September 8, 1504
- Michelangelo's 13-foot marble statue of David unveiled in
1640 - Tichelaar
family established brick business in Netherlands;
1670 - domestic
pottery replaced bricks as core business;
1890 - concentrated on ornamental
earthenware; 2009 -
Jan Tichelaar, 13th generation, head of Koninklijke (Royal)
Tichelaar Makkum; Netherlands oldest company; last remaining
factory to concentrate on handmade ceramics in traditional
production process; in vanguard of ceramic design; supplies
customized ceramics, in area of research, production in
collaboration with renowned architects, designers.
May 24, 1683
- Ashmolean Museum of Art and Archaeology, Oxford, England,
opened as integrated, three-part institution (collection itself,
chemistry laboratory for experimentation and teaching, rooms for
based on major
scientific resource collection presented to University of Oxford
by British archaeologist Elias Ashmole;
first public museum in England (in which private collection
emerged into public domain); first curator, Dr Robert Plot.
1744 - Samuel Baker, book dealer, founded Sotheby's
auction house; 1778 - upon his death his
estate divided between his nephew, John Sotheby, and his
business partner, George Leigh; 1964 - acquired
Parke-Bernet, largest fine auction house in U. S.; 1983
- acquired by Alfred Taubman.
June 7, 1753
King George II gave royal assent
to Act of Parliament to accept collection of Sir Hans Sloane, a
London-based physician, following his death, to found British
Museum; world's oldest public national museum; will offered the
British nation the collection he built over his lifetime: 71,000
objects, mostly plant and animal specimens, for a sum of £20,000
for his heirs (today would be more than £2,000,000);
January 15, 1759 - museum opened to the public at
December 5, 1766
- James Christie held first sale in London; turned auctioneering
into sophisticated art;
1831 - William
Manson joined firm after death of James Christie II, name
changed to Christie & Manson; 1859 - Thomas Woods
joined firm, created Christie, Manson & wOODS;
May 1998 -
Christie's acquired by Groupe Artemis (French billionaire
Francois Pinault) for $1.2billion.
1793 - Thomas
Dodd, renowned antique print dealer, and Walter Bonham, book
specialist, founded Bonhams, Georgian London auction house;
1850s - expanded to handle all categories of antiques
(jewelry, porcelain, furniture, arms & armor, fine wines);
world’s oldest and largest auctioneer of fine art and antiques
still in British ownership; active in over 70 categories
(spectrum of fine art, antiques, collectibles); conducts over
700 sales a year, more than any of rivals worldwide.
French revolutionary government opened Musée Central des Arts in
Grande Galerie of Louvre, former royal palace, as public museum
in Paris; general public admitted on weekends only; works,
mostly paintings from collections of French royal family,
aristocrats who had fled abroad, were displayed in Salon Carré
and Grande Galerie;
- demolition of Tuileries marked birth of modern Louvre.
1796 - Harry
Phillips, formerly senior clerk to James Christie, founded
Phillips, auction house, in London, UK; 1840 -
William Augustus Phillips (son) inherited business; 1879
- changed name to Messrs Phillips & Son; 1882 -
brought Frederick Neale (son-in-law) into business, changed name
to Phillips, Son & Neale; 1970s - renamed
Phillips; 1999 - acquired by Bernard Arnault,
chairman Louis Vuitton Moet Hennessey (LVMH); merged it Simon de
Pury and Daniela Luxembourg, esteemed private art dealers
operating Impressionist and Modern art gallery, de Pury &
Luxembourg in Zurich; 2002 - de Pury & Luxembourg
acquired majority control.
November 12, 1805
- Zachariah Poulson's "American
Daily Advertiser" reported that Tristram Bampfyide Freeman,
by order of Thomas McKean, Governor of the State of
Pennsylvania, had been appointed to the office of auctioneer in
Philadelphia and set up business at 177 Market Street;
1898 - Company is renamed Samuel T. Freeman & Co.
1846 - Michael
Knoedler, acting on behalf of Goupil & Company, renowned French
firm of engravers, established art gallery in lower Manhattan;
dealings primarily in prints, artist's materials.
1852 - British
government established Museum of Manufacturers in Marlborough
House, St. James; 1899
- Queen Victoria laid foundation stone for new Aston Webb
building; South Kensington Museum renamed Victoria and Albert
Museum; June 26, 1909
- Victoria and Albert Museum opened in new building in London.
1857 - Samuel
Graham, from Kirkandy, Scotland, established "Samuel Graham, 66
Third Avenue, Furniture" in New York City; before
1880 - turned
business over to James (son), added to furniture line ("bronzes,
turkey rugs, portiers, pictures and rare Curiosities"); thought
to be oldest gallery in New York owned by original family
(currently 5th generation); one of only five remaining New York
galleries with roots in 19th century; one of oldest family-run
galleries in United States.
1865 - William Butterfield turned in his
sheriff's badge and six-shooter for an auctioneer gavel; opened
Marble Head Auctioneers, on what is now the site of an icon in
the San Francisco skyline, the Transamerica Pyramid; catered to
thriving Gold-Rush Californians; first offerings consisted
mainly of surplus goods consigned by sailing ships entering the
San Francisco harbor; demand for fine art, furnishings grew;
1914 - Fred R.
Butterfield (son) joined firm; 1935
- Reeder Butterfield (grandson) joined firm; developed European,
Asian markets - acquired consigned goods, attracted collectors;
August 2002 -
acquired by Bonhams, privately-owned British fine art auction
house; renamed Bonhams & Butterfields; third largest auction
house in world.
1869 - Governor of New York, John Thompson
Hoffman, signed bill officially creating the American Museum of
Natural History; April 27, 1871
- The American Museum of Natural History opened to the public in
New York City. Museum began from the efforts of Albert Smith
Bickmore, one-time student of Harvard zoologist Louis Agassiz,
who was successful in his proposal to create a natural history
museum in New York City, with the support of William E. Dodge,
Jr., Theodore Roosevelt, Sr., Joseph Choate, and J. Pierpont
April 13, 1870 -
New York Legislature agreed to
founders' request (George Fiske Comfort, William Cullen Bryant,
Frederic E. Church, John Quincy Adams Ward, and others) to
incorporate The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City,
mandated that it serve an educational mission to the public;
February 20, 1872 - opened at 681 Fifth Avenue; first
president, railroad tycoon John Taylor Johnston; George Palmer
Putnam, founding Superintendent; initial holdings consisted of
Roman stone sarcophagus, 174 mostly European paintings;
1873 - moved to the Douglas Mansion (128 West 14th
Street); 1879 - General Luigi Palma di Cesnola,
former American Counsul to Cyprus, hired as museum's first paid
director; 1880 - moved to current location in
Central Park; 1904 - J.P. Morgan named president
of corporation (upon Cesnola's death); 1905 -
Metropolitan Museum Bulletin first published; 1920s
- $10 million bequest from publisher Frank A. Munsey's secured
Met's position as wealthiest autonomous museum; 1926
- present facade, entrance completed; 1939 -
Francis Henry Taylor named museum's new director; 1967
- Thomas Hoving transformed Met into a business; 1977
- Philippe de Montebello assumed directorship.
Women’s Art Museum Association organized in Cincinnati to bring
an institution as Centennial Exhibition held in Philadelphia to
the region for the benefit of all citizens; 1880 -
Charles W. West donated $150,000 to create the Cincinnati Museum
Association; 1881 - Cincinnati Museum Association
incorporated; May 1886 - permanent art museum
building completed, heralded worldwide as "The Art Palace of the
October 25, 1881
- Leslie L. Curtis, of Cape Elizabeth, ME, received patent for
an "Atomizer for Coloring Pictures"; air brush painting device
for "easy, accurate, and rapid distribution of coloring and
shading upon drawings and paintings."
March 1881 -
Major Henry Lee Higginson revealed plan for Boston
orchestra that would perform "concerts of lighter kind of
music"; October 1881 - conductor Georg Henschel
directed first Boston Symphony Orchestra concert; April
30, 1885 - Boston Pops Orchestra formed as subsidiary;
October 1892 - Higginson purchased parcel of land
to build "New Boston Music Hall"; October 15, 1900
- Boston's Symphony Hall inaugurated with gala led by music
director Wilhelm Gericke (first concert hall designed with
acoustical principles in mind; completed in less than 17 months
for a cost of $771,000); 1930 - Pops adopted own
official conductor, Arthur Fiedler (35), violist from the BSO
July 21, 1897
- Original Tate Gallery, built on site of Millbank Penitentiary
(demolished in 1892) in London, opened; official name was
National Gallery of British Art, became popularly known as Tate
Gallery, after its founder Sir Henry Tate; designed to house
Tate's collection of nineteenth-century British painting and
sculpture, given to the nation, and British paintings
transferred from National Gallery in Trafalgar Square;
responsibilities were specifically for modern British art,
defined as artists born after 1790; 1917 -
gallery made responsible for national collection of
international modern art and British art dating to about 1500;
1955 - became wholly independent from National
Gallery; ne of the nineteen national museums funded by the
Government through the Department of Culture, Media and Sport,
established under the Museums and Galleries Act 1992.
- Henry C. Mercer founded Moravian Pottery and Tile Works in
Doylestown, PA to manufacture hand-worked relief-decorated
ceramic tiles; February 27, 1900 - received a
patent for "Tile and Process of Producing Same" ("relates to
pottery, and more particularly to those mural tiles which have
raised portions or portions in rilievo, and also to the making
thereof"); July 24, 1900 - received a patent for a
"Pottery Article" ("pottery article, such as a mural tile,
composed of a clay base provided with a design having raised and
ground portions, an inner layer of slip arranged over the
design, and an outer layer of slip of a different color from the
inner slip arranged over said inner layer, the outer or second
layer of slip being removed from the raised portions of the
design, so as to expose the inner or first layer of said raised
portions"); July 14, 1903 - received a patent for
"Tile or Other Decorative Device" ("novel process of making
mosaic tiles or decorative devices, and an article, the product
of the process"); June 21, 1904 - received a
patent for a "process of Making Mosaic Tiles" ("for
pavement, mural, and other decoration").
Florian Papp, Hungarian immigrant and cabinetmaker by training,
opened antiques dealership in New York; managed by third
1905 - Frank
L. Fenton, John W. Fenton (brother) founded Fenton Art Glass
Company with $284.86 in old glass factory building in Martins
Ferry, OH; painted decorations on glass blanks made by other
glass manufacturers; January 2, 1907 - produced
glass from own factory in Williamstown, WV (above);
1930s-1940s - produced mixing bowls and tableware;
1952 - milk glass Hobnail became flagship pattern;
1986 - third generation took over; largest
manufacturer of handmade colored glass in the United States.
August 21, 1911
- Leonardo da Vinci's masterpiece, Mona Lisa (portrait of the
wife of wealthy Florentine citizen Francesco del Gioconda,
completed in 1504), stolen from Louvre Museum; December
12, 1913 - Mona Lisa recovered in a hotel room of
Italian waiter Vincenzo Peruggia in Florence; had previously
worked at the Louvre and had participated in the heist with a
group of accomplices dressed as Louvre janitors; convicted in
Italy of the robbery and spent just 14 months in jail.
April 18, 1926-
Martha Graham gave the first performance
with her fledgling dance company; oldest and most celebrated
contemporary dance company in America; 1932 -
bachelor of arts degree in dance
at Bennington College; 1951 - founding member of
the dance division of the
June 14, 1927
- George Washington Carver received a patent for a process of
producing paints and stains.
7, 1929 - The Museum of Modern Art in New York City
- Dame Ninette de Valois founded Royal Ballet; with support of
Lilian Baylis of the Old Vic, installed six permanent dancers
and herself in the newly opened Sadler’s Wells Theatre;
1946 - Sadler’s Wells Ballet transferred to Covent
Garden and recognized as the national ballet.
January 14, 1935 -
Frick Art Reference Library' opened to public in new building;
December 1935 - The
Frick Collection opened to the public (construction began on New
York mansion of Henry Frick, Pittsburgh coke and steel
industrialist, at Seventieth Street and Fifth Avenue, in 1913;
house, all of works of art in it ,together with furnishings
bequeathed in 1919as gallery called The Frick Collection
(endowment of $15,000,000; transformation of Fifth Avenue
residence into museum began in 1931); art of The Frick
Collection includes superb examples of Old Masters, English
eighteenth-century portraits, Dutch seventeenth-century works of
art, Italian Renaissance paintings, Renaissance bronzes, Limoge
enamels, Chinese porcelains, French eighteenth-century
March 24, 1937
- Joint resolution of Congress created the National Gallery of
Art for the people of the United States of America; March
17, 1941 - National Gallery of Art opened in Washington
DC; President Franklin D. Roosevelt accepted the completed
building and the collections on behalf of the people of the
United States of America.
October 21, 1959
- Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum opened in New York City; designed
by Frank Lloyd Wright.
- Arnold (Arne) Glimcher opened Pace Gallery (father's first
name) at 125 Newbury Street in Boston;
1963 - moved gallery to New York City,
opened with Fred Mueller; produced nearly 700 exhibitions,
published nearly 350 exhibition catalogues with contributions by
some of most renowned historians, critics of 20th, 21st
October 20, 1973
- Sydney Opera House opened.
- Anne d'Harnoncourt named director of Philadelphia Museum of
Art; only woman to head museum with annual budget greater than
February 28, 1982
- The J. Paul Getty Museum became most richly endowed museum on
earth when it received $1.2 billion bequest left to it by late
J. Paul Getty; modeled after Villa dei Papiri, Roman villa
uncovered in town of Herculaneum, which was buried by eruption
of Mount Vesuvius in 79 A.D. (completed in 1974); his only
stipulation was that fortune be used "for the diffusion of
artistic and general knowledge"; laws governing trusts, however,
indicate that the museum must spend 4.25 percent of its
endowment three out of every four years in order to retain its
tax-exempt status. In the first year after its endowment, that
figure equaled $54 million; today the amount the museum must
spend three out of four years is more than $200 million.
October 5, 1990
- A jury in Cincinnati acquitted an art gallery and its director
of obscenity charges stemming from an exhibit of sexually
graphic photographs by Robert Mapplethorpe.
April 23, 1996
- Sotheby began 4 day auction of Jackie Onassis possessions;
netted $34.5 million.
February 23, 2009
- 733-piece art collection assembled over 50 years by late
fashion designer Yves Saint Laurent and Pierre Bergé, his lover,
business partner offered in 3-day auction managed by Christie's
auction house (estimated could earn as much as $480-million);
included pieces from Renaissance to Impressionists, African wood
carvings, French enamels, Roman sculpture, two rare bronze Qing
dynasty sculptures (Chinese government has asked for their
return), largest of Picasso's cubist paintings (only one still
in private hands, valued at $48-million), Henri Matisse's Les
coucous, tapis bleu et rose (expected to bring about
$28-million), three canvasses by Piet Mondrian (Dutch painter
whose geometric works inspired Saint Laurent's Mondrian dress in
1965, together valued at $43-million); biggest single-owner art
collection ever put on sale and according to French press.
(Arthur Ackermann & Son), John Ford (1983).
Ackermann, 1783-1983: The Business of Art. (London, UK:
Ackerman, 256 p.). Arthur Ackermann & Son; Art dealers--Great
Britain--Biography; Art publishing--Great Britain--History;
Publishers and publishing--Great Britain--History.
(Barnes Collection), John Anderson (2003).
Art Held Hostage: The Story of the Barnes Collection.
(New York, NY: Norton, 288 p.). Barnes, Albert C. (Albert
Coombs), 1872-1951; Glanton, Richard; Barnes
(J. A. Bauer Pottery Company), Mitch Tuchman
Bauer, Classic American Pottery. (San Francisco, CA:
Chronicle Books, 103 p.). J.A. Bauer Pottery Company -- History;
Pottery -- 20th century -- California -- Los Angeles.
(Boehm Porcelain), Helen F. Boehm with Nancy
Dunnan; foreword by Letitia Baldridge (1985).
With a Little Luck-- An American Odyssey. (New York, NY:
Rawson, 219 p.). Boehm, Helen F.; Entrepreneurship--Biography;
Porcelain industry--United States.
(Bonnin and Morris), Graham Hood (1972).
Bonnin and Morris of Philadelphia; The First American Porcelain
Factory, 1770-1772. (Chapel Hill, NC, Published for
the Institute of Early American History and Culture,
Williamsburg, Va., by the University of North Carolina Press, 78
p.). Bonnin and Morris. British-born Gousse Bonnin, Philadelphian George Anthony Morris.
(British Museum), David M. Wilson (2002).
The British Museum: A History. (London, UK: British
Museum Press, 416 p.). British Museum -- History.
Oldest publicly funded museum in
(Leo Castelli Gallery), Annie Cohen-Solal
Leo and His Circle: The Life of Leo Castelli. (New
York, NY: Knopf, 576 p.). Visiting Arts Professor at Tisch
School of the Arts (New York University). Castelli, Leo;
Castelli, Leo --Friends and associates; Art dealers --United
States --Biography. One man’s power, influence at center of
postwar American art; visionary precedence in every major new
movement from Pop to Conceptual, American contemporary; put young talents on stipend,
sought placement in ideal collection rather than with top
bidder; transformed way business was done, multiplied capital
(cultural and financial) of those he represented; expanded network of satellite galleries;
became unrivaled commercial institution in American art.
(Christie's International Group), H.C.
Marillier (1926). "Christie's" 1766 to 1925. (Boston ,
MA: Houghton Mifflin, 311 p.). Christie, Manson & Woods;
(Christie's International Group), Percy Colson
(1950). A Story of Christie's. (London, UK: S. Low192 P.
Christie, Manson & Woods.
(Christie's International Group), John Herbert
Inside Christie's. (New York, NY: St. Martin's Press,
407 p.). Christie, Manson & Woods.
(Christie's International Group), Arthur
Silver for Sale: Christie's in the Thirties. (Norwich,
UK: Michael Russell, 354 p.). Grimwade, Arthur--Diaries;
Grimwade, Arthur--Knowledge--Silverwork; Christie's
International Group--History--20th century;
(Coalport China Company - founded 1790's
by John Rose), Compton Mackenzie (1951).
The House of Coalport, 1750-1950. (London, UK: Collins,
127 p.). Rose, John, 1772-1841; Coalport China Company (John
Rose and Company) ltd.
(Coalport China Company), Michael Messenger
Coalport, 1795-1926: An Introduction to the History and
Porcelains of John Rose and Company. (Woodbridge, UK:
Antique Collectors' Club, 444 p.). Coalport China Company --
History; Porcelain, English -- England -- Shropshire -- History;
Coalport porcelain -- History; Pottery Production History
(Downtown Gallery), Lindsay Pollock (2006).
The Girl with the Gallery: Edith Gregor Halpert and the Making
of the Modern Art Market. (New York, NY: Public Affairs,
368 p.). Bloomberg News. Halpert, Edith Gregor, 1900-1970;
Downtown Gallery (New York, NY); Art dealers--New York
(State)--New York--Biography. 1926 - one of the first art
galleries in Greenwich Village, laid groundwork for art market's
modern era, its aggressive promotion, sales tactics.
(Duveen Brothers), Meryle Secrest (2004).
Duveen: A Life in Art. (New York, NY: Knopf, 517 p.).
Duveen, Joseph Duveen, Baron, 1869-1939; Art
(Empire Ballet Theatre), Ivor Guest (1962).
The Empire Ballet. (London, UK: Society for Theatre
Research, 111 p.). Empire Ballet Theatre--History.
(Fenton Art Glass Company), William Heacock;
photography by Richardson Printing Corp (1978).
Fenton Glass: The First Twenty-Five Years, 1907-1932.
(Marietta, OH: Published and distributed by O-Val Advertising
Corp, 144 p.). Fenton Art Glass Company; Glassware --United
States --Catalogs; Glass --United States --History --20th
(Fenton Art Glass Company), William Heacock ;
historical data by Eugene C. Murdock (1989). Fenton Glass:
The Third Twenty-Five Years, 1956-1980. (Marietta, OH: O-Val
Advertising Corp, 158 p.). Fenton Art Glass Company; Glassware
--West Virginia --Williamstown --History --20th century.
William Heacock ; historical data by Eugene C.
Murdock (Fenton Art Glass Company) (1989). Fenton Glass: The
Third Twenty-Five Years, 1956-1980. (Marietta, OH: O-Val
Advertising Corp, 158 p.). Fenton Art Glass Company; Glassware
--West Virginia --Williamstown --History --20th century.
(Samuel T. Freeman & Co.), Roland Arkell,
Catherine Saunders-Watson (2005).
The Vendue Masters: Tales from Within the Walls of America's
Oldest Auction House. (Suffolk, UK: Antique Collectors'
Club, 192 p.). Editor (Antiques Trade Gazette), Editor (Antique
Week). Samuel T. Freeman & Sons (Firm); Auctions; Art auctions.
America's oldest auction
Samuel T. Freeman
(Firma Friedrich Goldscheider), Filipp
Goldscheider and Robert E. Dechant (2008).
Goldscheider: History of the Company and Catalogue of Works.
(Stuttgart, Germany: Arnoldsche Verlagsanstalt GMBH, 640 p.).
Firma Friedrich Goldscheider; ceramics industry.
International development of Viennese Manufactory
Friedrich Goldscheider (ceramics firm); 1920s - much
sought-after worldwide; epitomised lifestyle
accessories that awakened longings; one of most successful
businesses in history of European ceramics.
(Lefevre Gallery), The Gallery (1976). Alex
Reid & Lefevre, 1926-1976. (London, UK: Lefevre Gallery, 175
p.). Lefevre Gallery; Art dealers--England--Biography.
(Letraset), John A Chudley (1974).
Letraset: A Lesson in Growth. (London, UK: Business
Books, 155 p.). Letraset; commercial art; graphic design.
(Liberty and Company), Mervyn Levy (1986).
Liberty Style: The Classic Years, 1898-1910. (London,
UK: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 160 p.). Decoration and ornament --
Art nouveau; Decorative arts Designs for Liberty and Company
(Limelight), Helen Gee (1997).
Limelight: A Greenwich Village Photography Gallery and
Coffeehouse in the Fifties: A Memoir. (Albuquerque, NM:
University of New Mexico Press, 303 p.). Founder of Limelight
Photography Gallery. Gee, Helen; Limelight (Gallery : New York,
N.Y.); Women photographers--United States--Biography;
Photographic art galleries--New York (State)--New York--History.
(J. & J. Lobmeyr), Peter Rath (1998).
Lobmeyr 1823: Helles Glas und klares Licht. (Wien; Köln;
Wiemar, Germany: Böhlau, 351 p.). J. & L. Lobmeyr; Glassware --
(Metropolitan Museum of Art), Leo Lerman
The Museum: One Hundred Years and the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
(New York, NY: Viking Press, 400 p.).
(Metropolitan Museum of Art), Calvin Tomkins
Merchants and Masterpieces: The Story of the Metropolitan Museum
of Art. (New York, NY: Holt, 415 p. [rev. updated]).
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.).
(Metropolitan Museum of Art), Howard Hibbard
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. (New York, NY: Harper
and Row, 592 p.). Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.).
(Metropolitan Museum of Art), Thomas Hoving
Making the Mummies Dance: Inside the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
(New York, NY: Simon & Schuster, 447 p.). Former Director of
Met. Hoving, Thomas, 1931- ; Metropolitan Museum of Art (New
York, N.Y.)--Management; Art museum directors--New York
(Metropolitan Museum of Art), Michael Gross
Rogues’ Gallery: The Secret History of the Moguls and the Money
That Made the Metropolitan Museum. (New York, NY:
Broadway Books, 560 p.). Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York,
N.Y.) --History; Art --Collectors and collecting --United States
--Biography. 138-year saga of nation’s greatest museum
("...turning the worst of man’s attributes—extravagance, lust,
gluttony, acquisitiveness, envy, avarice, greed, egotism, and
pride—into the very best, transmuting deadly sins into priceless
treasure"); most colorful characters; artists,
forgers, and looters, financial geniuses and scoundrels, museum
officers, trustees, curators, donors.
(Moravian Pottery and Tile Works), Cleota Reed
Henry Chapman Mercer and the Moravian Pottery and Tile Works.
(Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 255 p.).
Mercer, Henry Chapman, 1856-1930; Moravian Pottery and Tile
Works; Pottery, American--20th century; Tiles--United
States--History--20th century; Potters--United
(National Endowment for the Arts), Donna M.
Federalizing the Muse: United States Arts Policy and the
National Endowment for the Arts, 1965-1980. (Chapel
Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 295 p.). Teaches
History (California State University, Long Beach). National
Endowment for the Arts--History; Federal aid to the arts--United
States--History--20th century; Art and state--United States.
(National Gallery), Jonathan Conlin (2006).
The Nation's Mantelpiece: A History of the National Gallery.
(London, UK: Pallas Athene Publishers, 464 p.). National Gallery
(Great Britain); Painting -- England -- London.
First history of Gallery ever
published; vehicle of public education; development of
institution whose collections often set pace in art history, but
dependence on parliamentary funding regularly involved it in
debates on education, social cohesion, national heritage.
(Portland Glass Company), Thelma Ladd &
Laurence Ladd (1992).
Portland Glass: Legacy of a Glass House Down East.
(Paducah, KY: Collector Books, 191 p.). Portland Glass
(Rockwood Pottery), Nancy E. Owen (2001).
Rookwood and the Industry of Art: Women, Culture, and Commerce,
1880-1913. (Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 335 p.).
Rookwood Pottery Company--History; Rookwood pottery; Art
pottery, American--Ohio--Cincinnati--Marketing; Women
artists--United States--Social conditions--19th century; Women
artists--United States--Social conditions--20th century.
(Roland Browse and Delbanco), Lillian Browse
Duchess of Cork Street: The Autobiography of an Art Dealer.
(London, UK: Giles de la Mare, 190 p.). Founding Partner of
Roland, Browse, and Delbanco in 1945. Browse, Lillian; Roland,
Browse, and Delbanco; Art dealers--England--London--Biography;
Women art dealers--England--London--Biography.
(San Jose Symphony), Nancy Glaze Dr. Thomas
And the Band Stopped Playing: The Rise and Fall of the San Jose
Symphony. (Cambridge, MA: Wolf, Keens & Company, 96 p.).
Director of Arts at the David and Lucile Packard Foundation;
Chairman and CEO of Wolf, Keens & Company. San Jose Symphony;
Culture -- Economic aspects.
Did San Jose really need full-season orchestra?
(Sotheby's), Frank Herrmann (1980).
Sotheby's, Portrait of an Auction House. (London, UK:
Chatto & Windus, 468 p.). Sotheby Parke Bernet Group Ltd.
Taubman - Sotheby's
(Sotheby's), Nicholas Faith (1985).
Sold: The Rise and Fall of the House of Sotheby. (New
York, NY: Macmillan, 269 p.). Wilson, Peter (Peter Cecil),
1913-; Sotheby's (Firm); Auctions; Art auctions.
(Sotheby's), Jeffrey Hogrefe (1986).
"Wholly Unacceptable": The Bitter Battle for Sotheby's.
(New York, NY: Morrow, 238 p.). Sotheby's (Firm); Auctions; Art
(Sotheby's), Peter Watson (1997).
Sotheby's: The Inside Story. (New York, NY: Random
House, 324 p.). Sotheby's (Firm); Art dealers--Corrupt
practices; Art thefts--Investigations.
(Sotheby's), Robert Lacey (1998).
Sotheby's: Bidding for Class. (Boston, MA: Little,
Brown, 354 p.). Sotheby's (Firm); Auctions; Art auctions.
(Sotheby's), Christopher Mason (2004).
The Art of the Steal: Inside the Sotheby's-Christie's Auction
House Scandal. (New York, NY: Putnam, 416 p.).
Journalist. Sotheby's (Firm)--Corrupt practices; Christie's
International Group--Corrupt practices; Price fixing;
Art--Prices; Auctions--Corrupt practices; Art auctions--Corrupt
(Sotheby's), A. Alfred Taubman (2007).
Threshold Resistance: The Extraordinary Career of a Luxury
Retailing Pioneer. (New York, NY: Collins, 224 p.).
Taubman, A. Alfred; Businessmen--United States--Biography;
Entrepreneurship--United States--Biography; Architects--United
States--Biography. Dyslexic Jewish kid from Detroit grew up to be billionaire
retailing pioneer, intimate of European aristocrats, Palm Beach
socialites, respected philanthropist, federal prisoner (78).
(Spode), Leonard Whiter (1978).
Spode: A History of the Family, Factory and Wares from 1733 to
1833. (London, UK: Barrie and Jenkins, 246 p. [2nd
ed.]). Spode family; Staffordshire pottery.
(Tate Gallery), Frances Spalding (1998).
The Tate: A History. (London, UK: Tate Gallery, 320 p.).
Reader in 20th Century British Art (Newcastle University). Tate
Gallery -- History.
Jack Amariglio (2008).
Sublime Economy. (New York, NY: Routledge, 316 p.).
Department of Economics (Merrimack College). Economics
--Philosophy; Art and society --Economic aspects; Value.
Ways in which diverse concepts of economy,
economic value have been culturally constituted, disseminated
through modern art, cultural practice.
Ian Betts, Roy Stephenson, Kieron Tyler
London's Delftware Industry: The Tin-glazed Pottery Industries
of Southwark and Lambeth.
(London, UK: Museum of London Archaeology Service, 140 p.).
Delftware; manufacturies--tin-glazed; Pottery industries
--history -- Great Britain. About 1750 - tin-glazed
manufacture began in London at Aldgate pothouse; 1846 - ceased
at Glasshouse Street in Lambeth; tin-glazed pottery industries of Southwark and Lambeth in wider context.
Richard E. Caves (2000).
Creative Industries: Contracts Between Art and Commerce.
(Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 454 p.). Professor of
Political Economy (Harvard University). Arts--Economic
aspects--United States--History--20th century.
Ed. Lee Chapin (1989). The Business of Art.
(Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 347 p. [2nd ed.]). Art --
Economic aspects; Art -- Marketing.
Tyler Cowen (1998).
In Praise of Commercial Culture. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard
University Press, 278 p.). Professor of Economics (George Mason
University). Arts--Marketing; Arts--Economic aspects; Arts and
society. Philosophy of cultural optimism.
Good and Plenty: The Creative Successes of American Arts Funding.
(Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 206 p.). Professor
of Economics (George Mason University). Art and state--United
States; Federal aid to the arts--United States;
Aesthetics--Economic aspects; Culture--Economic aspects; United
States--Cultural policy. U.S. way of
funding arts results not in terrible and small but in Good and Plenty--could result in more, better.
Hunter Davies (2010).
Behind the Scenes at the Museum of Baked Beans: My Search for
Britain's Maddest Museums. (London, UK: Virgin Books,
304 p.). Museums --Philosophy; Museums --collecting.
Everywhere, celebrate just about
everything: lawnmowers in Southport to pencils in Keswick;
fascinating collections, people who have
put them together (man who loves Heinz so much, changed
name to Captain Beany; kleptomaniac Vintage Radio buff);
Britain's finest, could live in no other country in world.
Tracy C. Davis (2000).
The Economics of the British Stage, 1800-1914. (New
York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 506 p.). Professor of
Theater, English and Performance Studies (Northwestern).
Theater--Economic aspects--Great Britain; Theater--Great
Britain--History--19th century; Theater--Great
Britain--History--20th century. Theatre's
growth from economic perspective - how British theaters paid
their way before age of government subsidy; three key areas
(competition, profit, labor): 1) state's role in protecting
theatre; 2) factors affecting success or failure of theatre
companies; 3) how theatre came to be regarded as one of 'service
industries'; history of cultural policy for arts in Britain.
Laura de Coppet and Alan Jones (2002).
The Art Dealers: The Powers Behind the Scene Tell How the Art
World Really Works. (New York, NY: Cooper Square Press,
438 p. [rev. and exp. ed.]). Art dealers--United
Ed. Neil De Marchi and Craufurd D.W. Goodwin
Economic Engagements with Art. (Durham, NC: Duke
University Press, 506 p.). Art -- Economic aspects.
Selected Writings; Edited and with an
Interpretation by Craufurd D. Goodwin (1999).
Art and the Market: Roger Fry on Commerce in Art. (Ann
Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 222 p.). Fry, Roger
Eliot, 1866-1934; Art -- Marketing.
Daniel Grant (2000).
The Business of Being an Artist. (New York, NY: Allworth
Press, 339 p. [3rd ed.]). Art -- United States -- Marketing.
Julie Hochstrasser (2007).
Still Life and Trade in the Dutch Golden Age. (New
Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 320 p.). Associate Professor
of the History of Art (Early Modern Northern European Art), The
University of Iowa. Still-life painting, Dutch--17th
century--Themes, motives.; Netherlands--Commerce--History--17th
century. Depict tables
richly laid with products that attest to vast scope of Dutch
trade network; significance of various foods, commodities
rendered on canvas during Dutch Republic's rise to prosperity
(domestic cheese to wines of Europe to exotic commodities);
fruits of global commerce in paintings.
Noah Horowitz (2011).
Art of the Deal: Contemporary Art in a Global Financial Market.
(Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 384 p.). Art
Historian, Member of the Faculty of the Sotheby's Institute of
Art. Art --Marketing --History --20th century; Art --Marketing
--History --21st century; Art --Economic aspects --History
--20th century; Art --Economic aspects --History --21st century;
Art as an investment. Collecting and investing - how
contemporary art market came to be, how it works, where it's
headed; globalization of art world, how investors speculate in
market, how emerging art forms (video, installation) have been
drawn into commercial sphere.
Bill Ivey (2008).
Arts, Inc.: How Greed and Neglect Have Destroyed Our Cultural
Rights. (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press,
368 p.). Former Chairman of the National Endowment for the Arts.
Art and state--United States; Art and society--United States;
Cultural property--United States; Arts--Economic aspects--United
States; Arts--Political aspects--United States.
Expanding footprint of copyright,
unconstrained arts industry marketplace, government unwilling to
engage culture as serious arena for public policy have come
together to undermine art, artistry, cultural heritage.
Michael M. Kaiser (2008).
The Art of the Turnaround: Creating and Maintaining Healthy Arts
Organizations. (Hanover, NH:, University Press of New
England, 183 p.).President of the John F. Kennedy Center for the
Performing Arts (since 2001). .Kaiser, Michael M.; Performing
arts --Management. Revived four major arts organizations:
Kansas City Ballet, Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater,
American Ballet Theatre, London's Royal Opera House; costs
rise but size of theaters and price resistance of
patrons limit margins on ticket sales; performing
arts industry faces severe gap between earnings and expenses; ten
rules for turning around financially distressed arts
organizations, keeping them strong.
Kathy Kilmurry (1980). The Pottery Industry
of Stamford, Lincolnshire, c. A.D. 850-1250 : Its Manufacture,
Trade, and Relationship with Continental Wares, with a
Classification and Chronology. (Oxford, UK: B. A. R., 348
p.). Pottery, Medieval--England--Stamford; Pottery
Ed. Arjo Klamer (1996).
The Value of Culture: On the Relationship between Economics and
Arts. (Amsterdam, Netherlands: Amsterdam University
Press, 234 p.). Art -- Economic aspects; Culture -- Economic
Ulrike Klein (1994).
The Business of Art Unveiled: New York Art Dealers Speak Up.
(New York, NY: Peter Lang, 247 p.). Art--Economic aspects--New
York (State)--New York; Art galleries, Commercial--New York
Peter Lawson-Johnston; foreword by Josiah
Bunting III (2005).
Growing up Guggenheim: A Personal History of a Family Enterprise.
(Wilmington, DE: ISI Books, 152 p.). Member of Guggenheim
Family, President of the Board of Trustees of the Solomon R.
Guggenheim Foundation. Guggenheim family; Lawson-Johnston, Peter
Orman, 1927- ; Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum; Art patrons--United
that includes intimate portraits of five people principally
responsible for entire Guggenheim art legacy.
Lawrence Lessig (2008).
Remix: Making Art and Commerce Thrive in the Hybrid Economy. (New
York, NY: Penguin Press, 327 p.). Professor of Law (Stanford Law
School). Copyright --Economic aspects --United States; Copyright
--Neighboring rights --Economic aspects --United States;
Copyright and electronic data processing --Economic aspects
--United States; Cultural industries --Law and legislation
--Economic aspects --United States.
America’s copyright laws have ceased to perform original,
beneficial role: protecting artists’ creations, allowing them to
build on previous creative works; system now criminalizes those
actions - exactly what our society should not do; new hybrid
economy combines profit motives with "sharing economy" to
benefit those who make, consume culture.
Faye Levine (1976).
The Culture Barons, An Analysis of Power and Money in the Arts.
(New York, NY: Crowell, 312 p.). Art patronage--United States;
Alice Goldfarb Marquis (1991).
The Art Biz: The Covert World of Collectors, Dealers, Auction
Houses, Museums, and Critics (Chicago, IL: Contemporary
Books, 405 p.). Art--Marketing.
Ed. Clare McAndrew
Fine Art and High Finance: Expert Advice on the Economics of
(New York, NY, Bloomberg Press, 288 p.). Economist, Investment
Analyst, Author. Art as an investment; most difficult
financial matters facing art investors: appraisal and valuation,
art as loan collateral, securitization and taxation, investing
in art funds, insurance, black-market art trade, and more.
Kathy M. McKimmie (2009).
Clay Times Three: The Tale of Three Nashville, Indiana,
Potteries: Brown County Pottery, Martz Potteries, Brown County
Hills Pottery. (Bloomington, IN: Quarry Books, 100
p.). Freelance, Editor, Columnist for Antique Week. Pottery, American -- Indiana -- Nashville -- 20th century;
Brown County Pottery (Nashville, Ind.) -- History; Martz
Potteries (Nashville, Ind.) -- History; Brown County Hills
Pottery (Nashville, Ind.) -- History. Local
artists, their work from Great Depression to 1980s.
Jonathan K. Nelson and Richard J. Zeckhauser
The Patron’s Payoff: Conspicuous Commissions in Italian
Renaissance Art. (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University
Press, 234 p.). Professor of Renaissance Art History (Syracuse
University in Florence); Frank Plumpton Ramsey Professor of Political Economy
at John F. Kennedy School of Government (Harvard University).
Art -- Economic aspects; Art --Patronage--history; Art --
Economic aspects -- Renaissance. Patronage patterns of
Renaissance patronage system linked motivations of patron and
artist or architect in conspicuous commissions; how arts
functioned in Renaissance Italy; art history applied to game
Michael North; translated by Catherine Hill
Art and Commerce in the Dutch Golden Age. (New Haven,
CT: Yale University Press, 164 p.). Painting, Dutch--17th
century; Art and society--Netherlands--History--17th century;
Michelle O'Malley (2005).
The Business of Art: Contracts and the Commissioning Process in
Renaissance Italy. (New Haven, CT: Yale University
Press, 360 p.). Head of the Centre for Research Support, School
of Humanities (University of Sussex). Artists'
contracts--Italy--History; Art, Renaissance--Economic
for interpreting contracts and related records concerning
altarpieces, frescoes painted in Italy from early
fourteenth to early sixteenth centuries.
Ed. Ruth B. Phillips and Christopher B.
Unpacking Culture: Art and Commodity in Colonial and
Postcolonial Worlds. (Berkeley, CA: University of
California Press, 424 p.). Tourism and art; Art and society; Art
-- Economic aspects.
Richard Polsky (2003).
I Bought Andy Warhol. (New York, NY: Abrams, 256 p.).
Art Dealer. Polsky, Richard; Warhol, Andy, 1928-1987; Art
dealers --United States --Biography; Art --Collectors and
collecting --United States. Inner workings
of art world - collecting, dealing; 1989 - author set aside
$100,000 to purchase
Andy Warhol painting (took 12
years through wild speculation of late 1980s to recession of
1990s); artists, gallery owners, auction houses, collectors in
business with humor, hypocrisy, greed, gossip.
Richard Polsky (2009).
I Sold Andy Warhol (Too Soon). (New York, NY: Other
Press, 288 p.). Thirty-year art veteran, Founder of
private dealer specializing in works by postwar artists, with an
emphasis on Pop art.
Art --Economic aspects --History --21st century; Art --Marketing
--History --21st century.; At --Collectors and collecting
How art industry shifted
from art appreciation to monetary appreciation,
from power of dealers and galleries to auction houses, during
short-lived period when the "art world" became the "art
behind-the-scenes politics of auctions, shift in power away from
galleries, search for affordable art in rich man's playing
field; backdoor tell-all about strange, fickle world of art
Andrew Popp (2001).
Business Structure, Business Culture, and the Industrial
District: The Potteries, c. 1850-1914. (Burlington, VT:
Ashgate, 288 p.). Pottery
English--History; Staffordshire (England)--Economic conditions.
Eric Scigliano (2005).
Michelangelo's Mountain: The Quest for Perfection in the Marble
Quarries of Carrara. (New York, NY: Free Press, 368 p.).
Great-Great-Grandson of a Carrara Quarryman. Michelangelo
Buonarroti, 1475-1564; Sculptors--Italy--Biography; Marble
industry and trade--Italy--Carrara--History.
Marc Shell (1995).
Art and Money. (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago
Press, 213 p.). Professor of Comparative Literature, Director of
Center of Study of Money and Culture (Harvard). Art--Economic
aspects; Art--Economic aspects--United States.
Julian Stallabrass (2004).
Art Incorporated: The Story of Contemporary Art.
(Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 256 p.). Lecturer in Art
History (Courtauld Institute of Art). Art, Modern--20th
century--Economic aspects; Art, Modern--21st century--Economic
aspects; Freedom and art; Art and society.
Donald N. Thompson (2008).
The $12 Million Stuffed Shark: The Curious Economics of
Contemporary Art. (New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 272
p.). Teaches Marketing, Economics in the MBA program at Schulich
School of Business (York University in Toronto). Art, Modern
--20th century --Economic aspects; Art, Modern --21st century
--Economic aspects; Art --Marketing --History --20th century;
Art --Marketing --History --21st century; Art --Collectors and
collecting --Psychological aspects. Economics, psychology of
contemporary art world; why record prices achieved at
auction for works by 131 contemporary artists in 2006,
new heights reached in 2007?; money, lust,
self-aggrandizement of art world in attempt to determine what
makes particular work valuable, others ignored;
economics, marketing strategies that enable modern art market to
generate astronomical prices.
Sarah Thornton (2008).
Seven Days in the Art World. (New York, NY: Norton, 256
p.). Arts Journalist and Artforum Contributor. Art --Marketing;
Art --Exhibitions; Art --Competitions; Art criticism.
Narrative journey through booming
international art market, high-stakes global culture of
production, criticism, buying, selling that surrounds it; new
dynamics of creativity, taste, status, money, search for meaning
in life; institutions that have power to shape art history.
Olav Velthuis (2005).
Talking Prices: Symbolic Meanings of Prices on the Market for
Contemporary Art. (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University
Press, 288 p.). Visiting Scholar at Princeton University and
Columbia University. Art, Modern--20th century--Prices--New York
(state)--New York; Art, Modern--20th
aspects--New York (State)--New York; Pricing--Social
aspects--Netherlands--Amsterdam; Art dealers--Psychology.
Peter Watson (1992).
From Manet to Manhattan: The Rise of the Modern Art Market.
(New York, NY: Random House, 558 p.). Art, Modern--19th
century--Marketing; Art, Modern--20th century--Marketing; Art
auctions; Art as an investment.
Paul Werner (2006).
Museum, Inc.: Inside the Global Art World. (Cambridge,
UK: Prickly Paradigm Press, 115 p.). Lecturer at School of the
Visual Arts (New York University). Museums; museums--management;
arts conglomerates, whose roots are deeply imbedded in corporate
Rina C. Youngner (2006).
Industry in Art: Pittsburgh, 1812 to 1920. (Pittsburgh,
PA: University of Pittsburgh Press, 188 p.). Industries in art;
Steel industry and trade in art; Art,
American--Pennsylvania--Pittsburgh--19th century; Art,
American--Pennsylvania--Pittsburgh--20th century; Art and
society--Pennsylvania--Pittsburgh; Pittsburgh (Pa.)--In art.
societal factors that influenced depiction of Pittsburgh
industry and labor from early nineteenth century to early twentieth century through variety of art forms.
Business History Links
The History of Props: A Timeline of
Props and Product Usage
Assembled by Richard Finkelstein, Harrisonburg, VA, designer of
Scenery, Lighting, and Projections; Head of of Stage Design at
James Madison University in Virginia.