise speed at high ceilings.
July 15, 1954
- First commercial jet transport airplane built in US,
Boeing 707, tested in Renton, WA.
August 4, 1954
- Britain's first supersonic fighter plane, P-1 English Electric
Lightning, made maiden flight.
January 16, 1957
- Three B-52's took off from Castle Air Force Base in California
on first nonstop, round-the-world flight by jet planes; trip
lasted 45 hours and 19 minutes.
January 31, 1958
- United States entered space age by launching first successful
orbiting satellite, Explorer-I, four months after Soviet launch
of Sputnik; measured cosmic radiation, led to discovery of Van
Allen radiation belt; data transmitted to ground by 60-milliwatt
transmitter operating on 108.03 MHz and 10-milliwatt transmitter
operating on 108.00 MHz; Explorer-I was 80-inch long, diameter-6
inch, weighed 31 pounds with 18 pounds of payload, delivered
into orbit using Jupiter-C rocket; orbit period of 114.9
July 29, 1958
- President Eisenhower signed law setting up The National
Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA); October 1,
1958 - began operation; shocked response to Soviet
Union’s launch of Sputnik, world’s first artificial satellite;
October 11, 1958 - Pioneer I, first NASA launch
from Cape Canaveral, FL; May 25, 1961 - President
John F. Kennedy, in "Urgent National Needs" speech, committed
United States and NASA to landing on Moon by end of decade;
July 16-24, 1969 - Apollo 11, first lunar landing
mission with astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, Edwin E. Aldrin,
Michael Collins; Armstrong, Aldrin walked on Moon;
July 15-24, 1975
- Apollo-Soyuz Test Project first joint international human
space flight effort; June 18-24, 1983 - Sally K.
Ride flew on STS-7 mission, became first American woman to fly
in space; January 28, 1986 - Space Shuttle
Challenger destroyed by explosion 73 seconds into flight; seven
crew members lost; February 1, 2003 - Space
Shuttle Columbia broke up in atmosphere 15 minutes before
scheduled landing after 16-day mission; all crew members lost;
July 26, 2005 - Space Shuttle Discovery launched
successfully into orbit, NASA’s first return to human
spaceflight after Columbia tragedy.
May 14, 1963
- Elmer G. Johnson, of Fairborn, OH, received a patent for a
"Solar Powered Vehicle" ("lift sustained flying vehicle
consisting primarily of an airplane-propulsive unit and control
system having its power derived through the conversion of solar
radiation"); solar airplane.
June 11, 1963
- Maxine A. Faget and Andre J. Meyer, Jr., of Newport News, VA,
Robert G. Chilton, of Seaford, VA, Willard S. Blanchard, Jr. and
Alan B. Kehlet, of Hampton, VA, Jerome B. Hammack and Caldwell
C. Johnson, Jr., of Newport News, VA, received a patent for a
"Space Capsule" ("manned capsule configuration capable of being
launched into orbital flight and returned to the Earth's
surface"); Mercury space capsule; assigned to United States of
America as represented by the Administrator of National
Aeronautics and Space Administration.
September 22, 1967
- North American Aviation merged with Rockwell Standard Corp.,
became North American Rockwell Corp.; 1971 -
invested $35 million in Collins Radio Co., reorganized into four
main market areas: aerospace, automotive, electronics,
industrial products; February 1973 - renamed
Rockwell International, Collins Radio merged into it;
April 12, 1981 - Rockwell-built
Columbia is the first
to fly into orbit; January 28, 1986 -
Rockwell-built Space Shuttle
seven-member crew lost 73 seconds after launch, when
booster failure caused it to break up; May 4, 1989
- Rockwell-built Space Shuttle
Atlantis launched spacecraft
Magellan to Venus; July 13, 1995 -
Rockwell-built Space Shuttle
Discovery lifted off from Cape Canaveral, FL;
December 6, 1996 - Rockwell aerospace and defense units
merged with Boeing; renamed Boeing North American, operated as
December 11, 1967
- Concorde, joint British-French venture, world’s first
supersonic airliner, unveiled in Toulouse, France.
January 9, 1969
- Supersonic Concorde jetliner made first test flight at
February 9, 1969
- World's largest airplane, Boeing 747-100
made first flight;
January 21, 1970
- made first commercial flight from New York to London for Pan
American; cabin almost twice as wide as 707, length of 231
feet; ability to carry more than 400 passengers more than 5,500
miles, 747 opened up economic long-distance travel to the
March 2, 1969
- French-built Concorde SST Supersonic jet aircraft made maiden
October 1, 1969
- Prototype French-built Concorde broke sound barrier for first
time; March 2, 1969 - inaugural flight of only
supersonic passenger aircraft, in Toulouse, France;
January 21, 1976 - first commercial flight; first plane
in world to be entirely controlled by computer.
January 9, 1972
- Reclusive billionaire Howard Hughes, speaking by telephone
from the Bahamas to reporters in Hollywood, said purported
authorized biography of him by Clifford Irving was fake.
March 8, 1972
- Goodyear blimp first flown.
January 21, 1976
- Supersonic Concorde, developed in joint venture between
French and English, put into service; flew at 1,350 mph, well
over speed of sound, cut air travel time by more than half.
April 29, 1977
- British Aerospace formed as nationalized corporation by merger
of British Aircraft Corporation, Hawker Siddeley Aviation,
Hawker Siddeley Dynamics, Scottish Aviation; January 1981
- British Aerospace formed as public limited company (PLC),
acquired assets, business of nationalized corporation;
November 1999 - British Aerospace, Marconi Electronic
Systems merged; called BAE SYSTEMS.
October 19, 1977
- Supersonic Concorde made first landing in New York City.
November 20, 1980
- Steve Ptacek, in Solar Challenger, piloted its first
solar-powered flight (designed, built by AeroVironment, Inc.;
46.5-ft wingspan, huge horizontal stabilizer, wing area for
16,128 solar cells; July 7, 1981 - Ptacek flew
across English Channel.
August 25, 1982
- Bendix Corporation announced $1.5 billion unsolicited
takeover bid for Martin Marietta Corporation. MMC retaliated
with "PacMan defense": made $1.6 billion offer to buy Bendix,
major supplier of auto parts, electronic equipment, machine
tools; ultimately, Allied Corp. bought Bendix, exchanged stock
with Martin Marietta (retained its independence, strapped with
$900 million in debt).
December 14, 1986
- Voyager, experimental aircraft piloted by Dick Rutan and Jeana
Yeager, took off from Edwards Air Force Base in California on
first non-stop, non-refueled flight around world; took nine days
(216 hours) for the 25,000 mile flight, at average speed of
115.8 mph; nearly double previous distance record set in 1962 by
USAF Boeing B-52H.
August 30, 1994
- Lockheed, Martin Marietta agreed to merge; created one
of world's largest aerospace/defense companies; subsequently
acquired Loral and Unisys Defense.
December 15, 1996
- Boeing, McDonnell Douglas aircraft manufacturers announced
they would merge to create world's largest aerospace company;
August 1, 1997 - Boeing acquired McDonnell-Douglas in
a deal valued at $16.3 billion.
July 15, 1998 -
The Pentagon stepped up its efforts to block pending $10.7
billion merger between defense contractors Lockheed Martin,
Northrop Grumman on anti-trust charges; July 16, 1998
- Lockheed scrapped multi-billion dollar merger.
December 4, 1998
- Space shuttle "Endeavour", crew of six blasted off on
first mission to begin assembling international space station.
October 24, 2003
- Era of supersonic jet travel came to an end as three British
Airways Concordes landed at London's Heathrow Airport; British
Airways cited rising operating costs, reduced ticket sales;
May 2003 - Air France permanently grounded its jets;
January 1976 - Concorde commercial service began.
January 18, 2005
- World's largest commercial jet, Airbus A380 that can carry
800 passengers, unveiled in Toulouse, France; March 20,
2007 - landed in New York and Los Angeles with Lufthansa
and Qantas testing the airports to see if they can easily handle
a number of the flights landing there every day.
(A.V. Roe), Greig Stewart (1988).
Shutting Down the National Dream: A.V. Roe and the Tragedy of
the Avro Arrow. (Toronto, ON: McGraw-Hill Ryerson, 320
p.). A.V. Roe Canada Limited; Avro Arrow (Turbojet fighter
plane); Aircraft industry--Canada. Winner - Canada's 1988
National Business Book Award.
- Avro Arrow
Arrow Through the Heart: The Life and Times of Crawford Gordon
and the Avro Arrow. (Toronto, ON: McGraw-Hill Ryerson,
216 p.). Gordon, Crawford, 1914-1967; A.V. Roe Canada
Limited--History; Avro Arrow (Turbojet fighter plane); Aircraft
industry--Canada--History; Businessmen--Canada--Biography; Chief
(Alexander Aircraft Company), John A. de Vries
Alexander Eaglerock: A History of Alexander Aircraft Company.
(Colorado Springs, CO: Century One Press, 126 p.). Alexander
(Arado Flugzeugwerke), Jörg Armin Kranzhoff;
[translated from the German by Ray Theriault] (1997).
Arado: History of an Aircraft Company. (Atglen, PA:
Schiffer Pub., 166 p.). Arado Flugzeugwerke--History; Arado
(Auburn Aviation Co.), R. W. Ingalls (1986).
A Scrapbook History of the Auburn Aviation Co., Inc., and the
Auburn Airport at Throopsville, N.Y., 1941-1952. (Auburn,
NY: R.W. Ingalls, 169 p.). Auburn Aviation Co.--History; Auburn
Airport--History; Aeronautics, Commercial--New York (State)--Throopsville--History;
Airports--New York (State)--Throopsville--History.
(Beech Aircraft), William H. McDaniel (1976).
The History of Beech. (Wichita, KS: McCormick-Armstrong
Co. Pub. Division, 480 p.). Beech Aircraft Corporation--History;
Aircraft industry--United States.
- Co-founder Beech Aircraft
Olive Ann Beech
- Co-founder Beech Aircraft
(Boeing), Laurence S. Kuter (1973).
The Great Gamble: The Boeing 747; The Boeing-Pan AM Project To
Develop, Produce, and Introduce the 747. (Tuscaloosa,
AL: University of Alabama Press, 134 p.). Boeing 747 (Jet
William E. Boeing
(Boeing), Harold Mansfield (1986).
Vision: A Saga of the Sky. (New York, NY: Madison Pub.
Associates, 404 p. [2nd ed.]. Boeing Company; Boeing Aircraft
(Boeing), E.E. Bauer; introduction by Wolfgang
Boeing in Peace and War. (Enumclaw, WA: TABA Pub., 374
p. [2nd ed.]). Boeing Company--History; Aircraft
industry--United States--History; Conglomerate
(Boeing), Robert J. Serling (1992).
Legend and Legacy: The Story of Boeing and Its People.
(New York, NY: St. Martin's Press, 480 p.). Boeing
Company--History; Aircraft industry--United States--History;
Conglomerate corporations--United States--History.
(Boeing), Clive Irving (1993).
Wide-Body: The Triumph of the 747. (New York, NY:
Morrow, 384 p.). Boeing 747 (Jet transports)--History.
(Boeing), Eugene Rodgers (1996).
Flying High: The Story of Boeing and the Rise of the Jetliner
(New York, NY: Atlantic Monthly, 502 p.). Boeing Company;
Aircraft industry--United States--History; Aeronautics,
(Boeing), Matthew Lynn (1997).
Birds of Prey: Boeing vs. Airbus: A Battle for the Skies.
(New York, NY: Four Walls Eight Windows, 244 p.). Boeing
Company; Airbus Industrie; Aircraft industry--United States;
Aircraft industry--France; Competition, International.
(Boeing), Robert Redding & Bill Yenne (1997).
Boeing: Planemaker to the World. (San Diego, CA: Thunder
Bay Press, 256 p.). Boeing Company; Boeing airplanes.
(Boeing), Mike Badrocke & Bill Gunston (1998).
Boeing Aircraft Cutaways: The History of Boeing Aircraft Company.
(Oxford, UK: Osprey Aviation, 149 p.). Boeing Aircraft
Company--History; Boeing airplanes--History.
(Boeing), Eugene E. Bauer ; introduction by
Wolfgang Demisch (2000).
Boeing: The First Century. (Enumclaw, WA: TABA Pub., 383
p.). Boeing Company; Aircraft industry--United States--History;
Aeronautics, Commercial--United States--History; Boeing
(Boeing), T.M. Sell (2001).
Wings of Power: Boeing and the Politics of Growth in the
Northwest. (Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press,
162 p.). Professor of Journalism and Political Science (Highline
College, Des Moines, Washington). Boeing Company--History;
Aircraft industry--United States--History; Aircraft
industry--United States--Employees; Aeronautics,
Commercial--United States--History; Seattle Metropolitan Area
(Boeing), Philip K. Lawrence and David W.
Deep Stall: The Turbulent Story of Boeing Commercial Airplanes.
(Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 160 p.). Director of the Aerospace
Research Centre (University of the West of England, Bristol,
UK); Associate Professor in Government and History (Campbell
University, North Carolina). Boeing airplanes--History; Boeing
Aircraft Company--History. Relative decline of Boeing in civil aircraft market in relation to European manufacturer,
Airbus; neglect of strategic value in favor of
(Boeing), Kenny Kemp (2006).
Flight of the Titans: Boeing, Airbus and the Battle for the
Future of Air Travel. (London, UK: Virgin Books, 272
p.). Boeing Dreamliners 200-350; Airbus A380. Boeing
Corporation; Airbus Industrie. Rivalry and risk; Airbus's
launch of largest passenger plane ever to fly;, how it risked
everything vs. Boeing Dreamliners 200-350.
(Boeing), Joe Sutter with Jay Spenser (2006).
747: Creating the World’s First Jumbo Jet and Other Adventures
from a Life in Action. (New York, NY: Smithsonian, 288
p.). Leader of the Boeing Design and Engineering Team that
Created the 747. Sutter, Joseph F.; Aeronautical
engineers--United States--Biography; Boeing 747 (Jet
transports)--Design and construction. Technical, political, corporate forces that clashed over 747 development.
(Boeing), John Newhouse (2007).
Boeing versus Airbus:The
Inside Story of the Greatest International Competition in
Business. (New York, NY: Knopf, 272 p.). Boeing Company;
Airbus Industrie; Aircraft industry--United States; Aircraft
industry--France; Competition, International.
High-stakes rivalry between
world’s two largest aircraft manufacturers; Boeing overtaken by
Airbus in late 1990s, but not for long.
(Boeing), Peter S. Cohan (2008).
You Can't Order Change: Lessons from Jim McNerney's Turnaround
at Boeing. (New York, NY: Portfolio, 229 p.). Peter S.
Cohan & Associates. McNerny, W. James, 1949-; Boeing Company
--Management; Leadership --United States; Corporate culture
--United States; Aircraft industry --United States --Management
--Case studies. Importance of winning hearts, minds with clear
vision of future success. One of Jack Welch's top proteges at
General Electric, finalist to replace retiring Welch as CEO
(lost); story of McNerney's turnaround at Boeing, world's
leading aircraft manufacturer (more than $66 billion in annual
revenue, 161,000 employees); why his consensus-driven style set
him apart; his approach to accountability, growth, cost cutting,
leadership development, customer focus, other universal
(Bombardier), Roger Lacasse (1988).
Joseph-Armand Bombardier: An Inventor's Dream Come True.
(Montreal, QU: Libre Expression, 207 p.). Bombardier,
Joseph-Armand, 1907-1964; Snowmobiles -- Québec (Province) --
History; Inventors -- Québec (Province) -- History.
(Bombardier), Larry MacDonald (2001).
The Bombardier Story: Planes, Trains, and Snowmobiles.
(Toronto, ON: Wiley, 293 p.). Bombardier Inc.--History.
(Boulton & Paul), Gordon Kinsey; foreword by
David Chenery (1992).
Boulton & Paul Aircraft: The History of the Companies at Norwich
and Wolverhampton. (Lavenham, UK: Terence Dalton, 199
p.). Boulton & Paul (Firm); Aircraft Production History; Norfolk
(England); West Midlands (England).
(British Aerospace), Sir Richard Evans and
Colin Price (1999).
Vertical Take-Off: The Inside Story of British Aerospace's
Comeback from Crisis to World Class. (London, UK:
Nicholas Brealey, 214 p.). British Aerospace (Firm)--Management;
Aerospace industries--Great Britain--Case studies; Corporate
turnarounds--Great Britain--Case studies.
(British Aircraft), Charles Gardner (1981).
British Aircraft Corporation: A History. (London, UK:
Batsford, 320 p.). British Aircraft Corporation -- History.
(Canadian Marconi Company), Graham Gibbs
Teaming a Product and a Global Market: A Canadian Marconi
Company Success Story. (Reston, VA: American Institute
of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 254 p.). Canadian Marconi
Company--History; Aircraft supplies industry--Canada--History;
Aeronautical instruments industry--Canada--History;
Avionics--History; Airplanes--Electronic equipment;
(Cessna Aircraft Company), Jeffrey L. Rodengen
The Legend of Cessna. (Ft. Lauderdale, FL: Write Stuff
Enterprises, 255 p.). Cessna Aircraft Company--History; Cessna
(CHC Helicopter Corporation), John Lawrence Reynolds (2008).
One Hell of a Ride: How Craig Dobbin Built the World's Largest
Helicopter Company. (Vancouver, BC: Douglas & McIntyre,
288 p.). Dobbin, Craig, 1935-2006; CHC Helicopter Corporation.
(Consolidated Aircraft), William Wagner
Reuben Fleet: and the Story of Consolidated Aircraft.
(Fallbrook, CA: Aero Publishers, 324 p.). Fleet, Reuben Hollis;
Consolidated Aircraft (Firm); Aeronautics -- United States --
(Curtiss-Wright), Murray Rubenstein & Richard
M. Goldman (1974).
To Join with the Eagles: Curtiss-Wright Aircraft, 1903-1965.
(Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 230 p.). Curtiss-Wright
Corporation; Curtiss-Wright aircraft.
(Curtiss-Wright), Louis R. Eltscher and Edward
M. Young (1998).
Curtiss-Wright: Greatness and Decline. (New York, NY:
Twayne Publishers, 213 p.). Curtiss-Wright Corporation--History;
Aircraft industry--United States--History.
(Curtiss-Wright), Seth Shulman (2002).
Unlocking the Sky: Glenn Hammond Curtiss and the Race to Invent
the Airplane. (New York, NY: HarperCollins, 258 p.).
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond, 1878-1930; Airplanes--History; Air
(Curtiss-Wright), William F. Trimble (2010).
Hero of the Air: Glenn Curtiss and the Birth of Naval Aviation.
(Annapolis, MD, Naval Institute Press, 3o4 p.). Professor of
History (Auburn University). Curtiss, Glenn Hammond, 1878-1930;
United States. Navy --Aviation --History; Air pilots --United
States --Biography; Aeronautical engineers --United States
--Biography. Broader implications of Curtiss-Navy collaboration
in context of longstanding trend of government-private
cooperation in introduction, development of new technologies;
interactive dynamics of weapons procurement, technological change
within large, entrenched bureaucracy; pioneering work of Glenn Curtiss,
role in origins of aviation in U.S. Navy in years up to,
through World War I; 1919 -
collaboration reached climax with first transatlantic flight of
famed Navy-Curtiss NC flying boat.
(Anthony Fokker Group), Anthony H. G. Fokker
and Bruce Gould (1972).
Flying Dutchman; The Life of Anthony Fokker. (New York,
NY: Arno Press, 282 p. [orig. pub. 1931]). Fokker, Anthony H. G.
(Anthony Herman Gerard), 1890-1939. Series: Literature and
history of aviation.
(Fokker), Thijs Postma and translated [from
the Dutch] by Sidney Woods (1980).
Fokker: Aircraft Builders to the World. (New York, NY:
Jane's Publishing Company Limited, 160 p.). Fokker, Anthony H.
G. (Anthony Herman Gerard), 1890-1939; Zentralgesellschaft
(Fokker), Marc Dierikx (1997).
Fokker: A Transatlantic Biography. (Washington, DC:
Smithsonian Institution Press, 250 p.). Fokker, Anthony H. G.
(Anthony Herman Gerard), 1890-1939; Aeronautical
(Fokker), Marc Dierikx (2004). Uit de Lucht
Gegrepen: Fokker als Nederlandse Droom, 1945-1996.
(Amsterdam: Boom, 324 p.). Zentralgesellschaft VFW-Fokker m.b.H.;
(Garrett Corporation), William A. Schoneberger
and Robert R.H. Scholl (1985).
Out of Thin Air: Garrett's First 50 Years. (Los Angeles,
CA: GarrettCorp., 288 p.). Garrett Corporation--History;
Aircraft industry--California--History; Aircraft
(Hawker Siddeley Aviation), Harry Holmes
Avro: The History of an Aircraft Company. (Shrewsbury,
UK: Airlife, 196 p,). Hawker Siddeley Aviation; Avro Whitworth
Division; Avro airplanes -- History; Fighter aircraft Production
(Hiller Aircraft Company), Jay P. Spenser
Vertical Challenge: The Hiller Aircraft Story. (Seattle,
WA: University of Washington Press, 224 p.). Hiller Aircraft
Company--History; Helicopter industry--United States--History.
(Hughes), Albert B. Gerber. (1967).
Bashful Billionaire; The Story of Howard Hughes. (New
York, NY: L. Stuart, 384 p.). Hughes, Howard Robard, 1905-.
(Hughes), Stanton O'Keefe
The Real Howard Hughes Story (New York, NY: American
Affairs Press, 251 p.). Hughes, Howard, 1905-1976; Businessmen
-- United States -- Biography; Motion picture producers and
directors -- United States -- Biography.
(Hughes), Donald L. Barlett and James B. Steele (1979).
Empire: The Life, Legend, and Madness of Howard Hughes.
(New York, NY: Norton, 687 p.). Hughes, Howard, 1905-1976;
(Hughes), Michael Drosnin (1985).
Citizen Hughes: The Power, the Money and the Madness
. (New York, NY:
Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 532 p.). Hughes, Howard, 1905-1976;
Millionaires--United States--Biography; Political
corruption--United States; United States--Politics and
(Hughes), Robert Maheu and
Richard Hack (1992).
Next to Hughes: Behind the Power and Tragic Downfall of Howard
Hughes by His Closest Advisor (New York, NY:
HarperCollins, 289 p.). Maheu, Robert; Hughes, Howard,
1905-1976; Businessmen -- United States -- Biography.
(Hughes), Charles Higham
Howard Hughes: The Secret Life (New York, NY: Putnam,
368 p.). Hughes, Howard, 1905-1976; Businessmen -- United States
-- Biography; Millionaires -- United States -- Biography.
(Hughes), L.A. "Pat" Hyland; edited by W.A. Schoneberger
Call Me Pat: The Autobiography of the Man Howard Hughes Chose to
Lead Hughes Aircraft.
(Virginia Beach, VA: Donning Co., 415 p.).
(Hughes), Peter Harry Brown and Pat H. Broeske
Howard Hughes: The Untold Story. (New York, NY: Dutton,
482 p.). Hughes, Howard, 1905-1976; Celebrities -- United States
-- Biography; Businessmen -- United States -- Biography;
Millionaires -- United States -- Biography.
(Hughes), Richard Hack (2001).
Hughes, the Private Diaries, Memos and Letters: The Definitive
Biography of the First American Billionaire. (Beverly
Hills, CA: New Millennium Press, 468 p.). Hughes, Howard,
1905-1976; Businesspeople--United States--Biography;
(Lear, Inc.), Victor Boesen (1971).
They Said It Couldn’t Be Done: The Incredible Story of Bill Lear.
(Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 204 p.). Lear, William Powell,
(Lear, Inc.), Richard L. Rashke (1985).
Stormy Genius: The Life of Aviation's Maverick Bill Lear.
(Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin, 401 p.). Lear, Bill; Aeronautical
(Lockheed), David Boulton (1978).
The Grease Machine. (New York, NY: Harper & Row,, 289
p.). Lockheed Aircraft Corporation; Corporations -- United
States -- Corrupt practices -- Case studies; Corporations,
American -- Corrupt practices -- Case studies; Commercial crimes
-- Case studies.
and Allan Loughead
(changed to Lockheed)
(Lockheed), Bill Yenne (1987).
Lockheed. (New York, NY: Crescent Books, 255 p.).
Lockheed Aircraft Corporation; Aircraft industry--United States;
Aerospace industries--United States.
(Lockheed), Walter J. Boyne (1998).
Beyond the Horizons: The Lockheed Story. (New York, NY:
Thomas Dunne Books, 542 p.). Lockheed Aircraft
Corporation--History; Aircraft industry--United States--History;
Aerospace industries--United States--History.
(Lockheed Martin), Norman R. Augustine (1998).
Augustine's Travels: A World-Class Leader Looks at Life,
Business, and What It Takes To Succeed at Both. (New
York, NY: AMACOM, 262 p.). Chairman, CEO, Lockheed Martin.
Management; Leadership; Chief executive officers; Success in
(Lockheed Martin), William D. Hartung (2010).
Prophets of War: Lockheed Martin and the Making of the
Military-Industrial Complex. (New York, NY Nation:
Perseus 304 p.). Director of the Arms and Security Initiative
at the New America Foundation. Lockheed Corporation; Lockheed
Martin; Aircraft industry --Corrupt practices;
Military-industrial complex --United States; Defense contracts
--United States. Lockheed Martin received over $25 billion per
year in Pentagon contracts; reached into all areas of U.S. defense, American life; company’s
meteoric growth, how it has shaped U.S. foreign
policy for decades.
(Luscombe Airplane Corporation), John C. Swick
The Luscombe Story: Every Cloud Has a Silvaire Lining: A Story
about the History of the Luscombe Airplanes and of the Designer,
Don Luscombe. (Terre Haute, IN: Sunshine House, 216 p.).
Luscombe Airplane Corporation--History; Luscombe
(Luscombe Airplane Corporation), James B.
Zazas (1993). Visions of Luscombe: The Early Years.
(Terre Haute, IN: SunShine House, 319 P.). Luscombe, Don A., d.
1965; Luscombe Airplane Corporation; Luscombe airplanes.
(Martin Marietta Corporation), Henry Still
To Ride the Wind; A Biography of Glenn L. Martin. (New
York, NY: Messner, 256 p.). Martin, Glenn L. (Glenn Luther),
Glenn L. Martin
(Martin Marietta Corporation), William B.
Harwood (1993). Raise Heaven and Earth: The Story of Martin
Marietta People and Their Pioneering Achievements. (New
York, NY: Simon & Schuster, 656 p.). Martin, Glenn L. (Glenn
Luther), 1886-1955; Martin Marietta Corporation--History;
(Martin Marietta Corporation), Mike Cheatham
"No Man Walks Alone": The Life and Times of Thomas G. Pownall.
(Macon, GA: Mercer University Press, 157 p.). Pownall, Thomas G.
(Thomas Gilmore), 1922- ; Martin Marietta Corporation
Management; Chief executive officers United States Biography;
Military aeronautics equipment industry United States History.
(McDonnell Douglas), Bill Yenne (1985).
McDonnell Douglas: A Tale of Two Giants. (New York, NY:
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(McDonnell Douglas),Bruce McAllister (2010).
DC-3: A Legend in Her Time: A 75th Anniversary Photographic
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Writer, Photographer, Publisher, and Pilot. Douglas DC-3
(Transport plane) --Pictorial works. 1935 - Douglas Co.
introduced 21-passenger airliner; versatile Douglas DC-3
used in numerous situations (Berlin Airlift to Vietnam); has
outlasted every other commercial aircraft in world;
only 607 DC-3's were ever built; became U.S.
Army's C-47; role
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(Northrop), Ted Coleman with Robert Wenkam
Jack Northrop and the Flying Wing: The Story Behind the Stealth
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The Northrop Story, 1929-1939. (New York, NY: Orion
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(Piper Aircraft Corporation), Devon Francis
Mr. Piper and His Cubs. (Ames, IA: Iowa State University
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(Pratt & Whitney Canada), Kenneth H. Sullivan
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Power: The Pratt & Whitney Canada Story. (Toronto, ON:
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(Republic Aviation Corporation), Joshua Stoff
The Thunder Factory: An Illustrated History of the Republic
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Aircraft industry--United States--History; Airplanes,
(Rockwell), Bill Yenne (1989).
Rockwell: The Heritage of North American. (New York, NY:
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History; Rockwell International -- History; Aerospace industries
-- United States -- History; Military aeronautics equipment
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(Rotol), Bruce A. Stait (1990).
Rotol: The History of an Airscrew Company, 1937-1960.
(Stroud, UK: Alan Sutton, 180 p.). Dowty Aerospace Gloucester;
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(Ryan Aeronautical Company), William Wagner,
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Ryan, The Aviator; Being the Adventures & Ventures of Pioneer
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Claude Ryan - Ryan
(Ryan Aeronautical Company), Ev Cassagneres
The Spirit of Ryan. (Blue Ridge Summit, PA: Tab Books,
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(Scottish Aviation Limited), Alan Robertson
Lion Rampant and Winged: A Commemorative History of Scottish
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(Sikorsky), Robert M. Bartlett (1947).
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(Waco Aircraft Company), Raymond H. Brandly
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Waco Aircraft Company--History; Advance Aircraft
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Business History Links
College Park Aviation Museum
Located on the grounds of
the world's oldest continuously operating airport (listed on the
National Register of Historic Places, was established in 1909
when Orville and Wilbur Wright set out to teach the first two
Army officers to fly and became the site of the first Army
Aviation School in 1911); dedicated to telling the story of
flight from the Wright Brothers to the present.
Evergreen Aviation and Space Museum
The museum seeks to inspire
and educate, promote and preserve aviation and space history,
and to honor the patriotic service of our veterans.
Frontiers of Flight Museum
The Museum bridges several
lifetimes starting with the pioneers who realized their earliest
dreams of flying and progressing to the jet and rocket age of
today. The full range of the airliner development is presented
vividly though large-scale cutaway models, airline posters and
Glenn Curtiss Museum
Dedicated to the memory of pioneer aviator, Glenn Curtiss;
museum contains a priceless collection relating to early
aviation and local history.
Hiller Aviation Museum
Seeks to stimulate and engage
communities to discover the past, celebrate the present and
imagine the future of aviation with a focus on unique
technological innovations and innovators.
Museum of Flight
Founded in 1965 and is one
of the largest air and space museums in the world. The Museum's
collection includes more than 150 historically significant air
and spacecraft and is host to the largest aviation and space
library and archives on the west coast. The Museum of Flight
seeks to acquire, preserve and exhibit historically significant
air and space artifacts to provide a foundation for scholarly
research, inspire lifelong learning and promote the
understanding of science, technology and the humanities.