- Marian de Forest conceived idea of strong network of women in
executive positions who would work to take their rightful place
in professions next to men; five women chartered first Zonta
club in Buffalo, NY; confederation of nine Zonta clubs formed
with 600 members to encourage women’s teamwork, courage,
risk-taking, self-reliance (first generation of college-educated
women, first generation of North American women to vote, part of
growing legion of women entering workforce - employed at least
50% of time at executive or decision-making levels);
November 8, 1919 - drafted, adopted Bylaws and a
Constitution, selected name Zhonta (meaning honest and
trustworthy, derived from Lakhota (Teton Dakota) language of
Native-American Sioux peoples); later changed to Zonta;
1930 - Confederation organized first European club,
(Vienna, Austria), became Zonta International; September
1930 - Zonta International incorporated in State of
Illinois; grew to 130 clubs in six countries spanning three
continents, pushed for gender equity in employment.
July 15, 1919
National Federation of Business and
Professional Women's Clubs founded (later filed to "do business
as" (dba) Business and Professional Women/USA (BPW/USA); three
major issues on legislative agenda: elimination of sex
discrimination in employment, the principle of equal pay, and
the need for a comprehensive equal rights amendment;
1956 - Business and
Professional Women's Foundation incorporated;
1963 - President
Kennedy signed Equal Pay Act into law (18 years after Women's
Pay Act of 1945 introduced in Congress as first ever legislation
to require equal pay); October 1994
- National Business Women's Week first celebrated;
January 29, 2009 -
President Bush signed Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act;
July 1, 2009 -
merged with Business and Professional Women's Foundation; BPW
Foundation transforms workplaces by strengthening the capacity
of organizations and businesses to create work environments that
are inclusive and value the skills and contributions of working
women. A Successful Workplace, as defined by BPW Foundation, is
one that practices and embraces work-life balance, equity and
- Felice N. Schwartz founded Catalyst to help women enter the
workforce; first board of directors comprised five college
presidents (Smith, Wellesley, Lawrence, Mills, Sarah Lawrence)
who endorsed idea of organization to expand options for women;
1969- first national survey of employer attitudes
towards hiring women for part-time management positions;
1971 - established National Network of Career Resource
Centers; 1977 - created Corporate Board Placement
service; 1980 - established Career and Family
Center; 1986 - created Center for Career and
Leadership Development; 1993 - established
national benchmark for women's progress in corporate America.
June 26, 1998
- The Supreme Court issued a landmark sexual harassment ruling,
putting employers on notice that they can be held responsible
for supervisors' misconduct even if they knew nothing about it.
awarded John Bates Clark Medal, given every 2 years to
nation's most promising economist under 40, to Susan Athey (36),
professor at Harvard University; first woman ever to receive
medal in 60 years of its being awarded. Of 29 previous winners:
11 have subsequently won the Nobel Prize in Economics. The
Committee on the Status of Women in the Economics Profession
reported that in 2006 - about 8% of all full professors in
PhD-granting economics programs were female.
Stacie Nevadomski Berdan and C. Perry Yeatman,
Get Ahead by Going Abroad: A Woman's Guide to Fast-track Career
Success. (New York, NY: HarperCollins, 256 p.). Senior
Vice-President, one of the top 50 executives at Kraft Foods;
Burson-Marsteller VP (at 27), global managing director after a
three-year stint in Asia. Employment in foreign countries;
Women--Employment--Foreign countries; Women--Vocational
guidance. How to catapult
one's career further, faster than by remaining in US.
Srully Blotnick (1985).
Otherwise Engaged: The Private Lives of Successful Career Women.
(New York, NY: Facts on File, 296 p.). Women--Employment--United
States--Psychological aspects--Longitudinal studies;
Women--United States--Sexual behavior--Longitudinal studies;
United States--Social life and customs--Longitudinal studies.
Douglas M. Branson (2006).
No Seat at the Table: How Corporate Governance and Law Keep
Women Out of the Boardroom. (New York, NY: New York
University Press, 256 p.). W. Edward Sell Chair in Business Law
(University of Pittsburgh School of Law). Women
executives--United States; Career development--United States;
Corporate governance--United States.
Dynamics of corporate
governance process, double standards that often characterize it;
women must follow different paths than men to
gain CEO status - flexible, conscious, often frequent
shifts in their professional behaviors, work ethics as they
climb corporate ladder.
The Last Male Bastion: Gender and the CEO Suite in America’s
Public Companies. (New York, NY: Routledge, 263 p.).
Senior Fellow (University of Melbourne, Australia). Women chief
executive officers --United States; Glass ceiling (Employment
discrimination) --United States. 1997 - female become chief
executive officer of Fortune 500 corporation (Mattel); 1999 - 4
women CEOs; 2009 - 15 women CEOs at Fortune 500 companies (vs.
greater advancements in politics, not-for-profits, colleges and
universities); educations, career progressions, pronouncements,
observations, family lives of 19 women who have risen to top
(sitting and former CEOs); two questions: 1) why haven’t more
women reached CEO suite?; 2) how might women in business better
position themselves to ascend to top?
Carrie Brown (2002).
Rosie's Mom: Forgotten Women Workers of the First World War.
(Boston, MA: Northeastern University Press, 240 p.).
Women--Employment--United States--History--20th century; World
War, 1914-1918--Women--United States.
Candida G. Brush, Nancy M. Carter, Elizabeth
J. Gatewood, Patricia G. Greene, Myra M. Hart (2004).
Clearing the Hurdles: Women Building High-Growth Businesses.
(Upper Saddle River, NJ: FT/Prentice Hall, 270 p.). Associate
Professor in the Strategy and Policy Department (Boston
University School of Management); Richard M. Schulze Chair in
Entrepreneurship (University of St. Thomas, Minneapolis, MN);
Jack M. Gill Chair of Entrepreneurship and Director of The
Johnson Center for Entrepreneurship & Innovation (Indiana
University); Dean of the Undergraduate School (Babson College);
Class of 1961 Professor of Entrepreneurship (Harvard Business
School). Women-owned business enterprises; Businesswomen.
Martha Burk (2005).
Cult of Power: Sex Discrimination in Corporate America and What
Can Be Done About It. (New York, NY: Scribner, 262 p.).
Chairwoman of the National Council of Women's Organizations.
Augusta National Golf Club; Sex discrimination against
women--United States; Sex discrimination in employment--United
Mary Ellen S. Capek and Molly Mead (2005).
Effective Philanthropy: Organizational Success Through Deep
Diversity and Gender Equality. (Cambridge, MA: MIT
Press, 320 p.). Principal in Capek & Associates, Visiting
Scholar at the Anderson Schools of Management (University of New
Mexico); Lincoln Filene Professor at the University College of
Citizenship and Public Service (Tufts University). Endowments;
Endowments--Case studies; Charities; Charities--Case studies;
Women--Scholarships, fellowships, etc.; Women--Services
for--Finance; Minorities--Services for--Finance; Sex
discrimination against women; Organizational effectiveness.
strengthening organizations through commitment to diversity, gender equality.
Teri L. Caraway (2007).
Assembling Women: The Feminization of Global Manufacturing.
(Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 208 p.). Assistant
Professor of Political Science (University of Minnesota, Twin
Cities). Women--Employment; Manufacturing industries--Employees;
Sexual division of labor; Women--Employment--Indonesia;
Manufacturing industries--Indonesia--Employees; Sexual division
Margaret Chin (2005).
Sewing Women: Immigrants and the New York City Garment Industry.
(New York, NY: Columbia University Press, 208 p.). Assistant
Professor of Sociology (Hunter College). Women clothing
workers--New York (State)--New York--History; Clothing
trade--New York (State)--New York--History; Alien labor,
Asian--New York (State)--New York--History; Alien labor, Latin
American--New York (State)--New York--History.
Eds. Linda Coughlin, Ellen Wingard, Keith
Enlightened Power: How Women Are Transforming the Practice of
Leadership. (San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, 539 p.).
Chief Administrative Officer (Cendant Corporation); Executive
Coach on the Faculty of the Institute for Women's Leadership;
Writer. Leadership; Women executives.
Ed. Dianne Cyr and Blaize Horner Reich;
foreword by Denise M. Rousseau (1996).
Scaling the Ivory Tower: Stories from Women in Business School
Faculties. (Westport, CT: Praeger, 202 p.). Business
schools--United States--Faculty; Women college teachers--United
States; College teachers--Tenure--United States.
Marilyn J. Davidson and Cary L. Cooper (1992).
Shattering the Glass Ceiling: The Woman Manager.
(London, UK: P. Chapman, 185 p.). Women executives -- Great
Britain; Women in the professions -- Great Britain --
Virginia G. Drachman (2002).
Enterprising Women: 250 Years of American Business.
(Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 184 p.).
Businesswomen--United States--Biography; Businesswomen--United
States--History; Businesswomen--United States--Exhibitions.
Alice Eagly, Linda Carli (2007).
Through the Labyrinth: The Truth About How Women Become Leaders.
(Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press, 336 p.). Professor
and Chair of Psychology and Faculty Fellow of the Institute for
Policy Research (Northwestern University); Associate Professor
of Psychology (Wellesley College). Women executives;
Women--Promotions; Leadership in women.
Labyrinth, instead of glass ceiling; seven reasons why; how to
navigate through it; address critical questions.
Susan Eisenbeg (1998).
We'll Call You If We Need You: Experiences of Women Working
Construction. (Ithaca, NY: ILR Press, 216 p.). Master
Electrician and Poet. Women construction workers--United
Janice Reals Ellig, William J. Morin (2001).
What Every Successful Woman Knows: 12 Breakthrough Strategies to
Get the Power and Ignite Your Career. (New York, NY:
McGraw-Hill, 228 p.). Women executives;
Businesswomen--Promotions; Career development.
Warren Farrell (2005).
Why Men Earn More: The Startling Truth Behind the Pay Gap--and
What Women Can Do About It. (New York, NY: AMACOM, 270
p.). Three Time Board Member National Organization for Women
(NOW). Pay equity; Women--Employment; Equal pay for equal work.
Eds. Marianne A. Ferber and Julie A. Nelson
Beyond Economic Man: Feminist Theory and Economics.
(Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 178 p.). Professor
Emerita of Economics and Women's Studies (University of Illinois
at Urbana-Champaign); Senior Research Associate at the Global
Development and Environment Institute (Tufts University).
Feminist economics; Economic man; Economics.
Feminist Economics Today: Beyond Economic Man. (Chicago,
IL: University of Chicago Press, 209 p.). Professor Emerita of
Economics and Women's Studies (University of Illinois at
Urbana-Champaign); Senior Research Associate at the Global
Development and Environment Institute (Tufts University).
Feminist economics; Economic man; Economics.
Anne B. Fisher (1990).
Wall Street Women. (New York, NY: Knopf, 177 p.). Women
in finance -- New York (State) -- New York; Wall Street.
Herbert J. Freudenberger and Gail North
Women's Burnout: How to Spot It, How to Reverse It and How to
Prevent It. (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 244 p.).
Women--Mental health; Burn out (Psychology).
Carol Gallagher with Susan K. Golant (2000).
Going to the Top: A Road Map for Success from America's Leading
Women Executives. (New York, NY: Viking, 308 p.). Women
executives--United States; Success in business--United States.
(HBS), Liz Roman Gallese (1985).
Women Like Us: What Is Happening to the Women of the Harvard
Business School, Class of '75--the Women Who Had the First
Chance to Make It to the Top. (New York, NY: Morrow, 252
p.). Harvard University. Graduate School of Business
Administration; Master of business administration degree--United
States; Women executives--United States.
Claudia Goldin (1990).
Understanding the Gender Gap: An Economic History of American
Women. (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 287 p.).
Women--Employment--United States--History; Sex discrimination in
Joanne Gordon (2005).
Be Happy at Work: 100 Women Who Love Their Jobs, and Why.
(New York, NY: Ballantine Books, 327 p.). Contributing Editor
(Forbes). Women employees--Job satisfaction; Women
Daryl M. Hafter (2007).
Women at Work in Preindustrial France. (University Park,
PA: Pennsylvania State University, 318 p.). Professor Emerita of
History (Eastern Michigan University). Women -- Employment --
France -- History -- 18th century; Women in guilds -- France --
History -- 18th century; Working class women -- France --
History -- 18th century; Sex discrimination against women --
France -- History -- 18th century; Discrimination in employment
-- France -- History -- 18th century. Women
as skilled workers in 18th century is central to understanding history of work,
technology in preindustrial age; not unusual for women to be
actively engaged in economic activities as workers, managers,
merchants; some developed vertically integrated wholesale and
Diane Halpern and Fanny M. Cheung (2008).
Women at the top: Tell Us How to Combine Work and Family.
(Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 320 p.). Professor of Psychology
and Director of the Berger Institute for Work, Family, and
Children (Claremont McKenna College); Professor of Psychology
and Chairperson of the Department of Psychology (The Chinese
University of Hong Kong). Work and family; Women executives
--Family relationships. How women with
family responsibilities have attained top positions; how women
can create dually-successful lives.
Ellen Hartigan-O’Connor (2009).
The Ties That Buy: Women and Commerce in Revolutionary America.
(Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 253 p.).
Associate Professor of History (University of California,
Davis). Households --Economic aspects --United States --History
--18th century; Women --Economic conditions; United States
--Commerce --History --18th century. Lives of urban women in
early America (1750-1820) - quintessential market participants,
with fluid occupational identities, cross-class social, economic
connections, firm investment in cash and commercial goods for
power and meaning; how they used ties of residence, work,
credit, money to shape consumer culture at time when politics of
marketplace was gaining national significance; how women used,
were used by shifting forms of credit and cash in economy
transitioning between neighborly exchanges, investment-oriented
transactions; landladies, enslaved washerwomen, shopkeepers,
hucksters sustained themselves by serving mobile population; new
economic practice in America—shopping—mobilized hierarchical,
friendly relationships into wide-ranging consumer networks that
depended on these same market connections.
(HBS), Monique Maddy (2004).
Learning To Love Africa: My Journey from Africa to Harvard
Business School and Back. (New York, NY: HarperBusiness,
358 p.). Maddy, Monique; Businesswomen Tanzania Biography; New
business enterprises Tanzania; Entrepreneurship Tanzania. What
it takes to build a business where the political framework for
capitalism doesn't exist, and how to persevere in bringing
Africa into the twenty-first century - memoir of despair for
Africa, which seemingly has been written off by the developed
world, and of tempered optimism for the future author believes
Africa can achieve. From Yekepa, Liberia to New York City,
author conceives plan to start a telecommunications company in
Harvard Business Review (2005).
Harvard Business Review on Women in Business. (Boston,
MA: Harvard Business School Publishing, 213 p.). Women in the
professions; Women executives; Businesswomen; Women --
Employment re-entry; Career development; Work and family;
Achievement motivation. Most important factors affecting women in workplace.
Margaret Heffernan (2007).
How She Does It: How Women Entrepreneurs Are Changing the Rules
of Business Success. (New York, NY: Viking, 288 p.).
Former Producer for the BBC. Businesswomen; Women-owned business
attributes: 1) tremendous need to achieve; 2) don’t feel they
have safety net , can't turn back; 3) smart about markets and
timing; 4) practice diversity; 5) place values at heart of their
business, take culture very seriously; 6) work from different
concept of power than men.
Margaret Hennig and Anne Jardim (1977).
The Managerial Woman. (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 221
p.). Women executives; Executives; Organizational behavior.
Sue Herera (1997).
Women of the Street: Making It on Wall Street--the World's
Toughest Business. (New York, NY: Wiley, 208 p.). Anchor
(CNBC). Women stockbrokers--United States--Biography; Wall
Street (New York, N.Y.).
Lois Kathryn Herr (2003).
Women, Power, and AT&T: Winning Rights in the Workplace.
(Boston, MA: Northeastern University Press, 200 p.). American
Telephone and Telegraph Company -- Trials, litigation, etc .;
Sex discrimination against women -- Law and legislation --
United States; Sex discrimination in employment -- Law and
legislation -- United States.
Sylvia Ann Hewlett (2007).
Off-Ramps and On-Ramps: Keeping Talented Women on the Road To
Success. (Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press, 320
p.). Founder, President of the Center for Work-Life Policy,
Director of the Gender and Policy Program at the School of
International and Public Affairs (Columbia University). Women in
the professions--United States; Women--Employment--United
States; Corporations--United States--Case studies; Working
mothers--United States; Work and family--United States.
Successful efforts of group of
cutting-edge global companies to retain talented women,
reintegrate them if they’ve already left; what works, why;
actions to reverse female brain drain, ensure access to talent
over long term.
Alice Kessler-Harris (2001).
In Pursuit of Equity: Women, Men, and the Quest for Economic
Citizenship in 20th Century America. (New York, NY:
Oxford University Press, 374 p.). R. Gordon Hoxie Professor of
American History (Columbia University). Women’s rights--United
States--History--20th century; Women--Legal status, laws,
etc.--United States--History--20th century; Women--United
States--Economic conditions--20th century; New Deal, 1933-1939;
United States--Social policy. Economic impact of gender bias on
Alice Kessler-Harris (2003).
Out to Work: A History of Wage-Earning Women in the United
States. (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 414 p.
[20th anniversary ed.]). Women--Employment--United
States--History; Working class women--United States--History.
Angel Kwolek-Folland (1998).
Incorporating Women: A History of Women and Business in the
United States. (New York, NY: Twayne Publishers, 275
p.). Businesswomen--United States--History; Women-owned business
Eds. Anne Laurence, Josephine Maltby and Janette Rutterford
Women and Their Money 1700-1950: Essays on Women and Finance.
(New York, NY: Routledge, 309 p.). Professor of
History (Open University); Professor of Accounting and Finance
(University of York); Professor of Finance (Open University).
Women --Finance, Personal
--History; Finance --History. Women's financial activity from
early days of stock market in 18th century England, South Sea
Bubble to mid-20th century; how women managed their own finances
despite legal, social restrictions.
Stephen Longstreet (1979).
The Queen Bees: The Women Who Shaped America.
(Indianapolis, IN: Bobbs-Merrill, 210 p.). Women--United
Felicia Mabuza-Suttle with Thebe Ikalafeng
Felicia: Dare To Dream. (Rivonia, SA: Zebra Press, 155
p.). Award-Winning Businesswoman, Talk-Show Host. Mabuza-Suttle,
Felicia; Women, Black -- South Africa -- Biography;
Businesswomen -- South Africa -- Biography; Women television
personalities -- South Africa -- Biography; Blacks in television
broadcasting -- South Africa; Talk shows -- South Africa.
Judi Marshall (1984).
Women Managers: Travellers in a Male World. (New York,
NY: Wiley, 251 p.). Women executives.
Women Managers Moving On: Exploring Career and Life Choices.
(New York, NY: Routledge, 347 p.). Women executives -- Case
studies; Mid-career -- Case studies; Corporate culture -- Case
Angie Morgan and Courtney Lynch (2005).
Leading from the Front: No Excuse Leadership Tactics for Women.
(New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 224 p.). Cofounders of Lead Star.
Leadership; Women executives. 10 key practices that turn women
into leaders, improve their decision making, focus, performance.
Evelyn F. Murphy, Ph.D., with E.J. Graff
Getting Even: Why Women Don't Get Paid Like Men-- and What To Do
About It. (New York, NY: Simon & Schuster, 352 p.).
Former Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts, President of The
WAGE Project, Inc.; Senior Correspondent for the American
Prospect. Sex discrimination in employment--United
States--Prevention; Sex discrimination against women--United
States; Women in the professions--United States--Interviews;
Women employees--United States--Interviews;
Ed. with introduction by Nancy A. Nichols;
foreword by Rosabeth Moss Kanter (1994).
Reach for the Top: Women and the Changing Facts of Work Life
Harvard Business Review, 185 p.). Women executives--United
States; Sex role in the work environment--United States; Sex
discrimination in employment--United States;
Jeannette M. Oppedisano (2000).
Historical Encyclopedia of American Women Entrepreneurs: 1776 to
the Present. (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 283 p.).
Businesswomen--United States--Biography; Businesswomen--United
Jane Robinson (2002).
Pandora's Daughters: The Secret History of Enterprising Women.
(London, UK: Constable, 222 p.). Women. Biography.
Louise Marie Roth (2006).
Selling Women Short: Gender Inequality on Wall Street.
(Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 284 p.). Assistant
Professor of Sociology (University of Arizona). Women
stockbrokers--New York (State)--New York; Equal pay for equal
work--New York (State)--New York. How America's financial capital
has swept enduring discriminatory practices under the rug.
Andrea E. Smith-Hunter (2006).
Women Entrepreneurs Across Racial Lines: Issues of Human
Capital, Financial Capital and Network Structures.
(Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar, 261 p.). Associate Professor of
Marketing and Management (Siena College). Women-owned business
enterprises--United States; Minority business
enterprises--United States; Businesswomen--United States.
Systematic, conceptual framework
for understanding issues of network structures, human and
financial capital, analyzed through a comparative analysis of
minority and white women entrepreneurs.
Barbara Stanny (2002).
Secrets of Six-Figure Women: Surprising Strategies To Up Your
Earnings and Change Your Life. (New York, NY:
HarperCollins, 274 p.). Wages--Women; Women
executives--Salaries, etc.; Women in the professions--Salaries,
etc.; Women--Employment; Career development; Success in
Sheila Wellington and Catalyst with Betty
Be Your Own Mentor: Strategies from Top Women on the Secrets of
Success. (New York, NY: Random House, 302 p.). President
of Catalyst; Former Vice President of Communications at
Catalyst. Mentoring in business; Businesswomen.
Barbara White, Charles Cox, and Cary Cooper
(1992). Women's Career Development: A Study of High Flyers.
(Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 252 p.). Women
executives--Great Britain; Businesswomen--Great Britain;
Melissa W. Wright (2006).
Disposable Women and Other Myths of Global Capitalism.
(New York, NY: Routledge, 195 p.). Associate Professor in
Geography and in the Program on Women's Studies (Penn State
University). Women--Employment--Mexico--Case studies;
Capitalism--Social aspects--Mexico--Case studies; Export
processing zones--Social aspects--Mexico--Case studies;
Women--Employment--China--Case studies; Capitalism--Social
aspects--China--Case studies; Export processing zones--Social
aspects--China--Case studies. Feminist criticism.
of disposable third world woman; how young women
workers around world eventually turn into living forms of waste.
Ellie Wymard (1999).
Conversations with Uncommon Women: Insights from Women Who've
Risen Above Life's Challenges to Achieve Extraordinary Success.
(New York, NY: AMACOM, 254 p.). Women in the professions--United
States--Interviews; Women in politics--United
States--Interviews; Women in public life--United
States--Interviews; Successful people--United
States--Interviews; Women in the professions--United
States--Biography; Women in politics--United States--Biography;
Women in public life--United States--Biography; Successful
Ed. Mary A. Yeager (1999).
Women in Business. (Northampton, MA: E. Elgar Pub, 3
vols.). Associate Professor of History (UCLA). Businesswomen.
Advancing Women in Leadership Journal
More and more women are now located amongst the upper echelons
of leadership in a number of professions, including higher
education, business, and the entertainment business. As a
result, there has been an increased interest in scholarly
publications and journals on the subject of women in leadership.
In 1997, a group of scholars convened to electronically publish
the first issue of the Advancing Women in Leadership Journal,
and since then they have worked diligently to maintain the high
standards of this online journal. Published several times a
year, the journal has featured articles on Hispanic female
school superintendents, the experiences of black women in
historically black institutions, and gender politics. Visitors
should feel most welcome to peruse the back issues of the
journal offered here, or they may also consult the most recent
issue at their leisure.
Business Women's Association
Founded in 1949 by Hilary A. Bufton Jr., a Kansas City, Mo.,
businessman, ABWA has thousands of members in chapters and
Express Networks nationwide. The organization provides business
training and networking opportunities for women of diverse
occupations and backgrounds. ABWA has dedicated more than half a
century to women's education and provided workplace skills and
career development training for more than 545,000 members.
Mission: To bring together businesswomen of diverse occupations
and to provide opportunities for them to help themselves and
others grow personally and professionally through leadership;
education, networking support and national recognition.
Professional Women (BPW)
BPW vision: to create successful and equitable workplaces for
women and families through policy, education and information;
Leading research and advisory organization working with
businesses and the professions to build inclusive environments
and expand opportunities for women at work. As an independent,
nonprofit membership organization, Catalyst uses a
solutions-oriented approach that has earned the confidence of
business leaders around the world. Catalyst conducts research on
all aspects of women’s career advancement and provides strategic
and web-based consulting services on a global basis to help
companies and firms advance women and build inclusive work
environments. In addition, we honor exemplary business
initiatives that promote women’s leadership with our annual
Catalyst Award. Consistently ranked No. 1 among U.S. nonprofits
focused on women’s issues by The American Institute of
Center for Women's Business Research
Since 1989, premier source of knowledge about women business
owners and their enterprises worldwide. The Center’s mission is
to unleash the economic potential of women entrepreneurs by
conducting research, sharing information and increasing
knowledge about this fast-growing sector of the economy.
The Center for Women's Leadership
The Center for Women’s Leadership at Babson College provides
educational programs, conducts research, and provides executive
outreach that promote the advancement and accomplishment of
women at all stages of their professional development and the
achievement of competitive advantage by companies focused on
women stakeholders—employees, suppliers, directors, and
Institute for Women's Leadership
Provides training in leadership, life development and
partnership to women and men seeking to effect breakthrough
change within their organizations.
Jane M. Klausman Women in Business
Since 1998 - helping women pursuing undergraduate degrees in
business management overcome gender barriers, from the classroom
to the boardroom; named for Jane M. Klausman, member of the
Zonta Club of Syracuse, New York, USA and Zonta International
Parliamentarian from 1990-1995 (left a generous bequest to the
Zonta International Foundation); 175 Scholarships to women from
39 countries awarded.
Women & the Economy
This website focuses on the position of women in the economy.
Topics includes a brief history of economic thinkers (such as
Adam Smith and John Maynard Keynes); background about money,
banking, debt, economics and war, and feminist economics;
women's economic contributions and economic inequality; women
and globalization; and economic alternatives, such as barter
systems and food buying clubs. Also includes stories about
individual women. From the UN Platform for Action Committee
Women-Owned Business Economic Research
Compilation of research studies on women-owned businesses,
covering topics such as business ownership rates, women-owned
sole proprietorships, venture capital in women-led firms, and
more. Includes documents back to 1995. From the United States
Small Business Association (SBA) Office of Advocacy.
Women Working, 1870-1930
Collection provides access to digitized historical, manuscript,
and image resources selected from Harvard's library and museum
collections. This collection explores women's roles in the US
economy between the Civil War and the Great Depression. Working
conditions, conditions in the home, costs of living, recreation,
health and hygiene, conduct of life, policies and regulations
governing the workplace, and social issues are all well
documented. The collection currently contains 2,396 books and
pamphlets, 1,075 photographs, and 5,000 pages from manuscript
The Women's Forum for the Economy &
Founded in 2005 by Aude Zieseniss de Thuin to promote women’s
vision on the economic and social issues that matter most.
Goals: Bring together the world's women and men leaders to
provide new perspectives on the key issues of the present and
future; Create powerful, worldwide networking to enhance the
influence of women throughout the world; Generate action plans
to promote women's contributions to society and encourage
diversity in the business world.