July 9, 1815
- First natural gas well in United States discovered
accidentally during digging of salt brine well near Charleston,
- manufactured gas first used in America to fuel street lamps in
Baltimore; 1841 - William Tompkins used natural
gas there to evaporate brine for salt, became first man in U.S.
to use natural gas for industrial purposes; 1921 -
gunsmith, William Hart drilled first gas well specifically for
natural gas in United States in Fredonia, New York, to 27 feet
to develop seepage seen on banks of Canadaway Creek.
June 4, 1825
- Residence in Fredonia, NY used natural gas for illumination
for first time for reception for General Lafayette; house
brightly lighted by about 30 burners.
- Adolf Messer (20) established family firm,
Adolf Messer GmbH, in Frankfurt am Main, Germany; focused on
welding (acetylene generators), cutting technology;
1903 - invented
first oxyfuel cutting torch;
1908 - began construction of first
separation system, diversified into production of industrial
- produced first electric welding equipment, welding electrodes,
large cutting machines for shipyards;
1952 - Dr. Hans
Messer (son) joined company management;
1953 - opened
American branch office in New York under name American Messer
- merged with parts of Knapsack-Griesheim
AG, formed Messer Griesheim GmbH (Hoechst AG retained two-thirds
of shares); 1988 - Stefan Messer (grandson)
1991 - divested electric arc welding, filler
material business in Europe; 1999 - Messer Cutting & Welding
subsidiary of Messer Griesheim GmbH acquired by Messer Industrie
GmbH, holding company of Messer family (became sole
- Carlyle Group merged Cutting and Welding division with Swiss
company Castolin Eutectic, formed Messer Eutectic Castolin Group
(Messer family held 36% interest);
April 2001 - Hoechst/Aventis shares in
Messer Griesheim acquired by Goldman Sachs and Allianz Capital
Partners; May 2004
- Goldman Sachs, Allianz Capital Partners shares acquired by
Messer family; Messer Group GmbH, Messer Eutectic Castolin
Holding GmbH became owner-managed industrial enterprise; Stefan
- Adolf Messer & Co.
- William Stewart Herron, Okotoks farmer, made first gas
discovery in Alberta (noticed gas bubbling along banks of Sheep
Creek in Turner Valley; had formed Calgary Petroleum Products
Company in 1913 in partnership with Archibald W. Dingman);
discovered Dingman No. 1 well, struck gas; inaugurated Turner
Valley oil era (1913-1946); speculators formed more than 500
companies overnight; interest in field waned over time.
January 1, 1918
- First gasoline pipeline began operation along 40 miles Salt
Creek to Casper, Wyoming.
- Houston Oil Company formed Houston Natural gas Company; 1976 -
sold retail gas operations, focused on natural gas production;
1953 - Houston Natural Gas Production Company
formed; 1984 - $3.7 billion in assets, revenues
above $2 billion; January 1984 - $1.3 billion
hostile takeover initiated by Coastal Corporation (Oscar Wyatt);
hired Ken Lay as CEO;
- merged with InterNorth (Omaha, NE) in $2.4 billion deal;
formed Enron; rose as high as number seven on Fortune 500 list
of U.S. companies;
24, 1998 - Enron
Corporation agreed to acquire British-based Wessex Water, PLC
for $2.2 billion; entered world water utility market; signaled
Enron's first move towards creating a global water subsidiary;
Wessex Water slated to be crowning jewel of new concern,
ffocused on developing water distribution systems, treatment
plants in Asia, Europe, Latin America;
2000 - employed 21,000 people,
revenue of $111 billion; December 2,
2001 - filed for Chapter 11
protection, one of largest corporate bankruptcies in U.S.
May 13, 1949
- Mississippi River Fuel Corp. installed first gas turbine to
pump natural gas at Wilmar, AR.
March 4, 1967
- First North Sea natural gas piped ashore to BP's Easington
terminal on East Riding of Yorkshire coast of England; beginning
of ten year national program of physical conversion of every
appliance in country from coal gas to natural gas; 1962
- first surveys in North Sea; September 1965 -
West Sole field discovered (70 kilometers off Humberside coast,
in approximately 28 meters of water); July 1966 -
drilling of production wells began; within ten years, West Sole
field supplied almost all of Britain’s gas.
August 2008 -
March 15, 2009 - Number of oil and gas rigs
deployed to tap new energy supplies across country dropped to
less than 1,200 from 2,400 in summer 2008; global oil prices,
American natural gas prices have declined by two-thirds since
(American Meter), Alfred Lief (1961).
Metering for America; 125 Years of the Gas Industry and American
Meter Company. (New York, NY: Appleton-Century-Crofts,
154 p.). American Meter Company; Gas industry--United States;
(Ballymena Gas Works), Andrew W. Allen (1991).
A Short History of Ballymena Gas Works: Including Some Notes on
Coal Processing and the Manufacture of Town Gas. (Ballymena
,Ireland: Ballymena Borough Council, 69 p.). Gas manufacture and
works -- Northern Ireland -- Ballymena -- History; Gas companies
-- Northern Ireland -- Ballymena -- History; Ballymena (Northern
Ireland) -- History; Gas energy History Northern Ireland.
(Energen Corporation), Sandra Behel (2002).
Energen Corporation. (Charleston, SC: Arcadia Pub., 128
p.). Energen Corporation--History. October 14, 1852 - John Jeffrey
and Company (Cincinnati, OH), received franchise from City of
Montgomery to provide street lighting using manufactured gas;
today - diversified energy company with two major subsidiaries.
(Gas Light and Coke Company), Stirling Everard
The History of the Gas Light and Coke Company, 1812-1949.
(London, UK: Benn, 428 p.). Gas Light and Coke Company.
(Gazprom), Jonathan P. Stern (2005).
The Future of Russian Gas and Gazprom. (New York, NY:
Oxford University Press, 270 p.). Director of Gas Research at
the Oxford Institute for Energy Studies, Honorary Professor at
the Centre for Energy, Petroleum and Mineral Law and Policy
(University of Dundee). Rossiiskoe aktsionernoe
obshchestvo "Gazprom"; Gas industry--Russia (Federation);
Aardgas; Gasindustrie; Gazprom.
(Indiana Gas Company), Bill Beck (1995).
Natural Gas for the Hoosier State: An Illustrated History of
Indiana Gas Co., Inc., 1945-1995. (Indianapolis, IN:
Indiana Gas Company, 137 p.). Indiana Gas Company.
(Italgas), Valerio Castronovo ... [et al.]
(1987). Dalla Luce All’Energia: Sstoria Dell’Italgas.
(Roma, IT: Laterza, 366 p.). Italgas--History; Gas
(Mapco), Rufus Jarman (1977).
The Energy Merchant (New York, NY: R. Rosen Press, 279
p.). Thomas, Robert E., 1914- ; Mapco -- History; Businessmen --
United States -- Biography.
(North Thames Gas), Malcolm Falkus (1988).
Always Under Pressure: A History of North Thames Gas Since 1949.
(Basingstoke, UK: Macmillan, 224 p.). North Thames Gas --
History; London Gas industries.
(Panhandle Eastern), Christopher J. Castaneda
and Clarance M. Smith (1996).
Gas Pipelines and the Emergence of America's Regulatory State: A
History of Panhandle Eastern Corporation, 1928-1993.
(New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 296 p.). Panhandle
Eastern Corporation--History--20th century; Gas
industry--Government policy--United States--History--20th
century; Natural gas pipelines--United States--History--20th
(Parisian Gas Company), Lenard R. Berlanstein
Big Business and Industrial Conflict in Nineteenth-Century
France: A Social History of the Parisian Gas Company.
(Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 384 p.).
Professor of History (University of Virginia). Compagnie
parisienne de l’e´clairage et du chauffage par le gaz--History;
Gas industry--France--History--19th century; Big
(SONAT), Harvey H. III Jackson (1999).
Henry C. Goodrich: A Life of Business and the Business of Life.
(Montgomery, AL: Black Belt Press, 264 p.). Goodrich, Henry C.;
SONAT, Inc., Gas Transmission. Former Chairman and Chief
Executive Officer (SONAT).
(Texas Eastern), Christopher J. Castaneda and
Joseph A. Pratt (1993).
From Texas to the East: A Strategic History of Texas Eastern
Corporation. (College Station, TX: Texas A&M Press, 296
p.). Texas Eastern Corporation--History; Natural gas
pipelines--United States--History; Gas industry--United
Christopher J. Castaneda (1999).
Invisible Fuel: Manufactured and Natural Gas in America,
1800-2000 (New York, NY: Twayne). Associate Professor of
History (California State University, Sacramento). Gas
industry--United States--History;. Offshore gas industry--United
States--History; Gas companies--United States--History;
Liquefied natural gas industry--United States--History;
Liquefied petroleum gas industry--United States--History; Gas
appliances--United States--History; Gas-lighting--United
Ann Clendinning (2004).
Demons and Domesticity: Women and the English Gas Industry,
1889-1939. (Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 352 p.). Gas
industry -- England -- History; Gas appliances -- England --
Marketing -- History; Gas industry -- England -- Employees --
History; Women -- Employment -- England -- History.
James A. Glass, and David G. Kohrman (2005).
Gas Boom of East Central Indiana. (Charleston, SC:
Arcadia, 128 p.). Historic buildings --Indiana --Pictorial
works; Gas industry --Indiana --History --Pictorial works;
Indiana --History, Local --Pictorial works; Muncie (Ind.)
--History --Pictorial works; Anderson (Ind.) --History
--Pictorial works; Kokomo (Ind.) --History --Pictorial works;
Marion (Ind.) --History --Pictorial works; Indiana --Economic
conditions --Pictorial works.
Natural gas boom era, its legacy in four
county seats of gas belt;
transformed mostly agricultural area into major
industrial center; major cities replaced county seat
towns, villages became boomtowns, factories towered over former
farm land; impact lived on.
Paul W. MacAvoy (2000).
The Natural Gas Market: Sixty Years of Regulation and
Deregulation (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 140
p.). Williams Brothers Professor of Management Studies at Yale
University. Natural gas--Law and legislation--United
States--History; Deregulation--United States--History.
Werner Troesken (1996).
Why Regulate Utilities?: The New Institutional Economics and the
Chicago Gas Industry, 1849-1924. (Ann Arbor, MI:
University of Michigan Press, 132 p.). Assistant Professor of
History and Economics (University of Pittsburgh). Gas
Gas--Law and legislation--United States--History; Antitrust
Eds. David G. Victor, Amy M. Jaffe, and Mark
H. Hayes (2006).
Natural Gas and Geopolitics: From 1970 to 2040. (New
York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 508 p.). Director of the
Program on Energy and Sustainable Development at Stanford
University. Gas industry --Government policy; Energy policy;
Geopolitics. Shift to
gas-fed world; implications of expansion of inter-regional,
cross-border gas transport infrastructures to deliver gas from
world's major reserves to future demand centers; interplay
between economic, political factors in development of natural
David A. Waples (2005).
The Natural Gas Industry in Appalachia: A History from the First
Discovery to the Maturity of the Industry. (Jefferson,
NC: McFarland & Co., 276 p.). Gas industry--Appalachian
Region--History--20th century. Accidental, underestimated by-product of oil rush of 1859.
Trevor I. Williams (1981).
A History of the British Gas Industry. (New York, NY:
Oxford University Press, 304 p.). Gas industry--Great
Business History Links
How Gas Prices Work
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impact of the oil market by the Organization of the Petroleum
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supplies, and related resources. Subjects: Petroleum products --
Kansas Oil & Gas
Leading museum dedicated to
the discovery and development of the oil industry in Kansas;
indoor exhibits on farming, ranching and oil; Texaco Theater and
Kansas Oil and Gas Legacy Gallery.
Oil & Gas Historical Society
June 2003 - Bruce Wells, award-winning oilfield photographer,
established Society; dedicated to preserving the history of U.S.
oil and natural gas exploration and production by providing
advocacy and service for organizations that work to preserve
that history through exhibition, material preservation – and
especially educational programming.