- Widow Bourne opened The Coffee Mill, grocer's shop, at 3 St
James's Street in London, opposite St James's Palace; sold
provisions, exotic spices, tea and coffee;
1734 - Elizabeth Pickering (daughter)
took over; 1737 -
handed grocery, "arms painting and heraldic furnishing" William
Junior Pickering and John Pickering (sons);
1754 - William
took made John Clarke a partner; first supplied wine to British
Royal Family during reign of King George III (1760-1820);
1803 - George
Berry (16, Clarke's grandson) joined business;
1810 - took over;
1854 - George and
Henry Berry (Clarke's great grandsons) took over;
1896 - sold wine
- awarded first Royal Warrant by King Edward VII;
1914 - Hugh Rudd
(of R.G. Rudd & Son, Wine Merchants of Norwich, UK) joined
Walter and Francis Berry (cousins) in business as junior
partner; March 23, 1923
- created Cutty Sark Scots Whisky (at Number Three, St. James's
Street), first light coloured whisky of its kind;
1933 - Charles
Walter Berry first wine merchant to do extensive tour of wine
regions; September 5, 1933
- Berry Bros. & Co. Partnership registered "Cutty Sark"
trademark in U.S., first used in January 1923 (whiskey);
1943 - converted
to limited liability company; 1948
- John Rudd (son) joined business;
1961-1971 - annual sales of Cutty Sark
exceeded 2.5 million cases; 1965
- Anthony Berry took over; 1967
- first independent wine merchant to have temperature-controlled
cellars outside London; 1970
- Cutty Sark sold in over hundred countries;
1977 - Simon Berry
joined business; 1985
- John Rudd assumed leadership;
1987 - Simon Berry named Marketing Director;
1994 - launched
one of first online wine shops (regarded as Britain's leading
wine website, awarded Website of the Year at International Wine
Challenge in six of last seven years;
2005 - Simon Berry made Chairman;
Britain's oldest wine and spirit merchant.
- Silvanus Bevan established Plough Court Pharmacy off Lombard
Street, London; Timothy Bevan took over, after his father's
retirement; 1792 - William Allen became clerk;
1795 made partner; Bevan passed company to Samuel
Mildred and William Allen, renamed Mildred and Allen; 1797
- Allen became sole owner; Luke Howard joined company, became
known as Allen and Howard; 1806 - Allen and Howard
separated business interests; company renamed William Allen &
Co.; 1808 - Daniel Hanbury joined pharmacy
(sponsored by his uncle, William Allen); 1824 -
made partner; name changed to Allen, Hanbury's and Barry;
1868 - Daniel and Cornelius Hanbury (cousins) became the
two active partners in Allen & Hanbury's (on retirement of
Daniel's father; renamed Allen and Hanburys; 1958
- acquired by Glaxo.
- Robert Prince, of Flushing, NY, established Prince Garden &
Nursery; first major commercial plant nursery in United States;
imported plants from Europe, sent American plants abroad; grew
fruits, roses, produced many grafted apple, pear, cherry trees
found in early Northeastern orchards; William Prince succeeded;
September 21, 1767
- nursery's first known advertisement;
1771 - published earliest catalog,
broadside featured large selection of fruit trees; grew rapidly
until the Revolutionary War; 1789
- George Washington visited nursery;
1802 - William & Benjamin Prince (sons)
divided nursery; William (third owner, one of founders of New
York Horticultural Society in 1818) introduced foreign trees,
plants; created new varieties from seed;
1827 - contained more than hundred
species of Australian plants; 1828
- more than 600 kinds of roses; William Prince published
Treatise on Horticulture; William Robert Prince took over
(fourth owner); devoted his life to grape culture, improvement,
distribution of native grapes; nursery operated for 130 years,
until about 1865.
March 26, 1752 -
Dr. William Hunter, Scottish doctor, opened Dr. Hunters'
Dispensary in Newport, RI (specialty - medicine for midwives);
formulated Number Six Cologne (sold to George Washington,
Marquis de Lafayette); 1833 - new owner, Newport
merchant John Rose Caswell, opened branch in New York, as
Caswell & Hazard Company, Ltd.; 1876 - formed
partnership with New York-based businessman William Massey;
renamed Caswell-Massey (two stores, Newport and New York City;
found among General Custer's personal effects at "the last
stand"); 1906 - Newport store closed; 1926
- opened new shop in fashionable Barclay Hotel; 1936
- acquired by Milton (pharmacist) and Ralph Taylor; 1963
- reintroduced mail order catalog (circulation of 2.5 million by
1997); June 5, 1979 - registered "Caswell-Massey"
trademark first used in 1877 (perfumes, colognes, toilet water,
soap, and shampoo); 1984 - introduced first new
scent in 43 years; 1989 - acquired by Hong Kong
entrepreneurs Peter Hsu and Sally Aw Sian (head of Hong Kong
publishers Sing Tao Holdings, family developed Tiger Balm
ointment) - 35 stores, products sold in 4,000 retail outlets
worldwide; 1990 - Barclay Store closed; 1992
- 40% interest acquired by W.R. Grace & Co.; began mass-market
strategy, sold to drugstore chains; huge stockpile of
merchandise unsold; 1995 - Grace interest acquired
by CEO Edward Hung; July 1995 - Anne Robinson
(41), former head of marketing for Aphrodisia, Caswell-Massey's
Brooklyn-based supplier, named head of wholesale division; named
executive director (28 stores, 113 employees); cut costs (added
two high-end boutiques, shut more than half stores, trimmed
product line by third, released quarter of employees, refined
inventory management, streamlined organization structure to one
business division from five), redesigned catalog (more
old-fashioned feel), repackaged products; returned to
profitability after 8 years; September 17, 1999 -
acquired in management buyout led by Robinson (24% interest
acquired by American Capital Strategies); October 1999
- Robinson sold products on QVC ($11,000 in sales/minute during
show); 2002 - 15 U.S. stores, international
John Rose Caswell,
William Massey - Caswell-Massey
April 1761 - Jacob
Knorr purchased plot of land in area originally known as Pomona
Grove, PA (intersection of Germantown Ave. and Washington Lane
in Germantown, PA); set up joiner shop (carpentry); became major
source of furniture making, repairs for inhabitants of small
town (small portion of shop's orders was to make coffins -
string measured against deceased used to guide carpenter's
coffin dimensions); 1805
- George and Jacob Knorr, Jr. (sons) took over;
1813 - acquired by
William Johnson (son-in-law of George Knorr);
1830 - acqiuired
for $2200 by John Nice (father of twin sons, Samuel and John
Jr., apprentices at the shop);
1848 - Benjamin R. Kirk became apprentice;
1869 - acquired by
Kirk, Samuel Nice, renamed Kirk and Nice; provided services
ranging from carpentry to livery, expanded funeral work to
include embalming and "laying out" of deceased;
1861-1865 - Civil
War advanced practice of embalming in order to preserve bodies
of deceased soldiers; 1865
- funeral of Abraham Lincoln popularized embalming, fashioned
trend of mourning in United States (first public figure to be
embalmed, transported by train through cities of Philadelphia,
Cleveland, Chicago, among others, during two-week period);
Benjamin F. Kirk served as president of Undertakers' Association
of Pennsylvania , crusaded for Code of Ethics for undertakers,
occupational licensing by state;
1917 - John Henderson (Kirk's granson) took
over; 1957 -
inherited by Malcolm Henderson (great-grandson of Benjamin
Kirk); 1993 -
acquired from Maryann Henderson (widow of Malcolm, last family
owner) by Stewart Enterprises; oldest, continuously operating
funeral establishment in United States.
1820 - James Lockwood Belden established Wethersfield Seed Company in
Wethersfield, CT; Franklin Comstock, William Comstock (son)
succeeded Belden; later joined by Henry Ferre; 1853
- incorporated as Comstock, Ferre & Co.; 1898 -
Stephen F. Willard named president (worked at Comstock, Ferre
since 1871, one of founders of American Seed Trade Association
in 1883, named its president in 1904); 1900s -
business un by four generations of Willards;
1958 - began retail
seed business, garden center; 1991 - acquired by
Pierre Bennerup of Sunny Border Nurseries; oldest continuously
operating seed distribution company in United States; supply
home gardeners, commercial growers, re-sellers; complete retail
plant and garden center; over 2,000 varieties of perennial,
annual, specialty plants.
- Alexander Annin made signal flags for sailing ships in sail
loft in downtown New York City; 1847 - Edward and
Benjamin Annin (sons) incorporated Annin & Co.; oldest, largest
manufacturer of flags in United States; official flag
manufacturer to United Nations.
1828 - William Rushworth established Rushworth
&, Dreaper Ltd., organ building business in Liverpool, UK;
quickly branched out, sold musical instruments; became one of
largest organ builders in UK (made organs for many churches,
cathedrals halls in Liverpool, UK, overseas - Philharmonic Hall,
Guildford Cathedral, number of schools, Oxford and Cambridge
colleges); 1910 -
introduced line of zither-banjos under brand name of "Apollo";
1944 - established
William Rushworth Memorial Trust to make grants for study,
appreciation of music; 1960
-retail business moved from Islington to Whitechapel, became
‘largest music house in Europe’ (5 sales floors of musical
instruments, televisions, record players, household appliances,
sheet music and records); opened branches across North West and
North Wales; supposedly sold Paul McCartney’s first guitar;
1962 - James
Rushworth presented Gibson J-160E guitars specially imported
from Chicago to John Lennon, George Harrison;
2002 - closed.
- James Smith founded James Smith and Sons at Foubert Street in
London's West End; 1857 - moved business to New
Oxford Street (remains there today, retains original fittings);
home of London umbrella; leading umbrella company, first name in
sticks, canes; still family owned.
1836 - Leopold
Jungmann established Commissionswaarenhandlung (commission
business); 1866 -
Wilhelm Jungmann (son), Wilhelm Steiner registered Jungmann &
Steiner to supply tailors' accessories;
1869 - Jungmann ran business, changed
focus to manufactured goods (wool, silk, luxury fabrics);
1873 - founded,
with Wilhelm Dukes (nephew) Wilhelm Jungmann & Neffe;
1881 - named
'Purveyor to the Imperial and Royal Austrian Court';
post WW I - moved
from womens' fabrics to mens' clothes, ceased tailoring,
furrier, hat-making; April 1938
- Paul Stephan Dukes (son) ran business (entered into disastrous
partnership with Hans Sobotka, swindler; business almost went
bankrupt, part of Sobotka's share acquired by Hotel Sacher, next
door; Dukes commited suicide on October 23, 1940);
January 13, 1942 -
balance of Sobotka;s share acquired by Walter Suchy;
1957 - Marjit
Suchy-Gozdecki (daughter) took over;
1977 - Magda Gaugusch-Neunteufel
(granddaughter) took over; 2005
- Georg Gaugusch, Andrea Christoph-Gaugusch (brother, sister)
- Thomas Codman established manufacturing business in medical,
surgical devices in Boston, MA; introduced Ether Pocket Cupping
Instrument; 1845 - Dr. Benjamin Codman (son)
opened Dental Depot on Tremont Street; 1853 -
hired Asahel Shurtleff as assistant; added surgical instruments,
anatomical supplies; established Benjamin S. Codman & Company;
1857 -Shurtleff, F.O. Whitney made partners,
renamed Codman & Shurtleff; sold line of medical, surgical,
dental, veterinary instruments and supplies; ear, nose, throat
instruments became major portion of business; 1860
- produced Patented Steam Atomizer; 1894 -
partnership dissolved (Codman died), went into receivership;
1896 - acquired by Asahel Shurtleff, Howard Shurtleff
(son); 1904 - incorporated as Codman & Shurtleff,
Inc.; 1915 - Howard took over; 1925
- Arthur Shurtleff (brother) took over; 1938 -
acquired by Frank Ruggles, Codman Sales Manager; specialized in
fields of neurosurgery, orthopaedics; 1964 -
acquired by Ethicon, Inc. (Johnson & Johnson company);
1966 - made freestanding Johnson & Johnson subsidiary.
- Wesleyan minister opened his living room to his congregation
in Halifax, NS so they could buy books; 1925 -
became Ryerson Press Book Room; 1949 - fire;
Charles Burchell rallied local businessmen, reopened store; 1966
- Charles Burchell (son) joined store; March 2008
- closed, couldn't compete with big box bookstores (huge
inventories, deep discounts), ease of ordering books online,
competition from book selling pharmacies and grocery stores,
pressure to lower prices to reflect stronger Canadian dollar
(higher selling prices in Canada than in United States);
Canada's oldest trade bookstore.
1843 - Joan Prat
Rbira opened clothing shop in Barcelona;
1945 - Jaume Prat Viladoms (son) took
over; 1976 - Joana
M. Prat assumed control.
- Louis Zettler established grocery, pork packing business in
downtown Columbus, OH; 1886
- with four sons, established Zettler Hardware Company, oldest
hardware business in Columbus, ne central Ohio's oldest
continuously run businesses; 1937
- branch broke off from original chain, formed Zettler Ace
hardware; 2009 -
original business fifth generation family-owned/managed.
- William Orgill and RT Lamb established Orgill Brothers & Co.
in Memphis, TN; largest independent hardware distributor in
U.S.; oldest business in Memphis still owned by same family.
- John Boot opened The British and American Botanic
Establishment in Goose Gate, Nottingham, UK (small shop sold
herbal remedies, medicines made from plants); 1871
- Jesse Boot (21) made partner, renamed ‘Mary & Jesse Boot' –
Herbalists; 1877 - name changed to 'M & J Boot’;
1883 - name changed to ‘Boot and Company Limited’;
1884 - opened first shop outside Nottingham (in
Sheffield); 1913 - 560 shops around the country;
1920 - acquired by acquired by Louis K. Liggett (United
for $10 million; 1927 - John
Boot (Jesse’s son) became chairman of Boots division;
1,000th Boots store opened in Galashiels, Scotland; acquired by
group of British financiers for just over $32 million; John Boot
chairman and managing director; 1938 - group of
retail pharmacists in London formed UniChem group; initial
business of wholesaling pharmaceutical products to independent
pharmacists; 1968 - Boots acquired Timothy Whites
and Taylors Ltd chain (622 stores); 1997 -
Alliance UniChem Group when UniChem PLC ("UniChem") merged with
Alliance Santé S.A. ("Alliance Santé" - from Alliance Santé
Participations S.A., indirectly owned by Stefano Pessina);
July 31, 2006 - in £7 billion pound merger Boots
Group PLC and Alliance UniChem plc formed Alliance Boots,
Europe’s leading pharmacy-led health and beauty group.
September 19, 1849
- First commercial laundry established in Oakland, CA.
- John Kiehl established old-world apothecary in New York’s East
Village neighborhood; offered homeopathic, herbal remedies,
essential oils, over the-counter drugs, first Kiehl’s brand
products; October 23, 1990 - Kiehl's Since 1851,
Inc. registered "Kiehl's" trademark first used in 1959 (skin
- Bavarian publisher and book dealer,
Anton Roman, struck gold in Shasta
City, CA; established bookstore on Montgomery Street, San
Francisco; moved, bought, sold, burned, rebuilt; July 1868
- launched Overland Monthly (Bret Harte, editor), regional
literary magazine (West Coast's Atlantic Monthly) with
advertising, original news, fiction, poetry by Western writers
only (early circulation of 3,000);
1946 - renamed
Books Inc. by Lew Lengfeld; early 1970s - 26
stores along West Coast; 1996 - Lengfeld died,
left company (2 stores) to employees; filed Chapter 11
bankruptcy in effort to restructure, save company; August
1997 - emerged from Chapter 11, under ownership of
Michael Grant, Michael Tucker (4 stores); 1998 -
added 5th store; 2007 - 11 stores, over 200
employees; West's oldest independent bookseller.
- George C. Shreve, nephew Samuel S. Shreve opened small jewelry
shop, The Shreve Jewelry Store, on Montgomery Street in San
Francisco, CA; sold wide range of European fancy goods,
California-manufactured jewelry; launched design, manufacture of
fine quality silver; September 1857 - renamed
Geo. C. Shreve & Co.
(Samuel lost at sea on board
steamship Central America
- opened jewelry-making factory;
1894 - incorporated
as Shreve & Co., George Rodman (George Shreve's son) as
president, partner Albert J. Lewis (since 1881) as majority
stockholder; 1912 - acquired by George Lewis
(Albert's son); 1948 - acquired by Hickingbotham
family; 1967 - acquired by Dayton-Hudson
- Francois Goyard succeeded Monsieur Morel (La Maison Goyard);
1885 - company renamed E. Goyard Aine ("E" for
Edmond, son) at 233 Rue St. Honore; December 3, 1931
- received French patent for a "Malle Bureau" (portable trunk
with writing table).
1855 - Beningo Gutierrez opened drug store in
Santa Barbara, CA (corner of De La Guerra, State Streets); first
C. F. Orvis Company, fishing tackle
company in Manchester, VT, with sales rooms in a small stone
building next to his brother's Equinox Hotel; prospered as
trains brought increasing numbers of tourists from New York and
other cities; word-of-mouth advertising generated repeat orders
by mail; oldest mail order company in the US;
May 12, 1874 -
received patent for "Fishing-Reels" ("devices for winding up the
line of a fishing-rod"); first ventilated narrow spool fly reel
to be mounted upright - prototype for modern fly reels;
1885 - glass Minnow Trap launched (sold briskly until
1960s); 1892 - Mary Orvis Marbury (daughter)
received national acclaim for "Favorite Flies and Their
Histories", world's first illustrated classification,
standardization of fishing flies.
- Josef Knize, Czech master tailor for civil and military
clothes, took over shop of J. Einsle; established Mode-Atelier
Knize in Vienna, Austria; 1885
- Albert Wolff, son of German banker, joined shop; supplied
imperial & royal court; 1888
- Albert and Gisela Wolff took over company;
1902 - Gisela
Wolff assumed leadership (husband died);
1921 - opened store in Karlsbad;
1924 - Friedrich
Wolff (son) took over company;
1927 - introduced Knize Ten, men’s toiletry
series; opened store in Berlin Wilhelmstrasze;
1928 - opened
store in Paris; 1935
- name changed to Wolff-Knize (used Knize upon entering U.S.
market in New York in 1941); 1976
- Rudolf Niedersuesz became general manager;
1978 - merged with
C. M. Frank (founded 1838); offered finest ladies’ wear;
1992 - Bernhard
Niedersuesz (eldest son) joined company.
1861 - Fred Long, cabinetmaker, and
Peter Kroehler began furniture and undertaking business at
corner of Washington Street and Jackson Avenue in Naperville,
IL; 1911 -
acquired by Oliver Beidelman (Long's nephew);
1966 - acqiuired
by Owen "Dutch" Beidelman (son);
2000 - acquired by granddaughter and husband.
June 30, 1862
- James Spratt (Cincinnati, OH) developed "Spratt's
Patent Meat Fibrine
Dog Cakes"; biscuit made of
wheat, beet root, vegetables, beef blood (had watched stray dogs
eat hardtack thrown away by sailors off ships in port); first
processed, manufactured prepared commercial dog food (baked
by Walker, Harrison and Garthwaite, packaging company serving
English foxhound trade);
1885 - registered Spratt's Patent, Limited
in London, UK; October 6, 1925
- registered "Spratt's" trademark first used (in another form)
June 30, 1862 (food substances and preparations for dogs,
poultry, and game).
Patent Meat Fibrine Dog Cakes
- David Hausmann opened parlor, library mirrors, frame shop on
Clay Street, San Francisco, CA; 1863 - Solomon
Gump, German immigrant, and brother-in-law, acquired an
interest; 1864 - bought entire business;
1871 - Gustave Gump (brother) joined company, renamed S.
&. G. Gump; 1906 - Abraham Livingston ("A. L.")
Gump (son) took over; established company as leading dealer in
Asian art, antiquities on West Coast; March 1947 -
Richard B. Gump (grandson) took over; February 8, 1949
- registered "Gump's" trademark first used April 22, 1919
(bracelets, brooches, earrings, necklaces, and finger rings made
of gold and silver, solid and plated hollow ware); July
10, 1989 - acquired from Macmillan by Charterhouse Group
International, Tobu Department Store Co. fro $32.75 million;
May 1993 - acquired by
Hanover Direct Inc.
(formerly Horn & Hardart) for $13.2 million;
2005 - acquired by
Holdings, LLC (venture capital firms WaldenVC, Stone Canyon
Venture Partners, private investment firm Sand Springs Holdings)
for $8.5 million.
- Frederick August Otto Schwarz and his three brothers from
Westphalia, Germany opened their first shop in Baltimore, MD;
1870 - opened Schwarz Toy Bazaar on 9th and Broadway
in Manhattan; 1876 - FAO Schwarz issued first
catalogue exclusively for loyal clientele; 1880 -
moved to larger quarters in Union Square; 1931 -
moved to 745 Fifth Avenue, heart of Manhattan's most prestigious
shopping district; 1963 - acquired by Parent's
Magazine; 1970 - acquired by W.R. Grace & Co.
Grace; 1974 - acquired by toy retailer Franz Carl
Weber International of Zurich, Switzerland; 1985 -
acquired by Christiana Companies, Inc., real estate, investment
firm for $10.5 million; acquired by Peter L. Harris (42,
Christiana Companies president, CEO), Peter C. Morse,
Philadelphia-based investment banker; Harris introduced concept
of "entertainment retail" (customer should have an experience in
store); November 6, 1986 - moved to 767 Fifth
Avenue (40,000 square feet at foot of General Motors Building);
1990 - acquired by Dutch retailer NV Koninklijke
Bijenkorf Beheer (KBB), for estimated $40 million; 1998
- KBB acquired by Dutch retailer, Vendex International;
2001 -22 of the 40 stores acquired by The Right Start
Company,18 unsold stores closed, name changed to changed to FAO
Inc.; December 2002 - Right Start filed for
bankruptcy; April 2003 - emerged; December
2003 - re-filed for bankruptcy; February 2004
- acquired by D. E. Shaw group, global investment firm.
August Otto Schwarz - F.A.O.
- Two men, Stultz and Mansur,
formed small brass shop in Boston; 1888 - sold
shop to Henry McShane (Baltimore, MD) - famous for church bells;
Frank W. Webb (McShane's brother-in-law) General Manager of
Boston distribution facility; 1900 - Webb
purchased Boston facility, changed name to The F.W. Webb
Manufacturing Company; produced brass fittings, faucets,
accessories; offered china, enameled iron plumbing fixtures
(made primarily by Trenton pottery) under F.W. Webb label;
1930 - acquired by Pope family; 1933 -
sales less than $350,000; 1945 - Roger W. Pope
expanded within, outside state; 1962 - 7
locations, sales in excess of $5,000,000; 1990s -
solidified presence in HVAC business, developed control valve
capabilities, legitimacy in more sophisticated world of PVF,
furthered involvement in control and safety valve industries;
2006 - over 64 locations in 7 states, employed over
1100 employees, sales exceeded $500,000,000.
- Alexander G. Cash purchased N. O. Bond Hardware in Hyannis, MA
from Nathan O. Bond; July, 1886
- Myron G. Bradford became equal partner; renamed Cash &
Bradford (business of plumbing and roofing, general hardware);
1892 - fire
destroyed store; 1893
- Bradford acquired business; renamed Bradford's Hardware;
1933 - acquired by
Harry Bearse, long-time employee;
2010 - operated by Martha and Richard Robinson
(granddaughter); affiliated with ACE Hardware co-op.
- Jules Delhaize, professor of commercial sciences, Edouard
Delhaize (brother), Jules Vieujant (brother-in-law) opened a
warehouse, Delhaize "Le Lion", to revolutionize food retailing
in Belgium, create branch network, charge set prices, cut down
on succession of intermediaries; chose lion as symbol of
strength (emblem of Belgium, motto: unity is strength);
1871 - established in Brussels; 1883-1914
- opened more than 500 branches throughout country; sold best
American preserves (Californian salmon, fruit), offered
customers best coffees, varied range of wines; branch manager
specialized in products he knew, promoted to perfection;
1939 - over 744 branches, 1500 affiliated shops, several
shops in Belgian Congo; 1950 - merged with Adolphe
Delhaize, brother of founders (had established his own company
with multiple branches); December 1957 - set up
first fully self-service supermarket in continental Europe;
1962 - went public as S.A. Delhaize Frères et Cie "Le
Lion"; 1975 - 80 supermarkets, covered main towns
in Belgium; acquired share in Food Town Stores in U.S. (22
supermarkets in North, South Carolina); 1983 -
renamed Food Lion; 226 supermarkets by 1993; 1992
- 1,021 supermarkets in United States, 410 outlets in Belgium
(108 supermarkets), seven in Czech Republic; sales network of
1,453 retail outlets, staff of 76,000; 1997 -
operated 13 supermarkets in Asia; 1999 - sales
network of of 2,000 outlets throughout world; July 2000
- acquired Hannaford Bros., Inc., supermarket operator in
Northeast U.S. (sales of $3.0 billion, 106 stores).
Jules Vieujant, Edouard Delhaize
- Delhaize Group
- Joseph R. Watkins founded Watkins Incorporated in
house in Plainview, MN (had acquired distribution rights to
Ward's Celebrated Liniment, created by Dr. Richard Ward,
in Minnesota, Iowa, Wisconsin in 1867);
mixed first batch of liniment in wooden barrel in
kitchen; specialized in
home remedies using natural botanicals (camphor,
menthol, herbs) to help people feel better, live healthy
lives; sold Liniment using Ward's labels and bottles
until the supply was exhausted, then made his own
bottles and labels featuring his own name, "Watkins
1869 - introduced Trial Mark™
bottle, America’s first money-back guarantee;
- empire from sales of Liniment; used wagon salesmen to
distribute liniments, tonics door-to-door; peak - 135
counter stores in U.S., Canada, manufacturing and
distribution centers outside North America in South
Africa, New Zealand, Australia;
1911 - Paul Watkins (son),
Ernest Leroy (E.L.) King Sr. (son-in-law) took over;
Grace Watkins (daughter) became largest shareholder;
- product line of 120 items;
largest direct sales company in world;
fourth generation of Watkins family took over;
sought bankruptcy protection;
1978 - acquired by Minneapolis
businessman Irwin Jacobs for $4.1 million;
- Mark Jacobs (son) took over;
1996 - sales over $100 million;
Mark Jacobs named President;
1999 - 350 products;
launched J.R. Watkins Apothecary line into Target stores
nation-wide; formed partnership with Chinese
Businessman, Wang Chao Bin, offered more than 100
products to Chinese market.
Joseph R. Watkins - Watkins
1870 - Leander
Sherman founded Sherman Clay music store in San Francisco, CA;
sold music, musical instruments; manufacturers representative
for several organ companies (Aeolian, Estey, Kimball);
1892 - authorized as Steinway dealer.
- John Harvey formed John Harvey & Sons, Bristol, UK (had taken
over wine importing business on Denmark Street established in
1796); 1882 -
Bristol Cream sherry; May 4, 1954
- John Harvey & Sons, Ltd. registered "Harvey's" trademark, in
the U.S., first used 1900 (sherry and port wines).
- Joel W. Ellis opened lumber business in Seneca, IL; expanded
to hardware, farm machinery and implements; Elmer Ellis (son)
succeeded; 1947 -
Norbert Ellis (third generation) took over;
1953 - Frieda
Ellis (widow) took over; October
2009 - awarded Illinois Historical Society
Centennial Award; 2010
- employed six members of Ellis family (fourth, fifth sixth
generations); Ellis Ace Hardware, Rental & RadioShack - oldest
family-owned hardware store in Illinois.
- Rev. Charles M. Barnes started book business from his home in
Wheaton, IL; 1894 - incorporated as C.M. Barnes
Company; 1917 - William R. Barnes (son) moved to
New York, acquired interest in Noble & Noble, educational
bookstore; partnered with G. Clifford Noble; name soon changed
to Barnes & Noble; 1929 - Noble left company;
1965 - Leonard Riggio established Student Book
Exchange (SBX) in Manhattan's Greenwich Village; 1969
- acquired by Amtel, Inc., a conglomerate; 1971 -
Barnes & Noble trade name, flagship bookstore in Manhattan
acquired by Riggio; 1974 - Barnes & Noble first
bookseller in America to advertise on television; 1975
- first bookseller in America to discount books, offered New
York Times bestsellers at 40% off publishers’ list prices;
1986 - acquired B. Dalton Bookseller
G. Clifford Noble
- Barnes & Noble (http://ec1.images-amazon.com/images/I/
1873 - Rev.
Charles M. Barnes opened small home-based bookstore in Wheaton,
IL (used his private library as initial inventory);
1893 - bookstore
floundered in recession; Wilcox family (son's in-laws) large
- hired Charles W. Follett (18) for a week to help move
bookselling business to another location in Chicago; stayed,
worked as stock clerk, salesman; worked alongside William
Barnes (son), learned book business;
1902- William Barnes, John Wilcox
(father-in-law) took over; 1917
- William Barnes relocated to New York, formed partnership with
G. Clifford Noble; Barnes's shares acquired by Follett (head
stock clerk), renamed J.W. Wilcox & Follett Company;
1923 - Wilcox
family's shares acquired by Follett, renamed Wilcox & Follett;
1952 - Dwight
Follett (eldest son) took over; developing first racially
integrated textbooks, first textbook program for educationally
disadvantaged children; 1982
- revenues exceeded $13 million;
1983 - publishing division acquired by Esquire
Education Group; 1995
- six divisions: Follett Educational Services (dating to 1873;
largest El-Hi provider of used textbooks, new workbooks in
industry in 1994, more than 23,000 customers nationwide),
Follett Library Resources, Follett Software Company catered to
elementary and secondary school markets; Follett Campus
Resources, Follett College Stores (country's largest operator of
college bookstores), Follett Collegiate Graphics served colleges
and universities; 1998
- reorganized, grouped into three larger business units: 1)
Elementary/High School Group; 2) Library Group; 3) Higher
Education Group; 2010
- more than 10,000 employees, more than $2.5 billion in annual
sales; family-owned, operates largest chain of college and
university bookstores in North America (largest educational
bookseller in America).
W. Follett -
-W. Atlee Burpee (18) borrowed $1000 dollars from his mother to
get started in business of breeding poultry; needed repeat
business every year, product that survived shipping well;
realized that shipping feed and seed was easier, less costly
than shipping animals, and solved farmers' problems with purity
and germination of seeds for their vegetable crops; guaranteed
satisfaction for one year from date of purchase or a replacement
of the seeds; 1888 - improved and adapted
best European vegetables and flowers to American growing
conditions at Fordhook Farm (he bought near Doylestown, PA);
1890s - largest seed company in the world; 1915
- sending out million catalogs a year.
W. Atlee Burpee
- Burpee Seeds
(http://images.google.com/ images?q= tbn:o4F9sH5Yr74M1M:http:/
/www.burpee.com/ images/content/legacy/ w_a_burpee_sm.jpg)
- Abraham Joseph Schwab established A. Schwab Dry Goods on Beale
St., Memphis, TN; 2010
- managed by Elliot Schwab, Sam Braslow, Marvin Braslow; only
remaining original business on Beale Street; oldest family-owned
general store in U.S.
1876 - James
Porteous established Fresno Agricultural Works in Fresno, CA;
manufactured, sold construction and farm equipment;
July 25, 1882 -
received a patent for a "Dirt-Scraper" ("...buck-scraper, in
which the power of horses is applied to drag along the ground a
vertical or slightly-inclined board, which scrapes the dirt and
carries it before it to any required place...");
April 3, 1883 -
received a second patent for a "Dirt Scraper" ("...simple,
light, and effective scraper for leveling land");
January 31, 1889 -
acquired 1883 scraper patent from William Deidrick;
February 7, 1896 -
acquired 1885 scraper patent from Frank Dusy and Abijah McCall;
gained sole rights to 'Fresno Scraper' - basis for modern
earthmoving equipment, able to scrape, move load of soil,
discharge it at controlled depth with blade which ran along
bottom of C-shaped bowl, adjustable to alter angle of bucket to
soil so that dirt could be dumped into low spots; sold
throughout West; developed reputation for efficiency,
reliability, ease of operation; shipped to practically every
state, South America, India, The Orient, South Africa,
Australia, Europe; played vital role in construction of Panama
Canal; transformed labor of land leveling, ditch digging, road
and railroad building (designated as International Historic
Engineering Landmark in 1991 by American Society of Mechanical
Engineers); focus shifted to retail hardware; name changed to
Fresno Ag Hardware; 2010
- full-service hardware store with 86,000 square feet under
roof; largest independently owned hardware store in area.
- Fresno Scraper
February 12, 1876
- Al (Albert) Spalding opened sporting good shop in Chicago
(after Hall of Fame baseball career; retired at age 28);
eventually named A.G. Spalding & Brothers, emerged as the era's
dominant sporting-goods firm.
March 20, 1878
- Queen Victoria Market ('Vic Markets') opened in Melbourne, AU;
largest open air market in southern hemisphere (almost one
thousand traders who sell everything from exotic Australian
fruit and vegetables, local and imported gourmet foods, meat,
fish and poultry, to hardware, manchester, clothing, authentic
Australian artefacts, souvenirs.
September 15, 1879
- Francis R. Chown opened hardware business in Portland, OR;
offered farm implements, logging supplies, construction
materials and tools; became industry leader in Architectural
Hardware, Commercial Hardware, Hardware and Access Control
Services, residential hardware and high-end plumbing fixtures.
1882 - Giovanni
Beltramo, from Castel Nuovo di Don Bosco in the province of
Asti, Italy, established a wholesale-retail wine and spirits
business in Menlo Park, CA; mid-1960s - John R.
and Daniel Beltramo (grandsons) took over.
- John James (J.J.) and Henry Hamley established Hamley and Co.
in Ashton, South Dakota; 1887
- relocated to Kendrick, Idaho because of regional crop failures
and depression; 1905
- J.J. relocated to Pendleton, Oregon, set up shop on Oregon
Trail; business developed around saddles; became known
throughout west as maker of "the finest saddles man could ride";
1909 - published
first "Hamley Cowboy Catalog";
1910 - first Pendleton Round up;
1919 - developed,
produced modified association saddle as solution to better
anchor Round-Up rodeo riders to their horses;
1928 - developed
The Hamley Kit (shaving kit); 1961
- David Hamley (grandson) took over business;
1980 - acquired by
Portland businessman; 2005
- building, business, trademark rights, Hamley name acquired
Parley Pearce and Blair Woodfield;
September 2005 - reopened, celebrated
December 16, 1884
- William H. Fruen, of Minneapolis, MN, received a patent for an
"Automatic Liquid-Drawing Device"; automatic liquid vending
machine; coin inserted in a slot, measured quantity of liquid
released from a reservoir.
1885 - Reginald
Turnbull, hosier, Ernest Asser, salesman, opened John Arthur
Turnbull store on Church Street in St. James's in central
London; 1895 - name changed to Turnbull & Asser;
1986 - acquired by Ali al-Fayed (younger brother
of Mohammed Al-Fayed, owner of Harrods); 1997-
opened first store in New York.
1888 - Frank
Marini, John B. Perata and Virgil Valente established Valente
Marini Perata & Co. funeral service in San Francisco's
burgeoning North Beach district to serve growing population of
immigrants who arrived at end of 19th century; 1906
- horse-drawn livery and transport wagons served double duty as
emergency rescue vehicles during earthquake; 2007
- fifth generation of being family owned, operated.
1888 - Fred
Leithold established Leithold Music in La Crosse, WI; sold,
tuned pianos; succeeced by Harry Leithold (son);
1970s - stopped
sales of television sets, radios;
1980s - stopped sales of stereo equipment,
records; 2011 -
fourth generation family owned full service music store; 10
full-time employees, 21 independent teachers (give music lessons
to more than 350 students a week at store), rents about 1,000
musical instruments at any given time to area students.
- Morris A. Modell opened store on Cortlandt Street in lower
Manhattan; 1920 - Henry (son) became president;
name changed to Henry Modell Company, Inc.; 1963 -
four stores; 2007 - 125 stores; nation's oldest,
family-owned and operated, retailer of sporting goods, sporting
apparel, menswear and brand name athletic footwear.
1889 - Drewes
Brothers opened butcher shop in Noe Valley, San Francisco, CA ;
1998 - acquired by fourth owners, Josh and Isaac
Epple; thought to be oldest operating butcher shop in
1889 - Walter
Thomas Weaver, Francis Weaver opened W. T. Weaver & Sons
hardware store in Georgetown, DC; fourth generation family owned
business; one of country's oldest decorative bath, hardware
- George H. Bartell Sr. (21), pharmacist from Kansas,
purchased the Lake Washington Pharmacy at 2711 Jackson Street,
Seattle, WA; 1939 - George H. Bartell Jr. became
president; 2007 - 55 stores located in Puget Sound
neighborhoods; oldest family owned drugstore chain in nation.
Walter T. Weaver (center, top) - W. T. Weaver & Sons (http://books.google.com/books?id=fX2r93oWKjgC&pg=PA52&img=1&zoom=3&hl= en&sig=ACfU3U3EJpIpNL9G2cuKhZuTq9qqtXeGJw&w=575)
1892 - J.C.
Pedersen, Danish immigrant and cabinet maker, opened first
Pedersen Furniture company at corner of Fourth and A Streets in
Santa Rosa, CA (population 6,000); four generations of Pedersen
family have owned, operated company.
- George W. Loudermilk Undertaking Company in Dallas, TX;
horse-drawn carriages led funeral procession from home or church
to nearby cemetery; 1920
- acquired by Will R. Sparkman, name changed to
- moved to A.H. Belo Mansion; Louis N. and Hal C. Sparkman
(sons) joined family business;
1951 - L. N. “Bill” Sparkman, Jr. (grandson)
entered family business; 1968
- renamed Sparkman Hillcrest; 2011
- David L. Sparkman (great grandson, fourth generation) part of
1894 - Adam Clark Vroman, J.S. Glasscock opened
book, photographic supply store at 60 E Colorado Street,
Pasadena, CA; specialized in scenes of American West, portraits
of Native Americans; for many years - largest bookstore west of
the Mississippi; still largest independent bookstore in Southern
Clark Vroman - Vroman's
- Paul Joseph Bonwit opened store at Sixth Avenue and Eighteenth
Street in Manhattan; 1897 - Edmund D. Teller
joined company, renamed Bonwit Teller; 1907 -
incorporated; 1911 - relocated to corner of Fifth
Avenue and Thirty-eighth Street; 1932 - acquired
by Atlas Corporation (financier Floyd Odlum); 1938
- Hortense Odlum (wife) named president, first female president
of major department store in United States; 1946 -
acquired by Hoving Corporation, subsequently Genesco, Allied
Stores Corporation; 1987 - acquired by L. J.
Hooker Corporation; August 1989 - filed for
bankruptcy; May 1990 - ceased operations.
1896 - Thomas
Sperry and Shelly Hutchinson founded Sperry and Hutchinson
company in Jackson, MI; offered stamps to U.S. retailers as
consumer incentive to pay cash (filling stations, shops,
supermarkets bought the stamps from S&H, gave them as bonuses
with every purchase); shoppers given stamps based on dollar
amount of their purchase; 1906 - Sperry bought out
Hutchinson; 1923 - Beinecke family ((married into
Sperry family) bought Sperry and Hutchinson Company from Sperry
family; 1951 - Edwin Beinecke re-launched S&H
Green Stamps; 1964 - single largest publisher of
stamps in United States (estimated that 80% of U.S. households
collected the stamps), largest purchaser of consumer goods in
world; January 30, 1981 - 43 percent of Sperry
stock controlled by Beinecke family, agreed to be acquired for
$366 million by Baldwin-United Corporation, diversified
financial services and musical instruments company.
- Clinton C. Filson, experienced in experience operating small
loggers' outfitting store, opened C.C. Filson's Pioneer Alaska
Clothing and Blanket Manufacturers in Seattle, WA; specialized
in goods to outfit stampeders to Klondike Gold Rush; 1902
- added clothing for timber industry; March 3, 1914
- received a patent for a "Shirt" ("...for the especial use of
field engineers, forest rangers, cruisers, prospectors and
others requiring a strong, serviceable garment adapted to afford
protection from the weather and to furnish the conveniences
required in such usage"); Filson Cruiser, best selling item,
over half million sold.
- William Betts founded W. B. Mason Co. in Brockton, MA as
rubber stamp company serving Brockton shoe industry; 1987
- largest office supplies and office furniture company on
southeastern Massachusetts; 2006 - largest
privately held office products dealer in U. S.
May 10, 1898
- First vending machine law in U.S. enacted in Omaha, NE.
1899 - Edward
and Leonard McRoskey of St. Louis and Chicago, brought mattress
making equipment to California to sell, made mattresses instead;
1930s - Leonard and Robert (Edward's sons) joined
company; 2007 - Robin McRoskey Azevedo (Robert's
daughter) is President; made by hand.
- Charles Walgreen Sr. (registered pharmacist in 1897) paid
$6,000 for the pharmacy owned by Isaac W. Blood located in
Barrett's Hotel at Cottage Grove and Bowen Avenue on Chicago's
South Side; 1910 - two stores; began food service
with simple sandwiches, soups, desserts; kept his fountain open
during winter, provided customers with affordable, nutritious,
home-cooked meals; 1913 - four stores; 1919
- 20 stores; 1929 - 525 stores (locations New York
City, Florida, other major markets); formula for growth: superb
management team, modern merchandising, innovative store design,
fair pricing, outstanding customer service, exceedingly high
pharmacy quality and service; 1931 - largest
promotion campaign in its history (more than $75,000); became
first drugstore chain in country to advertise on radio
(legendary Chicago Cubs announcer Bob Elson as "voice" of
Walgreens); 1939 - Charles Walgreen Jr. assumed
leadership; 1975 - more than 1,500 pharmacists in
633 stores filled close to 30 million prescriptions annually
(four times the 7.5 million dispensed in 1962, five million more
than in 1972); 1984 - opened 1,000th store;
2010 - agreed to acquire Duane Reade (250
stores) for $1.1 billion.
1902 - Shojiro
Tatsuno (30) opened first Nichi Bei Bussan store on Dupont St.
in San Francisco (now Grant Ave. in Chinatown); carried American
goods, catered to immigrant Japanese population; April 7,
1942 - closed due to Japanese internment during WW II;
July 15, 1946 - re-opened on Buchanan St. in San
Francisco; July 11, 1948 - San Jose branch of
newly-renamed "N.B. Department Stores" opened in Japantown in
"Valley of Heart's Delight", now known as "Silicon Valley";
1997 - San Francisco store closed with passing of
Masateru "Tut" Tatsuno (Shojiro's younger son).
- Jacob Press opened J. Press store on Yale University's campus.
- Louis K. Liggett, drug salesman, organized United Drug Company
(40 independent drug stores invested $4,000 in retailers'
cooperative, sold products under the Rexall ("king
of all') name - individual pharmacists and individual markets
brought together into national organization) to manufacture
drugs, related products, and to franchise Rexall drug stores
with exclusive right to sell those products; December 8,
1908 - United Drug Company registered "Rexall" trademark
first used July 1, 1908 (hot-water bags or bottles and fountain
syringes); 1909 - gross revenues of $1.4 million;
1914 - $5.6 million; 1920 - $68
million in revenues; acquired Boot’s Drug Company (627 stores);
1928 - merged with Sterling Products; 1933
- Sterling agreement dissolved; on verge of bankruptcy; Boots
sold; 1941 - 600 drugstores, nearly 8,000 Rexall
franchisees, 16,000 employees, 5,000 products; hired Justin
Dart, general manager of Walgreen drug chain
(divorced from Ruth Walgreen, daughter of
Walgreen's founder); 1944 - Liggett stepped down;
Dart (37), new president, renamed UDC the
Drug Co., moved headquarters to Los Angeles; 1958
- Rexall Drug Company largest U.S. drug store chain (11,158
stores); 1969 -
company name changed to
Industries to reflect diversity (chemicals, plastics,
glass, cosmetics, electric appliances, and land development);
1978 - sold Rexall assets to private investors for
$16 million; 1980 - merged with Kraft Foods,
formed Dart & Kraft Inc.; 1985 - Sundown Vitamins,
Inc. acquired Rexall trademark and distribution rights;
1986 - Dart & Kraft demerged into 1) Kraft, Inc. (food
operations plus Duracell batteries, 2) Premark International
- William and Gilbert Foyle failed civil service exams, started
selling their old textbooks from their parents' kitchen table in
London, UK; grew into successful, family-run shop on Charing
Cross Road; 1906 - "the largest educational
booksellers in London", gained international reputation in
literary industry; once largest bookshop in world; 1929
- Christina Foyle (William's daughter) joined store; 1945
- took over; 1999 - Christopher Foyle (nephew)
took over as Chairman, Bill Samuel (cousin) Vice-Chairman; spent
£4 million to refurbish main store, set up website (10% of
sales), opened new branches (not done for half century).
1905 - Robert
James Wisnom, William Wisnom, Robert Bonner opened Wisnom-Bonner
Hardware, friendly general merchandise store, on the corner of
Second Avenue and Ellsworth in San Mateo, CA; sold hammers and
nails, nuts and bolts, horseshoe nails and barbed wire;
1920s - acquired Dodge dealership; sold, serviced cars,
trucks; sold ladders, nail kegs, kerosene, thinners, other
supplies; 1925 - partnership dissolved, name
changed to Wisnom Hardware; 1940s - added record
department, sold 78 rpm records; installed listening booth;
1980s - Robert F. and John D. Wisnom (Robert's sons)
joined company; merchandise expanded, included housewares,
cookware, garden tools, pet supplies, giftware, fireplace shop;
2007 - Suzi Wisnom (granddaughter, John D.'s
daughter), Dick Nelson (her husband) own, operate store.
Wisnom - Wisnom Hardware
April 2, 1905
- Stewart Lake (S.L.) Dennis and P.W. Shepard formed Shepard &
Dennis Transfer Company in Raymond, WA; sold firewood, delivered
it with wagon and team of horses; 1919 - Dennis
assumed sole ownership, renamed S. L. Dennis Transfer Co.;
1940 - began to stock, display merchandise for retail
customers; 1968 - incorporating as Dennis Sales
Company; 2007 - family owned, managed by great
5'2'', founded Rochester Big and Tall in San Francisco as a
working man's store to help rebuild the city after the city's
April 18, 1906 earthquake; offered brand-name merchandise to the
big and tall man (usual minimum: 40" waist, 6'2'', or unusual
arm, leg, foot fits); 2006 - over 20 worldwide
locations, catalog/ecommerce division.
- Thomas L. and Frederick H. Bennett
F. H. Bennett Biscuit Co. in New York City;
1908 - introduced
"Bennett's Milk-Bone Dog and Puppy Foods" and Maltoid dog
biscuits; first domestically manufactured canine food;
January 26, 1909 -
Sterling Biscuit Company registered "Maltoid Milk-Bone Brand"
trademark first used September 2, 1908 (dog-biscuits);
January 24, 1911 -
Carleton Ellis, of Larchmont, NY [president of Ellis-Foster
Company], received a patent for a "Dog-Biscuit" ("improved form
of dog-biscuit having particularly for its object the
utilization of the waste milk of slaughter houses ...produced in
the shape of a bone, or elongated flattened dumbell"); assigned
to Ellis-Foster Company; 1915
- name changed to Milk-Bone;
September 28, 1926 - F. H. Bennett Biscuit Co.
registered "Milk-Bone" trademark first used September 2, 1908
(animal biscuits); 1927
- F. H. Bennett Company changed to Wheatsworth Inc.;
1931 - acquired by
National Biscuits Co. for $5.3 million;
- introduced Milk-Bone dog biscuit; first domestic canine food;
January 26, 1909 - Sterling Biscuit Company
registered "Milk-Bone Brand" trademark first used September 2,
1908 (dog-biscuits); 1931 - acquired by National
1907 - Fabia Pons
opened F. Pons clothing store at Carrer Gran de Gracia, 49 in
Barcelona, Spain; 1925
- Juan Estrany (son-in-law) took over;
1987 - Isabel Estrany (granddaughter)
William E. Aubuchon Sr. (23) established hardware store in
Fitchburg, MA (arrived in U. S. from Canada in 1900);
2008 - over 130 Aubuchon
Hardware stores located throughout Connecticut, Maine,
Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont; about 1,100
employees; growth attributed to company's treating its customers
as friends, always making them number one.
- E.T. Williams, immigrant from Wales, opened Williams’ Book
Store in San Pedro, CA; 1940
- Ethel Williams-Smith (daughter) took over; B. Dalton, Crown
Books, Borders Books, Bookstar opened in more affluent Palos
Verdes peninsula; 1980
- turned the store over to Anne Gusha (customer since 1928 as
child); 1990s -
downtown San Pedro began to revive (artists flocked to area, new
restaurants opened); walk-in traffic increased; book signings on
first Thursday of each month launched (art galleries had open
houses); chain stores moved out (B. Dalton closed San
Pedro/Palos Verdes store; Crown Books filed for bankruptcy in
1999; Bookstar decided not to renew lease; Williams only
first-run bookstore in area; 2000
- revenues of $170,000; 2009 - projected revenues of
$240,000 in 2009; outlasted two world wars, recessions,
determined runs by three big-chain competitors; oldest,
continuously operating bookstore in Los Angeles.
March 10, 1910
- Jesse Shwayder, former salesman for Seward Trunk and Bag
Company in New York, established Shwayder Trunk Manufacturing
Company in Denver, CO with life's savings of $3,500, work force
of ten men (trunk, luggage manufacturing
business); 1941 - introduced Samsonite Streamlite
(wooden frame with vulcanised fibre upon which a rawhide effect
was lithographed, looked like leather, sold for a comparatively
June 15, 1954 - Shwayder Bros., Inc.
registered "Samsonite" trademark first used October 17, 1938
(trunks, suitcases, traveling bags);
1958 - introduced Silhouette (hardware
was recessed to protect from wear and tea; 1965 -
name changed from Shwayder Bros., Inc. to Samsonite Corporation;
1969 - introduced Saturn, first polypropylene case
fully supported by injection-moulded shells; became world's
leading manufacturer of moulded luggage and attaché cases;
July 5, 2007 - agreed to be acquired by London-based
private equity company,
CVC Capital Partners,
for $1.11 billion.
Brothers (Mark, Maurice, Benjamin,, Jesse, Solomon)- Samsonite Corp.
- George J. (Joe) Gross ran Toledo, OH store of Peerless Light
Company, Chicago-based manufacturer of gas mantles. for six
months for percentage of profits (had been scheduled to close);
bought store, established Gross Electric Fixture Company; sold
radios, mixers, toasters, small appliances, lamps, lighting
- expanded showroom products (televisions, large appliances);
established separate wholesale electrical supply division;
1959 - opened
first suburban location; 1960s - Richard Gross (son) took over
business; expanded showroom lighting business, diversified
product mix to commercial, industrial markets;
1967 - expanded
into Michigan (took over defunct lighting operation in Ann
Arbor); 1992 -
Laurie Gross (granddaughter) became president;
2000 - third
generation family owned, operated business; one of Northwest
Ohio & Southeast Michigan’s leading independent electrical,
- Adoph Goldenberg, Sam Goldstein started American Incandescent
Light Co., in Zanesville, OH, as lamp manufacturing company
(later became electrical distribution company);
incorporated as The American Light Co.;
1994 - acquired from Sam Goldstein (son)
August 18, 1910
- John Valentine (Colorado wholesaler), fourteen American retail
florists met at Society of American Florists (SAF) Conention in
Rochester, NY, agreed to exchange orders for out-of-town
deliveries in effort to grow retail floral industry, still
dominated by growers and wholesalers; named "Florists' Telegraph
Delivery"; world's first flowers-by-wire service;
1912 - introduced
Mercury Man logo; 1914
- adopted figure of 'Mercury' as official logo; 200 florist
members; 1916 -
328 FTDA member florists voted to separate from SAF;
January 1, 1924 -
3,000 FTD Member Florists introduced to FTD Clearinghouse,
first non-profit international banking operation in commercial
history; handled over 460,000 orders worth almost $3 million in
first year; 1929 -
annual revenues over $6.3 million, number of florists exceeded
5,000; end of 1930s
- over 7,000 FTD Member Florists, more than 2.1 million orders
processed through FTD Clearinghouse;
1945 - clearinghouse business grew to
- joined British Unit and Fleurop; named Interflora, Inc.;
1949 - more than
8,650 members; 1959
- FTD Clearinghouse revenue surpassed $63 million, over 8.2
million orders; 1965
- expanded to international transactions; renamed "Florists
Transworld Delivery Association";
November 8, 1966 - Florists Transworld Delivery
Association registered "FTD" trademark first used December 31,
1965 (indicating associate membership in applicant
organization); end of 1960s
- Clearings doubled to $132 million, membership increased to
12,000; end 1970s
- FTD sales topped $350 million, 18 million orders, membership
of 19,000 members; 1980s
- membership over 20,000.
1911 - Win Brown launched first Brown's
Shoe Fit Co. store, with $1,700, in 9-foot-wide storefront
in Shenandoah, IA; displayed 1,100 empty boxes with company
label to provide appearance of more shoes on shelves;
1958 - 37 stores
in 4 states (much of company owned by employees);
2011 - 80
locations in 11 Midwestern states.
October 1911 -
Bertrand Benge opened Benge's Shoe Store in Grand Junction, CO;
1925 - Harry Benge
(son) inherited shop; 1975
- Bruce Benge joined company; oldest shoe store in Colorado;
three generations of continuous family ownership.
- Leon Leonwood (L. L.) Bean founded L. L. bean in basement of
his brother's apparel shop in Freeport, ME; obtained a mailing
list of nonresident Maine hunting license holders, sent
three-page flyer about Maine Hunting Shoe (leather uppers
stitched to workmen's rubber boots - comfortable, functional
boot for exploring Maine woods); received 100 orders, got 90
returns (rubber bottoms separated from leather tops); gave full
refunds; learned value of personally testing his products, of
honest advertising based on firm convictions, of keeping
customer satisfied at any cost (service-based philosophy);
1934 - 52-page catalog; 1937 - sales
surpassed $1,000,000; 1951 - L.L. Bean opened
store 365 days a year, 24 hours a day;
1987 - employed almost
2,000 year-round workers, another 1,000 during peak season;
July 2000 - extended retail store presence beyond
Maine for first time, opened store in McLean, VA; 2005
- produced 61 catalogs distributed to customers in all 50 US
states, more than 140 countries; over 14.5 million customer
contacts were received, over 179,000 came on single busiest day
of year; December 2005 - over 85,000 orders placed
online in single day.
1912 - John Enrico Fattorini opened Grattan
Warehouses in Bradford, Yorkshire, UK (had fallen out with his
cousin while working in marketing department of Empire Stores);
1986 - acquired by
Next plc for £300 million (outbid Otto Versand);
1990 - 13% of U.K.
mail-order market; fourth largest mail-order firm;
1995 - name
changed to Grattan Plc; 1991
- acquired by Otto Versand for £165 million;
April 1999 - Otto
Versand acquired Freemans U.K. mail-order business from Sears
plc for about £150 million (raised share of U.K. catalog market
from 8-15%, third largest mail order UK business).
John Enrico Fattorini
- Grattan Warehouse
1, 1913 - Gulf Refining Company opened first U.S.
drive-in automobile service station at high traffic intersection
of Baum Boulevard, St. Clair Street, Pittsburgh, PA; brick,
pagoda-style station featured free air, water, crankcase
service, restrooms, lighted sign for "Good Gulf Gasoline"; open
all night; first day sales were 30 gallons at 27 cents each;
first Saturday - Gulf sold over 350 gallons; 1907
- Standard Oil Company of California opened first service
station (little more than shed, near its Seattle kerosene
- Israel Warshawsky founded The Warshawsky Company, scrap metal
yard, in Chicago to mine replacement parts from derelict
automobiles; began buying failed auto manufacturers, added new
parts to inventory, added retail store; 1934 -
wholesale catalog distributed exclusively through Chicago-area
gas stations, mechanics; Roy Warshawsky (son) joined company;
1943 - assumed control; 1947 - retail
store occupied entire city block, biggest automotive department
store in world; 1967 - formed Automotive Parts &
- Charles and Albert Boni (Washington Square Bookshop) and
advertising men Maxwell Sackheim and Harry Scherman founded
Little Leather Library Corporation of New York; one of first
attempts to mass-market inexpensive books in United States;
series of miniature editions of classics for which publisher did
not pay any copyright royalties); offered set of 30 imitation
leather-bound books at price of $2.98 by mail (headline of an ad
said "SEND NO MONEY!"); 1920 - marketed over twenty-five million
volumes, many of them by mail; 1922 - Robert Haas
joined original Little Leather Library Corporation; 1926
- Sackheim, Scherman, Haas formed Book-of-the-Month Club to sell
books on a subscription basis; April 16, 1926 -
The Book-of-the-Month Club in New York City chose as its first
selection, "Lolly Willowes" or "The Loving Huntsman" by Sylvia
- Norton Hinckley, Dave L. Tandy started Hinckley-Tandy Leather
Company in Fort Worth, TX; sold leather shoe parts (soles,
heels, shoelaces) to shoe repair shops; 1941
- crippled by WW II shoe rationing (two pairs per adult
per year), leather for civilian use virtually disappeared;
1950 - Hinckley-Tandy split: Charles (son) and
father formed Tandy Leather Company; Hinckley kept shoe
business; 1954 - Tandy Leather Company grew into
nationwide chain of hobby and leathercraft outlets (67 stores in
36 states and Hawaii, sales of $8 million); 1955 -
acquired by American Hide and Leather (Boston, MA); name changed
to General American Industries; suffered operating losses;
November 1959 - Tandy reacquired control, elected
Chairman of the Board; 1960 - incorporated as
Tandy Corporation; 1963 - acquired RadioShack
Corporation for about $300,00; 1975 - became
exclusively an electronics company, spun off all other
operations into Tandycrafts and Tandy Brands; August 1977
- introduced TRS-80 Model I microcomputer, first mass-produced
personal computer; (September 1977 - 10,000 sold; 1977-1981
- over 200,000
sold); became "biggest name in
little computers"; 1986 - spun off foreign retail
operations into InterTAN, Inc.; 1988 - over 7,000
locations; May 2000 - name changed to RadioShack
- Charles Doppelt invented toiletries kit ("Doppkit") for travel
purposes; February 15, 1955 - Charles Doppelt &
Co., Inc. (Chicago, IL), registered "Dopp" trademark (for toilet
cases); 1970's - acquired by Samsonite;
January 19, 1982 - Samsonite registered "Dopp"
1919 - Herman Delman opened small
shoe salon (looked like 'living room') on Madison Avenue
in New York City (backed by relative; had worked in
father's Seattle, WA store selling Sunday shoes to fruit
farmers and their families;
post WW I - buying trip to New
York (ordered $30,000-$40,000 of women's shoes, sent
them to Seattle, sold out; got job as shoe designer);
built shoes that were chic, yet comfortable;
December 19, 1950
- Delman, Inc. registered "Delman" trademark first used
March 15, 1926 (shoes made of leather, rubber, or fabric
or combinations thereof, and on hosiery); one of oldest
salon footwear brands in United States; one of first
brands sold in department stores to carry its own label.
- Eddie Bauer opened Eddie Bauer's Sports Shop in downtown
Seattle; 1934 - company received U.S., Canadian
patents on Bauer Shuttlecock (standard for the badminton
today); 1936 - manufactured goose down insulated
garment, Skyliner jacket; February 20, 1940 -
Eddie Bauer received design patent for a "Jacket" (Skyliner
jacket); 1945 - first mail-order catalog;
1963 - outfitted Jim Whittaker, first American to summit
Mount Everest; 1968 - company sold to partner
William Niemi and his son; 1971 - acquired by
General Mills; 1988 - acquired by Spiegel ;
2003 - Spiegel Inc, filed for Chapter 11 reorganization;
2005 - Eddie Bauer Holdings, Inc. formed as result
of Spiegel reorganization; stand-alone company for first time in
June 14, 2009 -
filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection;
July 17, 2009 -
Golden Gate Capital won bankruptcy auction for Eddie Bauer with
$286 million cash bid (had teamed with Sun Capital in 2006 in
deal to take Eddie Bauer private for $286 million in cash, $328
million in assumed debt; rejected by Eddie Bauer’s shareholders
in February 2007 vote).
- P. M. Chappel, former horse dealer, horse breeder with
connections in packing industry, organized cannery; canned dog
food at Rockford, IL, under Ken-L-Ration brand; 1942
- acquired by The Quakers Oats CO.; laid groundwork for
nationally recognized Ken-L-Ration, Puss’N Boots brands.
1921 - Theodore
and Milton Deutschmann opened one-store retail, mail-order
operation downtown Boston; chose name, "RadioShack" to supply
the needs of radio officers aboard ships, as well as "ham" radio
operators (term for small, wooden structure that housed a ship's
radio equipment); become leading electronics mail-order
distributor to hobbyists; 1947 - RadioShack
entered high-fidelity market, opened nation's first audio
showroom; mid-1950s - began selling own
private-label product line under Realistic® brand name;
early 1960s - 9 RadioShack retail stores (plus
mail-order business), leading distributor of electronic parts,
products to do-it-yourselfers around world; went bankrupt due to
poor operating practices, disastrous credit terms to customers;
1963 - acquired by Tandy Corporation for about
- British composer, Sir Edward Elgar, opened first HMV store on
London’s Oxford Street; first to catch burgeoning demand for
recorded music; May 15, 2002 - went public;
April 2004 - HMV Group plc operated 366 HMV stores in
eight countries across Europe, North America, Pacific Asia as
well as 193 Waterstone’s stores principally in the UK, Ireland.
- Max and Clara Fortunoff opened neighborhood housewares
store in Brooklyn, NY; opened seven more shops, all located
under elevated subway on Livonia Avenue; 1957 -
added fine jewelry, watches; 1964 - opened in
first superstore in Westbury, LI; opened five more, including
Fifth Avenue in New York City; January 2008 - in
negotiations with private equity firm NRDC Equity Partners,
owner of Lord & Taylor, to be acquired in $100 million dollar
- William H. Brine founded W.H. Brine Company in Boston as small
sports equipment, uniform company; sold to private schools,
regional camps; grew into major manufacturer of lacrosse, soccer
equipment; 1960s - first company to manufacture
soccer balls with synthetic leather cover to make it more
durable; provided unconditional guarantee; 1970s -
developed molding technique, used Surlyn DuPont plastic, as
basic draft shape of standard in modern lacrosse sticks;
produced its first plastic stick; June 7, 1983 -
registered "Brine" trademark first used in 1923 (Soccer Balls,
Ball Nets, Lacrosse Sticks, Lacrosse Balls, Lacrosse Ball Bags,
Sports Protective Equipment-Namely, Elbow Guards, Knee Guards,
Shin Guards); 1987 - named as "Official (soccer)
Ball of the NCAA Soccer Championships"; 1990s -
expanded into apparel, volleyball equipment, field hockey
equipment, lacrosse helmets and goggles, footwear; August
2006 - acquired by New Balance.
1923 - John W.
Stacey, skilled botanist and bookseller, quit Emporium book
department, opened 216 square foot store in Flood Building on
Market Street, San Francisco; 400 books on 240 feet of shelves,
Stacey as lone employee; specializing in medical books;
1946 - began to carry comprehensive line of technical
and professional titles, including the first computer books ever
published; 1959 - second store opened; 1968
- acquired by Brodart company.
- Richard Hesse, E. Gunnard Lindquist, Frank Burke, Oscar Fisher
united their hardware stores in Chicago to increase buying
power, profits; 1928 - eleven retailers joined Ace
Stores, Inc.; 1931 - name changed to Ace Hardware
Corporation; 1933 - 38 dealers in mid-west;
1946 - launched 'super' Ace store (wider aisles,
departmentalized self-service displays); 1949 -
supplied 133 Ace stores in seven states; wholesale sales of
$7.26 million; 1952 - first self-service store
opened in Merrillville, IN; 1959 - supplied 325
Ace stores, wholesale sales of $24.5 million; 1968
- stores expanded products (beauty aids, candy, greeting cards);
September 19, 1967 - registered "Ace" trademark
first used March 1, 1928 (supplying advertising, promotional,
and marketing services to participating retail hardware stores);
1973 - acquired from Hesse by retailers for $6
million; 1976 - transition to retailer-owned
cooperative completed; 1979 - introduced first
computer system to track sales, analyze purchase statistics;
1985 - wholesale sales over $1 billion; 2003
- exceeded $3 billion in hardline sales, $100 million in net
E. Gunnard Lindquist, Frank Burke, Oscar Fisher
- Ace Hardware
- Clarence Gaines started Gaines Food Co., Sherburne, NY;
1928 - sold empty 5 and 10-pound bags to divide
100-pound bags into more manageable, less costly purchases;
showed his pointer breed at field trials across the country
where superior quality of his entries nurtured interested, good
will for Gaines Dog Meal; 1943 - acquired by
- Aaron Hill bought snack stand on Liberty Island (New York,
NY), home of Statue of Liberty; table, umbrella set up on pier
where ferry docked; named company Evelyn Hill, Inc. (wife); only
shopkeeper on island since Park Service took control of statue
in 1933; ranks among 10 biggest commercial operations in U.S.
national park system ($15 million in annual sales); third
March 1, 1931 -
Thirty farmers, mostly prune growers, considered buying their
farm supplies as cooperative, put up $30 each, created Orchard
Supply in rented warehouse on Bassett Street, San Jose, CA;
1950's - no longer qualified as cooperative as
electronics industry developed, orchards became residential
areas, many farmers retired; retail business name changed to
Orchard Supply Hardware; 1962 - Albert B. Smith
became president; 2004 - OSH is 84 stores strong
with locations in California from Redding in the north to Laguna
Niguel in the south.
1932 - Max Stern
founded Hartz Mountain line of pet products (already largest
livestock importer in America); July 15, 1952 -
Hartz Mountain Products registered "Hartz" trademark first used
January 1930 (pet foods-namely, feeds fro birds, fish, dogs, and
turtles); 1959 - Leonard (son) joined company,
expanded product lines into goldfish, tropical fish, full line
of aquatic supplies; 1960s - expanded with dog and
cat products; research, manufacturing facilities built, large
sales force formed, strategically located regional distribution
centers established; early 1980s - Hartz products
sold in more than 40,000 U.S. and Canadian retail outlets;
2000 - acquired by fund managed by J.W. Childs
Associates, LP, private equity investment firm; June 2004
- acquired by Sumitomo Corporation of America (SCOA).
Stern - Founder, Hartz
- Levi Justin (L. J.) Skaggs, brother of Marion B. Skaggs,
co-founder of Safeway, opened first self-service drugstore in
Tacoma, WA named PayLess Drug; 1939 - Peyton Hawes
and Wiliam Armitage acquired controlling interest in 5
drugstores in OR and WA, founded PayLess Drug Stores.
April 18, 1934
- J. F. Cantrell opened first launderette (called a
'washeteria') in Fort Worth, TX; installed four washing
machines, charged by the hour.
- Mountain climbers Lloyd and Mary Anderson joined with 21
fellow Northwest climbers to found Recreational Equipment, Inc.
(REI). The group structured REI as a consumer cooperative to
purchase high-quality ice axes and climbing equipment from
Europe because such gear could not be purchased locally;
2005 - 82 retail stores in the U.S., nation's largest
consumer cooperative with more than 2.8 million members.
12, 1938 - Thomas J. Long (son-in-law of Marion B. Skaggs, co-founder
of Safeway Stores), Joseph M. Long (younger brother) borrowed
$25,000, opened Longs Self-Service Drug on Piedmont
Avenue in Oakland, CA; introduced idea of self-service in retail
drug industry; 1993
- 274-store chain in five states, annual sales of $2.5 billion;
October 30, 2008 - acquired for $2.9 billion by CVS Caremark
one of founders of Long's
- Ralph Ostrove founded Paul Stuart Inc. in New York; named for
his son, Paul Stuart Ostrove; 1965 - Clifford
Grodd, son-in-law, succeeded; remains family-run business.
- Dr. Mark L. Morris Sr., founder
in 1928 of Raritan Hospital for Animals in Edison, NJ (second
exclusively small animal hospital in United States), believed
certain diseases in pets could be managed through carefully
formulated nutrition; young blind man named Morris Frank asked
Dr. Morris if anything could be done to save his guide dog,
Buddy, who was suffering from kidney failure; created Raritan
Ration B, nutritional formulation that became first product in
Hill's Prescription Diet line of therapeutic pet foods, world's
first pet food designed to help dogs with kidney disease; first
therapeutic dog food evolved into Hill's® Prescription Diet®
k/d®; 1948 - contracted with Hill Packing Company
(founded 1906 in Topeka, KS) to can food with new name, Canine
k/d®, licensed Hill to produce his pet food formulas; June
7, 1949 - Hill Packing Company registered "Hill's"
trademark first used April 7, 1937 (dog food); evolved into
Hill's Pet Nutrition, grew, added formulas of therapeutic pet
food; 1968 - acquired by Riviana Foods;
food line made available
through veterinarians, pet professionals as Hill's® Science
Diet®; 1976 - acquired by Colgate-Palmolive
Company; 1999 - sales of $1 billion.
Dr. Mark L.
Morris Sr. - Hill's Pet
- Arthur Brody, young Columbia University student, invented
plastic book jacket cover (used to protect the original paper
jackets of library books, giving them a longer shelf life and
increasing their circulation); founded Brodart Co.; 1950s
- expanded into book distribution; 1954 - began
manufacturing complete line of furniture; premier supplier of
circulation-ready materials to libraries.
- Miles Cahn founded Manhattan Leather Goods as a family-run
workshop in a Manhattan loft; produced heavy unlined leather
bags in classic styles, refurbished worn or damaged bags free,
priced about 50 percent lower than high-end designer bags, sold
in department stores; Lillian Cahn (wife) changed name to Coach
Leatherware; 1972 - company introduced Duffle Sac,
slouchy oblong bag with a long strap that came in black, brown;
1985 - acquired by Sara Lee Corporation;
October 2000 - spun-off, went public.
- Loronzo L. (L. L.) Skaggs (brother of Marion B. Skaggs,
co-founder of Safeway) formed partnership with 3 other men,
named Owners Service Company (Osco), headquarters in Chicago,
IL; 1961 - acquired by Jewel Companies (31 Osco
drug stores in 6 states).
- Ingvar Kamprad (17) founded IKEA; formed from the founder's
initials (I.K.) plus first letters of Elmtaryd and Agunnaryd,
farm and village where he grew up; originally sold whatever need
he could fill with product at reduced price (pens, wallets,
picture frames, table runners, watches, jewelry, nylon
stockings); 1947 - introduced furniture into
product range (produced by local manufacturers); 1951
- introduced first furniture catalogue (discontinued all of
other products); 1953 - opened furniture showroom
in Älmhult (home furnishing products with function, quality and
low price; best value for the money); 1955 - began
designing own furniture due to supplier boycott (innovative
design, improved function at lower prices; design for flat
packaging); 1965 - store opened in Stockholm
(circular design, inspired by New York’s Guggenheim Museum;
opened warehouse, let people serve themselves); 1993
- 114 stores in 25 countries.
- H. Carl Buchan and his brother-in-law, James Lowe, operated
the North Wilkesboro Hardware Company; Buchan bought-out Lowe,
concentrated on selling only hardware, appliances, hard-to-find
building materials; eliminated wholesalers, dealt directly with
manufacturers, established reputation for low prices; 2005
- operates more than 1,250 Lowe's stores in 49 states, sales
totaled approximately $43.2 billion.
- Allen Products Company, Inc. introduced ALPO dog food; became
largest-selling brand of premium-priced, canned dog food;
1964 - acquired by Liggett & Myers for $15 million;
January 5, 1965 - Allen Products Company, Inc.
registered "ALPO: trademark first used August 22, 1944 (dog and
cat food); December 12, 1983 - name changed to
ALPO Petfoods, Inc.; 1994 - acquired from Grand
Metropolitan Inc. (acquired Liggett Group Inc. in 1980) by
Nestle for $501 million.
- Rudolf and Nancy Talbot opened "The Talbots" (became 'Talbots'
over time) in in 17th-century colonial frame house in Hingham,
MA; 1948 - launched direct mail catalog business,
distributed 3,000 fliers to names obtained from The New Yorker;
1950s - adopted "Red Door", "Red T" logos;
1973 - acquired by General Mills for $6 million (5
stores); June 27, 1988 - acquired by Tokyo-based
JUSCO Co., Ltd. (now ÆON Co., Ltd.), Japan's fourth-largest
retailer, core company of the ÆON Group for $325 million (137
stores); November 19, 1993 - went public (339
stores); 1997 - generated $1 billion in total
company sales (603 stores); 2004 - opened 1,000th
store in Williamsburg, VA.
- Charles Lazarus (25) started baby furniture store,
Children's Bargain Town, in Washington, DC.to cater to post-war
baby boom era; 1957 - adopted supermarket model
for toy store, allowed customers to examine and pick out
products on their own, pay for them at checkout stand; with the
opening of second store, chose Toys "R" Us with a backward "R"
as attention-getter; February 1960 - Geoffrey the
Giraffe introduced as mascot; 1983 - expanded into
children's clothing (freestanding locations closed in 2003);
1984 - pened first two international stores;
1996 - launched Babies "R" Us; July 2005 -
acquired by Bain Capital Partners LLC, Kohlberg Kravis Roberts &
Co., Vornado Realty Trust for $6.6 billion.
- founder Toys "R" Us
- Morris and Paul Secon opened first Pottery Barn store on 10th
Avenue in Manhattan; product line - 2,500 pieces of nicked or
misshapen stoneware: platters, plates, pitchers, cups, saucers;
1954 - opened second store;1968 -
Morris sold share to 2 partners; acquired by Gap; 1986
- acquired for $6 million by Williams-Sonoma; 2006
- 197 stores (furniture, bedding, rugs, lighting products,
- Samuel S. Wurtzel opened first Wards Company, Inc. retail store
in 1,200 square feet of rented space in a
Richmond, VA tire store (Wards = acronym
for names of family members: Wurtzel, Alan, Ruth, David, Sam;
president until 1970, chairman from 1970-1984);
1959 - operated
four television, home appliance stores in Richmond with annual
sales of about $1 million; 1961
- went public; 1966
- sales of $23 million; Alan Wurtzel (son)joined
company as vice president for legal affairs (CEO from 1972-1986,
chairman of board from 1984-1994);
- acquired numerous electronics retailers, operated stores from
New York to California; 1983
- sales of $246 million; 1984
- renamed Circuit City; 1990
- sales of $2 billion; 1993
- tested CarMax, retail venture selling used vehicles (expanded
nationally in 1996); 1999
- sales for Circuit City stores exceeded $10 billion, annual
sales for the CarMax superstores exceeded $2 billion;
2002 - CarMax
spun-off; 2003 -
rejected takeover bid from Mexican financier Carlos Slim Helu;
2005 - rejected
unsolicited $3.25 billion cash buyout offer from Boston
investment firm Highfields Capital Management LP; April 2008 -
Blockbuster Inc. made public a more than $1 billion takeover bid
for Circuit City to create huge chain that would sell electronic
gadgets, rent movies and games (bid withdrawn in July 2008);
September 22, 2008
- Philip J. Schoonover stepped down as CEO, chairman, president
(since 2006); James A. Marcum nmed interim president, CEO;
November 3, 2008 -
announced closing of 155 stores in 55 U.S. markets by December
31, 2008; laid off about 17% of domestic work force; planned
further reductions in new store openings, work with landlords to
renegotiate leases, lower rent or terminate agreements, deal
with tightening credit from vendors;
November 10, 2008 - filed for Chapter 11
bankruptcy protection; Profiled as one of 11
companies in best selling business book "Good to Great" (Jim
Collins): asked, "Can a good company become a great company and
if so, how?"; examined "rare and truly great companies with a
corporate culture that rigorously found and promoted disciplined
people to think and act in a disciplined manner."
- Former CEO, Circuit City Stores
May 9, 1949
- Britain's first launderette opened in Queensway, London.
- Henry Froehlich acquired United States distribution rights for
Konica cameras from Konishiroku Photo Industry Company of Japan;
founded Konica Camera Company in Philadelphia; one of the first
distributors of high-tech Japanese cameras in the United States;
1961 - merged with Berkey Photo (distributed other
lines of Japanese photo products); 1982 - started
Froehlich FotoVideo, to meet new demand prompted by era of
videotape; packaged projector, transfer lens system, video
camera, videotape recorder for easy transferring of home movies
from film to videotape; 1987 - acquired
distribution rights for Mamiya cameras (used primarily by
professional photographers); formed Mamiya America Corporation
with two partners; later renamed the MAC Group.
- Les and Dorothy Schwab sold their house, borrowed $1,100 from
Dorothy's brother, purchased OK Rubber Welders, franchised tire
shop in Prineville, OR; grossed approximately $10,000 in sales a
month, $150,000 in first year; 1954 - opened two
more stores; 1955 - changed name to Les Schwab
Tire Centers; developed, implemented idea now called
"supermarket tire concept" (turned tire warehouse into showroom
that customers could walk through to select exact tires they
wanted); 1972 - opened 35th store; 2006
- $1.6 billion in sales.
- Laura and Bernard Ashley produced headscarves as well as
tablemats and napkins on kitchen table in a flat in Pimlico;
invested £10 in wood for screen frame, dyes, few yards of linen;
scarves were an instant success (stores such as John Lewis,
Heal's); 1960 - annual sales rose from
£2,000 to £8,000; 1970 - sales reached £300,000
per year; July 1, 1974
- first Laura Ashley-store in U.S. opened in San Francisco;
1975 - sales of £5 million per year, company employed
1,000 people worldwide.
-Architect Ben Thompson founded Design Research (D/R) at 48
Brattle Street in Cambridge, MA; became known as America’s
first “lifestyle store"; introduced Iittala, Artek,
Marimekko to U.S.; 1959
- arranged exhibition of Finnish design (Marimekko
textiles, dresses showcased); began to import, retail
Marimekko’s fabrics, fashions (Jacqueline Kennedy purchased
Marimekko dress she wore on cover of Sports Illustrated in
1960); October 24, 1961
- Marimekko Oy (Finland) registered "Marimekko" trademark
(Ladies' Dresses, Coats, Jackets, Blouses, Skirts, Suits,
Shorts, Scarves, Aprons, Gloves and Mittens, Headgear,
Bathing Suits, Underwear-Namely, Slips, Petticoats, Panties,
Brassieres, Girdles, Corsets, Nightgowns, Pajamas, Dressing
Gowns, Negligee Robes and Bathrobes);
1978 - D/R closed; widespread
influence on 20th-century retail design (Crate and Barrel,
Jonathan Adler, Murray Moss).
- Herbert Haft opened first Dart Drug discount store in
Washington, DC; February 29, 1960 - landmark
federal antitrust case against Parke-Davis & Co. (had threatened
to stop supplying Dart Drug because of its rock-bottom pricing
policies); Supreme Court decision weakened power of suppliers to
influence pricing decisions made by their retail customers
(ushered in age of deep-discount retailing); 1984
- sold (more than 75 units).
1956 - Chuck
Williams bought hardware store in Sonoma, CA, stocked shelves
with cookware (copper sauté pans, huge stockpots, high-quality
vegetable peelers, Sabatier knives, French kitchen towels),
named Williams-Sonoma; 1958 - moved the store to
San Francisco, stocked it with wide variety of French supplies;
1971 - produced first store catalog; 1978
- acquired by W. Howard Lester, former computer software
executive, James McMahan; 1983 - went public;
1986 - acquired Pottery Barn chain of stores from The
Gap; 1992 - joins with Time-Life Books, created
series of Williams-Sonoma Kitchen Library cookbooks; grew into
premier specialty retailer of home furnishings; 2007
- 250 Williams-Sonoma stores, Pottery Barn, Hold Everything,
Pottery Barn Kids, West Elm, and others.
1956 - Dr.
Forrest C. Shaklee, Sr. founded Shaklee Products with his sons
Forrest, Jr., and Raleigh to produce and sell nutritional
supplements; founding philosophy of the Golden Rule and In
Harmony with Nature®; more than 45 patents and patents-pending
worldwide, operates in Canada, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico and the
U.S., has over 700,000 members worldwide.
- Fred and Pat Cody opened small bookstore, in 464-square-foot
space (without heat, bathroom) near University of
California-Berkeley campus on Euclid Avenue, with $5,000 from
family, friends, Fred's life insurance policy; sold paperback
books for 50¢ to 95¢, featured Bay Area authors; opening day
sales of $42.67; 1977
- acquired by Andy Ross (owner of small bookshop in Sonoma, CA);
1980s - Golden Age
of independent bookstores; good Saturday - $25,000 in sales
(Saturday during Christmas season could bring in $70,000);
1997 - opened
second location at Berkeley's upscale Fourth Street, increased
inventory from 35,000 to 150,000 titles;
2005 - revenues dropped by two-thirds
from 1980s; good Saturday - sales of $9,000; opened third store
on Stockton Street in San Francisco's Union Square;
summer of 2006 -
closed Telegraph Avenue flagship store, put building up for
sale; acquired by Japanese importer of English language
books; April 2007
- San Francisco store closed; June
20, 2008 - announced it was closing.
- Purina Dog Chow, went into national distribution; captured
14.8 percent of dog food market by end of 1957; March 12,
1968 - Ralston Purina Company registered "Dog Chow"
trademark first used September 26, 1913 (dog food); August
1958 - market leader in dog food market.
1958 - William Amthor, operator of family-owned
furniture store, opened first "Cost Plus" store on Fisherman’s
Wharf in San Francisco, CA; devoted exclusively to imported
merchandise, imported wicker; named for pricing strategy, "cost
plus 10 percent," made clear to customers that prices would be
- acquired in leveraged buyout by Bechtel Investments (later
renamed Fremont Group); 1994
- control acquired by Goldman Sachs, International Nederland
Capital Corp.; April 1996
- went public; 2008
- operated 299 stores in 34 states.
- Jay Van Andel, Rich DeVos started Amway in Ada, MI;
November 29, 1960
- Amway Sales Corporation registered "Amway" trademark first
used November 16, 1959 (Waxes and Polishes, Particularly
Furniture Polishes and Floor Waxes); one of world's leading
direct-selling companies (450 exclusive products, services);
2005 - worldwide
retail sales of $6.4 billion.
September 1, 1959
- W.A. Krause and T.S. Gentle, founded Kum &
Go, LLC as small gas station in Hampton, IA with full service
gas, infallible customer service; 1963 - Kum &
Go, L.C. converted "gas stations" into convenience stores, or
"station stores", with fuel and merchandise; 1964
- purchased Solar Transport, flourished in the trucking
business; 1977 - 65 convenience stores employing
327 people; end of 1980s -134 stores across the
Midwest; 2005 - employs 3000 associates in over
340 Kum & Go stores.
- Abraham, Eli, Jack Cohen brother opned as three-store
health-and-beauty chain on Broadway between Duane and Reade
Streets in Manhattan; 1992
- acquired by Bain Capital;
1997 - majority interest acquired Donaldson,
Lufkin & Jenrette; February
10,1998 - went public;
2004 - acquired by Oak Hill Partners
fro $750 million; February
2010 - agreed to be acquired (250 stores) by
Walgreen's for $1.1 billion.stores.
1960 - Bruce T.
Halle rented building on Stadium Boulevard in Ann Arbor, MI;
opened first Discount Tire store (one man operation, inventory
of six tires, portable air tank, necessitated running back and
forth to local gas station to fil tires he sold); offered lower
prices, superior customer service (remove snow tires in spring,
remount them in fall for free);
1964 - opened second store;
1970 - seven
stores in Michigan; 2002
- opened 500th store; 2004
- entered "Guinness World Records" with longest-running TV
commercial (1975); 2010
- 790 retail tire outlets in 23 states, 13,000 employees, annual
revenue of about $3 billion; largest independent tire dealer in
1962 - Gordon
and Carole Segal opened first Crate and Barrel in
Chicago to sell contemporary housewares directly from
European factories, artists;
1998 - acquired by Otto Group,
German mail order company;
2008 - 168 stores, 7,000
- Crate & Barrel
- Lawrence Hoyt opened The Walden Book Store, first
independently owned bookstore, in Pittsburgh, PA, named in
tribute to Henry David Thoreau's literary classic, Walden;
1971 - Tom and Louis Borders opened Borders Book
Shop, 800-square-foot used bookstore, in Ann Arbor, MI;
1984 - Kmart Corporation acquired Waldenbook (acquired
Brentano's); 1992 - Kmart acquired Borders, formed
Borders-Walden Group; 1995 - renamed Borders
Group, Inc.; 2001 - formed alliance with
Amazon.com, offered online shopping; 2007 -
terminated Amazon alliance in restructuring.
- Marty & Jean Nidetch
(nutritionist) and Albert & Felice Lippert founded Weight
December 31, 1968 - Weight Watchers International,
Inc. registered 'Weight Watchers' trademark (handbooks and
- Gary C. Comer, with $30,000, started Lands' End Yacht Stores,
a sailing equipment company, in a basement apartment in Chicago
(intended Land's End but printer misplaced apostrohe);
distributed first catalog with detailed descriptions of products
manufactured by other companies (sailing merchandise, raincoats,
cotton shirts, wool sweaters); 1990 - stepped down
as president; 2002 - acquired by Sears, Roebuck
for $1.9 billion.
May 8, 1963
- Stanley and Sidney Goldstein, partner Ralph Hoagland opened
first Consumer Value Stores (CVS) in Lowell, MA; sold health,
beauty products; 1964 - 17 stores; original CVS
logo introduced; 1967 - opened first stores with
pharmacy departments; 1969 - acquired by Melville
Corporation; 1970 - 100 stores in New England,
Northeast; 1972 - acquired 84 Clinton Drug and
Discount Stores; doubled size of company; 1974 -
$100 million in annual sales; 1978 - opened small
health, beauty aids stores in enclosed shopping malls;
1980 - 15th largest pharmacy chain in U.S. (408 stores,
$414 million in sales); 1985 - $1 billion in
annual sales; 1986 - CVS co-founder Stanley
Goldstein named president, COO of Melville Corporation;
1988 - nearly 750 stores, sales of about $1.6 billion;
1990 - acquired 500-store Peoples Drug; 1993
- completed chain-wide transition to point-of-sale scanning;
1996 - Melville Corporation restructured, CVS
Corporation spun-off as independent public company, Stanley
Goldstein first chairman; 1997 - acquired of more
than 2,500 stores from Revco; largest acquisition in history of
U.S. retail pharmacy industry; established CVS ProCare as
specialty pharmacy subsidiary; 1998 - store total
to 4,100 across 24 states; 2000 - CVS ProCare
largest specialty pharmacy in U.S.; 2001 - annual
sales exceeding $22 billion; 2004 - acquired 1,268
Eckerd Stores, Eckerd Health Services, Eckerd’s PBM/Mail-order
pharmacy business; increased store count to more than 5,000
locations; became America’s leading pharmacy retailer;
2005 - largest pharmacy retailer in America, more than
5,400 locations in 34 states and Washington, D.C.; CVS/pharmacy
served more than 400 million customers; March 24, 2007
- merged with Caremark Rx, Inc., created CVS Caremark, nation's
premier integrated pharmacy services provider; 2008 - largest
integrated provider of prescriptions, health-related services in
nation; August 12, 2008 - planned to launch $2.9
billion tender offer for Longs Drug Stores.
Stanley Goldstein - CVS
August 11, 1966
- Wilkes Bashford (33) opened luxury menswear store of the same
name in downtown San Francisco.
- Roger Horchow launched The Horchow Collection, first luxury
mail-order catalog not preceded by brick-and-mortar presence (no
stores); offered unique decorative items from around the world;
credited with pioneering use of toll-free phone numbers for
placing catalog orders; 1988 - acquired by Neiman
- Tom and Louis Borders (23) opened Borders Book Shop,
800-square-foot used bookstore in Ann Arbor, MI;
21-store chain acquired by
Kmart for estimated $200 million), formed Borders-Walden Group;
1995 - spun off as
Borders Group Inc., went public;
2001 - formed alliance with Amazon.com to run
its e-commerce Web site; 2007
- lost $150 million in 2006, unveiled new strategic plan to turn
company around, return to profitability; sold United Kingdom,
Ireland subsidiaries, began to aggressively close Waldenbooks
stores; 2008 -
lost another $150 million in 2007, put itself up for sale, took
loan from largest shareholder; later took itself off market,
announced $120 million cost cutting plan (included layoffs).
Louis Borders - Borders Books
- Cyrus I. Harvey, Jr. founded Crabtree & Evelyn Ltd. in
Cambridge, MA; March 30, 1976 - Truc International
(Connecticut-based soap, toiletries company) registered
"Crabtree & Evelyn trademark first used January 4, 1973
(cosmetics and cleaning preparations, etc.); 1996
- acquired by Malaysia-based Kuala Lumpur Kepong Berhad.
- Ed Washburn incorporated Jiffy Lube in Utah; franchised a
small number of service centers in Utah; pioneered concept of a
speedy oil change; June 22, 1976
- Jiffy Lube, Inc. registered "Jiffy Lube" trademark first used
in December 1974; 1990
- acquired by Pennzoil-Quaker State Company.
April 15, 1973
- Walt Disney Store opened; 1996 - more than 450
Disney Stores worldwide; 1999 - 725 stores
- Grant and Pegge Dowse placed one-inch ad in Yankee magazine,
two-inch ad in Country Journal soliciting requests for their new
brochure with swatches; called their company Garnet Hill, name
of rise of land behind their home outside of Franconia, New
Hampshire; created first full-size mail-order catalog dedicated
entirely to fine natural fiber merchandise (traditional cotton
percales, high-quality wool blankets, cashmere throws, luxurious
apparel from classic European companies).
1976 - Richard
Thalheimer established Thalheimer Business Systems, sold copier
supplies door-to-door to merchants in Financial District of San
Francisco; 1977 - changed name to The Sharper
Image; negotiated exclusive distribution rights to Seiko's
Realtime Watch, billed as first affordable, waterproof,
shock-resistant chronograph that could be reliably used by
joggers; 1979 - introduced first Sharper Image
mail-order catalog; 1981 - opened first Sharper
Image store; September 29, 1981 - Thalheimer
Company (dba The Sharper Image Corporation) registered "The
Sharper Image" trademark first used August 1, 1976 (retail store
and mail-order services-namely, gifts and personal accessories);
1991 - opened design lab to produce high-margin
items company could produce itself; September 5, 2000
- registered "Ionic Breeze" trademark first used August 8, 1998
(an ion producing air cleaner, namely, an electro-static
precipitator for cleaning air) - biggest design lab seller;
2002 - Consumer Reports issued first of several
"ineffective' rankings of Ionic Breeze; September 27, 2006
- new board named former Revlon chairman, former American
Household Inc. CEO, Jerry W. Levin, chairman, interim CEO;
Thalheimer ousted; May 2007 - Thalheimer 20%
equity interest acquired for $26 million; February 19,
2008 - filed for bankruptcy protection (187 stores in 38
August 3, 1977
- Radio Shack issued press release introducing TRS-80 computer
(25 existed); thousands ordered within weeks; September 9,
1977 - First TRS-80 computer sold;
May 8, 1979
- Radio Shack releases TRSDOS 2.3;
May 1, 1981
- Radio Shack releases Model III TRSDOS 1.3.
May 5, 1978
- With a $12,000 investment ($4,000 of it borrowed), Ben Cohen
and Jerry Greenfield opened Ben & Jerry’s Homemade ice cream
scoop shop in a renovated gas station in downtown Burlington,
VT; 1980 - begin packing ice cream in pints to
distribute to grocery and Mom & Pop stores along restaurant
delivery routes Ben services out of the back of his old VW
Squareback wagon; 1981 - first Ben & Jerry’s
franchise opened in Shelburne, VT; 1984 -
Haagen-Dazs tried to limit distribution of Ben & Jerry’s in
Boston, prompted Ben & Jerry's to file suit against parent
company, Pillsbury, in famous "What’s the Doughboy Afraid Of?"
campaign; sales exceeded $4 million; 1987 -
Haagen-Dazs again tried to enforce exclusive distribution, Ben &
Jerry’s filed second lawsuit against the Pillsbury Company;
sales just under $32 million; 1988 - more than 80
Ben & Jerry’s ice cream scoop shops open in 18 states;
1991 - introduced Low Fat Frozen Yogurt; 1996
- introduced Sorbets; September 1999 - Harris
Interactive poll of the public’s perceptions of corporate
reputability Ben & Jerry’s ranked #5 in 'Reputation Quotient'
(responsibility, emotional appeal, innovation) out of top 30
Most Reputable US companies, earned #1 ranking in "Social
Responsibility" category; net sales of $237,043,000; April
12, 2000 - acquired by Unilever for $326 million.
June 29, 1978
- Bernie Marcus, Arthur Blank formed MB Associates, officially
incorporated; June 22, 1979
- opened first Home Depot
in Atlanta, GA; stocked around 25,000 products, attached
to Treasure Island stores; first year - 3 stores, 200 employees,
$7 million in sales.
1979 - John
Jeavons, dedicated organic gardener, asked Dave Smith, Paul
Hawken to source hand-forged gardening tools from England;
1982 - Smith & Hawken opened first retail store in
Mill Valley, CA; December 3, 1985 - registered
"Smith & Hawken" trademark first used November 1, 1984 (garden
hand tools, namely, shovels, rakes, hose, cultivators, forks,
spades, trowels, sickles, shears and pruners); 1993
- acquired by CML group; 1999 - acquired by
private investor group; 2004 - acquired by The
Scotts Miracle-Gro Company, leading supplier of consumer
products for lawn, garden care; 2007 - 58 stores
in 23 states.
- Arthur Cinader, his daughter, Emily, mailed first J.Crew
catalog; name, J.Crew, derived from influence of rowing ("crew")
culture on original design of company's collection; sport
included in name; "J" chosen because it looked right;
opened first store at South Street Seaport in New York City;
expanded to 170 retail, 50 outlet stores across country.
- Sid and Genevieve (Jenny) Craig (sold Body Contour, Inc. to
NutriSystem in 1982) started chain of weight-loss centers in
Melbourne, Australia; 1985 - opened first U.S.
center; 1992 - went public (621 centers in 43
states, sales of $412 million); 1997 - settled
charges of deceptive advertising claims with Federal Trade
Commission; 2001 - de-listed by New York Stock
Exchange; 2002 - much of Craigs' 67% interest
acquired by private equity firm; 2006 - company
(655 locations) acquired by Nestle SA for $600 million.
October 19, 1985
- First Blockbuster Video store opened in Dallas, TX.
July 27, 1988
- Radio Shack announced Tandy 1000 SL computer.
January 13, 2003
- Owners of toy store chain FAO Schwarz filed for Chapter 11
March 17, 2005 -
Private equity group (Kohlberg, Kravis Roberts, Bain Capital,
Vornado Realty Trust) acquired Toys 'R' Us for $6.1 billion.
June 19, 2006
- Nestle announced it has agreed to pay about $600 million for
Jenny Craig, operator of weight loss centers, manufacturer of
prepackaged meals for weight loss; attempt by Nestle to expand
in "functional food" category through its Nutrition unit (PowerBars,
baby foods , nutritional enriched products for elderly).
March 17, 2006
- The Body Shop agreed to a £652.3m ($1.2 billion) takeover by
cosmetics firm L'Oréal; 1976 - started in
Brighton, UK as an ethical alternative to traditional approach
to cosmetics., 2,085 branches worldwide, including 304 in the
April 24, 2007
- Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. (private equity firm), Stefano
Pessina (Italian billionaire, deputy chairman, largest
shareholder of Alliance Boots) raised bid for third time, agreed
to pay $22 billion for Alliance Boots, Britain's largest
drugstore chain = biggest leveraged buyout in European business
April 30, 2008
- United Online, owner of social networking site Classmates.com
and customer loyalty site My Points.com, agreed to acquire FTD
Group, online floral delivery business, for $456 million.
April 2, 2009 - Number of independent bookstores
plummeted from about 6,000 in early 1990s to 2,200 today
(source: American Booksellers Association);
overall number continues to fall, rate of decline has slowed
substantially (more than 350 shops opened since 2005); bookstore
sales in January 2009 virtually unchanged from January 2008, vs.
8% decline in total retail, food service sales
(source: Census Bureau);
Barnes & Noble's 4Q-2008 store sales dropped 5% vs. 4Q-2007;
Borders superstores 4Q-2008 sales plunged 15%, closed 112
Waldenbooks locations in 2008; Amazon's 4Q-2008 sales of books,
other media rose 9%, Barnes & Noble's online sales fell 10%.
October 2009 -
Average consumer spent $56.31/person on Halloween;
estimated total of $1.52 billion spent on candy
(source: National Retail Federation).
(1-800-Flowers), Jim McCann and Peter Kaminsky
Stop and Sell the Roses : Lessons from Business & Life.
(New York, NY: Ballantine Books, 244 p.). Founder of
1-800-Flowers. Flowers (Marketing), 1-800-Flowers.
(Adelman Laundry & Cleaners), Ollie Adelman
Things Are Possible: Those Who Say It Cannot Be Done Are Usually
Interrupted by Someone Else Doing It.
(Evanston, IL: Wildcat Publications, 284 p.). Chairman of the
Board Adelman Travel; Northwestern University Hall of Fame.
Adelman, Ollie; Laundry business.
(AISG), Carter Andress (2007).
Contractor Combatants: Tales of an Imbedded Capitalist.
(Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson, 320 p.). Co-founder, Manager of
AISG (American-Iraqi Solutions Group, supplier of everything
from lamb chops to trucks). Import/export; international
trade; private contractors. From handful of jobless Americans
to 2,500 employees from 12 countries. Multinational team
delivered vital supplies to coalition forces, helped rebuild
Iraq; engaged in deadly firefights with enemy while attempting
to fulfill mission, defend their own lives.
(Allen & Hanburys), Compiled by Ernest C.
Cripps; with illustrations (1927).
Plough Court: The Story of a Notable Pharmacy, 1715-1927.
(London, UK: Allen & Hanburys, 227 p.). Allen & Hanburys, ltd.;
Pharmacists -- Great Britain. Book was begun by Miss Amy Audrey
Locke, carried on by Mr. Arundell Esdaile, rewritten and
completed by Mr. E.C. Cripps. cf. Pref.
William Allen - Allen & Hanbury
Hanbury - Allen & Hanbury
(Allen & Hanburys), Desmond Chapman-Huston and
Ernest C. Cripps (1954).
Through a City Archway: The Story of Allen and Hanburys,
1715-1954. (London, UK: J. Murray, 336 p.). Allen and
(Allen & Hanburys), Geoffrey Tweedale (1990).
At the Sign of the Plough: 275 Years of Allen & Hanburys and the
British Pharmaceutical Industry, 1715-1990. (London, UK:
Murray, 264 p.). Allen & Hanburys; Pharmaceutical industry --
(Amway), Charles Paul Conn (1977).
The Possible Dream: A Candid Look at Amway. (Old Tappan,
NJ: Revell, 174 p.). DeVos, Richard M.; Van Andel, Jay; Amway
Richard M. DeVos
Jay Van Andel
An Uncommon Freedom. (Old Tappan, NJ: F.H. Revell, 176
p.). Amway Corporation; Success--Case studies.
Promises to Keep: The Amway Phenomenon and How It Works.
(New York, NY: Putnam, 124 p.). Amway Corporation
(Amway), Stephen Butterfield (1985).
Amway, The Cult of Free Enterprise. (Boston, MA: South
End Press, 185 p.). Amway Corporation.
(Amway), James W. Robinson; foreword by
Richard L. Lesher (1997).
Empire of Freedom: The Amway Story and What It Means to You.
(Rocklin, CA: Prima Pub., 206 p.). Amway Corporation; Amway
Corporation--History; Direct selling.
(Amway), Jay Van Andel (1998).
An Enterprising Life: An Autobiography. (New York, NY:
HarperBusiness, 234 p.). Amway Corporation--History; Van Andel,
Jay; Businessmen--United States--Biography.
(Amway), Wilbur Cross (1999).
Amway: The True Story of the Company That Transformed the Lives
of Millions. (New York, NY: Berkeley Books, 205 p.).
(Amway), John Andrews (2001).
Ain't It Great: A Look Inside Amway. (Bloomington, IN:
Authorhouse, 248 p.). Former Amway Distributor. Andrews, John;
(Annie's Book Stop), Anne Tryon Adams with
Sandra E. Bielawa (1988).
All Booked Up: How I Went from Housewife to Successful
Entrepreneur on a Shoestring Budget. (Boston, MA:
Quinlan Press, 174 p.). Founder, Annie's Book Shop. Adams, Anne
Tryon; Booksellers and bookselling--United States--Biography.
Barn in backyard to 132
stores, country's seventh-largest bookstore chain in three
(Arp and Hammond Hardware Store), Eleanore
Wagner Field, Robert B. St. Clair (2005).
From Hardware to Cattle: The Arp and Hammond Story.
(Cheyenne, WY: Fleetwood Publications, 133 p.). Arp, Jochim
Hinrich, 1849-1934; Hammond, J. W. (James Westly), d. 1921;
Hardware stores --Wyoming --Cheyenne --History; Cattle trade
--Wyoming --History; Cheyenne (Wyo.) --History.
History of Jochim Hinrich Arp, J.W.
Hammond, Arp and Hammond Hardware Store, other business
interests of their families.
(Laura Ashley), Anne Sebba (1990).
Laura Ashley: A Life by Design. (London, UK: Weidenfeld
& Nicolson, 207 p.). Ashley, Laura;. History of family-based
company that started in modest way in Wales in 1953.
(Aubuchon Hardware), Bernard W. Aubuchon, Jr. (2008).
Aubuchon Hardware. (Charleston, SC: Arcadia
Publishing, 127 p.). Grandson of founder of the W. E.
Aubuchon Company; Aubuchon Hardware --History; Hardware
stores --Northeastern States --History.
1908 - "The business was founded on the
principle of buying economically. We give our customers
what they want—high-grade hardware at a price everyone
can afford"; 2008 -over 20 family members employed,
including fourth generation.
(Bahrisons), Anuj Bahri with Debbie Smith from
the narrations of Balraj Bahri (2004).
Bahrisons, Chronicle of a Bookshop. (New Delhi, IN:
Swankit, 107 p.). Bahri, Balraj; Booksellers and
bookselling--India--Delhi--Biography; Book industries and
trade--India--Delhi--Biography. Summary: Autobiographical
reminiscences of an Indian bookseller brought out on the
ocassion of his seventy fifth birth anniversary, and completion
of fifty years of his bookshop.
(Baker and Hamilton), David Warren Ryder
A Century of Hardware and Steel, Being the Story of Baker &
Hamilton, a Business Institution Which Has Helped To Write the
History of California and the Pacific Coast. (San
Francisco, CA: Historical Publications, 119 p.). Baker and
(Barnes & Noble), Betty N Turner (2006).
The Noble Legacy: The Story of Gilbert Clifford Noble, Cofounder
of the Barnes & Noble and Noble & Noble Book Companies.
(Lincoln, NE: iUniverse, 190 p.). Noble's Granddaughter, Former
Mayor of Corpus Christi, TX. Noble, G. Clifford; Barnes & Noble;
Booksellers and bookselling--United States--Biography;
Bookstores--United States--History. 1886 - moved to New York City,
worked as clerk for small wholesale, retail bookstore;
established Barnes & Noble and Noble & Noble.
(L.L. Bean), L.L. Bean (1960). My Story;
the Autobiography of a Down-East Merchant. (Freeport, ME:
The Company, 163 p.). Bean, L. L. (Leon Leonwood), 1872-1966;
Leon Leonwood (L. L.) Bean
(L.L. Bean), M.R. Montgomery (1984).
In Search of L.L. Bean. (Boston, MA: Little, Brown, 242
p.). Bean, L. L. (Leon Leonwood), 1872-1966; L.L. Bean,
Inc.--History; Businessmen--United States--Biography; Mail-order
business--United States--History; Camping equipment
(L. L. Bean), Leon Gorman (2006).
L.L. Bean: The Making of an American Icon. (Boston, MA:
Harvard Business School Press, 336 p.). Grandson of Founder,
Company President (1967 - 2001). L.L. Bean, Inc.; Camping
equipment industry--United States; Mail-order business--United
States. How to shape
powerhouse brand around bedrock beliefs and values, how to
balance growth and tradition, how to craft, preserve an
authentic corporate identity.
(Best Buy), Elizabeth Gibson and Andy Billings
Big Change at Best Buy: Working Through Hypergrowth to Sustained
Excellence. (Palo Alto, CA: Davies-Black, 308 p.).
Change Consultants. Best Buy (Firm)--Management; Electronic
industries--United States--Management--Case studies; Retail
trade--United States--Management--Case studies; Chain
stores--United States--Management--Case studies; Organizational
change--United States. Industrial management--United States;
Corporate reorganizations--United States; Personnel
(Blackwell B. H. Ltd.), A.L.P. Norrington
Blackwell's, 1879-1979: The History of a Family Firm.
(Oxford, UK: Blackwell, 181 p.). Blackwell family; B.H.
Blackwell Ltd.--History; Booksellers and
bookselling--England--Oxford (Oxfordshire)--History; Publishers
and publishing--England--Oxford (Oxfordshire)--History.
(Blockbuster), Gail DeGeorge (1996).
The Making of a Blockbuster: How Wayne Huizenga Built a Sports
and Entertainment Empire from Trash, Grit, and Videotape
(New York, NY: Wiley, 354 p.). Huizenga, Wayne; Viacom
International; Blockbuster Entertainment Corporation;
Businessmen -- United States -- Biography; Sports team owners --
United States -- Biography; Refuse disposal industry -- United
States; Video recordings industry -- United States.
(Body Shop), Anita Roddick (1991).
Body and Soul: Profits with Principles, the Amazing Success
Story of Anita Roddick & the Body Shop. (New York, NY:
Crown, 256 p.). Founder, The Body Shop. Roddick, Anita, 1942- ;
Body Shop (Firm)--History; Cosmetics industry--Great
Britain--History; Businesswomen--Great Britain--Biography.
Business as Unusual. (London, UK: Thorsons, 288 p.).
Founder, The Body Shop. Roddick, Anita; Body Shop; Business;
Business--Moral and ethical aspects.
(Book-of-the-Month-Club), Compiled by Jerry
Major Buchanan and David A. Reecher (1995).
Maxwell Sackheim's Billion Dollar Marketing Concepts and
Applications: The Man Who Revolutionized 20th Century Direct
Response Advertising. (Vancouver, WA: Towers Club USA
Press, 225 p.). Direct marketing; Advertising, Direct-mail;
Mail-order business. Founder of Book-of-the-Month Club, father of mail order
advertising - two of his best-known marketing concepts are the
"Book-of-the-Month Club" and the "Negative Option Plan".
(Books & Co.), Lynne Tillman (1999).
Bookstore: The Life and Times of Jeannette Watson and Books &
Company. (New York, NY: Harcourt Brace, 337 p.).
Novelist. Watson, Jeannette; Books & Co.--History;
Bookstores--New York (State)--New York--History--20th century;
Booksellers and bookselling--New York (State)--New
York--Biography; Literature, Modern--20th
century--Marketing--New York (State)--New York--History--20th
(Boots Chemists), Stanley D. Chapman (1974).
Jesse Boot of Boots the Chemists: A Study in Business History.
(London, UK: Hodder and Stoughton, 221 p.). Trent, Jesse Boot,
Baron of, 1850-1931; Pharmaceutical industry--Great Britain.
(Boots Company Limited), J. E. Greenwood
A Cap for Boots: An Autobiography. (London, UK:
Hutchinson, 254 p.). Greenwood, John Eric, 1891-1975; Boots
Company Limited--History; Businesspeople--Great
Britain--Biography; Rugby football players--Great
(Stuart Brent Bookstore), Brent Stuart (1989).
Seven Stairs: An Adventure of the Heart. (New York, NY:
Touchstone, 256 p. [Orig. pub. 1962]). Stuart, Brent;
Bookstores--Chicago; children's books.
(British Home Stores), Andy Forester, Stewart
Top Man: How Philip Green Built His High Street Empire.
(London, UK: Aurum Press Ltd., 256 p.). Green, Philip; British
Home Stores; Retail Trade--Britain --History.
- British Home Stores (http://images.forbes.com/images/forbes/2004/0315/green_426_433.gif)
(Build-A-Bear Workshop), Maxine Clark with Amy
The Bear Necessities of Business: Building a Company with Heart.
(Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 326 p.). Founder, Chairman, and Chief
Executive Bear of Build-A-Bear Workshop, Former President of
Payless Shoes; Former Business Reporter. New business
enterprises; Entrepreneurship. How she built global
business: one location in 1997, now more than 200 stores.
(W. Atlee Burpee & Co.), Ken Kraft (1963).
Garden to Order. (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 324 p.).
Burpee (W. Atlee) Company; Gardening.
(Cabela's), David Cabela; introduction by
Chuck Yeager (2001).
Cabela's, World's Foremost Outfitter: A History. (Forest
Dale, VT: P. S. Erikkson, 235 p.). Cabela's (Firm) -- History;
Sporting goods industry -- United States -- History; Camping
equipment industry -- United States -- History; Fishing
equipment industry -- United States -- History.
(Collins Booksellers), Michael Zifcak (2006).
My Life in Print. (South Melbourne, AU: Lothian Books,
210 p.). Non-Executive Chairman of Collins Booksellers. Zifcak,
Michael, 1918- ; Booksellers and
bookselling--Victoria--Melbourne--Biography; Publishers and
Australia’s largest privately
(ComputerLand), Jonathan Littman (1990).
Once Upon a Time in Computerland: The Amazing, Billion-Dollar
Tale of Bill Millard. (New York, NY: Simon & Schuster,
413 p.). Millard, Bill; ComputerLand (Firm)--History; Computer
industry--United States--History; Businessmen--United
(Cotter & Company), Edward R. Kantowicz
True Value: John Cotter 70 Years of Hardware. (Chicago,
IL: Regnery Books, 270 p.). Cotter, John, 1904- ; Cotter &
Company--History; Hardware industry--United States--History;
(Jenny Craig Inc.), Jenny Craig (2004).
The Jenny Craig Story How One Woman Changes Millions of Lives.
(Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 211 p.). Craig, Jenny; Jenny Craig, Inc.;
Businesswomen--United States--Biography; Weight loss; Reducing
(Creative Memories), Cheryl Lightle with Heidi
L. Everett (2004).
Creative Memories: The 10 Timeless Principles Behind the Company
that Pioneered the Scrapbooking Industry. (New York, NY:
McGraw-Hill, 201 p.). President and Co-founder of Creative
Memories. Creative Memories (Firm); Selling Scrapbooks; Direct
(Custom Shops Shirtmakers), Mortimer Levitt
Ninety-Six and Too Busy to Die: A Life Beyond the Age of Dying.
(Boston, MA: Aspatore Books, 200 p.). Founder and Sole Owner of
the Custom Shops Shirtmakers. Levitt, Mortimer; Custom Shops
(Design Research), Alexandra Lange, Jane Thompson, Rob Forbes
Design Research: The Store That Brought Modern Living to
American Homes. (San Francisco, CA, Chronicle Books,
192 p.). Journalist and Architectural Historian. Design
Research. 1953 - Architect Ben Thompson founded Design Research
(D/R) at 48 Brattle Street in Cambridge, MA; became known as
America’s first "lifestyle store"; introduced Iittala, Artek,
Marimekko to U.S.; 1978 - D/R closed;
widespread influence on 20th-century retail design (Crate and
Barrel, Jonathan Adler, Murray Moss).
- Design Research
(Dial-A-Mattress), Napoleon Barragan with
Maxine and Frank Brady (1997).
How To Get Rich with a 1-800 Number. (New York, NY:
ReganBooks, 284 p.). Founder (Dial-A-Mattress). Telemarketing;
Success in business; Toll-free telephone calls.
(DiJulius Group), John R. DiJulius III;
foreword by Bill Capodagli and Lynn Jackson (2003).
Secret Service: Hidden Systems that Deliver Unforgettable
Customer Service. (New York, NY: AMACOM, 172 p.).
President of The DiJulius Group, owner of the John Robert's Hair
salons. Customer services; Consumer satisfaction; Customer
exceptional companies do behind scenes to consistently surpass
(DiJulius Group), John R. DiJulius (2008).
What’s the Secret?: To Providing a World-Class Customer
Experience. (Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 336 p.). President of
The DiJulius Group, owner of John Robert's Spa (chain of
high-end salons and spas repeatedly selected among top twenty in
America). Customer services; Consumer satisfaction; Customer
loyalty. What best
customer service companies do; how they do it; world-class
customer service strategies employed by world's most
customer-friendly companies; culture that routinely finds ways
to go above, beyond for customer.
(Dirty White Boy), Clayton Littlewood (2008).
Dirty White Boy: Tales of Soho. (San Francisco, CA:
Cleis Press, 350 p.). Proprietor of Dirty White Boy. Dirty White
Boy (Retail store); Gay business enterprises --Social aspects
--England --London; Soho (London, England).
Mosaic of modern
London; wry panorama of Soho's rich, often raucous subcultures.
(Discount Tire Company), Jeffrey L. Rodengen &
Richard F. Hubbard (2002).
The Legend of Discount Tire Co., Inc. (Fort Lauderdale,
FL: Write Stuff Enterprises, 152 p.). Halle, Bruce T.; Discount
Tire Company; Tire industry--United States; Dealers (Retail
trade)--United States; Businessmen--United States--Biography.
(Dublin Laundry), Mona Hearn (2004).
Thomas Edmondson and the Dublin Laundry: A Quaker Businessman,
1837-1908. (Portland, OR: Irish Academic Press, 236 p.).
Edmondson, Thomas, 1837-1908; Dublin Laundry--History; Laundry
industry--Ireland--History--19th century; Quaker
Dublin (Ireland)--Social life and customs--19th century.
(Duty Free Shoppers), Conor O'Clery (2007).
The Billionaire Who Wasn't: How Chuck Feeney Secretly Made and
Gave Away a Fortune. (New York, NY: Public Affairs, 352
p.). Former Foreign Correspondent for The Irish Times in London,
Moscow, Beijing, Washington, and New York. Feeney, Chuck; Duty
Free Shoppers; Philanthropists -- Biography.
One of greatest untold retail triumphs of
1988 - 23rd on Forbes richest list; secretly
transferred all his wealth to foundation, Atlantic
Philanthropies; one of greatest, most mysterious American
philanthropists in modern times.
Feeney (center) -
founder Duty Free Shoppers
(Edwards Books), Suzanne Strempek Shea (2004).
Shelf Life: Romance, Mystery, Drama, and Other Page-Turning
Adventures from a Year in a Bookstore. (Boston, MA:
Beacon Press, 223 p.). Shea, Suzanne Strempek; Edwards Books;
Authors, American--20th century--Biography.
(Elliott Brothers Ltd.), Edited by John
The House of Elliotts: 150 Years, 1842-1992.
(Southampton, UK: Elliott Brothers Ltd., 145 p.). Elliotts
(Firm) -- History; Do-it-yourself products industry--Great
Britain--History; Building materials industry--Great
(Fisher-Ernst Group), Mary Vanderburg Stone
History of the Fisher-Ernst Group. (Hillsboro, OR:
Fisher Implement Co., 247 p.). Fisher-Ernst Group; agricultural
machinery -- sales; industrial equipment. Histories, oral histories of some
of people who have contributed to success of group of stores
selling agricultural, grounds care, light industrial equipment
in Oregon's Willamette Valley.
(Flammarion), Elisabeth Parinet (1992).
La Librairie Flammarion: 1875-1914. (Paris, FR: IMEC
editions, 404 p.). Flammarion (Firm)--History; Publishers and
publishing--France--Paris--History; Booksellers and
bookselling--France--Paris--History; Book industries and
(Florists' Telegraph Delivery Association),
Marc Williams (1960).
Flowers-by-Wire; The Story of the Florists' Telegraph Delivery
Association. (Detroit, MI: Mercury House, 430 p.).
Florists' Telegraph Delivery Association.
(Foyles), Penny Mountain with Christopher
Foyles: A Celebration. (London, UK: W.& G. Foyle Ltd,
128 p.). Foyles; Booksellers and bookselling----Great
Britain--History--20th century. Affectionate, anecdotal,
sometimes candid celebration of first 100 years of bookselling
(Gallery Furniture), Jim "Matress Mac"
McIngvale, Thomas N. Duening & John M. Ivancevich (2002).
Always Think Big. (Chicago, IL: Dearborn Trade Pub., 243
p.). Gallery Furniture (Houston, Tex.); Success in business.
(Garden Way, Inc.), Roger Griffith (1994).
What a Way to Live and Make a Living: The Lyman P. Wood Story.
(Charlotte, VT: In Brief Press, 252 p.). Wood, Lyman P.;
Businessmen--United States--Biography; Mail-order
business--United States; Success in business.
(General Advertiser), Deborah D. Rogers
Bookseller as Rogue: John Almon and the Politics of
Eighteenth-Century Publishing. (New York, NY: P. Lang,
151 p.). Almon, John, 1737-1805; Booksellers and
bookselling--Great Britain--Biography; Booksellers and
bookselling--England--London--History--18th century; Publishers
and publishing--England--London--History--18th century;
Great Britain--Politics and government--1760-1820.
(Glacier Park Co.), Don and Eugenia Hummel
One Man's Life: From Wagon Wheels to the Space Age.
(Bellevue, WA: Free Enterprise Press, 508 p.). Hummel, Don,
1907- ; Businesspeople--United States--Biography;
Politicians--United States--Biography; National parks and
reserves--United States--History--20th century; Concessions
(Amusements, etc.)--United States--History--20th century; United
States--Officials and employees--Biography.
(Goodspeed's Book Shop), Charles E. Goodspeed
Yankee Bookseller; Being the Reminiscences of Charles E.
Goodspeed ... (Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin, 325 p.).
Goodspeed, Charles E. (Charles Eliot), 1867-1950; Goodspeed's
Book Shop (Boston, Mass.)--History; Booksellers and
(Goodspeed's Book Shop), George Talbot
The Bookseller's Apprentice. (Philadelphia, PA: Holmes
Pub., 181 p.). Goodspeed, George T.; Goodspeed's Book Shop
(Boston, Mass.)--History--20th century; Antiquarian
(S. G. Gump Company), Richard Gump (1951).
Good Taste Costs No More. (Garden City, NY: Doubleday,
185 p.). President, Gump's. Aesthetics; Design, Industrial; Art
--Collectors and collecting.
(S. G. Gump Company), Carol Green Wilson
Gump's Treasure Trade: A Story of San Francisco. (New
York, NY: Crowell, 306 p.). S. & G. Gump Company, San Francisco;
(Gump's), Editor Gareth Esersky; contributing
writers, Nan Birmingham ... [et al.] (1991).
Gump's Since 1861: A San Francisco Legend. (San
Francisco, CA: Chronicle Books, 136 p.). Gump's (Department
store)--History; Department stores--California--San
(Habitat), Barty Phillips (1984).
Conran and the Habitat Story. (London, UK: Weidenfeld
and Nicolson, 150 p.). Conran, Terence; Habitat (Firm)--History;
House furnishings industry and trade--Great Britain--History;
(Habitat), Terence Conran (2001).
Q & A: A Sort of Autobiography. (London, UK:
HarperCollins, 256 p.). Interior decorators -- Great Britain --
Biography; Businesspeople -- Great Britain -- Biography.
(Harvard Coop), Norman S.B. Gras (1942).
Harvard Co-Operative Society Past and Present, 1882-1942.
(Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 191 p.). Harvard
Co-operative Society (Cambridge, Mass.).
James Laver (1947).
Hatchards of Piccadilly, 1797-1947; One Hundred and Fifty Years
of Bookselling. (London,
UK, Hatchards, 47 p.). Author. Hatchards Ltd. (London);
Booksellers and bookselling --England --London --History;
Piccadilly (London, England) --History. Hatchards Ltd.
(Heal & Son), Susanna Goodden; foreword by Sir
Hugh Casson (1984).
At the Sign of the Fourposter: A History of Heal's.
(London, UK: Heal & Son, 127 p.). Heal's (Firm) -- History;
London Furniture trades.
(Augustine Heard & Company), Stephen C.
Augustine Heard and Company, 1858-1862; American Merchants in
China. (Cambridge, MA: East Asian Research Center,
Harvard University, 157 p.). Augustine Heard & Company; United
States--Commerce--China; China--Commerce--United States.
(Helzberg Diamonds, Inc.), Barnett C.
Helzberg, Jr. (2003).
What I Learned Before I Sold to Warren Buffett: An
Entrepreneur's Guide To Developing a Highly Successful Company.
(Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 242 p.). Former President and CEO of
Helzberg Diamonds, Inc. (1962-1995). Helzberg, Barnett, 1933- ;
Success in business.
(Hirsch & Cie), Veronique Pouillard (2000).
Hirsch & Cie: Bruxelles, 1869-1962. (Bruxelles, Belgium:
Editions de l'Universite de Bruxelles, 130 p.). Harvard-Newcomen
Fellow 2008-2009. Hirsch & Cie --History; Women’s clothing
industry --Belgium --Brussels --History. Leo Hirsh ran small
confection shop in Brussels; 1881 - supplied apparel,
accessories to queen of Belgium; never diversified retail stock
beyond womens', girls' garments; history of
company in economic, social context, history of Jewish
immigration to Belgium, Brussels urbanism, Belgian haute couture.
(Hobby Lobby Creative Centers), David Green
with Dean Merrill (2005).
More Than a Hobby: What I Learned Going from Start-Up to $1
Billion. (Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson Publishers, 209
p.). Green, David, 1941 Nov. 13- ; Hobby Lobby Creative Centers;
Retail trade--Management; Entrepreneurship.
Oklahoma entrepreneur grew
company from $600 loan to $1.3 billion in annual sales in 31
(Home Depot), Bernie Marcus and Arthur Blank
with Bob Andelman (1999).
Built from Scratch: How a Couple of Regular Guys Grew the Home
Depot from Nothing to $30 Billion. (New York, NY: Times
Books, 332 p.). Marcus, Bernie; Blank, Arthur (Arthur M.); Home
Depot (Firm)--History; Businessmen--United States--Biography;
Do-it-yourself products industry--United States--History;
Building materials industry--United States--History;
Entrepreneurship--United States--Case studies.
Arthur Blank - Home Depot
(Home Depot), Chris Roush (1999).
Inside Home Depot. (New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 266 p.).
Journalist. Home Depot.
(Hooti Couture), Allison Houtte and Melissa
Alligators, Old Mink and New Money: One Woman's Adventures in
Vintage Clothing. (New York, NY: Morrow, 256 p.). Retail
trade --Brooklyn; clothing--vintage. Brooklyn boutique
specializing in vintage clothing; visits to country auctions,
estate sales looking for perfect items for loyal, eclectic
clientele; shopping tips for amateurs, mistakes made through years.
(House of Fine Fabrics), Rose Bente Lee
An American Dream. (Morley Books, 186 p.). Lee, Rose
Bente; House of Fine Fabrics; Retail trade--U.S.
(Italian Wine Merchants), Sergio Esposito
Passion on the Vine: A Memoir of Food, Wine, and Family in the
Heart of Italy. (New York, NY: Broadway, 224 p.).
Co-founder of Italian Wine Merchants. Wine and wine
making--Italy; Wine -- history -- Italy. Italian Wine Merchants, retail
shop that exclusively represents fine Italian wine, leading
Italian wine source in America; wine/travel narrative; vivid
portraits of seductive places, memorable people, diverse and
vibrant wine artisans.
(Ivory), Derek Wilson and Peter
Ayerst (1976). White Gold: The Story of African Ivory.
(New York, NY: Taplinger Pub. Co.,, 184 p.). Elephant
hunting --Africa --History; Ivory industry --Africa;
Africa --History; Africa --Commerce --History.
(Ivory), Abdul Sheriff (1987).
Slaves, Spices, & Ivory in Zanzibar: Integration of an
East African Commercial Empire into the World Economy,
1770-1873. (Athens, OH: Ohio University Press,
297 p.). Slave-trade --Tanzania --Zanzibar --History;
Spice trade --Tanzania --Zanzibar --History; Ivory
industry --Tanzania --Zanzibar --History; Zanzibar
--Commerce --History --18th century; Zanzibar --Commerce
--History --19th century.
(Ivory), H. Ellert (1993).
Rivers of Gold. (Gweru, Zimbabwe: Mambo Press,
194 p.). Gold industry --Zimbabwe --History; Ivory
industry --Zimbabwe --History; Zimbabwe --Commerce
--Portugal --History --16th century; Portugal --Commerce
--Zimbabwe --History --16th century; Zimbabwe --Commerce
--Portugal --History --17th century; Portugal --Commerce
--Zimbabwe --History --17th century.
(Ivory), John Frederick Walker (2009).
Ivory Ghosts: The White Gold of History and the Fate of
Elephants. (New York, NY: Atlantic Monthly Press, 304
p.). Elephant hunting --Africa --History; Ivory industry
--Africa; Africa --History; Africa --Commerce --History.
History of ivory ("jewels
of the elephant") as
commodity (from Paleolithic times to present ); story of human
lust for ivory from teeth of elephants, handful of other
mammals, its cataclysmic implications for African and Asian
elephants; human enslavement, wholesale slaughter of elephants for artistic, religious,
industrial uses (sensuous figurines, scientific instruments,
pistol grips, piano keys, toothpicks, billiard balls).
(Judy's), Marcia Israel-Curley (2002).
Defying the Odds: Sharing the Lessons I Learned as a Pioneer
Entrepreneur. (Woodstock, NY: Overlook Press, 270 p.).
Founder, Judy's. Entrepreneurship; Women in business; Success in
business; Women--Psychology. Judy's specialty fashion stores
grew to be a public company with more than 2,000 employees -
predates Gap, Limited, Express.
(Archibald Kenrick & Sons), Roy A. Church
Kenricks in Hardware; A Family Business, 1791-1966. (New
York, NY: A. M. Kelley, 340 p.). Archibald Kenrick & Sons.
(King’s English Bookstore), Betsy Burton
The King’s English: Adventures of an Independent Bookseller.
(Layton, UT: Gibbs Smith, 302 p.). Owner of The King's English
Bookshop (Salt Lake City). King’s English Bookstore--History;
Bookstores--Utah--Salt Lake City--History--20th century;
Independent bookstores--Utah--Salt Lake City--Anecdotes; Best
books--Utah. 30 years of
bookselling, few tragicomedies, life with partners, author
appearances, joy of reading.
(Kitty Litter), Edward Lowe (1987).
The Man Who Discovered the Golden Cat: The Life Story of Ed Lowe.
(Cassopolis, MI: Tomorrow Press, 295 p.). Lowe, Edward, 1920- ;
Businesspeople--United States--Biography; Cat litter
(Kroch's & Brentano's), Edited by John Y. Cole
The Bookseller's Art: Carl Kroch and Kroch's & Brentano's.
(Washington, DC: Library of Congress, 89 p.). Kroch, Carl;
Kroch's & Brentano's; Booksellers and
Booksellers and bookselling--United States--Biography; Chicago
(Ill.)--Intellectual life--20th century.
(H. K. Louie Co. Ltd.), E. G. Perrault (2002).
Tong: The Story of Tong Louie, Vancouver's Quiet Titan.
(Madeira Park, BC: Harbour Pub., 191 p.). Louie, Tong; Food
industry and trade--Canada--History.
(Longaberger), Tami Longaberger (2010).
Weaving Dreams: The Joy of Work, the Love of Life.
(Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 251 p.). CEO of The Longaberger Company.
Longaberger, Tami, 1961-; Longaberger Company; Success in
business; Quality of life; Corporate culture.
Joined company in 1984 (founded 1973) as first
marketing director (sales of $6 million); behind scenes; women’s
roles in leadership; approach to motivating
people, customers (basket weavers, salespeople, entire staff know how important
they are to business’s success, management is
counting on them to reciprocate with creativity and support);
wisdom about life, success, building business; America's premier
maker of handcrafted baskets;
one of largest direct-selling organizations in United States;
2010 sales estimates of approximately $750 million - $1 billion.
(Red McCombs Automotive Group), Red McCombs
with Mickey Herskowitz (2002).
The Red Zone: Cars, Cows and Coaches: My Life and Good Times of
a Texas Dealmaker. (Austin, TX: Eakin Press, 226 p.).
McCombs, Red, 1927- ; Businessmen--Texas--Biography.
(Melaleuca Inc.), Richard M. Barry (1998).
Built on Solid Principles: The Melaleuca Story.
(Littleton, CO: RM Barry Publications, 121 p.). VanderSloot,
Frank; Melaleuca, Inc.--History; Businessmen--United
States--Biography; Oil industries--United States--History;
Direct selling--United States--History.
(Mitchells/Richards), Jack Mitchell (2003).
Hug Your Customers: The Proven Way to Personalize Sales and
Achieve Astounding Results. (New York, NY: Hyperion, 272
p.). CEO, Mitchellsl/Richards. Mitchell, Jack;
Mitchell/Richards; specialty retail; customer service; family
(Mothers Work), Rebecca Matthias (1999).
You Can Do It: How a Young Mother Started a Business on a
Shoestring and Built It into a Multi-Million Dollar Company.
(New York, NY: Doubleday, 268 p.). Founder of Mothers Work:
Motherhood, Mimi maternity, a pea in the pod. Mail-Order
Business, Home-Based Business, Women Entrepreneurs.
(MUJI), Jasper Morrison, Naoto Fukasawa, Kenya Hara (2010).
MUJI. (New York, NY: Rizzoli, 304 p.). Industrial
designer; professor of design at Musashino Art
University; graphic designer and curator and the art director of
Muji. Ryohin Keikaku Co. Muji brand (Mujirushi Ryohin - 'no
brand quality goods'). History of Ryohin Keikaku Co.'s
Muji consumer product brand (started in December 1980 to offer
cheap good quality products marketed under slogan "Lower priced
for a reason"); insight into the company's inspiration,
process, extraordinary lengths to preserve principles.
(Orgill), Clark Porteous (1948). The First
Orgill Century: 1847-1947 Merrill Kremer, Inc, 65 p.).
Orgill Brothers & Co.; Wholesalers Hardware Stoves Implements.
(Orvis), Leigh H. Perkins with Geoffrey Norman
A Sportsman's Life: How I Built Orvis by Mixing Business and
Sport. (New York, NY: Atlantic Monthly Press, 193 p.).
Perkins, Leigh; Orvis Company--History; Businessmen--United
States--Biography; Fishing tackle industry--United
States--History; Fly fishing--Equipment and supplies.
Leigh H. Perkins -
bought Orvis in 1965 ($500,000 in sales;
(OSIM International Pte Ltd.), Andy Milligan
Great Asian Brands: Osim. (London, UK: Cyan
Communications, 192 p.). Former Director at Interbrand. Sim,
Ron; OSIM International Pte Ltd; brand--Asia.
Evolution of Ron Sim, OSIM brand,
lessons that can be applied to other companies; entrepreneur
created something out of nothing.
(Paolo Morassutti), a cura di Giorgio Roverato
(1993). Una Famiglia e un Caso Imprenditoriale: I Morassutti.
(Vicenza, IT: N. Pozza, 271 p.). Paolo Morassutti
(Firm)--History; Hardward industry--Italy--History; Household
(Pentos), Terry Maher (1994).
Against My Better Judgement: Adventures in the City and in the
Book Trade. (London, UK: Sinclair-Stevenson, 222 p.).
Founder of Pentos P.L.C. in 1972. Maher, Terry, 1935- ;
Booksellers and bookselling--Great Britain--Biography;
(J. Peterman), John Peterman (2000).
Peterman Rides Again: Adventures Continue with the Real 'J.
Peterman' through Life and the Catalog Business.
(Paramus, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 225 p.). Founder of Catalog
Retailer. Industrial management; Success in business;
(Pick 'n Pay Holdings Ltd.), Raymond Ackerman
as told to Denise Prichard (2001).
Hearing Grasshoppers Jump: The Story of Raymond Ackerman.
(Cape Town, SA: D. Philip, 341 p.). Ackerman, Raymond, 1931- ;
Businessmen--South Africa--Biography; Retail trade--South
(Polk Bros), Ann Paden (1996).
I Bought it at Polk Bros: The Story of an American Retailing
Phenomenon. (Chicago, IL: Bonus Books, 360 p.). Polk
Bros (Firm)--History; Electric household appliances
(The Pot & Bead), Adeena Mignogna (2006).
Cute Little Store: Between the Entrepreneurial Dream and
Business Reality (Outskirts Press, 140 p.).
engineering career in 2002, opened retail store, contemporary
paint-your-own pottery studio in Ashburn, VA, to try entrepreneurial
way of life; pitfalls along the way, how to not let them get
in way of success.
(Precision Tune Inc.), Keith Grimaud (1994).
The Tortoise Wins Again!: From Farm Boy to President, the True
Story of the Race. (Chapin, SC: Palmetto Productions
Corp., 142 p.). Grimaud, Joe, 1938- ; Precision Tune,
Inc.--History; Businesspeople--United States--Biography;
Automobile supplies industry--United States--History; Automobile
repair shops--United States--History; Franchises (Retail
(Quelle Schickedanz AG & Co.), Renate Lüdde
Die Quelle-Story. (Munich, Germany: Bucher C.J, 192
p.). Industrialists -- Germany -- Biography; Schickedanz,
Gustav, 1895-1977; Quelle Schickedanz AG & Co. -- History.
Gustav Schickedanz - Quelle
Schickedanz AG & Co. (http://www.fuerthwiki.de/wiki/images/thumb/
(Quelle Schickedanz AG & Co.), Gregor
Gustav Schickedanz 1895-1977: Biographie eines Revolutionärs.
(Berlin, Germany: Berlin Verlag, 464 p.). Industrialists --
Germany -- Biography; Schickedanz, Gustav; Schickedanz, Gustav,
1895-1977; Quelle Schickedanz AG & Co.; Quelle Schickedanz AG &
Co. -- History. Europe's largest mail-order house; 1972 -
sales of 5 billion Deutschmarks.
(Rexall), Mickey Smith (2004).
The Rexall Story: A History of Genius and Neglect. (New
York, NY: Pharmaceutical Products Press, 175 p.). Frederick A.P.
Barnard Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Pharmacy
Administration (University of Mississippi). Liggett, Louis, d.
1946; Rexall Drug Company--History; United Drug
Company--History; United-Rexall Drug, Inc.; Rexall Drug and
Chemical Company--History; Dart Industries--History;
(Rexall Sundown), Carl DeSantis, with Donald
Michael Platt (1999).
Vitamin EnRICHed. (Boca Raton, FL: TransMedia Pub., 303
p.). Founder, Sundown. DeSantis, Carl, 1939- ; Rexall Sundown
Company--History; Drugstores--United States--History;
Pharmaceutical industry--United States--History;
- Rexall Sundown (http://www.nova.edu/cwis/ia/pubaffairs/news/archive/oct-dec2000/images/desantis.jpg)
(Rexall Sundown), James W. Robinson (1999).
Prescription for Success: The Rexall Showcase International
Story and What It Means to You. (Rocklin, CA: Prima
Pub., 275 p.). Rexall Sundown--History; Drugstores--United
States--History; Pharmaceutical industry--United
States--History; Businessmen--United States--Biography.
(Harry Rosen), Harry Rosen, Geoffrey Stevens
Ask Harry!: The Harry Rosen Story. (Toronto, ON:
McClelland & Stewart, 304 p.). Rosen, Harry; Retail
(Rosenthal Wine Merchant Ltd.), Neal I.
Reflections of a Wine Merchant. (New York, NY: Farrar,
Straus, and Giroux, 272 p.). Rosenthal, Neal I., 1945-;
Vinters--United States--Biography; Wine and wine making; Wine
and wine making--Europe; Wine and wine making--Italy.
Successful importer of
traditionally made wines produced by small family-owned estates
in France and Italy; leading exponent of concept of "terroir"
(particular vineyard site imparts distinct qualities of bouquet,
flavor, color to a wine; into cellars, vineyards, homes of
vignerons, encounters, relationships, explorations, what learned
(Leona Rostenberg), Leona Rostenberg and
Madeleine B. Stern (1974).
Old & Rare; Thirty Years in the Book Business. (New
York, NY: A. Schram, 234 p.). Leona Rostenberg (Firm);
Antiquarian booksellers--Biography; Rare
books--Bibliography--Methodology; Book collecting.
(Sanrio Company, Ltd.), Ken Belson & Brian
Hello Kitty: The Remarkable Story of Sanrio and the Billion
Dollar Feline Phenomenon. (Singapore: Wiley (Asia), 210
p.). Reporter (New York Times, Tokyo); Asia Economics Editor
(Business Week). Sanrio; Hello Kitty (Fictitious character).
(Les Schwab Tire Centers) (1986).
Les Schwab Pride in Performance: Keep It Going.
(Prineville, OR: Pacific Northwest Books, p.). Founder. Schwab,
Les; Tire industry--United States. Value that drives Les Schwab
Tire Centers - pride in performance, pride in customer service,
pride in employees.
(Schwartz Bookstores), Harry W. Schwartz
Fifty Years in My Bookstore: or, A Life with Books.
(Milwaukee, WI: Schwartz, 147 p.). Schwartz, Harry W. (Harry
Warren); Booksellers and
(Shakespeare and Company), Sylvia Beach; New
ed. / introduction by James Laughlin (1991).
Shakespeare and Company. (Lincoln, NB: University of
Nebraska Press, 230 p. [orig. pub. 1959]). Beach, Sylvia--Homes
and haunts--France--Paris; Shakespeare and Company--History;
Booksellers and bookselling--France--Paris--History--20th
century; Authors and publishers--France--Paris--History--20th
century; Literature publishing--France--Paris--History--20th
century; Americans--France--Paris--History--20th century; Paris
(France)--Intellectual life--20th century.
(Shakespeare and Company), Jeremy Mercer
Time Was Soft There: A Paris Sojourn at Shakespeare & Co.
(New York, NY: St. Martin’s Press, 262 p.). Former Crime
Reporter (Ottowa Citizen). Mercer, Jeremy; Whitman, George,
1913- ; Shakespeare and Company (Paris, France : 1964- );
Booksellers and bookselling--France--Paris--Biography;
Bookstores--France--Paris--History--20th century; Authors,
Canadian--20th century--Biography; Paris (France)--Intellectual
life--20th century. Memoir
about living and working in Shakespeare and Company.
(Shaklee), Georges Spunt (1977).
When Nature Speaks: The Life of Forrest C. Shaklee, Sr.
(New York, NY: F. Fell Publishers, 226 p.). Shaklee, Forrest
Clell; Shaklee Corporation--History;
Dr. Forrest C. Shaklee
(Shaklee), Robert L. Shook (1982).
The Shaklee Story. (New York, NY: Harper & Row, 188 p.).
Shaklee, Forrest Clell; Shaklee Corporation;
Businesspeople--United States--Biography; Direct selling--United
(Shaklee), Nancy Brenner (1994). The
Enduring Dream. (White Plains, NY: Published for Shaklee
Corp. by the Benjamin Co., 215 p.). Shaklee, Forrest Clell;
Shaklee Corporation--History; Businesspeople--United
(Shelby Williams Industries), Janice
A Legacy of Style: Shelby Williams Industries, Inc.
(Rochester, IL: Legacy Press, 210 p.). Steinfeld, Manfred, 1924-
; Shelby Williams Industries, Inc.--History; Shelby Williams
Industries, Inc.--Officials and employees--Biography; Furniture
industry and trade--History;
(Shoe Biz), Jerry Miller (1984).
The Wandering Shoe. (New York, NY: My Goodfriends, 308
p.). Miller, Jerry, 1927- ; Shoe Biz (Firm)--Biography;
(Siemssen & Co.), Maria Moring; [Text,
1961-1996, Guido G. Mo¨ring] (1996). Siemssen & Co. 1846-1996.
(Hamburg, Germany: Verlag Hanseatischer Merkur, 196 p.).
Siemssen & Co.--History; Hamburg
(Shoppers Drug Mart), Frank Rasky (1988).
Just a Simple Pharmacist: The Story of Murray Koffler, Builder
of the Shoppers Drug Mart Empire. (Toronto, ON:
McClelland and Stewart, 359 p.). Koffler, Murray, 1924-
;Pharmacists -- Ontario -- Toronto -- Biography; Businessmen --
Ontario -- Toronto -- Biography; Philanthropists -- Ontario --
Toronto -- Biography.
(W. H. Smith & Son), Charles Wilson (1986).
First with the News: The History of W.H. Smith, 1792-1972.
(Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 510 p.). W.H. Smith & Son--History;
Newspaper agents--Great Britain--History; Book industries and
trade--Great Britain--History; Booksellers and
bookselling--Great Britain--History; Publishers and
(Smith & Hawken), Paul Hawken (1987).
Growing a Business. (New York, NY: Simon and Schuster,
251 p.). Co-Founder, Smith & Hawken. New business
- Smith & Hawken (http://www.wired.com/images/article/full/2007/08/paul_hawken_250x.jpg)
(Smith & Hawken), Dave Smith (2005).
To Be of Use: The Seven Seeds of Meaningful Work. (New
York, NY: New World Library, 256 p.). Co-Founder, Smith &
Hawken. Success in business--Religious aspects; Work--Religious
aspects; Professional ethics. Business driven by simple core values (compassion, decency)
can make world better place.
(Southland), Allen Liles (1977).
Oh Thank Heaven!: The Story of the Southland Corporation.
(Dallas, TX: The Corporation, 264 p.). Southland
(A. G. Spalding Brothers), Arthur C. Bartlett
Baseball and Mr. Spalding; The History and Romance of Baseball.
(New York, NY: Farrar, Straus and Young, p.). Spalding, Albert
Goodwill, 1850-1915; Spalding (A. G.) and Brothers, inc.;
(A. G. Spaulding Brothers), Peter Levine
Spalding and the Rise of Baseball: The Promise of American Sport.
(New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 184 p.). Spalding, A. G.
(Albert Goodwill); Baseball players -- United States --
Biography; Businessmen -- Biography.
(Sperry & Hutchinson), William S. Beinecke
with Geoffrey M. Kabaservice (2000).
Through Mem'ry's Haze: A Personal Memoir (New York, NY:
Prospect Hill Press, 569 p.). Beinecke, William Sperry; Beinecke
family; Sperry and Hutchinson Company--History;
Businessmen--United States--Biography; Philanthropists--United
States--Biography; Trading-stamps--United States--History.
(Spiegel), Orange A. Smalley and Frederick D.
Sturdivant with an introduction by Harold F. Williamson (1973).
The Credit Merchants; a History of Spiegel, Inc .
(Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press, 336 p.).
(Strictly Reptiles), Brian Christy (2008).
The Lizard King: The True Crimes and Passions of the World’s
Greatest Reptile Smugglers. (New York, NY: Twelve, 241
p.). Van Nostrand, Michael; Van Nostrand, Raymond; Reptile trade
--United States; Wildlife smuggling --United States; Animal
dealers --United States. Father and son family business
suspected of smuggling reptiles (imports
as many as 300,000 iguanas each year, over half of total in
America; hundreds of thousands of snakes, lizards, frogs,
spiders, scorpions), federal agent who tried to take them
(Ann Summers Limited), Merl Storr (2003).
Latex and Lingerie: Shopping for Pleasure at Ann Summers.
(New York, NY: Berg Publ., 224 p.). Senior Lecturer in Sociology
(University of East London). Ann Summers Limited; Direct
selling--Great Britain--Case studies; Home-based
businesses--Great Britain--Case studies; Lingerie
industry--Great Britain--Case studies. Politics of 'post-feminist'
(Tandy), Irvin Farman (1992).
Tandy's Money Machine: How Charles Tandy Built Radio Shack into
the World's Largest Electronics Chain. (Chicago, IL:
Mobium Press, 464 p.). Tandy, Charles, 1918-1978; Radio
Shack--History; Tandy Corporation--History; Business
people--United States--Biography; Electronic industries--United
States--History; Chain stores--United States--History.
(Tandy), Lewis F. Kornfeld; foreword by Clark
To Catch a Mouse, Make a Noise Like a Cheese. (Fort
Worth, TX: Summit Group, 349 p. [Rev. 3rd ed.]). Retired Vice
Chairman (Tandy). Advertising; Selling.
(Templecrone Co-operative Society), Lawrence
The Story He Left Behind Him: Paddy the Cope. (Lanham,
MD: University Press of America, 244 p.). Gallagher, Patrick,
1873-1964; Templecrone Co-operative Society--History;
cooperatives--Ireland--Rosses, The--History; Autobiography;
Biography as a literary form.
(Three Dog Bakery), Dan Dye and Mark Beckloff
Short Tails and Treats from Three Dog Bakery. (Kansas
City, MO: Andrews and McMeel, 127 p.). Three Dog Bakery (Kansas
City, Mo.)--History; Dogs--Food--Miscellanea.
(Thrifty Acres), Hendrik G. Meijer (1984).
Thrifty Years: The Life of Hendrik Meijer. (Grand
Rapids, MI: Erdmans, 246 p.). Meijer, Hendrik, 1883-1964; Meijer
Thrifty Acres (Stores); Merchants--Michigan--Biography.
(Toletta), The Store (2003). Librai a
Venezia: Settant'anni di Storia Della Toletta. (Venezia, IT:
Marsilio, 106 p.). Toletta (Bookstore) -- History; Bookstores --
Italy -- Venice -- History -- 20th century; Booksellers and
bookselling -- Italy -- Venice -- History -- 20th century.
(True Value), Edward R. Kantowicz (1986).
True Value: John Cotter 70 Years of Hardware. (Chicago,
IL: Regnery Books, 270 p.). Cotter, John, 1904- ; Cotter &
Company--History; Hardware industry--United States--History;
(Tubbs Cordage Company), David Warren Ryder
Men of Rope, Being the History of the Tubbs Cordage Company;
Together with an Account of Some of the Collateral Activities in
Which Its Pioneer Founders Engaged. With Decorations by Dan
Adair. (San Francisco, CA: Historical Publications, 146
p.). Tubbs Cordage Company--History; Cordage industry--United
(United Consumers Club), James L. Gagan with
Robert L. Shook (1991).
America's Best Kept Secret. (Chicago, IL: Contemporary
Books, 222 p.). United Consumers Club (U.S.)--History; Consumer
(Upper Deck), Pete Williams (1995).
Card Sharks: How Upper Deck Turned a Child's Hobby into a
High-Stakes, Billion-Dollar Business. (New York, NY:
Macmillan, 278 p.). Upper Deck (Firm); Baseball cards --United
States --Marketing; Baseball players --United States --Finance,
Personal. History of card collecting (tobacco cards,
beginning of Topps, its eventual monopoly on card industry); hologram
technology to prevent counterfeiting, licenses from MLB,
players association; 1989 - first cards printed; revolutionized
(Lillian Vernon), Lillian Vernon (1996).
An Eye for Winners: How I Built One of America's Greatest
Direct-Mail Businesses. (New York, NY: HarperBusiness,
213 p.). Vernon, Lillian, 1927- ; Businesswomen--United
States--Biography; Mail-order business--United States--History.
(Walgreen), Herman Kogan and Rick Kogan
Pharmacist to the Nation: A History of Walgreen Co., America's
Leading Drug Store Chain. (Deerfield, IL: Walgreen Co.,
288 p.). Walgreen Co.--History; Drugstores--United
(Walgreen), John U. Bacon (2004).
America's Corner Store: Walgreen's Prescription for Success.
(Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 272 p.). Former Sports Writer (Detroit
News). Walgreen Co.--History; Drugstores--United
(J. R. Watkins Company), Watkins Incorporated
Watkins: Images of America. (Charleston, SC: Arcadia
Pub., 128 p.). J.R. Watkins Company --History --Pictorial works;
Botanical drug industry --United States --History; Natural foods
industry --United States --History; Direct selling --United
States --History. Began in back room of small house in
Plainview, Minnesota, in 1868; grew through direct selling,
innovative ideas into world's
largest direct selling company, international corporation
spanning North America, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa,
England; nearly 40,000 sales associates
(Weight Watchers International), Jean Nidetch,
as told to Joan Rattner Heilman (1979).
The Story of Weight Watchers. (New York, NY: New
American Library, 164 p.). Weight Watchers International; Weight
loss; Low-calorie diet.
- founder Weight Watchers
(Weintz Agency), Walter H. Weintz (1987).
The Solid Gold Mailbox: How To Create Winning Mail-Order
Campaigns / by the Man Who's Done It All, Walter H. Weintz.
(New York, NY: Wiley, 268 p.). Circulation Director (Reader's
Digest). Mail-order business--United States; Advertising,
Direct-mail--United States; Success in business--United States.
(R. M. Williams Holdings Limited), R.M.
Williams with Olaf Ruhen (1984).
Beneath Whose Hand: The Autobiography of R.M. Williams with Olaf
Ruhen. (South Melbourne, AU: Macmillan, 202 p.).
Williams, R. M. (Reginald Murray), 1908- ;
Businesspeople--Australia--Biography; Leather industry and
(Wisco Hardware), John A. Fitschen (1954).
The Wisco Story: Cutting the Cost of Distribution and Survival
of Independent Retailers, 1925-1954. (Madison, WI: Wisco
Hardware Co., 152 p.). Wisco Hardware Co. History; Hardware
industry Wisconsin Madison History; Industries Wisconsin Madison
(Edward Withers Ltd.), Adam Whone (1996).
Edward Withers Ltd.: 230 Years of Violin Craft in Soho.
(London, UK: Mill Hill, 112 p.). Edward Withers Ltd. -- History;
Lewis E. Atherton (1949).
The Southern Country Store, 1800-1860. (Baton Rouge, LA:
Louisiana State University Press, 227 p.). Retail
trade--Southern States; Southern States--Commerce.
Barry Berman (2010).
Competing in Tough Times: Business Lessons from L.L.Bean, Trader
Joe's, Costco, and Other World-Class Retailers.
(Upper Saddle River, NJ: FT Press, 239 p.). Walter ‘Bud’ Miller
Distinguished Professor of Business and Director of the
Executive M.B.A. program (Hofstra University). Retail trade --
Management; Strategic planning. How to plan, execute, win based
on cost and differentiation; how some retailers developed low-cost
strategies without cutting crucial “muscle,” better rationalized
product selection, optimized human relations and service
experience; took full advantage of private labeling.
Lewis Buzbee (2006).
The Yellow-Lighted Bookshop: A Memoir, A History. (St.
Paul, MN: Graywolf Press, 180 p.). Former Bookseller and Sales
Representative (Chronicle Books). Bookstores--History--20th
century; Booksellers and bookselling. Historical account of bookseller’s trade.
Calamar & Phil Gallo (2010).
Record Store Days: From Vinyl to Digital and Back Again.
(New York, NY, Sterling, 256 p.). President of Go Music; Music
Journalist and Entertainment Editor. Record stores -- history;
records -- retail. Record stores served as community centers,
information exchanges, clubs, art galleries, launching pads for
numerous bands and record labels; retail refuges that enthralled
at least three generations of music lovers; special alchemy that
makes great record store.
Annie Cheney (2006).
Body Brokers: Inside the Underground Trade in Human Remains.
(New York, NY: Broadway Books, 240 p.). Procurement of organs,
tissues, etc.; Procurement of organs, tissues, etc.--Moral and
ethical aspects. Profit,
with no regulation, in buying and selling cadavers and body
Thomas D. Clark (1944).
Pills, Petticoats, and Plows; the Southern Country Store.
(New York, NY: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, 359 p.). Retail
trade--Southern States; Country life--Southern States; Southern
States--Social life and customs--1865-.
Richard Coopey, Sean O'Connell, and Dilwyn
Mail Order Retailing in Britain: A Business and Social History.
(New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 230 p.). Lecturer in
History (University of Wales). Mail-order business--Great
Britain--History; Mail-order business--Great Britain--Case
studies; Teleshopping--Great Britain.
Ed. Louise Hill Curth (2006).
From Physick to Pharmacology: Five Hundred Years of British Drug
Retailing. (Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 174 p.).
Pharmaceutical industry --Great Britain --History; Retail trade
--Great Britain --History; Pharmacy --Great Britain --History;
Drug Industry --history --Great Britain; Pharmacy --history
Thomas S. Dicke (1992).
Franchising in America: The Development of a Business Method,
1840-1980. (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North
Carolina Press, 204 p.). Franchises (Retail trade)--United
Donna Dickenson (2008).
Body Shopping: The Economy Fuelled by Flesh and Blood.
(London, UK: Oneworld Publications, 320 p.). Professor Emerita
of Medical Ethics and Humanities (University of London).
Procurement of organs, tissues, etc.; Procurement of organs,
tissues, etc.--Moral and ethical aspects. International organ trade;
tissues, genes, organs as 'the currency of the future'
(trafficking of women for their eggs to 'beauty junkies'); how
body parts are converted into profits; strategies to curb global
Jane Evans (1996).
From Behind the Counter, 1896-1996: Shopkeeper's View of
Northamptonshire Life Over the Last 100 Years.
(Cambridge, UK: Lutterworth Press, 184 p.). Harlan family; Watt
family; Stores, Retail--England--Northampton--History--20th
century; Merchants--England--Northampton--Biography; Northampton
(England)--Social life and customs; Northamptonshire
Richard V. Goss (2003).
Serving the "Faithful" in Yellowstone: Henry Klamer and the
General Store in the Upper Geyser Basin. (Gardiner, MT:
R.V. Goss, 45 p.). Klamer, Henry (Henry Ernest), 1858-1914;
Merchants --Yellowstone National Park --Biography; General
stores --Yellowstone National Park --History; Yellowstone
National Park --Biography; Yellowstone National Park --History.
Robert D. Hassold (2009).
$67.50, Autobiography of a Life in Retail. (Portsmouth,
NH, Tugboat Alley, 177 p.). Author. Hassold, Robert D.;
Retail--history; retail--memoir. 1951 -
opened first 5&10 (20 years old); owned small chain of variety
department stores in suburban New Jersey; created two more
successful businesses after retiring (Alley - specialty and gift
store in downtown Portsmouth, NH, Tug Alley Too cruises); 64
years in retail.
Kasper Hauser Comedy Group (Rob Baedeker, Dan
Klein, James Reichmuth, John Reichmuth) (2006).
SkyMaul: Happy Crap You Can Buy from a Plane: The Unauthorized
Catalog Parody. (New York, NY: Thomas Dunne Books, 125
p.). Mail-order business--Humor; Commercial catalogs--Humor; Air
travel--Humor. Banana-ganizers, Reality-Canceling Headphones
coexist with Crack Pipe Chess Sets, Llamacycles.
Kieran Healy (2006).
Last Best Gifts: Altruism and the Market for Human Blood and
Organs. (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 193
p.). Assistant Professor of Sociology (University of Arizona).
Procurement of organs, tissues, etc.; Procurement of organs,
tissues, etc.--Economic aspects--United States; Transplantation
of organs, tissues, etc.--Economic aspects--United States;
Tissue banks--United States. Procurement organizations sustain
altruism by providing opportunities to give, producing public
accounts of what giving means; success may rest on fairness of
Gary Laderman (2003).
Rest in Peace: A Cultural History of Death and the Funeral Home
in Twentieth-Century America. (New York, NY: Oxford
University Press, 245 p.). Undertakers and undertaking--United
States; Funeral supplies industry--United States.
Michele de La Pradelle; translated by Amy
Market Day in Provence. (Chicago, IL: University of
Chicago Press, 266 p.). Director of Studies at l'École des
Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales.
Fairs--France--Carpentras--Social aspects; Carpentras
(France)--Commerce--Social aspects; Carpentras
(France)--Economic conditions. Mechanisms of contemporary
outdoor market (centuries-old Friday institution at Carpentras,
city near Avignon in south of France); artfully masks
fierce commitment to modern-day free-market economics.
Godfrey M. Lebhar (1963). Chain Stores in
America, 1859-1962. (New York, NY: Chain Store Publishing
Corp., 430 p. [3rd ed.]). Chain Stores
Stan Luxenberg (1985).
Roadside Empires: How the Chains Franchised America.
(New York, NY: Viking, 313 p.). Franchises (Retail
David Magee; Introd. by Lawrence Clark Powell
Infinite Riches; The Adventures of a Rare Book Dealer.
(New York, NY: P. S. Eriksson, 274 p.). Magee, David
Bickersteth, 1905-1977; Antiquarian booksellers--Biography; Rare
Terry Maher (1994).
Against my Better Judgement: Adventures in the City and in the
Book Trade. (London, UK: Sinclair-Stevenson, 222 p.).
Maher, Terry, 1935- ; Booksellers and bookselling--Great
Britain--Biography; Bookstores--Great Britain.
Eds. Alistair McCleery , David Finkelstein,
Jennie Renton (2007).
An Honest Trade: Booksellers and Bookselling in Scotland.
(Edinburgh, Scotland: John Donald Publishers Ltd, 192 p.).
Booksellers and bookselling --Scotland -- History -- 20th
century. Radical changes
during 20th century: 1) creation of more attractive shop
interiors to replace gloomy cathedrals of pre-Second World War
Era; 2) increasing specialization of outlets (including
development of paperback bookshops); 3) growth of chains, dogged
persistence of independents; 4) abolition of net book agreement;
5) importance of mass media in promotion of books.
Ronald D. Michman and Edward M. Mazze (2001).
Specialty Retailers: Marketing Triumphs and Blunders.
(Westport, CT: Quorum Books, 261 p.). Retail trade--United
States; Specialty stores--United States.
Laura J. Miller (2006).
Reluctant Capitalists: Bookselling and the Culture of
Consumption. (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press,
328 p.). Assistant Professor of Sociology (Brandeis University).
Booksellers and bookselling--United States; Bookstores--United
States; Books--Purchasing--United States; Books and
reading--United States; Consumption (Economics)--Social
aspects--United States; Consumer behavior--United States.
Consumer behavior is inevitably
political, with consequences for communities, commercial
Marvin Mondlin & Roy Meador; foreword by
Madeleine B. Stern (2004).
Book Row: An Anecdotal and Pictorial History of the Antiquarian
Book Trade. (New York, NY: arroll & Graf Publishers, 405
p.). Antiquarian booksellers--New York (State)--New
Ed. Emma Pettit (2008).
Old Rare New: The Independent Record Shop. (London, UK:
Black Dog Publishing, 144 p.). formerly of the Institute of
Contemporary Arts. Music--selling--history; records--history;
records--selling. Homage to holy places of music collecting; account of increasingly rare independent record shop
in United States,
Britain (killed off by Internet, MP3).
Deborah D. Rogers (1986).
Bookseller as Rogue: John Almon and the Politics of
Eighteenth-Century Publishing. (New York, NY: P. Lang,
151 p.). Almon, John, 1737-1805; Booksellers and
bookselling--Great Britain--Biography; Booksellers and
bookselling--England--London--History--18th century; Publishers
and publishing--England--London--History--18th century;
Great Britain--Politics and government--1760-1820.
Carrie Shook & Robert L. (1993).
Franchising: The Business Strategy That Changed the World.
(Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 258 p.). Franchises
(Retail trade)--United States--Case studies.
Robert Spector (2009).
The Mom & Pop Store: How the Unsung Heroes of the American
Economy are Surviving and Thriving.
(New York, NY, Walker, 304 p.). Couple-owned business
enterprises --United States --History; Small business --Social
aspects --United States --History. State, state of mind,
of independent retailing in America; “direct connection” people
feel as merchants and customers when they do business in
neighborhood shops; growing “buy local” movement across country;
spirit, tenacity of small business owner, frustration and
defeat, triumph and success; history of independent retailing.
Maureen Stanton (2011).
Killer Stuff and Tons of Money: Seeking History and Hidden Gems
in Flea-Market America. (New York, NY: Penguin Press,
336 p.). Teaches Creative Nonfiction (University of Missouri).
Antiques business --United States; Flea markets --United States.
Insider's look at antiques, flea-market culture subculture
(arcane traditions, high drama); inspiring account of master
dealer Curt Avery, self-made man making his way in cutthroat
field, treasure trove of tips for those who seek old things.
Vince Staten (1996).
Did Monkeys Invent the Monkey Wrench?: Hardware Stores and
Hardware Stories. (New York, NY: Simon & Schuster, 234
p.). Winfield Hardware; Hardware industry--West
Virginia--Winfield--Anecdotes; Hardware stores--West
Virginia--Winfield; Winfield (W. Va.)--Social life and customs.
Do Pharmacists Sell Farms?: A Trip inside the Corner Drugstore.
(New York, NY: Simon & Schuster, 204 p.). Staten, Vince, 1947- ;
Businessmen--United States--Biography; Drugstores--United
States--History; Pharmaceutical industry--United
Amy Stewart (2007).
Flower Confidential: The Good, the Bad, and the Beautiful in the
Business of Flowers. (Chapel Hill, NC: Algonquin Books,
320 p.). Winner of 2005 California Horticultural Society's
Writer's Award. Cut flower industry--United States--History; Cut
flower industry--History. Inside $6.2 billion cut flower trade: 1) hybridizers, 2)
growers, 3) Dutch auctioneers, 4) neighborhood florists;
relevance of flowers in lives, history.
Ann Greenleaf Wirtz (2010).
The Henderson County Curb Market: A Blue Ridge heritage Since
1924. (Boone, NC: Parkway Publishers, 172 p.). Curb
Market (Henderson County, N.C.) -- History; Farmers' markets --
North Carolina -- Henderson County -- History.
1922 - Frank L.
FitzSimons, Sr., local historian, wrote letter to editor of
Hendersonville (NC) News; proposed centralized marketing
location for farmers, area of commerce along curb of downtown
street, convenient place for housewives to shop, farmers to sell
''truck crops'' grown on their farms, alternative to peddling;
1924 - Henderson County Farmers Mutual Curb Market established;
descendants of early farm families still active; people who
made, still make curb market possible through hard work,
commitment, creativity; why curb market has always been,
remains, essence of Appalachian industry and family.
Mort Zachter (2007).
Dough: A Memoir; Remembering a Lifetime of Hard Work in the
Family Bakery on Manhattan's Lower East Side. (Athens,
GA: University of Georgia Press, 192 p.). Zachter, Mort, 1958-
;Jews--New York (State)--New York--Biography; Jews--New York
(State)--New York--Biography. 1994 - Sudden life-altering
inheritance at 36 after decades of financial stress - two
bachelor uncles (lived like paupers in housing project) had
accumulated $5 million in savings (workaholic hoarders), left it
to him. He had no idea.
Frederik J. Zeehandelaar, as told to Paul
Zeebongo; The Wacky Wild Animal Business. (Englewood
Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 176 p.). Animal dealers.
Business History Links
and Fall of Cody's Books
June 2008 - Berkeley (CA)-based bookseller, Cody's Books,
cultural institution with an international following, closed
after 52 years.
Consumer Electronics Association
Consumer Electronics Association (CEA) membership unites 2000
companies within the U.S. consumer technology industry. CEA's
mission is to grow the consumer electronics industry. industry
authority on market research and forecasts; consumer surveys;
legislative and regulatory news; engineering standards; training
resources and more.
The Drugstore Museum
William & Joan Soderlund Pharmacy Museum located in Saint Peter
Minnesota! This museum is dedicated to my father, a pharmacist
from the old school who spent his life helping people. For
generations the pharmacy drugstore has been the symbol of every
small town in America. This site attempts to explain and show
the vital role the pharmacy has played in the American culture.
The Pharmacy Museum website contains information about the
historic practice of pharmacy of yesteryear. Make sure to check
out the Pharmacognosy and "Old Drugs" sections which we are
updating all the time. It contains information about historic
botanicals and purified drugs.
A History of
Concession Development in Yellowstone National Park, 1872-1966
While millions of people visit Yellowstone National Park each
year, very few of them will actually pay detailed attention to
the various concessions offered around the area, unless of
course they are unable to purchase various sundries or crucial
items. In this wholly engaging 153-page work, author Mary
Shivers Culpin (writing for the National Park Service's
Yellowstone Center for Resources), takes readers on a trip
through the many phases of concession provisioning and
development within Yellowstone from 1872 to 1966. As she notes
in the introduction to the work, "The main purpose...is to
develop a historic context in which to evaluate the significant
resources associated with concession development in the park."
In twelve well-honed chapters, Culpin explores the competitive
concession period that characterized the early 20th century in
the park to the problematic years during World War II.
World Retail Hall of Fame
Launched in 2007 to highlight the contribution that key
individuals have made to the creation of modern